HOME
The Info List - Essilor


--- Advertisement ---



Essilor
Essilor
International S.A. is a French company that produces ophthalmic lenses along with ophthalmic optical equipment. It is based in Charenton-le-Pont
Charenton-le-Pont
(near Paris), France, and quoted on the Euronext Paris
Paris
Stock Exchange. It is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 share index. Essilor
Essilor
is responsible for creating Varilux, the world's first progressive lens which corrects presbyopia and allows clear vision in the wearer's near, intermediate and far vision.[2] The company formed from the merger of ophthalmic firms Essel and Silor in 1972.[3] Essilor
Essilor
now operates in over 100 countries over five continents. Its activities are largely focused on research and development. It is the world's largest manufacturer of ophthalmic lenses.[4] In January 2017 it announced a merger with Luxottica
Luxottica
to be completed by the end of 2017, resulting in combined market capitalization of appropriately €46 billion.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1849–1972: Essel and Silor 1.2 1972–1979: Beginning of Essilor 1.3 1980–1989: International growth 1.4 1990–1999: Partnerships and Varilux
Varilux
Comfort 1.5 2000–2010 1.6 2010–present

2 Research and development

2.1 Institut de la Vision 2.2 Vision Impact Institute 2.3 Dioptric loop method 2.4 Crizal
Crizal
Prevencia 2.5 Virtual reality 2.6 Sun protection factor e-SPF 2.7 Nikon- Essilor
Essilor
Co. Ltd. 2.8 Varilux 2.9 Optifog

3 Corporate Social Responsibility 4 Corporate affairs

4.1 Board of directors 4.2 Management committee 4.3 Sales

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] 1849–1972: Essel and Silor[edit] Essel (Société de Lunettiers) was founded in 1849 (then-called L’Association Fraternelle des Ouvriers Lunetiers) as a small network of eyeglass assembly workshops in Paris. It quickly expanded in the late 19th and early 20th century through the acquisition of factories in nearby Parisian neighbourhoods and in Eastern France. Essel soon added frame design and trade to its activities. The firm launched a frame design in 1955 called Nylor which is still used today. The Nylor system introduced a thin nylon thread which embraces the lens and is fixed to the frame’s higher branch. Essel's breakthrough came in 1959 with the invention of Varilux, the first ophthalmic progressive lens.[citation needed]

Original Lissac store in Paris

Silor (Société Industrielle de Lunetterie et d'Optique Rationnelle)first started under the name Lissac in 1931 as a retailer of ophthalmic lenses and frames before becoming a lens manufacturer. In 1959, the same year Essel invented the progressive lens, Lissac made a discovery of its own: the Orma 1000 lens, made from a lightweight material.[citation needed] 1972–1979: Beginning of Essilor[edit] After many years as rivals, Essel and Silor merged on 1 January 1972 to form Essilor, the then third-largest ophthalmic optical firm in the world. Essilor’s first year of existence was marked by two events: the creation of Valoptec, a non-trading company composed of stock-holder managers which held half of the company’s capital stock, and the purchase of Benoist-Bethiot, a French lens manufacturer specializing in the production of progressive lenses. In the mid 1970s, Essilor
Essilor
focused on becoming a true optical group specializing in the plastic progressive lens. Many subsidiary activities are first sold off, but in 1974, Essilor
Essilor
fused Benoist-Bethiot with Guilbert-Routit, creating a subsidiary called BBGR. In 1975, the company was listed on the stock exchange. The innovations by Essel and Silor, Essilor’s predecessors, lead to the launch of the Varilux
Varilux
Orma in 1976 .[citation needed] The late 1970s were marked by Essilor’s change in strategy of geographical expansion. By making the acquisition of manufacturing plants in the United States, in Ireland
Ireland
and in the Philippines, Essilor
Essilor
began its transformation from being a mainly exporting company to being an international company.[6] 1980–1989: International growth[edit] The 1980s began with intensified competition. To cut costs and improve service, Essilor
Essilor
purchased four new plants in four years, in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Brazil
Brazil
and Thailand. In France, new instruments facilitated the automation of the manufacturing process. Many distributors were acquired or merged with Essilor
Essilor
in Europe (Norway, Portugal) and in Asia
Asia
(Burma, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan
Taiwan
and Vietnam).[citation needed] In the United States, all subsidiaries were brought together under the Essilor
Essilor
of America umbrella. This global network allowed Essilor
Essilor
to launch a new Varilux
Varilux
lens called the VMD in Europe and the United States.[citation needed] 1990–1999: Partnerships and Varilux
Varilux
Comfort[edit] To maintain its position as a world leader, Essilor
Essilor
gradually withdrew its frames operations to concentrate on corrective lenses. Employing a value added strategy, the company launched the Crizal
Crizal
coating, offering lens resistance against scratches, reflections and smudges. Essilor
Essilor
also formed a partnership with PPG, an American company, to offer the Transitions photochromic lens, a technology that allows a lens to become darker or lighter depending on the intensity of ambient light. Through the acquisition of Gentex, Essilor
Essilor
was also able to launch the Airwear polycarbonate lens, a light and unbreakable lens material. Finally, the fourth generation of the Varilux
Varilux
was launched under the name Varilux
Varilux
Comfort.[citation needed] 2000–2010[edit] At the beginning of the 21st century, Essilor
Essilor
launched the Varilux Physio, a lens that derives its performance from the Twin RX Technology which combines the wavefront management system to calculate lens optics, along with a production technique called advanced digital surfacing.[citation needed] Finally, in 2005, Essilor
Essilor
entered the French CAC 40
CAC 40
stock market.[citation needed] In 2007 Essilor
Essilor
launched the Essilor
Essilor
Vision Foundation in the USA. This organization was created in order to run vision tests in schools to detect vision problems. The follow-up care and glasses are provided by Essilor
Essilor
Vision Foundation for children in need.[7] Essilor
Essilor
buys Satisloh in 2008. The acquisition of the Swiss company aimed at offering a wider range of products for the consumer.[8] Two years later, Essilor
Essilor
launched a merger with Shamir Optical Industry. Essilor
Essilor
acquired 50% of the kibbutz-based company. Shamir Optical
Optical
Industry took advantage of Essilor's worldwide distribution network, and developed its activity by launching new products.[9] In 2010 Essilor
Essilor
acquired FGX International, an American company whose brands include Foster Grant.[10] 2010–present[edit] Essilor
Essilor
acquired 50% of the Chinese company Wanxin Optical
Optical
in 2011. The growth drivers for the Chinese market are the aging population and the increase of reimbursement for eye care.[11] The 40th anniversary of the merger between Essel and Silor took place in July 2012. This was the occasion to highlight their contributions and improvements on technologies.[12] In September 2012, Essilor
Essilor
involved in the Special
Special
Olympics for 10 more years. The ophtalmic lenses supplier provided almost 100,000 free eyeglasses to the athletes since 2002.[13] In May 2013, Safilo and Essilor
Essilor
agreed on a 10-year licensing deal allowing Essilor
Essilor
to use Safilo's Polaroid brand for the making of polarized eye lenses.[14] In July 2013, Essilor
Essilor
announced the buying of 51% of Transitions Optical's stakes from PPG Industries.[15] Essilor
Essilor
will then hold 100% of Transitions Optical. The deal is to be closed in the first semester of 2014.[16] The transaction aims at developing Essilor's leadership in lenses that adapt to changing light.[17] In March 2014, Essilor
Essilor
announced the acquisition of the Canadian online distributor Coastal.com, which rebranded as Clearly.ca in 2015. Essilor
Essilor
aims at reinforcing its presence online, adding Coastal.com to its online subsidiaries such as MyOnlineOptical, FramesDirect and EyeBuyDirect.[18] On 25 November 2014, Essilor
Essilor
won 4 awards at the First Edition of the Vision-X VP Awards. Essilor’s Varilux
Varilux
S Series won the award for Most Popular Lens (Progressive), while the Transitions Signature VII won the Most Popular Lens (Best Value) award. Its Crizal
Crizal
Forte UV and Mr Blue were voted the Most Popular Lens Coating/Value Add and Best Value Enhancer (Lab).[19] In 2015, the U.S. subsidiary of Essilor
Essilor
International acquired Vision Source, a service network of independent optometrists, from Brazos Equity Partners LLC for an undisclosed amount.[20] By the 19 March 2016 the company had a share value of 23,564 million euros, distributed in 216,477,934 shares. In March 2016 the company bought the UK online contacts retailer VisionDirect UK, adding to many online eyewear brands Essilor
Essilor
already owns. [21] In January 2017, the company agreed to merge with Luxottica
Luxottica
for €46 billion.[22][23][24] Euromonitor International estimates that Luxottica's market share is 14% worldwide, and the second-largest company in the industry, Essilor, has a 13% market share. The third-largest player is Johnson & Johnson, with a 3.9% market share. Luxottica
Luxottica
and Esslisor are currently (end of 2017[25][26][27]) in the process of merging, subject to regulatory permission and possibly competition conditions.[28][29][30] Luxottica
Luxottica
has faced allegations that it uses its market dominance to inflate prices and restrict competition (see also Luxottica#Criticism).[31][32] Research and development[edit] Essilor’s research and development team includes 550 researchers in its three Innovation and Technology Centers in France, the United States and Asia.[citation needed] In Singapore, the Centre for Innovation and Technology and the International Vision Academy are housed in a new facility, called Kallang Bahru.[33] In 2014, Essilor
Essilor
was ranked 49th on Forbes
Forbes
listing of most innovative companies in the world. The brand is the 4th French company of the ranking.[34] Institut de la Vision[edit] Essilor
Essilor
participate in the Institut de la Vision de Paris, inaugurated in December 2008. This institute is a research center on ocular pathologies. The development of technologies improving the life of visually impaired people is the main goal of this partnership.[35] Vision Impact Institute[edit] In March 2013 was launched the Vision Impact Institute, endorsed by Essilor. People from Essilor
Essilor
and Boston Consulting Group
Boston Consulting Group
take part in this project.[36] This institute aims at collecting data about impaired vision and its socio-economic impact. One of the first research results available on the website of the institute demonstrated impaired vision caused a loss of US$269 billion in productivity each year in the world.[37] In collaboration with Singapore
Singapore
Indian Development Association, Essilor
Essilor
launched in May 2014 Vision Foundation, in order to provide eye exams for children belonging to low-income families.[38] Dioptric loop method[edit] With the launch of ' Varilux
Varilux
Comfort in 1993, Essilor
Essilor
developed the dioptic loop method, making it possible to gauge wearer satisfaction. It involves using repetition until an effective result is achieved for the wearer. It comprises five stages:[39]

Collection of the wearer’s physiological data Optical
Optical
design Creation of prototype lenses Measurement control Clinical tests

Crizal
Crizal
Prevencia[edit] Essilor
Essilor
launched a research in partnership with the Institut de la Vision in France
France
in order to determine the wavelength of the light, emitted by the sun, LEDs, computers or smartphones, which leads to degeneration of retina cells, and age-related macular degeneration.[40] This preventive lens was launched in 2013. Virtual reality[edit] Essilor's research department particularly concentrates on the combined progress of two complementary disciplines: optics and physiology, with particular recourse to virtual reality. A simulation tool that makes it possible to perceive and interact in 3D in a multi-sensory way. [41] Researchers today use a virtual visualization system, equipped with algorithms and modeling developed by Essilor
Essilor
to explore new optical solutions that can be tested directly on wearers. This simulator makes it possible to vary the optical properties of the lenses tested, study optical effects and immediately gauge wearer satisfaction. In order to do so, a magnetic sensor records a subject's head movements and images that show the eyes' exact viewpoint 120 times per second. After testing, the results are used to fine-tune the performance of the lenses in question. In 2008, the Varilux
Varilux
Ipseo New Edition was designed using Essilor's Virtual Reality system. Sun protection factor e-SPF[edit] Essilor’s eye sun protection factor (e-SPF) was launched in 2012. The factor, inspired by sunscreen rates, is a new system to help the consumer find the best global eye protection. Moreover, the e-SPF takes into account UV rays reflecting off the back of the lens into the eye.[42] Therefore, treated lenses block the UV, responsible for eye damages, such as cataracts and DMLA.[43] These treated lenses are retailed globally under the Crizal
Crizal
UV brand.[44] Nikon- Essilor
Essilor
Co. Ltd.[edit] In 1999, Essilor
Essilor
and Nikon
Nikon
have signed a Memorandum of understanding to form a global strategic alliance in corrective lenses by forming a 50 / 50 joint venture in Japan
Japan
to be called Nikon- Essilor
Essilor
Co. Ltd. The main purpose of the joint venture is to further strengthen the corrective lens business of both companies. This will be achieved through the integrated strengths of Nikon's strong brand backed up by advanced optical technology and strong sales network in Japanese market, coupled with the high productivity and worldwide marketing and sales network of Essilor, the world leader in this industry.[45] Nikon- Essilor
Essilor
Co. Ltd. started its business in January 2000, responsible for research, development, production and sales mainly for ophthalmic optics.[46] Varilux[edit] In June 2014, Bernard Maitenaz, Essilor’s former CEO, received the Apollo Award from the American Optometric Association. This prize rewards people who acted in favor of visual health. He received this distinction for having invented, in 1959, the Varilux
Varilux
progressive lenses.[47] Optifog[edit] After the launch of an Optifog cloth in January 2014,[48] a new generation of Optifog lenses was launched in July 2014. These lenses contain fog repellent properties, making the use of a special liquid unnecessary.[49] Corporate Social Responsibility[edit] The Ethiopian programme Vision Aid Overseas received the support of Essilor
Essilor
in order to increase the number of optometrists and healthcare professionals. This initiative will also develop eye exams for children.[50] During the World Sight Day 2014, Essilor
Essilor
India organised Walkathon or ‘Walk for Vision’ in 35 locations across 16 cities to raise awareness among people regarding eye health.[51] Corporate affairs[edit] Board of directors[edit] As of 2017, the firm's board of directors consists of:[52]

Hubert Sagnières, Chairman
Chairman
of the Board and CEO Philippe Alfroid, Former Chief Operating Officer Antoine Bernard de Saint-Affrique, Chief Executive Officer of Barry Callebaut AG Maureen Cavanagh, Vice-President Retail, Essilor
Essilor
of America; Director representing employee shareholders Juliette Favre, Head of Lab 4.0 program of Essilor's equipment division (Satisloh); President of Valoptec Association; Director representing employee shareholders Henrietta H. Fore, Chairman
Chairman
of the Board of Directors and CEO of Holsman International (USA) Louise Fréchette, Member of the Board of the Global Leadership Foundation (UK) He Yi, President of Essilor
Essilor
(China); Holding Company; Director representing employee shareholders Franck Henrionnet, European Service Center Manager in the Instruments Division of “La Compasserie” (Meuse – France) at Essilor; Director representing employees Bernard Hours, former Chief Operating Officer of Groupe Danone Annette Messemer, Divisional Board Member, Corporate Clients, Commerzbank AG (Germany) Marc Onetto, Former Senior Vice-President Worldwide Operations and Customer Service at Amazon Olivier Pécoux, Chief Executive Officer of Rothschild & Cie Banque Laurent Vacherot, President and Chief Operating Officer of Essilor Jeanette Wong, DBS Group (Singapore) Executive

Management committee[edit] As of 2017:[53]

Hubert Sagnières
Hubert Sagnières
- Chairman
Chairman
and Chief Executive Officer Laurent Vacherot - President and Chief Operating Officer Jayanth Bhuvaraghan - Chief Mission Officer Jean Carrier-Guillomet - Chief Operating Officer Frédéric Mathieu - Corporate Senior Vice President Human Resources Bernhard Nuesser - President, Online Hilary Halper - Chief Financial Officer Paul du Saillant - Chief Operating Officer Jeremy Teo - Chief Strategy Officer Eric Thoreux - President, Sun, Readers and China

Sales[edit] Based on its 2016 Registration Document, 87% of Essilor's turnover comes from the sale of ophthalmic lenses and optical instruments, 10% is driven by sunglasses and readers and 3% from other activities, such as equipment sales.[54] 28% of its sales are based in Europe, 47% in North America, 7% in Latin America with the remaining 18% based out of Asia, Pacific, Middle East and Africa.[54]

Numbers in millions of Euros

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Revenue 2,690 2,908.1 3,074.4 3,268.0 3,891.6 4,190 4,989 5,065 5,670 6,716 7,115

Net income 328 366.7 382.4 394.0 462.0 506 584 594 642 757 813

See also[edit]

Companies portal

Hubert Sagnières

References[edit]

^ "Essilor.com". Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ "Progressive lenses from Essilor
Essilor
- Visioncare Optometrist Seychelles". Visioncare Optometrist Seychelles. 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2017-05-25.  ^ "Press Release - the merger of Essel and Silor Essilor
Essilor
South Africa". www.essilor.co.za. Retrieved 2017-05-25.  ^ Torsoli, Albertina (17 July 2008). " Essilor
Essilor
Slumps as Second-Quarter Sales Miss Estimates". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2009-04-06.  ^ Chad Bray and Elizabeth Paton, >Luxottica, Owner of Ray-Ban, in $49 Billion Merger With Essilor
Essilor
The New York Times
The New York Times
2017/01/16 ^ Malaval, Catherine. " Essilor
Essilor
1972-1997: Mieux Voir Le Monde". Creapress Editions, 1997. ^ "Kids get free glasses". Vision care venture. May 2009.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
buys Satisloh". optician online. 20 June 2008.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
to acquire half of Shamir Optical
Optical
for $130 million". haaretz. 18 October 2010.  ^ " Foster Grant brand owner FGX International acquires Stylemark". the moodie report. 6 January 2012.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
in joint venture with Wanxin Optical
Optical
in China". companies and markets.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
Celebrates 40 Years". mivision. 26 March 2012.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
Renews Special
Special
Olympics Partnership for 10 More Years". vision monday. 26 September 2012.  ^ "Safilo, Essilor
Essilor
in 10-year licensing deal". reuters.com. 21 May 2013.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
buys majority stake in Transitions Optical
Optical
for $1.73bn". Financial Times.com. 29 July 2013.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
buys majority stake in Transitions Optical". optometry times. 31 July 2013.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
to Buy PPG's Lens-Venture Stake for $1.73 Billion". Bloomberg. 29 July 2013.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
expands online with Coastal.com deal". Opticianonline.net. 6 March 2014.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
Makes Its Presence Felt With Four Awards!". 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  ^ Furr, Laura (4 August 2015). " Vision Source
Vision Source
optometry group to be purchased by French manufacturer". Houston Business Journal. The Business Journals. Retrieved 19 October 2015.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
buys Vision Direct UK, strengthens Online Business Portfolio". OpticalOwl. 6 March 2016.  ^ "Ray-Ban maker Luxottica
Luxottica
agrees €46bn merger with Essilor". BBC News. 16 January 2017.  ^ " Luxottica
Luxottica
and Essilor
Essilor
in 46 billion euro merger to create eyewear giant". Reuters. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-05-25.  ^ Bradt, George. "Why The Merger Of Essilor
Essilor
And Luxottica's Cultures Is The Key To Extraordinary Value Creation". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-25.  ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-essilor-results/essilor-expects-further-progress-on-luxottica-deal-by-year-end-idUSKBN1CT0HX ^ https://www.essilor.com/en/medias/press-releases/proposed-combination-essilor-luxottica-approved-canada/ ^ https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/12/24/luxottica-and-essilor-play-the-waiting-game-with-r.aspx ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/16/business/dealbook/luxottica-essilor-merger.html ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-01-15/luxottica-essilor-agree-to-50-billion-euro-merger-ft-reports ^ Article by Euromonitor analyst ^ https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/does-luxottica-own-80-of-the-eyeglass-industry/ ^ "Sticker shock: Why are glasses so expensive?". 60 Minutes. CBS News. 7 October 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
opens new facility in Singapore". Channelnewsasia. 18 Sep 2014.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
makes Forbes
Forbes
listing". Opticianonline.net. 10 Sep 2014.  ^ "Institut De La Vision Paris: vision-research.eu - The Gateway to European Vision Research".  ^ Bradt, George (4 March 2013). "Leading with a Clear Vision". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-03-04.  ^ Whittle, Thomas (19 March 2013). "Impaired vision costs 269 bln USD annually: study". NZWeek. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ "French lens-maker Essilor
Essilor
launches Vision Foundation in S'pore". freepressjournal.in. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ Kamen, Paddy. "Innovation Extraordinaire is Essilor". Vision Magazine. March–April 2004. July 1, 2009. [1] ^ " Essilor
Essilor
announces launch of selective blue light blocking lenses". healio.com. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2011-07-10.  ^ "What is the best sunglasses lens in the world? Check the ESPF: eye-sun protection factor". Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ "LAB TALK May/June 2012 Page-31".  ^ " Crizal
Crizal
UV Product Function Summary Page". Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ " Nikon
Nikon
- News - Nikon, Japan
Japan
and Essilor, France
France
agree to establish a joint company".  ^ "ニコン・エシロール|ホーム".  ^ "For the First Time in Philadelphia, Optometry's Meeting Features a Packed Schedule of Events This Week". visionmonday.com. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
International SA launches Optifog Smart Textile". reuters.com. 19 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ McCarthy, Colleen (16 June 2014). " Essilor
Essilor
partners with VAO on three-year programme". optometrytimes.modernmedicine.com. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
introduces new generation of Optifog lenses". optometry.co.uk. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  ^ " Essilor
Essilor
India – Raising The Flag For Better Vision". 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  ^ "Board of directors".  ^ "Executive committee".  ^ a b https://www.essilor.com/essilor-content/uploads/2017/04/2016_Registration_Document_Essilor.pdf

External links[edit]

Official website

v t e

Euro Stoxx 50 companies of the Euro Area

Last updated October 2015

Air Liquide Airbus Allianz Anheuser-Busch InBev ASML Holding Assicurazioni Generali AXA Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Banco Santander BASF Bayer BMW BNP Paribas Carrefour Saint-Gobain Daimler AG Deutsche Bank Deutsche Post Deutsche Telekom Enel Engie
Engie
SA Eni E.ON Essilor
Essilor
International Fresenius SE Groupe Danone Iberdrola Inditex ING Group NV Intesa Sanpaolo L'Oréal LVMH
LVMH
Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft Nokia Orange S.A. Philips Electronics SAFRAN Sanofi SAP SE Schneider Electric Siemens Société Générale
Société Générale
SA Telefónica Total S.A. Unibail-Rodamco UniCredit Unilever Vinci SA Vivendi Volkswagen Group

v t e

CAC 40
CAC 40
companies of France
France
(as of 4 October 2017)

Accor Air Liquide Airbus ArcelorMittal Atos AXA BNP Paribas Bouygues Capgemini Carrefour Crédit Agricole Danone Engie Essilor Kering L'Oréal LafargeHolcim Legrand LVMH Michelin Orange Pernod Ricard Peugeot Publicis Renault Safran Saint-Gobain Sanofi Schneider Electric Société Générale Sodexo Solvay STMicroelectronics TechnipFMC Total Unibail-Rodamco Valeo Ve

.