The Info List - Escherichia

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E. albertii E. coli E. fergusonii E. hermannii E. marmotae[2] E. vulneris

/ˌɛʃəˈrɪkiə/ is a genus of Gram-negative, nonspore forming, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria from the family Enterobacteriaceae.[3] In those species which are inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals, Escherichia
species provide a portion of the microbially derived vitamin K for their host. A number of the species of Escherichia
are pathogenic.[4] The genus is named after Theodor Escherich, the discoverer of Escherichia


1 Pathogenesis 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Pathogenesis[edit] While many Escherichia
are commensal gut flora, particular strains of some species, in particular the serotypes of Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli
most notably, are human pathogens,[5] and are known as the most common cause of urinary tract infections,[6] significant sources of gastrointestinal disease, ranging from simple diarrhea to dysentery-like conditions,[3] as well as a wide range of other pathogenic states[7] classifiable in general as colonic escherichiosis. While E. coli is responsible for the vast majority of Escherichia-related pathogenesis, other members of the genus have also been implicated in human disease.[8][9] Escherichia
are associated with the imbalance of microbiota of the lower reproductive tract of women. These species are associated with inflammation.[10] See also[edit]

E. coli O157:H7 List of bacterial genera named after personal names


^ Castellani, Aldo; Chalmers, Albert J. (1919). " Genus
Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers, 1918". Manual of Tropical Medicine. New York: William Wood and Company. pp. 941–943. Occurrences of the name 45193176 in the Biodiversity Heritage Library.  ^ Parte, A.C. "Escherichia". www.bacterio.net.  ^ a b Madigan M; Martinko J, eds. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1.  ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Bacteria. Encyclopedia of Earth. eds. Sidney Draggan and C.J.Cleveland, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC Archived May 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Guentzel MN (1996). Baron S; et al., eds. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Citrobacter, and Proteus. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. (via NCBI Bookshelf).  ^ Ronald A (2003). "The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens". Dis Mon. 49 (2): 71–82. doi:10.1067/mda.2003.8. PMID 12601338.  ^ "The Species of Escherichia
other than E. coli". The Prokaryotes. Retrieved 2006-05-05.  ^ Pien FD, Shrum S, Swenson JM, Hill BC, Thornsberry C, Farmer JJ 3rd (1985). "Colonization of human wounds by Escherichia vulneris and Escherichia
hermannii". J Clin Microbiol. 22 (2): 283–5. PMC 268376 . PMID 3897270.  ^ Chaudhury A, Nath G, Tikoo A, Sanyal SC (1999). "Enteropathogenicity and antimicrobial susceptibility of new Escherichia
spp". J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 17 (2): 85–7. PMID 10897892.  ^ Bennett, John (2015). Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious diseases. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. ISBN 9781455748013; Access provided by the University of Pittsburgh 

External links[edit]

genomes and related information at PATRIC, a Bioinformatics Resource Center funded by NIAID

Biology portal

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q311055 EoL: 97437 EPPO: 1ESCHG GBIF: 3221780 ITIS: 280 NCBI: