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Ernst Edler von Schuch, born Ernst Gottfried Schuch (23 November 1846, Graz
Graz
– 10 May 1914, Niederlößnitz/ Radebeul
Radebeul
Dresden) was an Austrian conductor who became famous through his working collaborations with Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
at the Dresden
Dresden
Court Opera. Schuch first studied law but then turned to music, trained at first by E. Stolz. He studied in Graz
Graz
and later in Vienna, briefly with Felix Otto Dessoff, and started his conducting career in 1867 as Kapellmeister at Lobe's Theatre in Breslau
Breslau
while the Breslau
Breslau
Opera was out of action following a fire. Coincidentally, a father and son with the same family name Schuch had built and run the first opera theatre in Breslau
Breslau
120 years earlier:[1][2] There followed engagements in Würzburg
Würzburg
(1868–1870), Graz (1870/1871) and Basle, until he was employed in 1872 by Pollini's Italian Opera for Dresden. There in 1872 he became Music director at the Court Opera, from 1873 Royal Kapellmeister with Julius Rietz, later with Franz Wüllner. In 1878, he was appointed Royal Professor. In 1882 he undertook the direction of the Court Opera with the title of privy councillor, and in 1889 became its general music director. From 1882 onward, he lived in Niederlößnitz in the Weintraubenstraße (in 1883 renamed at his own suggestion as Schuchstraße 15/17). In 1898, he was ennobled by the Austrian emperor and in 1899 was appointed to the Saxon Confidential Privy Council. His period of influence is known as the Schuch era in operatic performing history. Tours as guest conductor in Berlin, Munich, Vienna
Vienna
and Paris
Paris
aside, he remained committed to Dresden
Dresden
until 1914, and made its opera house there into one of the leading musical stages of Europe. He created a surpassing ensemble and enlarged the orchestra to make it one of the greatest in the world. Specializing in the music-dramas of Wagner, he also led the original productions of the Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
operas Feuersnot
Feuersnot
(1901), Salome (1905), Elektra (1909) and Der Rosenkavalier (1911) as well as the first German productions of operas by Puccini and Mascagni, and the Dresden
Dresden
première of Wagner's Parsifal
Parsifal
on 24 March 1914, his last new production before his death on 10 May. Also highly valued as a nonoperatic conductor, he was particularly known in the concert hall for his renditions of the orchestral works of Felix Draeseke and Strauss. He married coloratura soprano Clementine von Schuch-Proska (Klementine Procházka) (1850-1932), who became an honorary member of Dresden's Royal Theatre Company. Their daughter Liesel von Schuch sang in Dresden
Dresden
(from 1914 on) and Vienna. References[edit]

Ernst Edler von Schuch conducting Der Rosenkavalier
Der Rosenkavalier
by Richard Strauss, 1912. Oil painting by Robert Sterl, (Old National Gallery, Berlin)

A. Eaglefield-Hull, A Dictionary of Modern Music and Musicians (Dent, London 1924) P. Sakolowsky, E. Schuch (1901). Gerhard M. Dienes (Ed.), „mit mir...“ Ernst von Schuch (1846–1914). Ein Grazer als Generalmusikdirektor in Dresden. Exhibition Catalogue 1999. ( Graz
Graz
City Museum, Graz
Graz
1999), ISBN 3-900764-20-4 E. Krause, "Richard Strauss, Ernst von Schuch
Ernst von Schuch
und Dresden." In: Blätter der Staatstheater Dresden, 1963/64 Richard Strauss/Ernst von Schuch: Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
- Ernst von Schuch. Ein Briefwechsel (An exchange of letters). Edited by Gabriella Hanke Knaus. (= Veröffentlichungen der Richard-Strauss-Gesellschaft (Offerings of the Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
Society); Band 16). (Henschel-Verlag, Berlin
Berlin
1999). ISBN 3-89487-329-9 Große Kreisstadt Radebeul
Radebeul
(Ed.), Stadtlexikon Radebeul
Radebeul
(Historisches Handbuch für die Lößnitz, 2005). ISBN 3-938460-05-9

References[edit]

^ Erika Fischer-Lichte History of European Drama and Theatre Page 150 2002 "After Schuch was brutally rejected by the city council in the merchant city, Frankfurt, because of bitter controversy between religious leaders, he succeeded in gaining citizen's rights in Breslau in 1754. He built a theatre there on his own land, and performed regularly from 1755 to 1764." ^ North German Opera in the Age of Goethe - Page 83 Thomas Bauman - 1985 " Breslau
Breslau
in Silesia offered German companies an attractive alternative to Leipzig or Berlin. Like them, it could support a company from autumn ... the charming name Theater on the Cold Ashes. Schuch brought the first Hiller operas to Breslau
Breslau
in 1770, and his successor Johann Christian Waser introduced many more. In addition, Breslau
Breslau
saw the premieres of three new operas of its own in 1771 and 1772. "

External links[edit]

Literature of and about Ernst von Schuch
Ernst von Schuch
in the Catalogue of the German National Library [1]

v t e

Principal Conductors of the Staatskapelle Dresden

Julius Rietz
Julius Rietz
(1874) Franz Wüllner
Franz Wüllner
(1877) Ernst von Schuch
Ernst von Schuch
(1884) Fritz Reiner
Fritz Reiner
(1914) Fritz Busch
Fritz Busch
(1922) Karl Böhm
Karl Böhm
(1934) Karl Elmendorff
Karl Elmendorff
(1943) Joseph Keilberth
Joseph Keilberth
(1945) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1949) Franz Konwitschny
Franz Konwitschny
(1953) Lovro von Matačić
Lovro von Matačić
(1956) Otmar Suitner
Otmar Suitner
(1960) Kurt Sanderling
Kurt Sanderling
(1964) Martin Turnovský (1966) Herbert Blomstedt
Herbert Blomstedt
(1975) Hans Vonk (1985) Giuseppe Sinopoli
Giuseppe Sinopoli
(1992) Bernard Haitink
Bernard Haitink
(2002) Fabio Luisi
Fabio Luisi
(2007) Christian Thielemann
Christian Thielemann
(2012)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 51858688 LCCN: no99089508 ISNI: 0000 0000 8130 6212 GND: 117117153 BNF: cb13573637m (da

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