Ernst Holzlöhner (23 February 1899 in Insterburg, Germany – June
1945) was a German physiologist, university lecturer and national
Holzlöhner was a private lecturer and senior physician with Wilhelm
Trendelenburg at the Physiological Institute of the University of
Berlin. In 1932 he became a non-official a.o. Professor appointed. In
1933 he joined the NSDAP (Nazi party) and became lecturer at the
University of Berlin. Later, Holzlöhner became SS-Sturmbannführer.
In 1934, Holzlöhner received a full professorship for physiology at
the University of Kiel. During this time, he became a lecturer at the
University of Kiel
University of Kiel and deputy gauditor of Schleswig-Holstein. Together
with his assistants Sigmund Rascher and Erich Finke, he carried out
subcooling experiments on behalf of the
Luftwaffe in the Dachau
concentration camp from August 1942, in which prisoners were
deliberately sub - cooled, then reheated them using different methods.
At the conference on medical questions in distress and winter death on
October 26 and 27, 1942, he discussed the results of the cold tests.
In April 1945, Holzlöhner was appointed Rector of the University of
Holzwöhner was captured and interrogated by British soldiers after
the end of the war. After the interrogation, he committed suicide in