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Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
(February 6, 1857 – April 10, 1947) was a noted American architect in the Beaux-Arts style. He was also an advocate for urban reform and architecture's social responsibility.[1]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Professional career 3 Personal life 4 Projects 5 Selected writings 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life and education[edit] Flagg was born in Brooklyn, New York. His father Jared Bradley Flagg was an Episcopal priest and a notable painter.[2][3] Ernest left school at 15 to work as an office boy on Wall Street. After working with his father and brothers in real estate for a few years, he designed duplex apartment plans in 1880 with the architect Philip Gengembre Hubert, for the co-operative apartment buildings Hubert was known for. Cornelius Vanderbilt II, Flagg's cousin through his marriage to Alice Claypoole Gwynne,[4] was impressed by Flagg's work and sent him to study at the École des Beaux-Arts
École des Beaux-Arts
in Paris from 1889–1891, under his patronage. Professional career[edit] In 1891, Flagg began his architectural practice in New York, greatly influenced by his knowledge of the French ideas of architectural design, such as structural rationalism. During this time he joined with John Prentiss Benson to create Flagg & Benson, which later became Flagg, Benson & Brockway with the addition of Albert Leverett Brockway. FB&B designed St. Luke's Hospital in New York City.[5] In 1894, he established the architectural firm of Flagg & Chambers with Walter B. Chambers, whom he met in Paris. Usually, Flagg alone credited for some of the work he and Chambers worked on together, such as the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the U.S. Naval Academy, and Pomfret School in Connecticut which he saw as "part of the process of evolution that would contribute to the creation of a national style of architecture.”[6] Louisa Flagg Scribner, Flagg's sister, was the wife of Charles Scribner II. Through this familial connection, Flagg designed six structures located in Manhattan for the publishing family.[7] His contributions to zoning and height regulations were essential to New York's first laws governing this aspect of the city's architecture. Flagg argued in favor of zoning laws which would regulate the height and setback of buildings, to allow light and air to reach the streets below them.[8] He was a president of the New York Society of Beaux-Arts Architects. A small collection of Flagg's personal and professional papers is held in the Department of Drawings & Archives at Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
at Columbia University. Personal life[edit] Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
married Margaret E. Bonnell on June 27, 1899 in New York City. They had one daughter, Margaret Elizabeth, who became a well-respected small-scale portrait painter and is known professionally as Betsy Flagg Melcher.[9] In 1912, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
were on their way to a party held by Stowe Phelps, a fellow architect, when their limousine struck and killed a boy (James McNamara) who had suddenly skated in front of the car. The couple drove the boy to the hospital but he died en route.[10] Projects[edit]

The Singer Building, once the tallest building in the world

Cherokee Apartments

Scribner Building, New York City, 1893 Unused plan for the Washington State Capitol
Washington State Capitol
at Olympia, Washington, 1893[11] Pomfret School
Pomfret School
campus plan, School House and dormitories,[12] early 1900's, and the school's Clark Memorial Chapel, 1908[13] Pomfret, Connecticut. Gov. Samuel J. Tilden Monument, New Lebanon, New York, 1895–1896 St. Nicholas Skating Rink, 69 West 66th Street, New York – 1896 [14][15] St. Luke's Hospital, New York City, 1896 Mills House No. 1, New York City, 1896 Mills House No. 2, New York City, 1897 Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1897 Indian Neck Hall, estate of Frederick Gilbert Bourne, Oakdale, New York, 1897 Engine Co. No. 33, New York City, 1898 Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
residence, gatehouse and gate, Staten Island, New York, 1900 Cherokee Apartments, New York City, 1900 Armenian General Benevolent Union of America, New York City, c. 1900 Charlesbank Apartments, Boston, Massachusetts, c. 1900, demolished c. 1960 Sheldon Library (now admissions office), St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire, 1901 Lawrence Library, Pepperell, Massachusetts, 1901 Regency Whist Club, New York City, 1904 The Towers, a "castle" on Dark Island, St. Lawrence Seaway, 1905 Buildings at the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, including Bancroft Hall
Bancroft Hall
(1901–1906), the Naval Academy Chapel (1908), Mahan Hall, Maury Hall, Sampson Hall, and the Superintendent's residence "Little" Singer Building, New York City, 1907 311 West 43rd Street, New York City (Originally the Charles Scribner's Sons printing plant), 1908 Singer Building, New York City, 1908, demolished 1968[16] Princeton University Press
Princeton University Press
building, Princeton, NJ, 1911 Charles Scribner Residence, later Polish Delegation to the United Nations, New York City, 1912 Charles Scribner's Sons Building, New York City, 1913 Merrill House, Vinegar Hill Historic District, Bloomington, Indiana, 1928[17] Celtic Park apartments, Queens, New York, 1930[18] Flagg Court housing development, Brooklyn, New York, 1933–36 Rufus Arndt House, Wisconsin

Selected writings[edit]

Small Houses: Their Economic Design and Construction (1922) Le Naos du Parthenon (1928)

References[edit]

^ Bacon, Mardges (1986). Ernest Flagg: Beaux-arts Architect and Urban Reformer.  ^ Flagg, Ernest. Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England: My Ancestors Part in that Undertaking. Hartford, Conn., 1926, p. 135. ^ Flagg, Lucius C.S. Family Records of the Descendants of Gershom Flagg. Quincy, Ill., 1907, pp. 125, 128. ^ Eighth Generation Archived 2009-11-23 at the Wayback Machine. Descendants of Bartholomew Flegg & Graff, Rebecca Irwin."Genealogy of the Claypoole Family of Philadelphia." Philadelphia, Pa., 1893, pp. 124 & 145. ^ Albert L Brockway ^ Bacon, Mardges (1986). Ernest Flagg: beaux-arts architect and urban reformer (!st ed.). MIT press. pp. 134–137. ISBN 978-0262022224.  ^ "Streetscapes/The Charles Scribner House; A Quintessential Flagg Building Is Being Restored". https://www.nytimes.com/1994/10/23/realestate/streetscapes-charles-scribner-house-quintessential-flagg-building-being-restored.html.  External link in website= (help); Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Fire Engine Co. 67 Landmarks Preservation Commission ^ Betsey Flagg Melcher Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine. Luce Foundation Center for American Art. ^ "BOY SKATER KILLED BY DINERS' AUTO; Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Flagg's Car Runs Down Lad at Stowe Phelps's Door." New York Times, February 24, 1912. ^ Pierce, J. Kingston. "Olympia Capitol — A History of the Building". historylink.org. HistoryLink. Retrieved October 1, 2016.  ^ Bacon, Mardges (1986). Ernest Flagg: beaux-arts architect and urban reformer (1st ed.). MIT Press. pp. 134–137. ISBN 978-0262022224.  ^ "Philadelphia Architects and Buildings". Philadelphiabuildings.org. The Athenaeum of Philadelphia. Retrieved 20 October 2015.  ^ White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot; Leadon, Fran, AIA Guide to New York City, Oxford University Press, 2010. Cf. p.358. ^ "STREETSCAPES: A Skating Rink/Boxing Ring, And a Wild and Crazy Facade", The New York Times, February 6, 2005 ^ "Bulging Buildings: Cantilevers Make a Comeback". New York Sun. July 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-25. In 1908, Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
designed one of Lower Manhattan's most distinctive skyscrapers for the Singer Manufacturing Company, at Broadway and Liberty Street ...  ^ Vinegar Hill Historic District
Vinegar Hill Historic District
(105-055-77001-77061) Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.. City of Bloomington: Bloomington Historic Preservation Commission, n.d. Accessed 2011-01-27. ^ Plunz, Richard. A History of Housing in New York City. Columbia University Press, New York: 1990. P. 213-214.

Further reading[edit]

Flagg, Ernest - Genealogical Notes of the Founding of New England: My Ancestors Part in that Undertaking Lockwood & Brainard Co. (1926) ISBN 0-8063-0533-9 Mardges Bacon, Ernest Flagg: Beaux-Arts Architect and Urban Reformer, MIT Press
MIT Press
(1986) Paul Malo, "Boldt Castle", Laurentian Press (2001) Paul Malo, "Fools' Paradise", Laurentian Press (2003)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ernest Flagg.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ernest Flagg

Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
architectural records and papers, 1888-1972.Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
at NYC Architecture Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
at MIT Press Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
information at Structurae Buildings by Ernest Flagg
Ernest Flagg
at the Library of Congress's Historic American Buildings Survey database

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 33413224 LCCN: n84225449 ISNI: 0000 0000 8218 2311 GND: 136485987 SUDOC: 029471834 BNF: cb121092381 (data) ULAN: 500015

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