ERNő RUBIK (Hungarian: ; born 13 July 1944) is a Hungarian inventor, architect and professor of architecture. He is best known for the invention of mechanical puzzles including Rubik\'s Cube (1974), Rubik\'s Magic , Rubik\'s Magic: Master Edition , and Rubik\'s Snake .
While Rubik became famous for inventing the Rubik's Cube and his other puzzles, much of his recent work involves the promotion of science in education. Rubik is involved with several organizations such as Beyond Rubik's Cube, the Rubik Learning Initiative and the Judit Polgar Foundation all of whose aim is to engage students in science, mathematics, and problem solving at a young age.
* 1 Early life
* 1.1 Childhood and parental influence * 1.2 Education
* 2 Career
* 2.1 Early professorship and birth of Rubik\'s Cube * 2.2 From classroom tool to Magic Cube to Rubik\'s Cube * 2.3 Other inventions * 2.4 Later career and other works
* 3 Work and engagements in the 2010s * 4 Influences * 5 Cultural and leisure pursuits * 6 Prizes and awards * 7 Publications * 8 Foundations and appearances * 9 References * 10 External links
CHILDHOOD AND PARENTAL INFLUENCE
His father, Ernő Sr., was a highly respected engineer of gliders .
His extensive work and expertise in this area gained him an
international reputation as an expert in his field.
“ Beside him I learned a lot about work in the sense of a value-creating process which has a target, and a positive result too. Both figuratively and literally he was a person capable of 'moving a hill'. There was nothing that could prevent him from doing what he decided or bringing a project to a completion, if necessary even with his own hands. No work was unworthy or undeserving for him. ”
From 1958 to 1962, Rubik specialised in sculpture at the Secondary
School of Fine and Applied Arts. From 1962 to 1967, Rubik attended the
Rubik considers university and the education it afforded him as the decisive event which shaped his life. Rubik has stated that, "Schools offered me the opportunity to acquire knowledge of subjects or rather crafts that need a lot of practice, persistence and diligence with the direction of a mentor."
EARLY PROFESSORSHIP AND BIRTH OF RUBIK\'S CUBE
From 1971 to 1979, Rubik was a professor of architecture at the
“ Space always intrigued me, with its incredibly rich possibilities, space alteration by (architectural) objects, objects' transformation in space (sculpture, design), movement in space and in time, their correlation, their repercussion on mankind, the relation between man and space, the object and time. I think the CUBE arose from this interest, from this search for expression and for this always more increased acuteness of these thoughts... ”
FROM CLASSROOM TOOL TO MAGIC CUBE TO RUBIK\'S CUBE
Starting with blocks of wood and rubber bands, Rubik set out to create a structure which would allow the individual pieces to move without the whole structure falling apart. Rubik originally used wood for the block because of the convenience of a workshop at the university and because he viewed wood as a simple material to work with that did not require sophisticated machinery. Rubik made the original prototypes of his cube by hand, cutting the wood, boring the holes and using elastic bands to hold the contraption together
Rubik showed his prototype to his class and his students liked it very much. Rubik realized that, because of the cube's simple structure, it could be manufactured relatively easily and might have appeal to a larger audience. Rubik's father possessed several patents, so Rubik was familiar with the process and applied for a patent for his invention. Rubik then set out to find a manufacturer in Hungary, but had great difficulty due to the rigid planned economy of Hungary at the time. Eventually, Rubik was able to find a small company that worked with plastic and made chess pieces. The cube was originally known in Hungary as the 'Magic Cube'.
Rubik licensed the Magic Cube to Ideal Toys , a US company in 1979. Ideal rebranded The Magic Cube to the Rubik's Cube before its introduction to an international audience in 1980. The process from early prototype to significant mass production of the Cube had taken over six years. The Rubik's Cube would go on to become an instant success worldwide, winning several Toy of the Year awards, and becoming a staple of 1980's popular culture. To date, over 350 million Rubik's Cubes have been sold, making it the best selling toy of all time.
In addition to Rubik's Cube, Rubik is also the inventor of Rubik\'s Magic , Rubik\'s Snake and Rubik\'s 360 among others.
LATER CAREER AND OTHER WORKS
In the early 1980s, he became the editor of a game and puzzle journal called ..És játék (...And games), then became self-employed in 1983, founding the Rubik Stúdió, where he designed furniture and games. In 1987 he became a professor with full tenure; in 1990 he became the president of the Hungarian Engineering Academy (Magyar Mérnöki Akadémia). At the Academy, he created the International Rubik Foundation to support especially talented young engineers and industrial designers.
WORK AND ENGAGEMENTS IN THE 2010S
In the 2010s, Rubik has recently spent much of his time working on
Beyond Rubik's Cube, a Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics
STEM fields ) based exhibition, which will travel the globe over the
next six years. The grand opening of the exhibit was held on 26 April
2014 at the
Liberty Science Center
CULTURAL AND LEISURE PURSUITS
Rubik admits to being a lifelong bibliophile and has stated, "Books offered me the possibility of gaining knowledge of the World, Nature and People." Rubik has stated that he has a special interest in science fiction.
Rubik is fond of outdoor activities such as walking through nature, playing sports, and sailing on Lake Balaton . Rubik is also an avid gardener and has stated that, "collecting succulents are my favourite pastime."
PRIZES AND AWARDS
* 1978 –
Editor and co-author of A bűvös kocka ("The Magic Cube"), Műszaki Kiadó, Budapest, 1981.
Co-author of The Rubik's Cube Compendium (written by David Singmaster, Ernő Rubik, Gerzson Kéri, György Marx, Tamás Varga and Tamás Vekerdy), Oxford University Press, 1987.
FOUNDATIONS AND APPEARANCES
He attended the 2007 World Championship in Budapest. He also gave a lecture and autograph session at the "Bridges-Pecs" conference ("Bridges between Mathematics and the Arts") in July 2010.
Rubik is a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival 's Advisory Board.
* ^ William Fotheringham (2007). Fotheringham's Sporting Pastimes.
Anova Books. p. 50. ISBN 1-86105-953-1 .
* ^ International Who's Who 2000. Europa. 1999. p. 1342. ISBN
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R Europa Interview with Ernő
Rubik Retrieved 5 May 2014
* ^ A B C The little cube that changed the world Retrieved
* ^ A B Villapaz, Luke."Rubik\'s Cube 40th Anniversary: 9 Facts
Behind The Famous 3-D Toy Puzzle".International Business Times, 25
April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014
* ^ "The history of Rubik\'s Cube", Rubik's:The home of Rubik's
Cube, retrieved and archived 6 February 2017
* ^ "Beyond Rubik\'s Cube" Liberty Science Center, N.D. Retrieved 6
* ^ Barron, James. "A Cube With a Twist: At 40, It Puzzles Anew".
The New York Time, 25 April 2014. retrieved 6 May 2014
* ^ Matheson Whitney. "Forty years later, the Rubik\'s Cube still
puzzles". USA Today, 25 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014
* ^ Rubik\'s cube and EU Politics: The Manifesto for Creativity and
Innovation in Europe Retrieved 5 May 2014
* An interview with Ernő Rubik * His biography at Hungary.hu (in