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The Info List - Erlangen-Höchstadt



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ERLANGEN-HöCHSTADT is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria , Germany
Germany
. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Fürth
Fürth
, Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim
Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim
, Bamberg
Bamberg
, Forchheim and Nürnberger Land
Nürnberger Land
, and by the cities of Nuremberg
Nuremberg
and Erlangen
Erlangen
. The city of Erlangen
Erlangen
is not part of the district, but nonetheless its administrative seat.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Coat of arms * 4 Towns and municipalities * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

Waterwheel in the Regnitz
Regnitz
near Möhrendorf.

The earliest extant documents are drawings from 1413 which show water wheels along the Regnitz
Regnitz
. The first (1449–1450) and second (1552–1555) Margrave wars, Brandenburg versus Nuremberg, devastated the countryside.

In 1715 a lock was placed in the Regnitz
Regnitz
river at Hemhofen. The highpoint of waterwheel usage was in the early 19th century when more than 190 were in use between Fuerth and Forchheim.

The district was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Erlangen
Erlangen
and Höchstadt.

GEOGRAPHY

The main river is the Regnitz
Regnitz
, which runs through the city of Erlangen. Lands west of the river are covered with several hundred tiny lakes on both sides of the Aisch
Aisch
. The Aisch
Aisch
is an affluent of the Regnitz, running from southwest to east. East of the river the country is rising to the hills of the northern Frankish Alb .

COAT OF ARMS

The coat of arms displays:

* the lion of the clerical state of Bamberg
Bamberg
, which ruled the district's western half until 1802 * the red and white border of the right half is taken from the arms of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (see Bayreuth
Bayreuth
) * the blue and gold colours of the right half are identical to the heraldic colours of Nuremberg * the image in the right half symbolises a watermill on the river Regnitz

TOWNS AND MUNICIPALITIES

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Erlangen- Höchstadt

TOWNS MUNICIPALITIES

* Baiersdorf
Baiersdorf
* Herzogenaurach * Höchstadt

* Adelsdorf * Aurachtal * Bubenreuth * Buckenhof * Eckental * Gremsdorf
Gremsdorf
* Großenseebach * Hemhofen * Heroldsberg
Heroldsberg
* Heßdorf * Kalchreuth

* Lonnerstadt * Marloffstein * Möhrendorf * Mühlhausen * Oberreichenbach * Röttenbach * Spardorf * Uttenreuth * Vestenbergsgreuth
Vestenbergsgreuth
* Wachenroth * Weisendorf

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS