Although most Baptist groups are congregationalist in polity, some have different ecclesiastical organization and adopt an Episcopal polity governance. In those churches the local congregation has less autonomy and the bishop oversees them, assigning pastors and distributing funds.
The Evangelical Baptist Union of Georgia historically have an episcopal polity, with an archbishop as the primate. Archbishop Malkhaz Songulashvili, pastor of the Cathedral of Tbilisi is a charismatic figure and social activist.
The Baptists of Latvia are result from a revival among German and Latvian Lutherans and organized their first church in 1861. The Union is headed by a Bishop.
The Église Épiscopale Baptiste is a baptist denomination in Democratic Republic of the Congo. It began with evangelical missionaries who accepted the baptist doctrines in and organized this denomination retaining the episcopal polity. The Church became autonomous in 1956.
In 2007 there are ten bishops, and 105,000 baptized members in 110 territorial parishes. Most of them in the nine provinces of DRC and some in Angola and Zambia. The pastor are under supervision from the bishops, who assign them a church.
A few African-American Baptist congregations have ordained or started calling their senior minister bishop, but without changing a congregational polity.
The uniting Church of North India received Baptists when in its constitution and had the Baptist Rt Rev Dr Samson Das (1963- ), ordained Bishop of Cuttack in 2006.
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