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The Info List - Epipalaeolithic



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(i)

↑ before Homo
Homo
( Pliocene
Pliocene
)

Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Lower Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Late Stone Age
Stone Age
Homo
Homo
Control of fire Stone tools Middle Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Middle Stone Age
Stone Age
Homo
Homo
neanderthalensis Homo
Homo
sapiens Recent African origin of modern humans Upper Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Late Stone Age
Stone Age
Behavioral modernity
Behavioral modernity
, Atlatl
Atlatl
, Origin of the domestic dog
Origin of the domestic dog

Epipaleolithic Mesolithic
Mesolithic
Microliths , Bow , Canoe
Canoe
Natufian Khiamian
Khiamian
Tahunian Heavy Neolithic
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic

Neolithic
Neolithic
Neolithic
Neolithic
Revolution , Domestication
Domestication
Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
Pottery
Pottery

Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic

EPIPALEOLITHIC is a term used for the "final Upper Palaeolithic industries occurring at the end of the final glaciation which appear to merge technologically into the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
". The period is generally dated from c.  20,000 BP to c. 10,500 BP, having emerged from the Palaeolithic era.

CONTENTS

* 1 Term usage

* 2 Hunter-gatherers

* 2.1 Animal food sources

* 3 References

TERM USAGE

The term is sometimes used as a synonym of Mesolithic
Mesolithic
. When a distinction is made, Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
stresses the continuity with the Upper Paleolithic
Paleolithic
and Mesolithic
Mesolithic
as we understand it today, whilst Protoneolithic
Protoneolithic
stresses a subsequent transition to the Neolithic
Neolithic
. Alfonso Moure says in this respect:

In the language of Prehistorical Archaeology, the most extended trend is to use the term "Epipaleolithic" for the industrial complexes of the post-glacial hunter-gatherer groups. Inversely, those that are in transitional ways towards artificial production of food are inscribed in the "Mesolithic".

Some authors reserve the term Mesolithic
Mesolithic
for the cultures of Europe, where the extinction of the megafauna had a great impact on the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
populations at the end of the Ice Age, from c. 8000 BCE until the advent of the Neolithic
Neolithic
( Sauveterrian , Tardenoisian , Maglemosian , etc.).

HUNTER-GATHERERS

Epipalaeolithic hunter-gatherers , generally nomadic , made relatively advanced tools from small flint or obsidian blades, known as microliths , that were hafted in wooden implements.

ANIMAL FOOD SOURCES

The Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
is best understood when discussing the southern Levant
Levant
, as the period is well documented due to good preservation at the site. The most prevalent animal food sources in the Levant
Levant
during this period were:

* Gazelle * Wild equids * Wild boar * Deer * Wild cattle * Ibex
Ibex
* Wild goat * Wild sheep

These were most likely the main food sources throughout the Pre-Pottery Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic
A (PPNA) period. Of these animals, it is likely that only the equids were migrational.

REFERENCES

* ^ Bahn, Paul, The Penguin Archaeology Guide, Penguin, London, pp. 141. ISBN 0-14-051448-1 * ^ Byrnes, Andie. "Epipalaeolithic." Epipalaeolithic. N.p., 2005. Web. December 2014. * ^ "History of Europe". Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
online. Retrieved 8 April 2013. The Scandinavian Ice Sheet itself started to retreat northward about 8300 bce , and the period between then and the origins of agriculture (at various times in the 7th to 4th millennia , depending on location) was one of great environmental and cultural change. It is termed the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
Period (Middle Stone Age
Stone Age
) to emphasize its transitional importance, but the alternative term Epipaleolithic, used mostly in eastern Europe , stresses the continuity with processes begun earlier. * ^ A. Moure El Origen del Hombre, 1999. ISBN 84-7679-127-5

* v * t * e

Prehistoric technology
Prehistoric technology

* Prehistory
Prehistory

* timeline * outline * Stone Age
Stone Age
* subdivisions * New Stone Age
Stone Age
* synoptic table

* Technology
Technology

* history

TOOLS

FARMING

* Neolithic
Neolithic
Revolution

* founder crops * New World crops

* Ard / plough * Celt * Digging stick
Digging stick
* Domestication
Domestication
* Goad
Goad
* Irrigation
Irrigation
* Secondary products * Sickle
Sickle
* Terracing

FOOD PROCESSING

* Fire * Basket
Basket

* Cooking
Cooking

* Earth oven
Earth oven

* Granaries * Grinding slab
Grinding slab
* Ground stone
Ground stone

* Hearth
Hearth

* Aşıklı Höyük * Qesem Cave
Cave

* Manos * Metate
Metate
* Mortar and pestle
Mortar and pestle
* Pottery
Pottery
* Quern-stone
Quern-stone
* Storage pit

HUNTING

* Arrow
Arrow

* Boomerang
Boomerang

* throwing stick

* Bow and arrow
Bow and arrow

* history

* Nets

* Spear
Spear

* Spear-thrower
Spear-thrower
* baton * harpoon * woomera * Schöningen Spears
Schöningen Spears

PROJECTILE POINTS

* Arrowhead
Arrowhead
* Bare Island * Cascade * Clovis * Cresswell * Cumberland * Eden * Folsom * Lamoka * Manis Site * Plano * Transverse arrowhead

SYSTEMS

* Game drive system
Game drive system

* Buffalo jump
Buffalo jump

TOOLMAKING

* Earliest toolmaking

* Oldowan
Oldowan
* Acheulean
Acheulean
* Mousterian
Mousterian

* Clovis culture
Clovis culture
* Cupstone
Cupstone
* Fire hardening * Gravettian
Gravettian
culture * Hafting
Hafting

* Hand axe
Hand axe

* Grooves

* Langdale axe industry
Langdale axe industry
* Levallois technique
Levallois technique
* Lithic core
Lithic core

* Lithic reduction
Lithic reduction

* analysis * debitage * flake

* Lithic technology * Magdalenian
Magdalenian
culture * Metallurgy * Microblade technology
Microblade technology
* Mining * Prepared-core technique
Prepared-core technique
* Solutrean
Solutrean
industry * Striking platform * Tool stone * Uniface * Yubetsu technique

OTHER TOOLS

* Adze
Adze

* Awl

* bone

* Axe
Axe
* Bannerstone
Bannerstone

* Blade

* prismatic

* Bone tool * Bow drill
Bow drill
* Burin

* Canoe
Canoe

* Oar
Oar
* Pesse canoe
Pesse canoe

* Chopper

* tool

* Cleaver * Denticulate tool
Denticulate tool
* Fire plough
Fire plough
* Fire-saw
Fire-saw
* Hammerstone
Hammerstone
* Knife
Knife
* Microlith
Microlith
* Quern-stone
Quern-stone
* Racloir
Racloir
* Rope
Rope

* Scraper

* side

* Stone tool
Stone tool
* Tally stick * Weapons

* Wheel
Wheel

* illustration

ARCHITECTURE

CEREMONIAL

* Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe
* Kiva
Kiva

* Standing stones

* megalith * row * Stonehenge
Stonehenge

* Pyramid
Pyramid

DWELLINGS

* Neolithic
Neolithic
architecture * British megalith architecture
British megalith architecture
* Nordic megalith architecture
Nordic megalith architecture
* Burdei
Burdei
* Cave
Cave
* Cliff dwelling
Cliff dwelling
* Dugout

* Hut
Hut

* Quiggly hole
Quiggly hole

* Jacal
Jacal
* Longhouse
Longhouse

* Mud brick

* Mehrgarh

* Neolithic
Neolithic
long house * Pit-house
Pit-house
* Pueblitos * Pueblo
Pueblo

* Rock shelter
Rock shelter

* Blombos Cave
Cave
* Abri de la Madeleine
Abri de la Madeleine
* Sibudu Cave
Cave

* Stone roof * Roundhouse

* Stilt house
Stilt house

* Alp pile dwellings

* Wattle and daub
Wattle and daub

WATER MANAGEMENT

* Check dam
Check dam
* Cistern
Cistern
* Flush toilet * Reservoir
Reservoir
* Water well
Water well

OTHER ARCHITECTURE

* Archaeological features * Broch
Broch

* Burnt mound

* fulacht fiadh

* Causewayed enclosure
Causewayed enclosure

* Tor enclosure

* Circular enclosure

* Goseck

* Cursus
Cursus

* Henge
Henge

* Thornborough

* Oldest buildings * Megalithic architectural elements
Megalithic architectural elements
* Midden
Midden
* Timber circle
Timber circle

* Timber trackway
Timber trackway

* Sweet Track
Sweet Track

ARTS AND CULTURE

MATERIAL GOODS

* Baskets * Beadwork
Beadwork
* Beds * Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic

* Clothing/textiles

* timeline

* Cosmetics * Glue

* Hides

* shoes * Ötzi

* Jewelry

* amber use

* Mirrors

* Pottery
Pottery

* Cardium * Grooved ware
Grooved ware
* Linear * Jōmon * Unstan ware
Unstan ware

* Sewing needle * Weaving
Weaving

* Wine

* Winery * wine press

PREHIST ART

* Art of the Upper Paleolithic
Paleolithic

* Art of the Middle Paleolithic
Paleolithic

* Blombos Cave
Cave

* List of Stone Age
Stone Age
art * Bird stone
Bird stone
* Bradshaw rock paintings
Bradshaw rock paintings
* Cairn
Cairn
* Carved Stone Balls
Carved Stone Balls

* Cave
Cave
paintings

* painting * pigment

* Cup and ring mark
Cup and ring mark
* Geoglyph
Geoglyph
* Golden hats * Guardian stones
Guardian stones
* Megalithic art
Megalithic art
* Petroform
Petroform
* Petroglyph
Petroglyph
* Petrosomatoglyph
Petrosomatoglyph
* Pictogram
Pictogram

* Rock art
Rock art

* Stone carving
Stone carving

* Sculpture * Statue menhir
Statue menhir

* Stone circle
Stone circle

* list * British Isles and Brittany

* Venus figurines
Venus figurines

BURIAL

* Burial mounds

* Bowl barrow
Bowl barrow
* Round barrow
Round barrow

* Mound Builders
Mound Builders
culture

* U.S. sites

* Chamber tomb

* Severn-Cotswold

* Cist
Cist

* Dartmoor kistvaens
Dartmoor kistvaens

* Clava cairn
Clava cairn
* Court tomb * Cremation

* Dolmen
Dolmen

* Great dolmen
Great dolmen

* Funeral pyre

* Gallery grave
Gallery grave

* transepted * wedge-shaped

* Grave goods
Grave goods
* Jar burial
Jar burial

* Long barrow
Long barrow

* unchambered * Grønsalen
Grønsalen

* Megalithic tomb
Megalithic tomb
* Mummy
Mummy
* Passage grave
Passage grave
* Rectangular dolmen
Rectangular dolmen
* Ring cairn
Ring cairn
* Simple dolmen
Simple dolmen
* Stone box grave
Stone box grave
* Tor cairn
Tor cairn
* Tumulus
Tumulus
* Unchambered long cairn

OTHER CULTURAL

* Astronomy

* sites * lunar calendar

* Behavioral modernity
Behavioral modernity