HOME
The Info List - Ephraim Kholmyansky


--- Advertisement ---



(i)

EPHRAIM (ALEXANDER) KHOLMYANSKY (born 1950, in Moscow
Moscow
) is an Israeli refusenik , activist in the Jewish revival movement in Russia
Russia
, and teacher of Hebrew .

BIOGRAPHY

Ephraim Kholmyansky
Ephraim Kholmyansky

Kholmyansky became interested in Jewish revival and, above all, in learning Hebrew. Gradually, he became a prominent Hebrew teacher in the late 1970s and 1980s in the USSR
USSR
, heading a clandestine network of Hebrew teachers in different cities across the USSR. At the peak of its activities, the network was active in 20 cities of USSR, with contacts in a further 30 cities. The KGB
KGB
began close surveillance of Kholmyansky and arrested him in Tallinn
Tallinn
, capital of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic on 29 August 1984.

While Kholmyansky was in preliminary detention, the KGB
KGB
conducted a house search of his Moscow
Moscow
apartment, where they claimed to have recovered a shotgun, but his supporters among Soviet Jews and campaigners claimed that he was framed and that the charges were false. During the subsequent criminal investigation, however, the accusation against him of illegal possession of a weapon was dropped, leaving only the charge of illegal possession of ammunition.

The defendant proclaimed an unlimited hunger strike, which he also continued after he was sentenced. When Kholmyansky was hospitalized in the prison hospital, his weight was 42.5 kg (he is 177 cm tall). There, he was force-fed, spent a lot of time in the special punishment cell. It is widely believed that it was due to Kholmyansky’s staunch struggle that he received a relatively short term of imprisonment – 1 and a half years.

Some time after completing his term of imprisonment, Kholmyansky was granted an exit visa to Israel, where he arrived with his family. US Secretary of State George P. Shultz
George P. Shultz
, three US Senators (including Ted Kennedy ), ten US Congressmen, Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
, Bob Hawke and other public figures took part in the struggle to free Kholmyansky. His case may be seen as a valuable historical document about the struggle for human rights in the USSR
USSR
in the period of the Brezhnev stagnation .

Kholmyansky lives with his wife and 5 children in Machanaim in Ma\'ale Adumim in the West Bank
West Bank
.

REFERENCES

* "Refusenik", documentary movie by Laura Bialis. Clip: * "The Sound of Silence", memoir of Ephraim Kholmyansky
Ephraim Kholmyansky
(Russian : Эфраим Холмянский. Звучание тишины. — Иерусалим, 2007. При поддержке КЕРООР Hebrew : ק"ק מוסקבה‎‎) * Reuter 15.10.84 «Hebrew teacher force-fed in Soviet jail» * The New York Times, 14 February 1985 «Crime and punishment. The ordeal of a quiet Soviet Jew» by Anthony Lewis. * The New York Times, 5 February 1985 «Soviet said to sentence popular Hebrew teacher to labor camp» by Seth Mydans. * Washington Jewish Weekly 14.02.1985 «Kholmyansky Sentenced, Sharansky Ill» * Jerusalem Post 07.12.1984 «English bishop supports imprisoned Soviet Jew» * Enn Tarto. Estonian : Riigikogu liikme arupärimine

* v * t * e

Soviet dissidents

* Human rights
Human rights
movement in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
: Initiative Group for the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR
USSR
* Committee on Human Rights in the USSR
USSR
* Solzhenitsyn Aid Fund * Moscow
Moscow
Helsinki Group * Ukrainian Helsinki Group * Lithuanian Helsinki Group ‎ * Working Commission to Investigate the Use of Psychiatry for Political Purposes * Helsinki-86 * Memorial

* Mikhail Agursky * Vasily Aksyonov
Vasily Aksyonov
* Lyudmila Alexeyeva * Andrei Amalrik * Chabua Amirejibi * Anton Antonov-Ovseyenko * Gunārs Astra * Mykola Bakay * Anna Barkova * Vasile Bătrânac * Arkadiy Belinkov * Nikolai Berdyaev * Yuri Bezmenov * Larisa Bogoraz * Alexander Bolonkin * Yelena Bonner * Leonid Borodin * Vladimir Bougrine * Joseph Brodsky * Vladimir Bukovsky * Valery Chalidze * Lev Chernyi * Boris Chichibabin * Viacheslav Chornovil * Lydia Chukovskaya * Yuli Daniel * Vadim Delaunay * Andrey Derevyankin * David Devdariani * Ivan Drach * Yuri Druzhnikov * Mustafa Dzhemilev * Ivan Dziuba * Abulfaz Elchibey * Alexander Esenin-Volpin * Eliyahu Essas * Efim Etkind * Benjamin Fain * Viktor Fainberg * Moysey Fishbein * Ilya Gabay * Balys Gajauskas * Yuri Galanskov * Alexander Galich * Sultan Galiev * Zviad Gamsakhurdia * Vladimir Gershuni * Alexander Ginzburg
Alexander Ginzburg
* Yevgenia Ginzburg * Anatoly Gladilin * Semyon Gluzman * Natalya Gorbanevskaya * Pyotr Grigorenko * Sergei Grigoryants * Vasily Grossman * Igor Guberman * Tengiz Gudava * Paruyr Hayrikyan * Ivan Hel * Oleksa Hirnyk * Mykola Horbal * Bohdan Horyn * Mykhailo Horyn * Grigory Isayev * Boris Kagarlitsky * Romas Kalanta * Sofiya Kalistratova * Ihor Kalynets * Iryna Kalynets * Vitaliy Kalynychenko * Dina Kaminskaya * Ivan Kandyba * Ephraim Kholmyansky * Yuliy Kim * Nikolai Klyuev
Nikolai Klyuev
* Lev Kopelev * Boris Korczak * Anatoly Koryagin * Nahum Korzhavin * Merab Kostava * Lina Kostenko * Sergei Kovalev * Zoya Krakhmalnikova * Victor Krasin * Yuri Kublanovsky * Jüri Kukk * Anatoly Kuznetsov * Eduard Kuznetsov * Alexander Lavut * Mikhail Leontovich * Alexander Lerner * Yaroslav Lesiv * Eugene Levich * Veniamin Levich * Eduard Limonov * Pavel Litvinov * Levko Lukyanenko * Nikolay Lossky * Kronid Lyubarsky * Michail J. Makarenko * Vasyl Makukh
Vasyl Makukh
* Guram Mamulia * Nadezhda Mandelstam * Anatoly Marchenko
Anatoly Marchenko
* Valeriy Marchenko * Myroslav Marynovych * Gregori Maximoff * Roy Medvedev * Zhores Medvedev * Naum Meiman * Mykhailo Melnyk
Mykhailo Melnyk
* Alexander Men
Alexander Men
* Yosef Mendelevitch * Vazif Meylanov * Andrei Mironov * Ion Moraru * Viktor Nekipelov * Viktor Nekrasov * Alexander Nekrich * Valeriya Novodvorskaya * Vasile Odobescu * Alexander Ogorodnikov * Yuri Orlov * Raisa Orlova * Lagle Parek * Boris Pasternak * Konstantin Paustovsky * Gleb Pavlovsky * Yekaterina Peshkova * Viktoras Petkus * Alexander Piatigorsky * Leonid Plyushch * Alexandr Podrabinek
Alexandr Podrabinek
* Grigory Pomerants * Vladimir Pribylovsky * Dmitri Prigov * Anatoly Pristavkin
Anatoly Pristavkin
* Boris Pustyntsev * Irina Ratushinskaya * Eliyahu Rips * Arseny Roginsky * Maria Rozanova * Mykola Rudenko * Yuly Rybakov * Ain Saar * Valery Sablin * Andrei Sakharov * Dmitri Savitski
Dmitri Savitski
* Shmuel Schneurson * Victor Serge * Efraim Sevela * Igor Shafarevich * Varlam Shalamov * Avital Sharansky * Natan Sharansky * Vladimir Shelkov * Yuriy Shukhevych * Danylo Shumuk * Andrei Sinyavsky
Andrei Sinyavsky
* Vladimir Slepak * Victor Sokolov * Sergei Soldatov * Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn * Pitirim Sorokin * Vladimir Strelnikov * Aleksandras Štromas * Vasyl Stus * Nadiya Svitlychna * Ivan Svitlichny * Vasyl Symonenko * Les Tanyuk * Alexander Tarasov * Valery Tarsis * Enn Tarto * Lev Timofeev * Valentin Turchin * Andrei Tverdokhlebov * Tatyana Velikanova * Tomas Venclova * Georgi Vins * Georgi Vladimov * Vladimir Voinovich * Michael Voslenski * Anatoly Yakobson * Gleb Yakunin * Venedikt Yerofeyev * Yevgeny Zamyatin * Alexander Zinoviev * Yosyf Zisels

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ephraim_Kholmyansky additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Moscow /wiki/Refusenik_(Soviet_Union) /wiki/Russia