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An environmental contract is a way of expressing the rights and responsibilities of citizens, businesses and the state when it comes to the environment. It is not known who invented the term. The British politician David Miliband used it when he was appointed Secretary of State for the Environment in May 2006, both in his blog and in an article on the BBC News website. He initiated the launch of a wiki to form an environmental contract. However, the site was edited heavily by Government officials, rendering pointless the exercise to interact with the public. The term can be seen as an invitation to invite parallels with the idea of a social contract between workers, employers and the state which underpinned the foundation of the welfare state. Some have argued that, just as the social contract was a way of addressing social dislocation, so the environmental contract can be a way of addressing the environmental impacts which pose a threat to people and the planet in the 21st century.

Contents

1 Environmental citizenship 2 Criticism

2.1 Sustainability justifiable in its own right 2.2 Further criticism

3 See also 4 References

Environmental citizenship[edit] Because of its emphasis on rights and responsibilities, there are clear links between the environmental contract and notions of environmental citizenship (EC). Environmental citizenship (EC) may shed light on our research into the way publics are built in everyday settings, if it is built firmly around the notions of justice, knowledge and language.[1] Criticism[edit] Sustainability justifiable in its own right[edit] The idea can seem to boil down to a sort of 'I will if You will' type of idea. But action for sustainability, such as having regard for the needs of future generations (including addressing environmental impacts) is arguably justifiable in its own right. Similarly, if there is the view that action on climate change, for example, is urgent and imperative, then an 'I will, irrespective of what you do' approach might be argued as more responsible. Further criticism[edit] Some of the criticism of the idea of social contract would also seem to apply here. See also[edit]

Environmental politics

References[edit]

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Sustainability

Principles

Anthropocene Earth system governance Ecological modernization Environmental governance Environmentalism Global catastrophic risk Human impact on the environment Planetary boundaries Social sustainability Stewardship Sustainable development

Consumption

Anthropization Anti-consumerism Earth Overshoot Day Ecological footprint Ethical Over-consumption Simple living Sustainability advertising Sustainability brand Sustainability marketing myopia Sustainable Systemic change resistance Tragedy of the commons

Population

Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth

Technology

Appropriate Environmental Sustainable

Biodiversity

Biosecurity Biosphere Conservation biology Deep ecology Endangered species Holocene extinction Invasive species

Energy

Carbon footprint Climate change mitigation Conservation Descent Efficiency Emissions trading Fossil-fuel phase-out Peak oil Renewable Energy poverty

Food

Forest gardening Local Permaculture Security Sustainable agriculture Sustainable fishery Urban horticulture

Water

Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed

Accountability

Sustainability accounting Sustainability measurement Sustainability metrics and indices Sustainability reporting Standards and certification Sustainable yield

Applications

Advertising Architecture Art Business City College programs Community Design Ecovillage Education for Sustainable Development Fashion Gardening Geopark Green marketing Industries Landscape architecture Living Low-impact development Sustainable market Organizations Packaging Practices Procurement Tourism Transport Urban drainage systems Urban infrastructure Urbanism

Management

Environmental Fisheries Forest Materials Natural resource Planetary Waste

Agreements

UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm 1972) Brundtlandt Commission Report (1983) Our Common Future (1987) Earth Summit (1992) Rio Declaration on Environment and Development Agenda 21 (1992) Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) ICPD Programme of Action (1994) Earth Charter Lisbon Principles UN Millennium Declaration (2000) Earth Summit 2002 (Rio+10, Johannesburg) United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20, 2012) Sustainable Development Goals

Category Lists Outline Portal Scien

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