Entre Ríos (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈentɾe ˈri.os], Between
Rivers) is a central province of Argentina, located in the Mesopotamia
region. It borders the provinces of
(north) and Santa Fe (west), and
in the east.
Its capital is Paraná (250,000 inhabitants), which lies on the
Paraná River, opposite the city of Santa Fe.
Together with Córdoba and Santa Fe, since 1999, the province is part
of the economic-political association known as the Center Region.
3 Geography and climate
4 Political division
6 External links
San José Palace, home of the first President of modern Argentina,
Justo José de Urquiza.
The first inhabitants of the area that is now Entre Ríos were the
Chaná who each occupied separate parts of the region.
Spaniards entered in 1520, when Rodríguez Serrano ventured up the
Uruguay River searching for the Pacific Ocean.
The first permanent Spanish settlement was erected in the current La
Paz Department at the end of the 16th century. As governor of
Asunción first and then of Buenos Aires, Hernandarias conducted
expeditions to Entre Ríos unexplored lands. Juan de Garay, after
founding Santa Fe, explored this area, which he called la otra banda
("the other bank").
However, the region remained entirely indigenous and uninhabited by
Europeans until a group of colonists from neighbouring Santa Fe
Province settled on the Bajada del Paraná in the late seventeenth
century, now the site of the provincial capital. At the same time
towns appear, which we now know as Nogoyá, Victoria, Gualeguay,
Gualeguaychú, Concepción del
Uruguay and Concordia.
Tomás de Rocamora further explored the area in 1783 under the threat
of a Portuguese invasion from Brazil, and gave official status to many
of the above-mentioned towns. He was also the first to refer to the
region as Entre Ríos. At this stage, European settlement was minimal,
though during the May Revolution, the few colonists in the cities
along the Paraná shore supported
Manuel Belgrano and his army on his
way to Paraguay.
On September 29, 1820, the leader (caudillo) Francisco Ramírez
declared the territory an autonomous entity, the Republic of Entre
Ríos. This lasted until his assassination on July 10 of the next
In 1853, in a meeting of all the provinces except Buenos Aires,
Paraná was elected as the capital of the Argentine Confederation, and
the Governor of Entre Ríos and leader (caudillo) Urquiza as its first
president. The provincial capital was moved to Concepción del
Uruguay. Later Urquiza, who had first won against
Buenos Aires at the
Battle of Cepeda in 1859, let his troops move back in the even Battle
of Pavón in 1861, which allowed his rival
Bartolomé Mitre from
Buenos Aires to become president. At the time he was fulfilling his
third term as governor of the province from 1860 to 1864 and after a
voluntary interruption was reelected in 1886, but he was assassinated
in 1870 after altogether 16 years of governing before finishing his
mandate, which had probably been ordered by his supportor Ricardo
López Jordán, not trusting him anymore.
Urquiza encouraged immigration through "colonization contracts",
setting up many agricultural colonies with European (mainly Volga
Russians (including Russian Jews and Poles), Italians, Swiss
and French) settlers. According to data of the 1903 census, of the
425,373 inhabitants of the province, 153,067 were immigrants.
Hotel Mayorazgo, Paraná.
Entre Rios' economy is the sixth largest in Argentina. Its output in
2006 was estimated at US$7.71 billion, or, US$6,710 per capita in 2006
(about a fourth less than the national average). In 2013, its
output was estimated at $63.814 billon Pesos (about US$11.688 billion)
or, 48,327 pesos (about US$8,851) per capita at current market
prices. This was 21% below the average GDP per capita of 69,678
pesos (about US$12,762) for
Argentina in 2013 at current market
Its economy has long been more agricultural than the median in
Argentina, comprising about 15% of output. Entre Rios' agricultural
products include rice (60% of the national production), soybeans,
wheat, maize, and citrus of which it is the second biggest producer,
and exporting 16% of the production mainly to Europe. Livestock
production focuses on cattle (4.5 million head), and in sheep
production in a decreasing proportion, covering 60,000 km². The
dairy industry, currently in expansion, produces almost 250 thousand
tons per year of dairy products.
Of the national production of chickens and eggs, Entre Ríos
contributes 37% of the first and 25% percent of the second. Another
emerging production is honey and its derivatives, mainly for export.
Manufacturing has a sizable presence in Entre Rios, making up another
15% of output. Its industries are mostly linked to agriculture, as in
food and drinks industry and flour and rice mills. Other industries
include timber-wood, chemical, metallurgy, and machinery.
Geography and climate
See also: Climate of
Argentina and Climatic regions of Argentina
Boats on the
Uruguay River, Colón.
As part of the Mesopotamic region, the land is almost completely flat,
with hills some 100 meters in height. There are two main systems of
low hills, called lomadas or cuchillas: the Cuchilla de Montiel (west)
and the Cuchilla Grande (east), which are separated by the Gualeguay
The name of the province means "between rivers". Entre Ríos is
limited and traversed by many rivers and streams: the Paraná River
and its delta to the west and south; the
Uruguay River and the
Mocoretá River to the east; and the
Guayquiraró River to the north.
The weather varies from subtropical in the north to temperate towards
the Pampas in the south. The annual rainfall is about 1150 mm in
average, and occasional pampero and other local winds bring storms to
Two national parks are located within the province: El Palmar National
Park and Predelta National Park. There are also hot springs in several
locations, especially along the basin of the
Uruguay River, located in
cities like Federación, Villa Elisa, Colón, etc.
Pelay Beach on the
Uruguay River, Concepción del Uruguay.
(Spanish: departamentos singular departamento).
The province is divided in 17 departments Department (Capital)
Islas del Ibicuy (Villa Paranacito)
La Paz (La Paz)
San José de Feliciano
San José de Feliciano (San José de Feliciano)
San Salvador (San Salvador)
Tala (Rosario del Tala)
Uruguay (Concepción del Uruguay)
^ "Censo 2010
Argentina resultados definitivos: mapas". 18.104.22.168.
^ "Información para el desarrollo sostenible:
Argentina y la Agenda
2030" (PDF) (in Spanish). United Nations Development Programme.
p. 155. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 August 2017.
Retrieved 25 August 2017.
^ "El déficit consolidado de las provincias rondará los $11.500
millones este año" (in Spanish). Instituto Argentino para el
Desarrollo de las Economías Regionales. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
^ a b "Estimación Producto Bruto Provincial de Entre Ríos" (PDF) (in
Spanish). Dirección General de Estadísticas y Censos de la Provincia
de Entre Ríos. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
^ a b The average exchange for 1 US dollar was 5.46 Argentine pesos in
2013 according to the World Bank
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Entre Ríos.
Official website (in Spanish)
Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos (in Spanish)
Pictures of Entre Ríos
Departments of Entre Rios Province
Islas del Ibicuy
San José de Feliciano
Provinces of Argentina
Santiago del Estero
Tierra del Fuego
Buenos Aires City
Coordinates: 32°02′52″S 60°16′52″W / 32.0477°S
60.281°W / -32.0