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The Info List - Entomophthoromycotina


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ENTOMOPHTHOROMYCOTA is a fungus division . In 2007, it was placed at the taxonomic rank of subphylum in the most recent revision of the entire fungus kingdom . In 2012, it was raised to the rank of phylum as "Entomophthoromycota" in a scientific paper by Richard A. Humber 2012. Divided into three classes and six families ( Ancylistaceae , Basidiobolaceae , Completoriaceae , Entomophthoraceae , Meristacraceae , and Neozygitaceae ), it contains over 250 species that are mostly arthropod pathogens or soil- and litter -borne saprobes .

TAXONOMY

Circumscribed by mycologist Richard Humber in 2012, it contains species formerly classified in the division Zygomycota
Zygomycota
. Humber's reorganization divides the division into three classes while retaining the previously defined family structure:

Division ENTOMOPHTHOROMYCOTA Humber 2012 Class Basidiobolomycetes Humber 2012 Order Basidiobolales Jacz. & P.A. Jacz. 1931 ex. Caval.-Sm. Family Basidiobolaceae Engler & Gilg 1924 Schizangiella Dwyer et al. 2006 Basidiobolus Eidam 1886 Class Neozygitomycetes Humber 2012 Order Neozygitales Humber 2012 Family Neozygitaceae Ben Ze’ev, Kenneth & Uziel 1987 Apterivorax Keller 2005 Neozygites Witlaczil 1885 Class Entomophthoromycetes Humber 2012 Order Entomophthorales
Entomophthorales
Winter 1880 Family Ancylistaceae Schröter 1893 Ancylistes Pfitzer 1872 Conidiobolus Brefeld 1884 emend. Humber 1989 Macrobiotophthora Reukauf 1912 emend. Tucker 1981 Family Completoriaceae Humber 1989 Completoria Lohde 1874 Family Entomophthoraceae Nowakowski 1877 Subfamily Erynioideae Keller 2005 Erynia (Nowakowski ex Batko 1966) Remaud. Erynia (Furia) (Batko 1966) Li & Humber 1984] Orthomyces Steinkraus, Humber & Oliver 1988 Pandora Humber 2005 Strongwellsea Batko & Weiser 1965 emend. Humber 1976 Zoophthora Batko 1964 emend. Ben-Ze’ev Triplosporium (Thaxter 1888) Batko 1964] Eryniopsis Humber 1984 (in part) Massospora Peck 1879 emend. Soper 1974 Family Meristacraceae Humber 1989 Meristacrum Drechsler 1940 emend. Tucker sporulation occurs by production of forcibly discharged dispersive or infective conidia ; and their zygospores (which also function as resting spores ) are homothallic .

REFERENCES

* ^ Hibbett DS, Binder M, Bischoff JF, et al. (May 2007). "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycol. Res. 111 (Pt 5): 509–47. PMID 17572334 . doi :10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004 . * ^ A B Humber RA. (2012). "Entomophthoromycota: A new phylum and reclassification for entomophthoroid fungi". Mycotaxon. 120: 477–492. doi :10.5248/120.477 . * ^ A B C Gryganskyi AP, Humber RA, Smith ME, Hodge K, Huang B, Voigt K, Vilgalys R (2013). "Phylogenetic lineages in Entomophthoromycota". Persoonia. 30: 94–105. doi :10.3767/003158513X666330 . * ^ "Part 1- Virae, Prokarya, Protists, Fungi". Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement. Retrieved 30 June 2016.

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Opisthokont
Opisthokont
: True fungi classification, fungal orders

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta Animal Fungi )

DIKARYA

Ascomycota
Ascomycota
(sac fungi)

PEZIZOMYCOTINA

LEOTIOMYCETA

DOTHIDEOMYCETA

* Coniocybomycetes * Lichinomycetes
Lichinomycetes
* Arthoniomycetes
Arthoniomycetes
* Dothideomycetes
Dothideomycetes
* Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
* Lecanoromycetes
Lecanoromycetes

SORDARIOMYCETA

* Xylonomycetes * Geoglossomycetes
Geoglossomycetes
* Leotiomycetes
Leotiomycetes
* Laboulbeniomycetes
Laboulbeniomycetes
* Sordariomycetes
Sordariomycetes

OTHER

* Orbiliomycetes * Pezizomycetes
Pezizomycetes

SACCHAROMYCOTINA

* Saccharomycetes

TAPHRINOMYCOTINA

* Archaeorhizomycetes * Neolectomycetes * Pneumocystidomycetes * Schizosaccharomycetes * Taphrinomycetes
Taphrinomycetes

Basidiomycota
Basidiomycota
(with basidia )

PUCCINIOMYCOTINA

* Tritirachiomycetes * Mixiomycetes
Mixiomycetes
* Agaricostilbomycetes * Cystobasidiomycetes * Microbotryomycetes * Classiculomycetes * Cryptomycocolacomycetes * Atractiellomycetes * Pucciniomycetes
Pucciniomycetes

USTILAGINOMYCOTINA

* Monilielliomycetes * Malasseziomycetes * Ustilaginomycetes * Exobasidiomycetes

AGARICOMYCOTINA

HYMENOMYCETE

* Dacrymycetales
Dacrymycetales
* Agaricomycetes
Agaricomycetes

OTHER

* Wallemiomycetes * Bartheletiomycetes * Tremellomycetes
Tremellomycetes

ENTORRHIZOMYCOTA

* Entorrhizomycetes

GLOMEROMYCOTA

* Glomeromycetes

Zygomycota
Zygomycota
(paraphyletic)

MUCOROMYCOTINA

* Mortierellomycetes * Mucoromycetes

KICKXELLOMYCOTINA

* Zoopagomycetes * Kickxellomycetes

ENTOMOPHTHOROMYCOTINA

* Neozygitomycetes * Basidiobolomycetes * Entomophthoromycetes

Zoosporic fungi (paraphyletic)

OLPIDIOMYCOTA

* Olpidiomycetes

BLASTOCLADIOMYCOTA

* Blastocladiomycetes
Blastocladiomycetes

CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA

* Neocallimastigomycetes * Hyaloraphidiomycetes
Hyaloraphidiomycetes
* Monoblepharidomycetes * Chytridiomycetes

Fungal phyla are underlined. See also: fungi imperfecti (polyphyletic group).

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