Entelodon (meaning "complete teeth", from Ancient Greek
ἐντελής entelēs "complete" and ὀδών odōn "tooth",
referring to its "complete" eutherian dentition), is an extinct
genus of entelodont artiodactyl endemic to Eurasia. Fossils of species
are found in
Paleogene strata ranging in age from the Houldjinian
(37.2–33.9 mya) until the
Rupelian epoch of the early Oligocene
4 In popular culture
5 See also
It is one of four entelodont genera native to Eurasia, the other three
being the primitive
Eoentelodon of late
Mongolia and the gigantic
Paraentelodon of mid to late
Oligocene Central Asia.
Size comparison between E. deguilhemi and a human
Entelodon was a fairly typical entelodont, with a large, bulky body,
slender legs, and a long snout.
Like other entelodonts,
Entelodon had complete eutherian dentition (3
incisors, 1 canine, 3 premolars, and 3 molars per quadrant). It had
only two toes on each foot, and its legs were built for fast
running. Its long, wide head was supported by a robust, short
neck, and its cheekbones were greatly enlarged and protruded
noticeably from the sides of the head. Though it was more closely
related to hippos and whales than pigs, its skull was generally
pig-like. It is presumed to have been an omnivore.
Entelodon was around 1.35 metres (4 ft 5 in) tall at the
shoulders, with a 65 centimetres (26 in) skull.
Restoration by Charles R. Knight
Entelodon remains are primarily known from Europe, although one
Entelodon specimen was found as far as northern China.
Entelodon magnus populated a broad swath of Europe, with remains found
in Spain, Germany, France, Romania, and the Caucasus. Extensive
Entelodon deguilhemi were uncovered in Vayres-sur-Essonne,
France. The Chinese
Entelodon dirus is known from a single tooth
discovered in Nei Mongol.
In popular culture
Entelodon was featured in the third episode of the popular BBC
documentary Walking with Beasts. In the program, the narrator always
calls the creatures "Entelodonts", instead of the specific genus
^ Prothero, Donald and Foss, Scott The Evolution of Artiodactyls The
Johns Hopkins University Press. 2007 p. 121
^ PaleoBiology Database: Entelodon, basic info
^ a b c d e Agustí, J and Antón, M (2002). Mammoths, Sabertooths,
and Hominids: 65 Million Years of Mammalian Evolution in Europe.
Retrieved from Google Books
^ a b Joeckel, R.M. A functional interpretation of the masticatory
system and paleoecology of entelodonts. Retrieved from www.jstor.org
^ Paleobiology Database:
^ Paleobiology Database:
^ ABC - Science - Beasts