An enrober is a machine used in the confectionery industry to coat a food item with a coating medium, typically chocolate. Foods that are coated by enrobers include nuts, ice cream, toffee, biscuits and cookies. Enrobing is essentially a mechanized alternative to hand-dipping. Enrobing with chocolate extends a confection's shelf life.
1 History 2 Process 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
History Coating a confection in chocolate was traditionally a slow manual process involving dipping the pieces into melted chocolate by hand. As demand for chocolate-coated sweets grew, it became impractical or impossible to employ enough people to dip sweets into melted chocolate to keep up with required production capacity. To fulfill this need for high-capacity chocolate coating, the enrober machine was invented in France in 1903, brought to the United States, and perfected to perform the work of at least twenty people. Process
A piece of
Kendal Mint Cake
The process of enrobing involves placing the items on the enrober's feed band, which may consist of a wire mesh or containers in which the confection to be enrobed are placed, with each container having drain holes to recover excess chocolate. The enrober maintains the coating medium at a controlled constant temperature and pumps the medium into a flow pan. The medium flows from the flow pan in a continuous curtain and bottoming bed that the food items pass through, completely coating them. A wire mesh conveyor belt then transports the coated confection to a cooling area. See also
Sugar panning, a related method to cover a candy or nut with a hard candy shell Couverture chocolate, a form of chocolate with a high proportion of cocoa butter, used in dipping and coating Compound chocolate, a chocolate substitute made from cocoa solids and various vegetable fats, often used by enrobers Food coating
^ Yiu H. Hui; Stephanie Clark (2007). Handbook of Food Products Manufacturing. Wiley-Interscience. p. 686. ^ a b Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association, Louisiana Sugar Chemists' Association, American Cane Growers' Association (1913). The Louisiana planter and sugar manufacturer, Volume 51. Louisiana Planter and Sugar Manufacturer Co. p. 69. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Arthur William Knapp (1920). Cocoa and chocolate: their history from plantation to consumer. Chapman and Hall, ltd. p. 152. ^ MD Ranken; RC Kill (1997). Food Industries Manual. Springer. p. 439.
Video of a chocolate enrober in operation
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Outline History (in Spain)
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Children in cocoa production
The Dark Side of Chocolate
European Cocoa and