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The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the southern Ruhr urban area and has ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The district's seat (capital city) is Schwelm; the largest of its nine towns is Witten.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Municipalities 1.2 Adjacent cities and districts

2 History 3 Coat of arms 4 References 5 External links

Geography[edit] The name of the district describes its geographical location – it is located in the valleys of the rivers Ruhr and Ennepe. Geologically it is part of the north-eastern Rhenish Massif, a Mittelgebirge landscape; only small parts of Witten belong to the flat Westphalian Lowland.

Ennepe in Gevelsberg

Ruhr valley in Witten

wooded hills in Ennepetal

Municipalities[edit] The district consists of nine municipalities, all entitled "Stadt" (town or city).

Municipality Area

1. Breckerfeld 58.78 km2 (22.70 sq mi)

2. Ennepetal 57.43 km2 (22.17 sq mi)

3. Gevelsberg 26.29 km2 (10.15 sq mi)

4. Hattingen 71.40 km2 (27.57 sq mi)

5. Herdecke 22.40 km2 (8.65 sq mi)

6. Schwelm 20.50 km2 (7.92 sq mi)

7. Sprockhövel 47.80 km2 (18.46 sq mi)

8. Wetter (Ruhr) 31.47 km2 (12.15 sq mi)

9. Witten 72.37 km2 (27.94 sq mi)

Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, total 408.44 km2 (157.70 sq mi)

Adjacent cities and districts[edit] The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district-free cities of Bochum, Dortmund and Hagen, the districts of Märkischer Kreis (with Schalksmühle and Halver) and Oberbergischer Kreis (with Radevormwald), the city of Wuppertal, the district of Mettmann (with Velbert) and the city of Essen. Largest groups of foreigners :

 Turkey 6,474

 Italy 3,416

 Poland 2,655

 Greece 1,864

 Syria 1,433

 Portugal 1,200

History[edit]

The Kreishaus (district administration building) in Schwelm

The district was created in 1929 by merging the former district of Schwelm with parts of the former districts of Hattingen and Hagen. In 1970 and 1975 it was modified a bit during the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia; most notable was the inclusion of the previously independent city of Witten in 1975. Coat of arms[edit] In the middle of the coat of arms there is the checked red-white bar of the County of Mark, which owned the area in medieval times. The two wavy lines above and below depict the two rivers which gave the district its name, the Ruhr and the Ennepe. References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 

External links[edit] Media related to Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis at Wikimedia Commons

Official Webpage (German)

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Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Coordinates: 51°21′N 7°18′E / 51.350°N 7.300°E / 51.350; 7.300

Authority control

WorldCat Identities GND: 4014819-1 ISNI: 0000 0004 0565 429X LCCN: no2009056150 VIA