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The Info List - Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis


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The ENNEPE-RUHR-KREIS is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany
Germany
. It is part of the southern Ruhr
Ruhr
urban area and has ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The district's seat (capital city ) is Schwelm
Schwelm
; the largest of its nine towns is Witten
Witten
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Municipalities * 1.2 Adjacent cities and districts

* 2 History * 3 Coat of arms * 4 References * 5 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The name of the district describes its geographical location – it is located in the valleys of the rivers Ruhr
Ruhr
and Ennepe . Geologically it is part of the north-eastern Rhenish Massif
Rhenish Massif
, a Mittelgebirge landscape; only small parts of Witten
Witten
belong to the flat Westphalian Lowland .

*

Ennepe in Gevelsberg
Gevelsberg
*

Ruhr
Ruhr
valley in Witten
Witten
*

wooded hills in Ennepetal
Ennepetal

MUNICIPALITIES

The district consists of nine municipalities , all entitled "Stadt" (town or city).

MUNICIPALITY AREA

1. Breckerfeld 58.78 km2 (22.70 sq mi)

2. Ennepetal
Ennepetal
57.43 km2 (22.17 sq mi)

3. Gevelsberg
Gevelsberg
26.29 km2 (10.15 sq mi)

4. Hattingen
Hattingen
71.40 km2 (27.57 sq mi)

5. Herdecke
Herdecke
22.40 km2 (8.65 sq mi)

6. Schwelm
Schwelm
20.50 km2 (7.92 sq mi)

7. Sprockhövel 47.80 km2 (18.46 sq mi)

8. Wetter (Ruhr) 31.47 km2 (12.15 sq mi)

9. Witten
Witten
72.37 km2 (27.94 sq mi)

Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, total 408.44 KM2 (157.70 SQ MI)

ADJACENT CITIES AND DISTRICTS

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district-free cities of Bochum
Bochum
, Dortmund
Dortmund
and Hagen
Hagen
, the districts of Märkischer Kreis
Märkischer Kreis
(with Schalksmühle and Halver ) and Oberbergischer Kreis
Oberbergischer Kreis
(with Radevormwald ), the city of Wuppertal
Wuppertal
, the district of Mettmann (with Velbert ) and the city of Essen
Essen
.

Largest groups of foreigners :

Turkey
Turkey
6,474

Italy
Italy
3,416

Poland
Poland
2,655

Greece
Greece
1,864

Syria
Syria
1,433

Portugal
Portugal
1,200

HISTORY

The Kreishaus (district administration building) in Schwelm
Schwelm

The district was created in 1929 by merging the former district of Schwelm
Schwelm
with parts of the former districts of Hattingen
Hattingen
and Hagen. In 1970 and 1975 it was modified a bit during the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
; most notable was the inclusion of the previously independent city of Witten
Witten
in 1975.

COAT OF ARMS

In the middle of the coat of arms there is the checked red-white bar of the County of Mark
County of Mark
, which owned the area in medieval times. The two wavy lines above and below depict the two rivers which gave the district its name, the Ruhr
Ruhr
and the Ennepe.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.