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The Info List - Ennedi Plateau



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The ENNEDI PLATEAU, located in the North-East of Chad
Chad
, in the Ennedi Region , is a sandstone bulwark in the middle of the Sahara
Sahara
. It is assailed by the sands on all sides, that encroach the deep valleys of the Ennedi. It covers an area of approximately 60,000 square kilometres (23,000 sq mi), and its highest point is approximately 1,450 metres (4,760 ft) above sea level.

Only the caravans manage to cross it and this makes the region an area subject to multiple influences. The landscape has structures like towers, pillars, bridges and arches. They are a great attraction for tourists.

CONTENTS

* 1 Fauna
Fauna
* 2 Cultures * 3 References * 4 External links

FAUNA

The plateau also has a rich collection of fauna , including examples of the Desert crocodile , that once existed throughout the Sahara
Sahara
at a time of more abundant rainfall (see Neolithic Subpluvial ). A striking characteristic of this population of crocodiles is dwarfism developed due to their isolation, which make them unusual (other such remnant populations are or were found in Mauritania
Mauritania
and Algeria
Algeria
). They survive in only a few pools in river canyons in the area, for example the Guelta d\'Archei , and are threatened with extinction . The last lions (West African subspecies ) in the Sahara
Sahara
also survived here, until they became extinct ; the last lion was seen in the 1940s. Also, any surviving scimitar oryx antelopes that might still live in the wild and the vulnerable Sudan cheetahs are likely to be found in the remote regions of the Ennedi Plateau. It has been suggested that the cryptid Ennedi tiger
Ennedi tiger
(a supposed surviving sabertooth cat) may live there.

CULTURES

Examples of petroglyphs or rock paintings have been found in the area, for example those at the "lost site" of Niola Doa .

REFERENCES

* ^ Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). _Natural Wonders of the World_. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 137. ISBN 0-89577-087-3 . * ^ de Smet, Klaas (January 1998). "Status of the Nile crocodile in the Sahara
Sahara
desert". _Hydrobiologia_. SpringerLink. 391 (1-3): 81–86. doi :10.1023/A:1003592123079 . * ^ Historical status,

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