The ENNEDI PLATEAU, located in the North-East of
Chad , in the Ennedi
Region , is a sandstone bulwark in the middle of the
Sahara . It is
assailed by the sands on all sides, that encroach the deep valleys of
the Ennedi. It covers an area of approximately 60,000 square
kilometres (23,000 sq mi), and its highest point is approximately
1,450 metres (4,760 ft) above sea level.
Only the caravans manage to cross it and this makes the region an
area subject to multiple influences. The landscape has structures like
towers, pillars, bridges and arches. They are a great attraction for
* 2 Cultures
* 3 References
* 4 External links
The plateau also has a rich collection of fauna , including examples
Desert crocodile , that once existed throughout the
Sahara at a
time of more abundant rainfall (see
Neolithic Subpluvial ). A striking
characteristic of this population of crocodiles is dwarfism developed
due to their isolation, which make them unusual (other such remnant
populations are or were found in
Algeria ). They
survive in only a few pools in river canyons in the area, for example
the Guelta d\'Archei , and are threatened with extinction . The last
lions (West African subspecies ) in the
Sahara also survived here,
until they became extinct ; the last lion was seen in the 1940s.
Also, any surviving scimitar oryx antelopes that might still live in
the wild and the vulnerable Sudan cheetahs are likely to be found in
the remote regions of the Ennedi Plateau. It has been suggested that
Ennedi tiger (a supposed surviving sabertooth cat) may
Examples of petroglyphs or rock paintings have been found in the
area, for example those at the "lost site" of Niola Doa .
* ^ Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). _Natural
Wonders of the World_. United States of America: Reader's Digest
Association, Inc. p. 137. ISBN 0-89577-087-3 .
* ^ de Smet, Klaas (January 1998). "Status of the Nile crocodile in
Sahara desert". _Hydrobiologia_. SpringerLink. 391 (1-3): 81–86.
doi :10.1023/A:1003592123079 .
* ^ Historical status,