The ENNEDI PLATEAU, located in the northeast of
Chad , in the regions
of Ennedi-Ouest and Ennedi-Est , is a sandstone bulwark in the middle
Sahara . It covers an area of approximately 60,000 km2 (23,000
sq mi), and its highest point is approximately 1,450 m (4,760 ft)
above sea level. The landscape has geological structures like towers,
pillars, bridges and arches, which are big tourist attractions.
* 2 Cultures
* 3 References
* 4 External links
The plateau also has a rich collection of fauna , including examples
West African crocodile , that once existed throughout the
Sahara at a time of more abundant rainfall (see Neolithic Subpluvial
). A striking characteristic of this population of crocodiles is
dwarfism developed due to their isolation, which make them unusual
(other such remnant populations are or were found in
Algeria ). They survive in only a few pools in river canyons in the
area, for example the Guelta d\'Archei , and are threatened with
extinction . The last lions (West African subspecies ) in the Sahara
also survived here, until they became extinct; the last lion was seen
in the 1940s. Also, any surviving scimitar oryx antelopes that might
still live in the wild and the vulnerable Sudan cheetahs are likely to
be found in the remote regions of the Ennedi Plateau. It has been
suggested that the cryptid
Ennedi tiger (a supposed surviving
sabertooth cat) may live there.
Examples of petroglyphs or rock paintings have been found in the
area, for example those at the "lost site" of Niola Doa.
* ^ Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural
Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest
Association, Inc. p. 137. ISBN 0-89577-087-3 .
* ^ de Smet, Klaas (January 1998). "Status of the Nile crocodile in
Sahara desert". Hydrobiologia. SpringerLink. 391 (1-3): 81–86.
doi :10.1023/A:1003592123079 .
* ^ Historical status,