HOME
The Info List - Enda Kenny


--- Advertisement ---



Enda Patrick Kenny (Irish: Éanna Pádraig Cionnaith; born 24 April 1951) is an Irish Fine Gael
Fine Gael
politician who served as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
from 2011 to 2017, Leader of Fine Gael
Leader of Fine Gael
from 2002 to 2017,[1] Minister for Defence from May 2014 to July 2014 and 2016 to 2017, Leader of the Opposition from 2002 to 2011, Minister for Tourism and Trade from 1994 to 1997 and Minister of State for Youth Affairs from 1986 to 1987. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) since 1975, currently for the Mayo constituency.[2] He is the longest-serving TD currently in Dáil Éireann, which makes him the incumbent Father of the Dáil. Kenny led Fine Gael
Fine Gael
to a historic victory at the 2011 general election, with his party becoming the largest in the state for the first time, forming a coalition government with the Labour Party on 9 March 2011.[3] He subsequently became the first Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Taoiseach
Taoiseach
to be elected to a second consecutive term on 6 May 2016, after two months of negotiations, following the 2016 election, forming a Fine Gael-led minority government.[4] He was the first Taoiseach
Taoiseach
from Fine Gael since John Bruton
John Bruton
(1994–1997), and the first Leader of Fine Gael to win a general election, since Garret FitzGerald
Garret FitzGerald
in 1982. He became the longest-serving Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Taoiseach
Taoiseach
in April 2017.[5] Kenny stepped down as Leader of Fine Gael
Leader of Fine Gael
on the 2 June 2017, and announced he would resign as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
once a new leader was chosen in early June.[6] In the following leadership election, the then Minister for Social Protection Leo Varadkar, was elected to succeed Kenny as Leader of Fine Gael.[7] He tendered his resignation as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
on 13 June 2017, and was succeeded by Varadkar the following day.[8] On 5 November 2017, Kenny announced that he would not contest his seat in the next election.[9]

Contents

1 Early and private life 2 Early years in Dáil Éireann, 1975–1994 3 Minister for Tourism (1994–97) 4 Opposition, 1997–2011

4.1 Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leadership elections

4.1.1 2001 4.1.2 2002

4.2 Allegedly racist remarks, 2002 4.3 Leader of the Opposition (2002–11)

4.3.1 2010 challenge to leadership 4.3.2 2011 general election

5 Taoiseach
Taoiseach
(2011–17)

5.1 2011

5.1.1 Government pay cuts 5.1.2 Financial and banking policy 5.1.3 Pension levy controversy 5.1.4 Political reforms 5.1.5 Vatican reprimand and response 5.1.6 First national address

5.2 2013

5.2.1 Promissory notes 5.2.2 Magdalene Laundry apology 5.2.3 Second national address

5.3 2014

5.3.1 Resignations of Martin Callinan and Alan Shatter

5.4 2015 5.5 2016 5.6 2017

6 Austerity 7 Retirement 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early and private life[edit] Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
was born in 1951 in Derrywash, Islandeady, near Castlebar, County Mayo, the third child of five of Mary Eithne (McGinley) and Henry Kenny.[10] He was educated locally at St Patrick's National School, Cornanool N.S, Leitir N.S
Leitir N.S
and at St. Gerald's College, Castlebar.[11] He attended St Patrick's College of Education, Dublin,[12] qualifying as a national teacher and was an undergraduate student at University College Galway.[13] He worked as a primary school teacher for four years.[14][15] Kenny has been married to Fionnuala O'Kelly since 1992. She has been described by the media as his "secret weapon".[16] O'Kelly is first cousin to sitting Fine Gael
Fine Gael
MEP Seán Kelly,[17] who also served as a President of the Gaelic Athletic Association
Gaelic Athletic Association
(GAA). The O'Kelly family originally come from the parish of Kilcummin near Killarney, County Kerry. The Kennys have three children: one daughter, Aoibhinn, and two sons, Ferdia and Naoise. The couple met in Leinster House, where O'Kelly worked as a press officer for Fianna Fáil. She later worked with Raidió Teilifís Éireann
Raidió Teilifís Éireann
(RTÉ).[18][16][19] Kenny has climbed Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
and completed the Ring of Kerry Charity Cycle.[20][21] He is a keen supporter of his native Mayo GAA football team. He played Gaelic football
Gaelic football
for his local club, Islandeady,[22] of which he is the current club president. His father Henry, won an All-Ireland medal with the county team in 1936. His grandfather was a lighthouse keeper.[23] Early years in Dáil Éireann, 1975–1994[edit] From an early age Kenny was exposed to politics as his father, Henry Kenny, became a Fine Gael
Fine Gael
TD in 1954. In the early 1970s, he became directly involved in politics when he started helping his father with constituency clinics. In 1975, Henry Kenny (who was at this stage a Parliamentary Secretary in the government) died after a short battle with cancer. Fine Gael
Fine Gael
wanted one of his sons to stand as their candidate at the subsequent by-election, and so Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
was chosen. He was elected on the first count with 52% of the vote, and at 24, he was the youngest member of the 20th Dáil.[24] Kenny remained on the backbenches for almost a decade. He was appointed party spokesperson firstly on Youth Affairs and Sport,[25] then Western Development; however, he failed to build a national profile as he concentrated more on constituency matters. Kenny was left out in the cold when Garret FitzGerald
Garret FitzGerald
became Taoiseach
Taoiseach
for the first time in 1981, and again in 1982. He was, however, appointed as a member of the Fine Gael
Fine Gael
delegation at the New Ireland Forum in 1983. He later served on the British-Irish Parliamentary Association. In 1986, he became a Minister of State at the Departments of Education and Labour.[26] Fine Gael
Fine Gael
lost the 1987 general election, resulting in Kenny being on the opposition benches for the next seven years. In spite of this, his national profile was raised as he served in a number of positions on the party's front bench, including Education, Arts, Heritage, Gaeltacht, and the Islands. He was also the Fine Gael Chief Whip
Chief Whip
for a short period. Minister for Tourism (1994–97)[edit] In late 1994, the Fianna Fáil–Labour Party government collapsed; however, no general election was called. Instead, a Fine Gael–Labour Party–Democratic Left "Rainbow Coalition" came to power. Kenny, as Fine Gael
Fine Gael
chief whip, was a key member of the team, which negotiated the programme for government with the other parties prior to the formation of the new government. Under Taoiseach
Taoiseach
John Bruton, Kenny joined the cabinet and was appointed Minister for Tourism and Trade.[27] During his tenure as Minister, Ireland saw a significant growth in the tourism sector and in its international trade position.[citation needed] As Minister, he chaired the European Union Council of Trade Ministers, during Ireland's six-month Presidency of the European Council, as well as co-chairing a round of the World Trade Organization talks in 1996. Among Kenny's other achievements were the rejuvenation of the Saint Patrick's Day
Saint Patrick's Day
parade in Dublin,[citation needed] and the successful negotiations to bring a stage of the 1998 Tour de France
Tour de France
to Ireland.[28] In 1997, the government was defeated at the general election and Kenny returned to the opposition benches. Opposition, 1997–2011[edit] Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leadership elections[edit] 2001[edit] In 2001, John Bruton
John Bruton
resigned as leader of Fine Gael
Fine Gael
following a vote of no confidence in his ability.[29] Kenny was one of a number of candidates who stood in the subsequent leadership election, promising to "electrify the party".[30] In the final ballot it was Michael Noonan who emerged victorious (it is Fine Gael's custom not to publish ballot results for leadership elections). Noonan subsequently failed to give a spokesperson's assignment to Kenny. This led Kenny to accuse Noonan of sending a "dangerous message".[31] 2002[edit] At the 2002 general election, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
suffered its worst electoral performance ever, losing 23 seats, a figure larger than expected and with its overall vote down 5%. Kenny himself came close to losing his seat and even went so far as to prepare a concession speech. In the end he won the third seat in the five-seat constituency. Noonan resigned as Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leader on the night of the result, an action which triggered another leadership election. Protest meetings were held by members of the party against the speed with which the leadership election had been called and the failure to broaden the franchise to the membership. It was suggested[by whom?] that it was foolish to choose a leader before conducting an electoral post-mortem. Kenny once again contested the Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leadership and emerged successful on that occasion.[32] On becoming leader he faced an unenviable task. He not only had to rebuild a demoralised party that had been cut down to 31 seats, but also had to face a very popular Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern. In the beginning his leadership style was also criticised. The tide began to turn for Fine Gael
Fine Gael
in 2003 as the Fianna Fáil-led government's popularity took a downturn. Fine Gael's membership increased and the party became a much more united entity. Kenny's first major televised conference speech occurred in November 2003.[citation needed]

Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
shakes the hand of German Chancellor
German Chancellor
Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
in April 2008

Allegedly racist remarks, 2002[edit] In September 2002, Kenny was accused of making racist remarks after he used the word "nigger" in a joke relating to Patrice Lumumba, the assassinated first Prime Minister of Congo. Kenny wanted his "obscure joke" to be suppressed and specifically asked journalists not to report it, though Enda's "chortling repetition of the inflammatory word" was carried by the Sunday Independent newspaper.[33] He was subsequently condemned by race campaigners at home and abroad.[34][35] Matters were made worse when it emerged that several of Lumumba's relatives, including a son and several grandchildren, lived in Tallaght.[36] Kenny "apologized unreservedly" but "insisted it was not intended as a racist remark", and "a number of those who were present accept that Mr Kenny was not setting out to be racist" and that he was merely quoting what a Moroccan barman had once said, while reminiscing about an incident he had witnessed in the company of his friend David Molony, who had just died suddenly.[37] But what he said was widely seen as politically indefensible, as a story that should not have been told by "a man putting himself forward as the next Taoiseach
Taoiseach
... particularly in front of reporters."[37] Leader of the Opposition (2002–11)[edit] Fine Gael
Fine Gael
out-performed expectations at the 2004 Local and European elections, which saw Fine Gael
Fine Gael
increase its representation from 4 MEPs, of 15 from Ireland, to 5 from 13. This was the first time Fine Gael had ever defeated Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
in a national election, as well as the first time Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
had lost a national election since it finished second in the Irish general election, September 1927
Irish general election, September 1927
to Cumann na nGaedheal, Fine Gael's immediate predecessor.

Prime Minister of Hungary
Prime Minister of Hungary
Viktor Orbán, MEP Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, and Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
during an EPP Summit in December 2008

In July 2005, five men from the north of Kenny's Mayo constituency were jailed over their opposition to the Fianna Fáil-led government's plans for the Corrib gas project. One of the men, Philip McGrath, worked for Kenny as an election agent for Rossport
Rossport
during general elections. Unlike his fellow Mayo Fine Gael
Fine Gael
TD, Michael Ring, Kenny was cautious about backing the men's stance (Ring would later be forced to adopt the same policy).[38] The Shell to Sea
Shell to Sea
campaign that was founded to help release the men and get the government to change its mind shut down work on the project for fifteen months. When Gardaí were brought in to remove protesters with tactics that saw many hospitalised, Kenny said: "The law must be obeyed."[39] In November 2005, Kenny called for the abolition of compulsory Irish for the Leaving Certificate examinations. This was opposed by all the major Irish language
Irish language
organisations.[40] In March 2006, Kenny was elected Vice-President of the European People's Party
European People's Party
(EPP), the largest European political group to which Fine Gael
Fine Gael
is affiliated.[41] In his speech to the EPP, he stated that Fine Gael
Fine Gael
would be in government in Ireland within two years. During the first half of 2006, Kenny went aggressively after a more populist line on the cost of immigration, street crime, paedophilia and homeowner's rights. A graphic description of a mugging he had experienced was given to the Dáil, in the context of a crime discussion, only for it to be revealed a day later that the incident had occurred in Kenya, not in Ireland.[42]

Kenny, speaking at the Young Fine Gael
Fine Gael
conference in 2007

Under Kenny, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
agreed to enter a pre-election pact with the Labour Party, to offer the electorate an alternative coalition government at the 2007 general election held on 24 May 2007. The so-called Mullingar Accord was agreed in September 2004, following the European and local elections that year.[43] The Green Party also signalled via the media to be in favour of membership of such a coalition government after the election.[citation needed] However, they would not commit to an agreement before polling day. Kenny's leadership attempted to define Fine Gael
Fine Gael
as a party of the progressive centre. Its policy initiatives concentrated on value for money, consumer rights, civil partnerships, reform of public spending, reward and enterprise and preventative health care policy. The party sought to retake its former mantle as the law-and-order and liberal party committed to defending the institutions of the state. At the Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Ardfheis in March 2007, Kenny outlined his platform for the forthcoming general election entitled the "Contract for a Better Ireland".[44] The main aspects of this "contract" included: 2,300 more hospital beds, 2,000 more Gardaí, tougher jail sentences and tougher bail for criminals, free health insurance for all children under 16 and lower income tax.[citation needed] Bertie Ahern
Bertie Ahern
was perceived by many to have comfortably beaten Kenny in the pre-election Leaders' debate.[45] When the votes were counted it emerged that Fine Gael
Fine Gael
had made large gains, increasing its number of seats by twenty to give a total of 51 seats in the new Dáil.[46] However, Labour and the Greens failed to make gains, leaving Kenny's "Alliance for Change" short of a majority. Despite predictions to the contrary, the Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
vote recovered sufficiently to bring it to 78 seats, and a third term in government for Ahern.[47] Responding to the banking crisis in County Cork, on 15 February 2009, Kenny asked the entire board of the Central Bank of Ireland's Financial Regulation section to resign.[48] 2010 challenge to leadership[edit] An opinion poll published in The Irish Times
The Irish Times
on 10 June 2010, triggered a challenge to Kenny's leadership of the party. The Ipsos MRBI poll indicated that the Labour Party had become the most popular political party in the country for the first time, and also showed a drop in backing for Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
and Fine Gael, and for their leaders. It showed a five-point drop in Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
support since January 2010, leaving that party on 17%, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
down four points to 28%, and Labour up eight points to 32%. Satisfaction with Kenny's leadership dropped 7% to 24%.[49] Following the failure of the party's deputy leader Richard Bruton
Richard Bruton
to support him, he was dismissed by Kenny on 14 June 2010. He also tabled a motion of confidence in his leadership, to be held on 17 June 2010.[49][50] On the following day it was revealed that nine members of the Fine Gael
Fine Gael
frontbench did not have confidence in Kenny to lead their party – composed of Simon Coveney, Denis Naughten, Olwyn Enright, Olivia Mitchell, Fergus O'Dowd, Michael Creed, Billy Timmins, Leo Varadkar
Leo Varadkar
and Brian Hayes. Denis Naughten
Denis Naughten
said frontbench members did not have Kenny's support and would like him to withdraw his motion of confidence and stand down in the interest of the party.[51] In December 2008, Vincent Browne
Vincent Browne
criticised Kenny in The Irish Times for not having a grasp of the issues, notably of economic issues.[52] The motion of confidence in Kenny was passed.[51][53] He announced a major reshuffle of his party's front bench on 1 July 2010, re-appointing Bruton, Coveney, O'Dowd, and Varadkar.[54] 2011 general election[edit] At the start of the 2011 general election campaign, Kenny said Fine Gael recognised the importance of "the giving of hope and confidence to people through the taxation system", when speaking to reporters outside party election headquarters in Dublin. "The Fine Gael
Fine Gael
party in this election is the only party that is categorically saying that there will not be any increase in income tax over our period in government", he said. He said the country needed strong government and not an administration that depended on the support of Independents. "I think that this is a time for courageous and strong government. It is not a time for government that might self-combust or that would be dependent on the whim of any mercenary Independents. This is a judgment call for the people."[55] There was several leaders debates on television during the campaign. There was uniquely three debates on stations TV3, RTÉ
RTÉ
and TG4, between Enda Kenny, Michaél Martin, and Eamon Gilmore
Eamon Gilmore
and a five way leaders' debate on RTÉ
RTÉ
also including Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
and John Gormley along with the other participants from the three way debates. Kenny, however, refused to participate in the three-way leaders' debate proposed by TV3, stating his unhappiness that Vincent Browne would chair the debate.[56] Browne is a well known critic of Fine Gael and Kenny. In 1982, Browne appeared on The Late Late Show where he poured scorn on Kenny, claiming he was "purporting" to be a TD.[57] In October 2010, Browne was forced to make a public apology to Kenny after jokingly asking whether Fine Gael
Fine Gael
was requesting that he go into a darkroom with a gun and bottle of whisky. This was in reference to Fine Gael's position in the polls, where they were in second place to Labour, and a previous leadership challenge to Kenny by Richard Bruton.[58] Kenny refused to appear on the leaders debate despite an offer by Browne to be replaced by a different moderator for the debate if Kenny would appear.[59][60] Kenny participated in a three party leader debate on RTÉ, moderated by Miriam O'Callaghan[61] and also in a five-way debate on RTÉ, which was a new departure involving all party leaders of the outgoing Dáil, including Kenny, moderated by Pat Kenny.[62] He participated in a three-way debate in the Irish language
Irish language
with Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin
and Eamon Gilmore
Eamon Gilmore
on TG4.[63] On 14 February 2011, Kenny met German Chancellor
German Chancellor
Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
to discuss the Irish economy. Kenny and Merkel have close political ties because Merkel's CDU party and Fine Gael
Fine Gael
are both members of the centre-right European People's Party
European People's Party
(EPP) and seating at EPP meetings is arranged by alphabetical order of surname.[64] The close relationship between these two leaders is illustrated further by the fact that Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
also backed Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
and Fine Gael
Fine Gael
during the 2007 election.[65]

Kenny makes a speech to Fine Gael
Fine Gael
party members on the day of the election results.

Opinion polls of 23 February 2011, sponsored by Paddy Power,[66] the Irish Independent,[67] and The Irish Times[68] suggested that Kenny would lead Fine Gael
Fine Gael
to its largest total of seats to date in the 31st Dáil, and that he would be elected Taoiseach. In the election, Kenny led Fine Gael
Fine Gael
to a decisive victory. The party won 76 seats, the most in its 78-year history, becoming the largest party in the Dáil for the first time. Meanwhile, Fianna Fáil suffered the worst defeat of a sitting government in the history of the Irish state, its representation being reduced by 75%. Kenny himself topped the poll in his Mayo constituency and uniquely three others from Fine Gael
Fine Gael
were elected alongside Kenny. At a victory party in Dublin, Kenny declared Fine Gael
Fine Gael
had "a massive endorsement" to govern, and the election marked "a transformative moment in Ireland's history".[69] Later, he told RTÉ
RTÉ
that he fully expected to become Taoiseach
Taoiseach
after what he called "a democratic revolution at the ballot box".[70] While there was some talk that Fine Gael
Fine Gael
would govern alone as a minority government, senior Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leaders indicated as soon as the election result was beyond doubt that they would likely enter a coalition government with the Labour Party.[71] Late on the night of 5 March 2011, at Dublin Castle, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
and Labour formally agreed to form a coalition government with Kenny as Taoiseach[3] and Labour leader Eamon Gilmore
Eamon Gilmore
as Tánaiste, with Labour being given four other seats in cabinet.[72] Kenny said that his first priority upon taking office will be to renegotiate the bailout, calling the original deal "a bad deal for Ireland and a bad deal for Europe".[73] Taoiseach
Taoiseach
(2011–17)[edit] 2011[edit]

Kenny with former U.S. President
U.S. President
Barack Obama

The members of the 31st Dáil
31st Dáil
convened for the first time on 9 March 2011, the Dáil elected Kenny as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
by a vote of 117–27.[74] Kenny received his seal of office from President Mary McAleese. He also announced ministerial appointees to his Government on 9 March 2011.[75] At just under 59 years and 11 months on accession, Kenny is the second-oldest person to have assumed the office for the first time,[76] the oldest being Seán Lemass.[citation needed] On 9 March 2011, Kenny appointed 15 junior Ministers. He also appointed a Minister for political reform, and sent a request to the OPW as to how he could address ministerial transport.[77] On 15 March 2011, it was announced that only the current President, the Taoiseach, the Tánaiste
Tánaiste
and the Minister for Justice were to have Garda drivers. All other Ministers would have to make use of their own transport with a mileage allowance and a commercial chauffeur as an expense. There was no announcement as to the continuing engagement of three government jets.[78] The media reported that this would reduce the ministerial motor vehicle transport bill to €7,000,000 annually, which is more than the combined annual tax contributions of 16,000 people on minimum wage. Government pay cuts[edit] In one of his first acts as Taoiseach, Kenny slashed his own pay by €14,000 (a reduction of 7%). The new government also decided to cut the pay of senior Ministers. The Taoiseach's pay was cut from €214,187 to €200,000. Tánaiste
Tánaiste
Eamon Gilmore's pay was cut from €197,486 to €184,405. Ministers' pay was reduced to €169,275 (from €181,283), while pay for Ministers of State was cut from €139,266 to €130,042. In another cost-cutting measure, Kenny asked the Garda, the Departments of Justice and Transport, as well as the Office of Public Works, to come up with a plan to reduce the amount spent on transporting Ministers and their teams.[79] Financial and banking policy[edit] On 11 March 2011, his third day in office, Kenny attended his first European Council
European Council
as Taoiseach, in Brussels. During that summit he engaged in a heated confrontation with President of France
President of France
Nicolas Sarkozy (which Kenny termed "a Gallic spat") over Ireland's comparatively low 12.5% corporate tax rate, which EU leaders have frequently posited as a condition of more favourable terms for the Irish bailout.[80] Kenny held firm on his refusal to alter the corporate tax, which he reiterated in his first Leaders' Questions the following week—also declaring his government's intention to withhold further state funds from Dublin banks until the EU agreed to new terms that forced banks' senior bondholders to share in the losses.[81] However, less than three weeks later on 31 March 2011, the Central Bank of Ireland published the results of its "stress tests" on Ireland's four surviving banks (Allied Irish Banks, Bank of Ireland, EBS, and Irish Life & Permanent) —indicating that the banks needed to raise an additional €24,000,000,000 to remain solvent.[82] Despite his earlier promise, the government announced the same day that the state would supply the necessary funds to keep the banks afloat, with Kenny stating that seeking the money from bondholders would be neither "reasonable or logical".[83] Kenny was heavily criticised for his government's action, with the Irish Independent
Irish Independent
noting that "this is the fifth time Irish people have been told over the past couple of years it would be the last payout they would have to endure".[84] Nevertheless, the first national opinion poll since Kenny took office, published on 10 April 2011, showed that public support for Kenny's Fine Gael
Fine Gael
party had increased since the election from 36% to 39%, although a plurality also indicated deep dissatisfaction with his rescue of the banks.[85] On 21 July 2011, Kenny announced that an agreement had been reached by Eurozone
Eurozone
leaders to reduce Ireland's interest rate by 2% and extend the repayment period.[86] Pension levy controversy[edit] On 9 May 2011, Kenny's government announced a new job creation program, along with plan to finance it via a 0.6% tax levy on private pension savings.[87] Public pension funds, however, would remain untouched. The pension levy caused an immediate and intense outcry, leaving Kenny to defend the initiative as "a modest proposal" and refuting charges that the government would next tax personal savings.[88][89] However, the controversy surrounding the levy intensified on 12 May 2011, when Kenny admitted that the holders of Approved Retirement Funds—most of whom were among the highest income earners in Ireland—would not be included in the levy.[90] Political reforms[edit] On 3 May 2011, Kenny's government approved a set of political reforms that adhered to promises Kenny had made in the general election.[91][92] Among the approved reforms were a binding Constituency Commission scheduled for June 2011, with the specific purpose of reducing the number of TDs by up to 20;[91] an act to establish a six-month time limit for holding by-elections to the Dáil; a €750,000 spending limit in the 2011 Irish presidential election; Legislation to ban corporate donations, to be enacted by summer 2011; establishment of a Constitutional Convention in 2011, which will include discussion of the Seanad; and a referendum to abolish the Seanad, to be held in the second half of 2012.[92] The promise to cut up to 20 TDs caused some controversy and scepticism due to the Constitutional requirement that there be no less than one TD for every 30,000 people, which would necessitate a minimum of 150 TDs—meaning that the current number of 166 TDs could be reduced by 16 at most.[93] Vatican reprimand and response[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Enda Kenny's Cloyne Speech

On 13 July 2011, the Cloyne Report was published, detailing the investigation into allegations of child sexual abuse by 19 priests in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cloyne.[94] Among the report's findings were the revelation that the vast majority of allegations made in the diocese were not reported to the Garda, as required by the Church's 1996 guidelines; that the Bishop of the Diocese, John Magee, and others had withheld full co-operation with the Government's investigation and had deliberately misrepresented his own response to the allegations; and that the Vatican itself had both refused to co-operate in the investigation and counselled the Diocese that the 1996 guidelines were not binding.[95] On 20 July 2011, Kenny condemned the Vatican[96] for its role in the scandal, stating that the Church's role in obstructing the investigation was a serious infringement upon the sovereignty of Ireland and that the scandal revealed "the dysfunction, disconnection and elitism that dominates the culture of the Vatican to this day".[97] He added that "the historic relationship between church and state in Ireland could not be the same again".[98][99] Kenny's attack on the Vatican was unprecedented by a high-level official in Ireland. The speech was widely regarded as extraordinary, with the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
commenting that the attack was "the first time that Ireland's Parliament has publicly castigated the Vatican instead of local church leaders during the country's 17 years of paedophile-priest scandals".[99] The Guardian
The Guardian
remarked that " the political classes have...lost their fear, namely of the once almighty Roman Catholic church."[100] On 3 September, the Holy See
Holy See
issued its response to Mr Kenny's speech noting that "the accusation that the Holy See
Holy See
attempted "to frustrate an Inquiry in a sovereign, democratic republic as little as three years ago, not three decades ago", which Mr Kenny made no attempt to substantiate, is unfounded. Indeed, when asked, a Government spokesperson clarified that Mr. Kenny was not referring to any specific incident". The response added that "Those Reports [...] contain no evidence to suggest that the Holy See
Holy See
meddled in the internal affairs of the Irish State or, for that matter, was involved in the day-to-day management of Irish dioceses or religious congregations with respect to sexual abuse issues". On the quoting of then Cardinal Ratzinger, the response notes that the quotation was taken from the Instruction on the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian, otherwise known as Donum Veritatis (The Gift of the Truth), published by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith on 24 May 1990, and signed by the then Prefect and Secretary of the Congregation. Therefore, it is not a private text of the then Cardinal Ratzinger but an official document of the Congregation.[101] First national address[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Enda Kenny's address to the nation

Kenny gave a televised address to the nation on 4 December 2011, ahead of the delivery of the 2012 Irish budget.[102] He warned that Budget 2012 "will be tough", and that "it has to be". He also said that it will move Ireland towards a manageable deficit of 3% of GDP by 2015.[103] This was only the sixth time that a Taoiseach
Taoiseach
had addressed the nation,[104] reflecting the gravity of the Irish economic condition, in what Kenny stressed were "exceptional" circumstances.[105] The broadcast was the second most watched television programme of 2011 in Ireland, attracting an audience of 1.2 million viewers.[106] 2013[edit]

Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Enda Kenny, with his cabinet in March 2013

Promissory notes[edit] In February 2013, a deal was reached with the European Central Bank, in relation to the promissory note used to bail out the former Anglo Irish Bank. Kenny described it as "a good day for the country and its people".[107] He told the Dáil that, as a result of the changes, there would be a €20 billion reduction in the borrowing requirement of the National Treasury Management Agency in the years ahead, but also cautioned that the agreement was not a "silver bullet".[108] Magdalene Laundry apology[edit] On 19 February 2013, Kenny apologised in Dáil Éireann, on behalf of the State to the survivors of the Magdalene Laundries. The government also told the estimated 800 to 1,000 surviving Magdalene women that a compensation scheme would be set up for them.[109] However, by February 2014, none of the 684 applicants had received their statutory old-age pensions or health care benefits promised.[110] Second national address[edit] To mark the end of the Troika bailout in December 2013, Kenny gave a second address to the nation, saying that the country was moving in the right direction, and that the economy was starting to recover.[111] 2014[edit]

Kenny meeting members of Ireland's Defence Forces deployed on a UN mission in Lebanon

Resignations of Martin Callinan and Alan Shatter[edit] In March 2014, in response to reports that Garda stations were bugged, Kenny informed the Dáil that he had sent Brian Purcell, the Secretary General of the Department of Justice, to Garda Commissioner
Garda Commissioner
Martin Callinan, the day before Callinan's sudden departure from his role. Leader of the Opposition Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin
said this meant Kenny had effectively "sacked" Callinan. Kenny also said that he had been personally briefed on Garda surveillance by his Attorney General Máire Whelan, as Whelan did not wish to speak of the matter over the telephone.[112] In May 2014, following the resignation of Minister for Justice and Equality Alan Shatter, support for Kenny and his party slumped at the local and European elections.[113] Kenny was later to be seen doing some "happy dancing" at the annual Bloom Festival.[114][115] 2015[edit] In March 2015, Kenny was criticised for his lack of understanding towards Wexford TD Mick Wallace's inability to speak Irish, during leader's questions in the Dáil.[116] In April 2015, Kenny told the Dáil a tale about a man with two pints in one hand. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
leader Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
immediately quizzed him on this, saying: "Two pints in one hand?".[117] On 22 September 2015, Kenny controversially delayed leaders's questions in the Dáil so that he could open the Denis O'Brien-controlled Independent News & Media's new digital hub.[118] Kenny had previously launched a book for James Morrissey, the long-term paid spokesperson for O'Brien.[119] A "punching gesture" made by Kenny as Mary Lou McDonald was speaking during a Dáil debate on the Budget on 13 October 2015, attracted public notice. McDonald later responded by saying, "a punching gesture is unusual behaviour to say the least and I would suggest not to be repeated".[120] Later that month, Kenny told a gathering of the European People's Party (EPP) in Madrid, that he had been instructed to have the army guarded ATMs, during the economic downturn. Opposition TDs wondered why he did not tell this to the banking inquiry and Kenny was accused of "telling a tall tale". Kenny himself later contradicted his own account by saying he had not received a specific briefing on the matter. A spokesman for Kenny later claimed it had been "informally discussed" in government buildings in early 2012, but that minutes had not been kept due to the sensitivity of the details therein.[121] 2016[edit] On 3 February 2016, Kenny announced his intention to request that President Higgins dissolve the 31st Dáil. He told the Dáil before it's dissolution, that the 2016 general election would occur on Friday, 26 February.[122] At a Fine Gael
Fine Gael
rally in his home town of Castlebar, County Mayo, on 20 February 2016, Kenny informed an audience that his local constituents were All-Ireland champion "whingers". He later told media in Galway, that he was referring to local Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
members.[123] Following the election, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
received 50 seats, 29 short of an overall majority. Preliminary discussions took place with Leader of the Opposition Mícheál Martin, in order to agree on an arrangement to support either Kenny, Fine Gael
Fine Gael
or under a new leader to remain in government.[124] On 10 March 2016, Kenny resigned as Taoiseach, after failing to win enough votes to be elected for a second term. He and the cabinet continued in a caretaker capacity until a new government was formed.[125] As caretaker Kenny went to Washington, D.C., as usual for Saint Patrick's Day. There he was reported as having told the Irish Embassy: "Bejaysus, I wish I didn't have to go back and face what I have to face".[126] He also met President Barack Obama, as part of the annual visit of the Irish Taoiseach, to the White House, for the handing over of the bowl of shamorock.[127] On 29 April 2016, an agreement was reached with Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
to allow a Fine Gael-led minority government, and on 6 May 2016, Kenny was elected Taoiseach
Taoiseach
again, by a margin of 59 to 49 votes (with 51 abstentions), and formed a government. He became the first Fine Gael Taoiseach
Taoiseach
to win re-election in Ireland's history.[4] Kenny also took over as Minister for Defence, from Simon Coveney, who became the new Minister for Housing.[128] Regarding the United Kingdom European Union
European Union
membership referendum, Kenny is on record as saying the possibility of a "Brexit" would cause a "serious difficulty" with maintaining peace in Northern Ireland.[129] Kenny has been described as favouring Britain remaining in the European Union
European Union
as, were Britain to leave the EU, the peace settlement in Northern Ireland might collapse.[129] This statement was denounced by Theresa Villiers, the British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, as "scaremongering of the worst possible kind"; she stated that the Common Travel Area, the "open border" encompassing the United Kingdom and Ireland, would not be affected by Britain's departure from the EU.[130] 2017[edit]

Kenny with U.S. President
U.S. President
Donald Trump, 16 March 2017

On 30 January 2017, a joint press meeting was held between Enda Kenny and British Prime Minister
British Prime Minister
Theresa May, in Merrion Street, Dublin, to discuss the implications of Brexit
Brexit
on Northern Ireland and Ireland.[131] Subsequent to the 2016 general election, there were calls for him to step down as Leader of Fine Gael, and thus as Taoiseach. After the uncovering of the Garda smear campaign of sergeant Maurice McCabe, some backbench TDs lost confidence in Kenny.[132][133] Kenny had stated he would indicate his plans for a leadership change following his return from the U.S. for the traditional St. Patrick's Day celebrations; however, at the St. Patrick's Day parade in New York City, Kenny stated that he would not stand down from leadership until the issues of Brexit
Brexit
and the aftermath of the snap election in Northern Ireland had been resolved, saying that "you can't have a situation where you have no leadership in Northern Ireland and where we have to define from a European Union
European Union
point of view where Ireland would be, what the agreed terms of reference for the [Brexit] negotiations are". He also remarked that he and Prime Minister May were in agreement that there would not be a return to direct rule from Westminster in Northern Ireland.[134] On 20 March, Finance Minister Michael Noonan
Michael Noonan
stated that Kenny should remain in office at least until June, when the next phase of EU Brexit
Brexit
negotiations was set to begin. The following day, Kenny announced that he would not consider standing down until May at the earliest, and that he planned to attend the European Council
European Council
on 29 April 2017, to discuss strategy surrounding Brexit.[135] Austerity[edit] Budgets 2012 to 2016 - introduced in part by Brendan Howlin
Brendan Howlin
as Minister for Public Expenditure and supported by Labour[136] - were described by the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) as “regressive”. It found “Budget 2012 involved greater proportionate losses for those on low incomes: reductions of about 2 to 2½ per cent for those with the lowest incomes, as against losses of about ¾ of a per cent for those on the highest incomes”. By contrast, the ESRI found earlier budgets in 2008-2010 to be “strongly progressive” because before 2011 “Losses imposed by policy changes in tax and welfare have been greatest for those on the highest incomes, and smaller for those on low incomes”.[137] However, it concluded “Budget 2014 had its greatest impact – a reduction of 2 per cent – on low income groups”.[138] The ESRI described Budget 2015 as having a “pattern of losses in the bottom half of the income distribution, declining as income rises, and gains in the upper reaches”, which “can clearly be described as regressive”.[139] Retirement[edit] On 17 May 2017, Kenny announced his intention to step down as party leader, effective at midnight.[140] He requested that the party conclude the election of his successor by 2 June 2017, and said that he would step down as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
shortly thereafter.[6] In the ensuing election, Minister for Social Protection Leo Varadkar
Leo Varadkar
was elected Leader of Fine Gael.[141] In a statement, Kenny offered his 'heartiest congratulations' to Varadkar, saying 'this is a tremendous honour for him and I know he will devote his life to improving the lives of people across our country'.[142] In early June 2017, Kenny made his final trip to the United States as Taoiseach. While in Chicago on 4 June 2017, he was in attendance at Soldier Field
Soldier Field
for the Irish rock band U2's performance as part of their Joshua Tree Tour.[143] U2 lead singer Bono
Bono
dedicated their performance of the song "Trip Through Your Wires" to Kenny,[144] saying "The man we call Taoiseach, which I think might mean head of the house or something like that... The chieftain of our country is here tonight! ...We’d like to honour our graceful leader."[145] On 13 June 2017, Kenny tendered his resignation as Taoiseach. The following day, 14 June 2017, Kenny nominated Varadkar to formally succeed him as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
in the Dáil. The Dáil approved his nomination. Kenny made his farewell address to the Dáil, quoting U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt: "Far and away, the best prize that life has to offer is a chance to work hard at work worth doing." After receiving a standing ovation from the Dáil, Kenny departed for Áras an Uachtaráin and submitted his resignation to President Michael D. Higgins. In his last duty as Taoiseach, he advised the President, that the Dáil had nominated Leo Varadkar
Leo Varadkar
as Taoiseach, and that the President should invite him to form a new government and appoint him as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
accordingly to the constitution.[8] Political journalist John Downing
John Downing
wrote a biography of Kenny titled "Enda Kenny: The Unlikely Taoiseach".[146] See also[edit]

Families in the Oireachtas

References[edit]

^ Fiach Kelly; Sarah Bardon (2017-05-17). " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
announces resignation as Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leader". Irishtimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ "Mr. Enda Kenny". Oireachtas
Oireachtas
Members Database. Retrieved 24 September 2009.  ^ a b "Irish parties agree to form coalition government". CNN. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.  ^ a b Doyle, Kevin; Downing, John. "Historic deal to see first Fine Gael Taoiseach
Taoiseach
re-elected". Independent.ie. Independent (Ireland). Retrieved 2 May 2016.  ^ "Kenny becomes Fine Gael's longest serving Taoiseach". RTE. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
has become Fine Gael's longest serving Taoiseach, having equalled the record of John A Costello yesterday. Today is Mr Kenny's 2,234th day in office.  ^ a b "Kenny to retire as Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leader at midnight". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 17 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.  ^ "Varadkar outlines his priorities after winning election". Rte.ie. 2017-06-03. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ a b "Kenny's farewell: 'This has never been about me'". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.  ^ " Fine Gael
Fine Gael
in Castlebar
Castlebar
begin search for new candidate after Enda Kenny announcement". The Connacht Telegraph. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.  ^ "Enda bids sad farewell to mother". Independent.ie.  ^ "The Clongowes (and other top schools) boys back in charge". Evening Herald. 12 March 2011. Archived from the original on 1 August 2012.  ^ "Who is Enda Kenny?". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 2 March 2011.  ^ "Paper Prophet Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
TD". Irish Independent. 22 May 2005. Archived from the original on 15 December 2014.  ^ "Revealed: the senior ministers in teacher pensions outrage". Irish Independent. 22 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2014.  ^ "The Meaning of Life". The Meaning Of Life With Gay Byrne. 22 June 2014.  ^ a b O'Doherty, Gemma (5 February 2011). " Fionnuala Kenny – Enda's secret weapon". Irish Independent. Retrieved 5 February 2011.  ^ Minihan, Mary (15 March 2011). "Labour to choose between Higgins and Finlay as presidential candidate". The Irish Times.  ^ Reilly, Jerome (8 April 2007). "Enda's been hiding his party's best asset: his wife". Sunday Independent. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2007.  ^ "Keeper of Castlebar". The Irish Times. 8 August 2009.  ^ "The Restaurant: Enda Kenny". RTÉ
RTÉ
Television. Archived from the original on 3 March 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2011.  ^ " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
completes Ring of Kerry
Ring of Kerry
Charity Cycle". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ " Islandeady
Islandeady
club notes". Hoganstand.com. 10 March 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ Sweeney, Ken (5 July 2011). " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
shows off his true focus". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012.  ^ "Enda Kenny". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2009.  ^ "40 facts about Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
on the 40th anniversary of his election to Dáil Éireann". newstalk.com. Retrieved 2017-11-07.  ^ "Timeline: Enda Kenny's five decades in Irish politics - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2017-11-07.  ^ "Who is Enda Kenny?". RTE.ie. 2011-03-02. Retrieved 2017-11-07.  ^ "Irish start for Tour de France: Cycling". The Independent. 3 April 1997.  ^ "Bruton resigns as Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leader". breakingNEWS.ie. 1 February 2001. ^ "Kenny supported by one third of FG". Sunday Independent. 9 June 2002. "16 months after he famously said during his failed attempt to beat Michael Noonan
Michael Noonan
that he would electrify the party, Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
is now in charge of Fine Gael." ^ " Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leaders sending "dangerous message" – Kenny". RTÉ News. 15 February 2001. ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
elected Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leader". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 5 June 2002. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2011.  ^ Kenny, Colum. "'Nigger' joke reveals ignorance of racism". Sunday Independent. 15 September 2002. ^ Bright, Martin (15 September 2002). "Fury at Kenny 'joke' spreads". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 October 2009.  ^ "Lumumba's many lovers". Sunday Independent. 22 September 2002. " Patrice Lumumba
Patrice Lumumba
was the subject of an anecdote by Enda Kenny..." ^ " Why Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
is not quite as dull as people make out: Enda Kenny likes to tell racist jokes". JOE.ie. 15 June 2010. Archived 8 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Mark Brennock, Political Correspondent (9 September 2002). "Loose talk, black day for Enda". Irish Times. Retrieved 21 April 2017. Mr Kenny has since apologized unreservedly and has insisted it was not intended as a racist remark. A number of those who were present accept that Mr Kenny was not setting out to be racist. "The laugh wasn't supposed to be provoked by the word 'nigger'," says one Fine Gael
Fine Gael
figure. "The laugh was supposed to come from the picture of these three white guys in a bar in Portugal laughing at a Moroccan guy who dismissed a famous African leader as a 'nigger', an epithet none of the white guys would dream of using." This is very likely to be true, but perhaps too subtle as a political justification for Mr Kenny's use of the word. No party source contacted yesterday would defend Mr Kenny's action. All said that a man putting himself forward as the next Taoiseach
Taoiseach
should not tell "non-politically correct" stories, particularly in front of reporters.  ^ "SF accused of hijacking Corrib oil pipeline protest". Irish Independent. 21 October 2006.  ^ "Serious confrontation at Corrib gas site". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 10 November 2006. Retrieved 9 April 2008.  ^ "150 protest against Fine Gael's Irish policy". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 16 November 2005.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
elected Vice-President of EPP". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 31 March 2006.  ^ Hogan, Senan (1 July 2006). "Kenny's comment on attack 'misleading'". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012.  ^ "Opposition leaders unveil 'Mullingar Accord'". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 6 September 2004. Retrieved 9 April 2008.  ^ "FG Ard-Fheis: Contract for a Better Ireland". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 31 March 2007. Retrieved 9 April 2008.  ^ "News on Two". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 17 May 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2007.  ^ " RTÉ
RTÉ
Election 2007 – Election news and results". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008.  ^ "Ahern names new Cabinet". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 9 April 2008.  ^ "Kenny wants Regulator board to resign". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 15 February 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2009.  ^ a b "Labour most popular party – poll". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
says challenge is 'misjudged'". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 14 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.  ^ a b "Nine frontbenchers have no confidence in Kenny". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.  ^ "We are stuck with inept trio and a dismal alternative". The Irish Times. 31 December 2008.  ^ "Kenny survives confidence vote". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 17 June 2010. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.  ^ "Bruton & Noonan return to Fine Gael
Fine Gael
frontbench". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 1 July 2010. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.  ^ Minihan, Mary (2 February 2011). "Kenny promises not to raise income tax". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 February 2011.  ^ Independent.ie (5 February 2011). "Enda puts the boot into Vincent over three-way debate hoohah". Independent.ie. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2011.  ^ Sheahan, Fionnan (7 February 2011). " Fine Gael
Fine Gael
leader's feud with Browne goes back almost 30 years". Irish Independent.  ^ Brennan, Michael (4 October 2010). "Browne to apologise for 'silly' suggestion of Kenny suicide". Irish Independent.  ^ Sheahan, Fionnan; Kelly, Fiach; O'Regan, Eilish (7 February 2011). "Defiant Kenny digs in over snub to TV debate". Irish Independent.  ^ Cullen, Paul (5 February 2011). "Kenny refuses to take part in TV3 debate". The Irish Times.  ^ "Party leaders spar off in final election debate". Thejournal.ie. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ "Five party leaders debate election issues". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ " TG4
TG4
to Host Party Leaders Debate As Gaeilge". Iftn.ie. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ Simpson, Mark (17 February 2011). "Irish election campaign diary". BBC News. Retrieved 17 February 2011.  ^ "Merkel backs Kenny for Taoiseach". Independent.ie. 3 April 2007. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2011.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
focused on 'real poll'". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.  ^ "Live – Election 2011 Debate". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 22 February 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011.  ^ "New poll sees FG gain at Labour's expense". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2011.  ^ "Kenny leads Fine Gael
Fine Gael
to win as Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
vote collapses". The Irish Times. 27 February 2011.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
welcomes 'democratic revolution'". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 26 February 2011.  ^ " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
trounced as Fine Gael
Fine Gael
and Labour set to form coalition". The Guardian. 27 February 2011.  ^ " Eamon Gilmore
Eamon Gilmore
set for Foreign Affairs". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 8 March 2011.  ^ "Ireland's next leader Kenny vows bailout review". BBC News. 27 February 2011.  ^ "Kenny elected Taoiseach
Taoiseach
of coalition Government". The Irish Times. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.  ^ "Full list of new Enda Kenny's Cabinet". The Irish Times. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
will be second oldest Taoiseach
Taoiseach
in history of the State". Irish Independent. 27 February 2011. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012.  ^ "One News: Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
gets down to business". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 10 March 2011. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ Minihan, Mary (15 March 2011). "Ministerial fleet cost to be halved". The Irish Times. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ "€14,000 pay cut for Enda Kenny". Businessandleadership.com. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ Quinn, Eamon (7 April 2011). "Irish Welcome Portuguese to the 'Debt Club'". Wall Street Journal.  ^ "Enda Kenny's Speech". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 15 March 2011.  ^ "Irish banks need €24bn more to survive economic shocks". London, UK: Daily Telegraph. 31 March 2010.  ^ "Bondholders escape as €24bn put into banks". The Irish Times. 1 April 2011.  ^ Oliver, Emmet; Noonan, Laura; Creaton, Siobhan (1 April 2011). "New era for banks after €24bn bailout". The Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012.  ^ "Irish govt support up despite bank bailout". Reuters. 10 April 2011.  ^ Burke-Kennedy, Eoin (21 July 2011). "Irish bailout rate cut by 2% under new euro-wide deal". The Irish Timesurl=http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2011/0721/breaking6.html.  ^ Brennan, Joe; Dara Doyle (10 May 2011). "Ireland to Impose Levy on Pension Funds to Finance Jobs Plan". Bloomberg L.P.  ^ " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
defends private pension levy". RTÉ. 11 May 2011.  ^ Sheahan, Fionnan (12 May 2011). " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
insists our personal savings are safe". The Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ "Some retirement funds escape pension levy". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ a b "Number of TDs could fall by 20, says Hogan". The Irish Times. 3 May 2011.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b "Kenny now walking the walk". Mayo Advertiser. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ Brennan, Michael (5 May 2011). "Public is entitled to be cynical after latest government U-turn". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ "Cloyne Report – In Detail". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 13 July 2011.  ^ "Cloyne report finds failures by church, State agencies". The Irish Times. 13 July 2011.  ^ Statement by the Taoiseach
Taoiseach
on the Dáil Motion on the report of the Commission of Investigation into the Catholic Diocese of Cloyne – 20 July 2011 Archived 6 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Commission of Investigation Report in the Catholic Diocese of Cloyne: Motion". Houses of the Oireachtas. 20 July 2011.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
speech on Cloyne Report". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 20 July 2011.  ^ a b Taylor, Charlie (21 July 2011). "Reaction to Kenny's Cloyne speech". Irish Times. Retrieved 21 July 2011.  ^ McDonald, Henry (21 July 2011). "Irish political classes lose their fear of the Catholic church". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 July 2011.  ^ Response to Mr Gilmore, vatican.va; accessed 26 October 2015. ^ McDonald, Henry (4 December 2011). " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
to prepare Irish for more budget pain". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 December 2011.  ^ " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
warns of 'tough' Budget 2012". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 4 December 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2011.  ^ Previous addresses to the nation were Jack Lynch's 13 August 1969, statement on the escalating violence in Northern Ireland; Liam Cosgrave's 17 May 1974, response to the Dublin and Monaghan bombings; Charles Haughey's 9 January 1980, "living away beyond our means" address; Garret FitzGerald's 18 March 1983, address on remedying the perilous economic situation in the nation and Europe; and FitzGerald's 15 April 1986, statement regarding a national teachers' strike. ^ "Kenny wants to be Taoiseach
Taoiseach
who 'retrieves Irish sovereignty'". The Irish Times. 5 December 2011.  ^ "Over 1.4m watch Late Late Toy Show". RTÉ
RTÉ
Ten. 5 December 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2011.  ^ "Deal reached with ECB over Anglo promissory notes". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 8 February 2013.  ^ "Government: Project Red 'means €20bn less in borrowings'". Irish Independent. 7 February 2013.  ^ "Tearful Kenny says sorry to the Magdalene women". Irish Independent. 20 February 2013. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013.  ^ "Just 33% of Magdalene survivors get redress". Irish Examiner. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2015.  ^ "Country moving in right direction – Taoiseach". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.  ^ " Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin
says Taoiseach
Taoiseach
'sacked' Callinan after he sent senior civil servant to see him before resignation". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.  ^ Quinn, Eamon (24 May 2014). " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
Is Dealt a Blow in Irish Elections: Results Could Test Relations Between Coalition Partners, Say Experts". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 May 2014.  ^ "Watch! Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
dancing at Bloom". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 30 May 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2014.  ^ Murphy, Trisha (30 May 2014). "Bloomin' heck... Enda's got the moves". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.  ^ Marie O'Halloran (2015-03-11). " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
criticised for lack of 'understanding' for non-Irish speakers". Irishtimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ O'Connell, Hugh (2 April 2015). "The curious case of Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
and the man with two pints in his hand". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 2 April 2015.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
opens Denis O'Brien's new digital hub". 22 September 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.  ^ " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
launches Inishark and Inishbofin". 29 May 2015. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ O'Connell, Hugh (14 October 2015). "What was Enda doing with his hands during Mary Lou's Budget speech?". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 14 October 2015.  ^ McEnroe, Juno (29 October 2015). " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
'told tall tale' over ATMs". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 29 October 2015.  ^ "Dáil dissolved as Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
calls General Election for Friday 26 February". Irish Independent. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 22 February 2016.  ^ "VIDEO: Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
slams 'whingers' in his home town of Castlebar". 21 February 2016.  ^ Lyons, Niamh (3 March 2016). "Kenny clears way for talks with Fianna Fail". The Times, Irish edition. Retrieved 3 March 2016.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
to continue as caretaker Taoiseach". RTÉ
RTÉ
News. 11 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.  ^ Ryan, Philip (15 March 2016). " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
tells Irish embassy in Washington: 'Bejaysus, I wish I didn't have to go back and face what I have to face'". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016.  ^ Ryan, Philip (16 March 2016). "Obama apologises to Kenny for straying from script to launch attack against 'vulgar' Trump". Irish Independent.  ^ "Speech by An Taoiseach, Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
TD: Nomination of Members of the Government". MerrionStreet.ie. Retrieved 7 May 2016.  ^ a b "A terrible problem is born Britain's membership of the European Union suits Ireland perfectly. Brexit
Brexit
would open old wounds". The Economist. 28 March 2016. Retrieved 2015-11-29.  ^ " Brexit
Brexit
Yes would not bring back the Border". Independent.ie. Retrieved 27 April 2016.  ^ "► VIDEO: Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
and Theresa May
Theresa May
hold joint press conference in Dublin". www.irishtimes.com. Retrieved 2017-11-07.  ^ "'I no longer have confidence' - Fine Gael
Fine Gael
TD calls for Enda Kenny to step down - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2017-02-18.  ^ " Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
expected to step down as Irish Prime Minister after whistleblower revelations". IrishCentral.com. 2017-02-16. Retrieved 2017-02-18.  ^ "Kenny: NI & Brexit
Brexit
take precedence over FG leadership". RTÉ. 2017-03-18. Retrieved 2017-03-22.  ^ "Kenny faces down his critics, saying: I'll still be Taoiseach
Taoiseach
in May - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. 2017-03-22. Retrieved 2017-03-22.  ^ Mary Minihan (7 December 2011). "Noonan, Howlin defend budget cuts". Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ Tim Callan, Claire Keane, Michael Savage and John R. Walsh (24 February 2012). "Distributional Impact of Tax, Welfare and Public Sector Pay Policies: 2009‐2012" (PDF). Retrieved 4 November 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Tim Callan, Claire Keane, Michael Savage and John R. Walsh (12 December 2013). "Distributional Impact of Tax, Welfare and Public Service Pay Policies: Budget 2014 and Budgets 2009-2014" (PDF). Retrieved 4 November 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Claire Keane, Tim Callan, Michael Savage, John R. Walsh and Brian Colgan (12 December 2014). "Distributional Impact of Tax, Welfare and Public Service Pay Policies: Budget 2015 and Budgets 2009-2015" (PDF). Retrieved 4 November 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "'Let the games begin' - Emotional Enda fires starting gun on leadership race". Irish Independent. 17 May 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ Fox, Kara (2017-06-02). " Leo Varadkar
Leo Varadkar
becomes Ireland's first openly gay prime minister". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ " Leo Varadkar
Leo Varadkar
poised to become Ireland's first gay premier". Independent.ie. 2017-06-02. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
says you can't ignore facts on climate change". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017.  ^ "U2 Concert: Jun 04, 2017 at Chicago, IL". @U2. Retrieved 18 June 2017.  ^ "'We'd like to honour our graceful leader': Enda gets a shout-out from Bono
Bono
in Chicago". The Journal.ie. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017.  ^ "New biography of Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
to be launched tonight". Mayo Advertiser. Retrieved 2017-11-07. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutEnda Kennyat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource

Enda Kenny's page on the Fine Gael
Fine Gael
website Appearances on C-SPAN

Oireachtas

Preceded by Henry Kenny Fine Gael Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Teachta Dála for Mayo West 1975–1997 Constituency abolished

New constituency Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Teachta Dála for Mayo 1997–present Incumbent

Honorary titles

Preceded by Máire Geoghegan-Quinn Baby of the Dáil 1975–1977 Succeeded by Síle de Valera

Preceded by Séamus Pattison Father of the Dáil 2007–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by George Birmingham Minister of State for Youth Affairs 1986–1987 Succeeded by Frank Fahey

Preceded by Charlie McCreevy Minister for Tourism and Trade 1994–1997 Succeeded by Jim McDaid

Preceded by Michael Noonan Leader of the Opposition 2002–2011 Succeeded by Micheál Martin

Preceded by Brian Cowen Taoiseach 2011–2017 Succeeded by Leo Varadkar

Preceded by Alan Shatter Minister for Defence Acting 2014 Succeeded by Simon Coveney

Preceded by Simon Coveney Minister for Defence 2016–2017 Succeeded by Leo Varadkar

Party political offices

Preceded by Michael Noonan Leader of Fine Gael 2002–2017 Succeeded by Leo Varadkar

Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
navigational boxes

v t e

Current members of Dáil Éireann

As elected to the 32nd Dáil in 2016 Ceann Comhairle: Seán Ó Fearghaíl

Fine Gael
Fine Gael
(50)

Bailey Barrett Breen Brophy Bruton Burke C. Byrne Cannon Carey Corcoran Kennedy Coveney Creed J. Daly D'Arcy Deasy Deering R. Doherty Donohoe Doyle Durkan English Farrell Fitzgerald Fitzpatrick Flanagan Griffin Harris Heydon Humphreys Kehoe E. Kenny Kyne Madigan McEntee McHugh McLoughlin Mitchell O'Connor D. Murphy Eoghan Murphy H. Naughton Neville Noonan O'Connell O'Donovan O'Dowd Phelan Ring Rock Stanton Varadkar§

Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
(44)

Aylward Brassil Breathnach Browne Butler T. Byrne Cahill Calleary Casey Cassells L. Chambers J. Chambers N. Collins Cowen Curran Donnelly Dooley Fleming Gallagher Haughey Kelleher Lahart Lawless M. Martin§ McConalogue Michael McGrath McGuinness A. Moynihan M. Moynihan Murphy O'Mahony Eugene Murphy D. O'Brien O'Callaghan Ó Cuív O'Dea O'Keeffe O'Loughlin O'Rourke Rabbitte Scanlon Brendan Smith Smyth Troy

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(23)

Adams Brady Buckley Crowe Cullinane P. Doherty Ellis M. Ferris Funchion M. Kenny McDonald§ Mitchell Munster Nolan J. O'Brien Ó Broin Ó Caoláin Ó Laoghaire O'Reilly Ó Snodaigh Quinlivan Stanley Tóibín

Labour Party (7)

Burton Howlin§ Kelly J. O'Sullivan Penrose B. Ryan Sherlock

Solidarity–PBP (6)

Barry Boyd Barrett Coppinger G. Kenny P. Murphy Bríd Smith

Independents 4 Change
Independents 4 Change
(3)

J. Collins C. Daly Wallace

Green Party (2)

C. Martin E. Ryan§

Social Democrats (2)

C. Murphy§ Shortall§

Independent (20)

Broughan Canney† M. Collins Connolly Fitzmaurice Grealish Halligan† Harty Healy D. Healy-Rae M. Healy-Rae Lowry F. McGrath† Mattie McGrath Moran† D. Naughten M. O'Sullivan Pringle Ross† Zappone

§Party leaders Italics = Ministers †Ind. Alliance

v t e

Taoisigh of Ireland

Éamon de Valera John A. Costello Seán Lemass Jack Lynch Liam Cosgrave Charles Haughey Garret FitzGerald Albert Reynolds John Bruton Bertie Ahern Brian Cowen Enda Kenny Leo Varadkar

Previous offices under earlier constitutions

President of the Executive Council (1922–37)

W. T. Cosgrave Éamon de Valera

Chairman of the Provisional Government (1922)

Michael Collins W. T. Cosgrave

President of the Irish Republic (1921–22)

Éamon de Valera Arthur Griffith

President of Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
(1919–21)

Cathal Brugha Éamon de Valera

v t e

Irish Leaders of the Opposition

Thomas Johnson Éamon de Valera W. T. Cosgrave Thomas F. O'Higgins Richard Mulcahy John A. Costello James Dillon Liam Cosgrave Jack Lynch Garret FitzGerald Charles Haughey Alan Dukes John Bruton Bertie Ahern Michael Noonan Enda Kenny Micheál Martin

v t e

Bruton Cabinet (1994–97)

Taoiseach: John Bruton

Seán Barrett Niamh Bhreathnach Richard Bruton Hugh Coveney Proinsias De Rossa Alan Dukes Michael D. Higgins Brendan Howlin Enda Kenny Michael Lowry Michael Noonan Nora Owen Ruairi Quinn Dick Spring Mervyn Taylor Ivan Yates

v t e

Kenny Cabinet (2011–16)

Taoiseach: Enda Kenny

Richard Bruton Joan Burton Simon Coveney Jimmy Deenihan Paschal Donohoe Frances Fitzgerald Charles Flanagan Eamon Gilmore Phil Hogan Brendan Howlin Heather Humphreys Alan Kelly Michael Noonan Jan O'Sullivan Ruairi Quinn Pat Rabbitte James Reilly Alan Shatter Leo Varadkar Alex White

v t e

Kenny Cabinet (2016–17)

Taoiseach: Enda Kenny

Richard Bruton Simon Coveney Michael Creed Paschal Donohoe Frances Fitzgerald Charles Flanagan Simon Harris Heather Humphreys Mary Mitchell O'Connor Denis Naughten Michael Noonan Shane Ross Leo Varadkar Katherine Zappone

v t e

Ministers for Defence of Ireland

Richard Mulcahy Cathal Brugha W. T. Cosgrave Peter Hughes Desmond FitzGerald Frank Aiken Oscar Traynor Thomas F. O'Higgins Seán Mac Eoin Kevin Boland Gerald Bartley Michael Hilliard Jim Gibbons Jerry Cronin Paddy Donegan Liam Cosgrave Oliver J. Flanagan Bobby Molloy Pádraig Faulkner Sylvester Barrett James Tully Paddy Power Patrick Cooney Paddy O'Toole Michael J. Noonan Brian Lenihan, Snr Charles Haughey Brendan Daly Vincent Brady John Wilson David Andrews Hugh Coveney Seán Barrett Michael Smith Willie O'Dea Brian Cowen Tony Killeen Éamon Ó Cuív Alan Shatter Simon Coveney Enda Kenny Leo Varadkar

v t e

Irish Defence Forces

Civilian Leadership: Department of Defence (Minister: Leo Varadkar. Deputy: Paul Kehoe) Military Leadership: Chief of Staff: Vice Admiral Mark Mellett
Mark Mellett
DSM

Army Air Corps Naval Service

Reserve

Army Reserve Naval Service Reserve

v t e

Fine Gael

History

History of Fine Gael Blueshirts Cumann na nGaedheal Moriarty Tribunal National Centre Party Progressive Democrats Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin Reform Alliance Renua Ireland Tallaght
Tallaght
Strategy

Leadership

Leaders

Eoin O'Duffy
Eoin O'Duffy
(1933–34) W. T. Cosgrave
W. T. Cosgrave
(1934–44) Richard Mulcahy
Richard Mulcahy
(1944–59) James Dillon (1959–65) Liam Cosgrave
Liam Cosgrave
(1965–77) Garret FitzGerald
Garret FitzGerald
(1977–87) Alan Dukes (1987–90) John Bruton
John Bruton
(1990–2001) Michael Noonan
Michael Noonan
(2001–02) Enda Kenny
Enda Kenny
(2002–17) Leo Varadkar
Leo Varadkar
(2017–)

Deputy leaders

Peter Barry (1977–87) John Bruton
John Bruton
(1987–90) Peter Barry (1991–93) Nora Owen (1993–2001) Jim Mitchell (2001–02) Richard Bruton
Richard Bruton
(2002–10) James Reilly (2010–2017) Simon Coveney
Simon Coveney
(2017–present)

Seanad leaders

Michael J. O'Higgins (1973–77) Patrick Cooney (1977–81) Gemma Hussey (1981–82) James Dooge (1982–87) Maurice Manning, (1987–2002) Brian Hayes (2002–07) Michael Finucane (2007) (acting) Frances Fitzgerald (2007–11) Maurice Cummins (2011–2016) Jerry Buttimer
Jerry Buttimer
(2016–present)

Chairpersons

Kieran Crotty (1977–87) Donal Creed (1987–89) Tom Enright (1989–93) Michael Lowry (1993–94) Jim Higgins (1994–95) Phil Hogan (1995–2001) Pádraic McCormack (2001–02; 2010–11) Tom Hayes (2002–10) Charles Flanagan
Charles Flanagan
(2011–14) Dan Neville (2014–2016) Martin Heydon
Martin Heydon
(2016–present)

Leadership elections

1987 (Dukes) 1990 (Bruton) 2001 (Noonan) 2002 (Kenny) 2017 (Varadkar)

Party structures

Leader of Fine Gael Ardfheis Fine Gael
Fine Gael
Front Bench Young Fine Gael

Presidential candidates

Presidential candidates

Seán Mac Eoin
Seán Mac Eoin
(1945, 1959) Tom O'Higgins (1966, 1973) Austin Currie
Austin Currie
(1990) Mary Banotti (1997) Gay Mitchell
Gay Mitchell
(2011)

Unopposed presidential candidates with Fine Gael
Fine Gael
support

Douglas Hyde
Douglas Hyde
(1938) Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
(1974)

Elected representatives

Dáil Éireann

Maria Bailey Seán Barrett Pat Breen Colm Brophy Richard Bruton Peter Burke Catherine Byrne Ciarán Cannon Joe Carey Marcella Corcoran Kennedy Simon Coveney Michael Creed Jim Daly Michael W. D'Arcy John Deasy Pat Deering Regina Doherty Paschal Donohoe Andrew Doyle Bernard Durkan Damien English Alan Farrell Frances Fitzgerald Peter Fitzpatrick Charles Flanagan Brendan Griffin Simon Harris Martin Heydon Heather Humphreys Paul Kehoe Enda Kenny Seán Kyne Josepha Madigan Helen McEntee Joe McHugh Tony McLoughlin Mary Mitchell O'Connor Dara Murphy Eoghan Murphy Hildegarde Naughton Tom Neville Michael Noonan Kate O'Connell Patrick O'Donovan Fergus O'Dowd John Paul Phelan Michael Ring Noel Rock David Stanton Leo Varadkar

Seanad Éireann

Colm Burke Paddy Burke Jerry Buttimer Maria Byrne Paul Coghlan Martin Conway Maura Hopkins Tim Lombard Gabrielle McFadden Catherine Noone Kieran O'Donnell Joe O'Reilly Neale Richmond

European Parliament

Deirdre Clune Brian Hayes Seán Kelly Mairead McGuinness

Alliances

European

European People's Party

International

Centrist Democrat International

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 227755309 LCCN: no2012002619 GND: 110598809

.