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The Info List - Empusidae


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Empusidae
Empusidae
is a family of plant-mimicking Mantids [1] (see Mantodea), consisting of 10 genera, holding almost 30 species [6]. Unlike many other mantid families, Empusidae
Empusidae
is a monophyletic lineage [1][2][3]. Empusidae
Empusidae
mantids are ambush predators [3], with mouthparts adapted to feeding on other insects and small animals [2]. The majority of Empusidae
Empusidae
species are distributed throughout Africa, but they are also found in south-east Asia and in the southern parts of Europe [4].

Contents

1 Natural History 2 Morphology 3 Phylogeny 4 Images 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Natural History[edit] The empusidae species Gongylus
Gongylus
gongylodes (Linné, 1758)[1] was the first mantid species ever to be described. Since, Gongylus
Gongylus
mantids have been fascinating entomologists and have been bred in captivity for long, thus, behavior and breeding preferences are well known such as a defensive behavior of displaying a hissing noise by rubbing the anterior edges of its serrated forewings to the femur of the hindlegs [1]. Morphology[edit] The about 28[6] species of Empusidae
Empusidae
mantids are all relatively large and bizarre looking. The prothorax is always surrounded by a crest and the femur of the middle- and hindlegs often have flap-like appendages. The pronotum is characteristically elongated and the abdomen is often lobed [4]. Members of the Mantoidea superfamily possess a cyclopean ear, an organ situated on the metathorax which has been proven to be an adaptation to bat predation. The presence of this adaptation has been dated to originate in the early eocene [5]. Phylogeny[edit] Empusidae
Empusidae
belong to the superfamily Mantoidea, (“higher” mantises), together with Mantidae
Mantidae
and Hymenopodidae
Hymenopodidae
[5]. Phylogenetic studies place Empusidae
Empusidae
as a sister group to Hymenopodidae. Empusidae and Hymenopodidae
Hymenopodidae
are in turn placed as sister groups to all other ambush mantids [3]. There are two subfamilies within Empusidae, Blepharodinae and Empusinae. The Blepharodinae subfamily holds three genera, Blepharodes, Blepharopsis
Blepharopsis
and Idolomantis. The Empusinae subfamily is divided into two tribes, Empusini and Idolomorphini. The Empusini tribe holds five genera, Dilatempusa, Empusa, Gonglyus and Hypsicorypha (see List of mantis genera and species). The Idolomorphini tribe holds the three remaining genera,Hemiempusa, Idolomorpha (see List of mantis genera and species) and Chopardempusa [6]. The latest phylogeny was revised by Svenson et al. 2015 [1]. Images[edit]

See also[edit]

List of mantis genera and species

References[edit]

Svenson, Gavin J., et al. "Of flowers and twigs: phylogenetic revision of the plant‐mimicking praying mantises (Mantodea: Empusidae
Empusidae
and Hymenopodidae) with a new suprageneric classification." Systematic Entomology 40.4 (2015)[1] Khokhar, Jawaid A., and N. M. Soomro. "A Comparative Study of Structural Adaptations of Mouthparts in Mantodea
Mantodea
From Sindh." Pakistan J. Zool 41.1 (2009): 21-27.[2] Svenson, Gavin J., and Michael F. Whiting. "Phylogeny of Mantodea based on molecular data: evolution of a charismatic predator." Systematic Entomology 29.3 (2004): 359-370.[3] Ehrmann, Reinhard. Mantodea
Mantodea
Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier, 2002.[4] Grimaldi, David and Michael S. Engel. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, 2005.[5] Mantodea
Mantodea
Species File, 2017. http://mantodea.speciesfile.org/Common/basic/Taxa.aspx?TaxonNameID=1182268 Retrieved 11 January 2017.[6] External links[edit]

Tree of Life - Empusidae Mantodea
Mantodea
Species File

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Extant Mantodea
Mantodea
families

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Dictyoptera

Acanthopidae Amorphoscelididae Chaeteessidae Empusidae Eremiaphilidae Hymenopodidae
Hymenopodidae
(flower mantises) Iridopterygidae Liturgusidae Mantidae Mantoididae Metallyticidae Sibyllidae Tarachodidae Thespidae Toxoderidae

List of mantis genera and species

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q376891 EoL: 2942356 EPPO: 1EMPUF Fauna Europaea: 11921 Fossilworks: 180112 GBIF: 9381 NCBI: 200550

This Mantodea-related article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.

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^ Svenson, Gavin J., et al. "Of flowers and twigs: phylogenetic revision of the plant‐mimicking praying mantises (Mantodea: Empusidae
Empusidae
and Hymenopodidae) with a new suprageneric classification." Systematic Entomology 40.4 (2015) ^ [Khokhar, Jawaid A., and N. M. Soomro. "A Comparative Study of Structural Adaptations of Mouthparts in Mantodea
Mantodea
From Sindh." Pakistan J. Zool 41.1 (2009): 21-27. ^ Svenson, Gavin J., and Michael F. Whiting. "Phylogeny of Mantodea based on molecular data: evolution of a charismatic predator." Systematic Entomology 29.3 (2004): 359-370. ^ Ehrmann, Reinhard. Mantodea
Mantodea
Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier, 2002. ^ Grimaldi, David and Michael S. Engel. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, 2005. ^ Mantodea
Mantodea
Species File, 2017. http://mantodea.speciesfile.org/Common/basic/Taxa.aspx?TaxonNameID=1182268 Retrieve

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