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Emperor
Emperor
Go-Suzaku (後朱雀天皇, Go-Suzaku-tennō, December 14, 1009 – February 7, 1045) was the 69th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Go-Suzaku's reign spanned the years from 1036 through 1045.[3] This 11th-century sovereign was named after the 10th-century Emperor Suzaku and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor
Emperor
Suzaku". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Suzaku, the second" or as "Suzaku II."

Contents

1 Traditional narrative

1.1 Events of Go-Suzaku's life 1.2 Kugyō

2 Eras of Go-Suzaku's reign 3 Consorts and children 4 Notes 5 References 6 See also

Traditional narrative[edit] Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum
Throne, his personal name (his imina)[4] was Atsunaga-shinnō (敦良親王).[5][6] His father was Emperor
Emperor
Ichijō. His mother was Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子), the daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga (藤原道長). He was the younger brother and heir to Emperor Go-Ichijō. Go-Suzaku had five Empresses and seven Imperial children.[7] Events of Go-Suzaku's life[edit]

May 15, 1036 ( Chōgen
Chōgen
9, 17th day of the 4th month) : In the 9th year of Emperor
Emperor
Go-Ichijō's reign (後一条天皇九年), he died; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his son.[8] 1036 ( Chōgen
Chōgen
9, 7th month): Emperor
Emperor
Go-Suzaku is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[9] February 5, 1045 ( Kantoku
Kantoku
2, 16th day of the 1st month): Emperor Go-Suzaku abdicated.[7] February 7, 1045 ( Kantoku
Kantoku
2, 18th day of the 1st month): The former- Emperor
Emperor
Go-Suzaku died at the age of 37.[10] His reign has lasted nine years—five in the nengō Chōryaku, four in Chōkyu, and 2 in Kantoku.

Decorative emblems (kiri) of the Hosokawa clan are found at Ryoan-ji. Go-Suzaku is amongst six other emperors entombed near what had been the residence of Hosokawa Katsumoto
Hosokawa Katsumoto
before the Ōnin War.

The actual site of Go-Suzaku's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto
Shinto
shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto. The Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
designates this location as Go-Suzaku's mausoleum. It is formally named Enjō-ji no misasagi.[11] Go-Suzaku is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji Temple in Kyoto.[12] The specific mound which commemorates the Hosokawa Emperor
Emperor
Go-Suzaku is today named Shu-zan.[13] The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble in the period after Go-Suzaku died.[13] These tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th century restoration of imperial sepulchers (misasagi) which were ordered by Emperor
Emperor
Meiji.[13] The final resting place of Emperor
Emperor
Go-Suzaku's consort, Teishi Nai-shinnō (1013–1094), is here as well.[13] Kugyō[edit] Kugyō
Kugyō
(公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted. In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Suzaku's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan
Daijō-kan
included:

Sadaijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.[7] Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.[7] Nadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.[7] Dainagon

Eras of Go-Suzaku's reign[edit] The years of Go-Suzaku's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[14]

Chōgen
Chōgen
(1028–1037) Chōryaku
Chōryaku
(1037–1040) Chōkyū
Chōkyū
(1040–1044) Kantoku
Kantoku
(1044–1046)

Consorts and children[edit] Crown Princess (died before Emperor's accession): Fujiwara no Yoshiko/Kishi (藤原嬉子), 4th daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga

Imperial Prince Chikahito (親仁親王) ( Emperor
Emperor
Go-Reizei) (1025–1068)

Empress (kōgō): Imperial Princess Sadako/Teishi (禎子内親王) (1013–1094), 3rd daughter of Emperor
Emperor
Sanjō

Imperial Prince Takahito (尊仁親王) ( Emperor
Emperor
Go-Sanjō) (1034–1073) Imperial Princess Nagako/Ryōshi (良子内親王) (1029–1077) – Saiō
Saiō
at Ise Shrine
Shrine
1036–1045 (Ippon-Jusangū, 一品准三宮) Imperial Princess Yoshiko/Kenshi (娟子内親王) (1032–1103) – Saiin at Kamo Shrine
Shrine
1036–1045, and later married to Minamoto
Minamoto
no Toshifusa (源俊房)

Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Motoko/Genshi (藤原嫄子) (1016–1039), adopted daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimichi
Fujiwara no Yorimichi
(biological daughter of Imperial Prince Atsuyasu (敦康親王))

Imperial Princess Sukeko/Yūshi (祐子内親王) (1038–1105) – (Sanpon-Jusangū, 三品准三宮) Imperial Princess Miwako/Baishi (禖子内親王) (Rokujō Saiin, 六条斎院) (1039–1096) – Saiin at Kamo Shrine
Shrine
1046–1058

Nyōgo: Fujiwara no Nariko/Seishi (藤原生子) (1014–1068), eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原教通) Nyōgo: Fujiwara no Nobuko/Enshi (藤原延子) (1016–1095), 2nd daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimune (藤原頼宗)

Imperial Princess Masako/Seishi (正子内親王) (Oshinokōji-Saiin, 押小路斎院) (1045–1114) – Saiin at Kamo Shrine
Shrine
1058–1069

Notes[edit]

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

^ a b Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
(Kunaichō): 後朱雀天皇 (69) ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 75. ^ Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 310–311; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 160–162., p. 160, at Google Books ^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor
Emperor
Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign. ^ Brown, p. 310; Varley, p. 197. ^ Titsingh, p. 160. ^ a b c d e Brown, p. 311. ^ Brown, p. 310; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor
Emperor
Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor
Emperor
Go-Murakami. ^ Titsingh, p. 160; Varley, p. 44. ^ Titsingh, p. 162; Brown, p. 311. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421. ^ The "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji
Ryoan-ji
are the burial places of Uda, Kazan, Ichijō, Go-Suzaku, Go-Reizei, Go-Sanjō, and Horikawa. ^ a b c d Moscher, G. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide, pp. 277–278. ^ Titsingh, p. 160-162.

References[edit]

Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323 Moscher, Gouverneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide. ISBN 9780804812948; OCLC 4589403 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial
Memorial
Society. OCLC 194887 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842

See also[edit]

Emperor
Emperor
of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult

Regnal titles

Preceded by Emperor
Emperor
Go-Ichijō Emperor
Emperor
of Japan: Go-Suzaku 1036–1045 Succeeded by Emperor
Emperor
Go-Reizei

v t e

Japanese monarchs

Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not traditionally listed. Years given as CE / AD

Legendary

Jimmu Suizei Annei Itoku Kōshō Kōan Kōrei Kōgen Kaika Sujin Suinin Keikō Seimu Chūai Jingū

Kofun

Ōjin Nintoku Richū Hanzei Ingyō Ankō Yūryaku Seinei Kenzō Ninken Buretsu Keitai Ankan Senka

Asuka

552–710

Kinmei Bidatsu Yōmei Sushun Suiko Jomei Kōgyoku Kōtoku Saimei Tenji Kōbun Tenmu Jitō Monmu Genmei

Nara

710–794

Genmei Genshō Shōmu Kōken Junnin Shōtoku Kōnin Kanmu

Heian

794–1185

Kanmu Heizei Saga Junna Ninmyō Montoku Seiwa Yōzei Kōkō Uda Daigo Suzaku Murakami Reizei En'yū Kazan Ichijō Sanjō Go-Ichijō Go-Suzaku Go-Reizei Go-Sanjō Shirakawa Horikawa Toba Sutoku Konoe Go-Shirakawa Nijō Rokujō Takakura Antoku Go-Toba

Kamakura

1185–1333

Tsuchimikado Juntoku Chūkyō Go-Horikawa Shijō Go-Saga Go-Fukakusa Kameyama Go-Uda Fushimi Go-Fushimi Go-Nijō Hanazono Go-Daigo

Northern Court

1333–1392

Kōgon Kōmyō Sukō Go-Kōgon Go-En'yū Go-Komatsu

Muromachi

1333–1573

Go-Murakami Chōkei Go-Kameyama Go-Komatsu Shōkō Go-Hanazono Go-Tsuchimikado Go-Kashiwabara Go-Nara Ōgimachi

Azuchi-Momoyama

1573–1603

Ōgimachi Go-Yōzei

Edo

1603–1868

Go-Yōzei Go-Mizunoo Meishō Go-Kōmyō Go-Sai Reigen Higashiyama Nakamikado Sakuramachi Momozono Go-Sakuramachi Go-Momozono Kōkaku Ninkō Kōmei Meiji

Empire of Japan

1868–1947

Meiji Taishō Shōwa

Japan
Japan
(Post-war Japan)

1947–present

Shōwa Akihito
Akihito
(Heisei period; Reigning Emperor)

Imperial family tree Imperial house

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 58877649 LCCN: no200800

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