Emperor Go-Suzaku (後朱雀天皇, Go-Suzaku-tennō, December 14,
1009 – February 7, 1045) was the 69th emperor of Japan, according
to the traditional order of succession.
Go-Suzaku's reign spanned the years from 1036 through 1045.
This 11th-century sovereign was named after the 10th-century Emperor
Suzaku and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is
sometimes called the "Later
Emperor Suzaku". The Japanese word "go"
has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older
sources, this emperor may be identified as "Suzaku, the second" or as
1 Traditional narrative
1.1 Events of Go-Suzaku's life
2 Eras of Go-Suzaku's reign
3 Consorts and children
6 See also
Before his ascension to the
Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name
(his imina) was Atsunaga-shinnō (敦良親王).
His father was
Emperor Ichijō. His mother was Fujiwara no
Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子), the daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga
(藤原道長). He was the younger brother and heir to Emperor
Go-Suzaku had five Empresses and seven Imperial children.
Events of Go-Suzaku's life
May 15, 1036 (
Chōgen 9, 17th day of the 4th month) : In the 9th
Emperor Go-Ichijō's reign (後一条天皇九年), he died;
and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his son.
Chōgen 9, 7th month):
Emperor Go-Suzaku is said to have acceded
to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
February 5, 1045 (
Kantoku 2, 16th day of the 1st month): Emperor
February 7, 1045 (
Kantoku 2, 18th day of the 1st month): The
Emperor Go-Suzaku died at the age of 37. His reign has
lasted nine years—five in the nengō Chōryaku, four in Chōkyu, and
2 in Kantoku.
Decorative emblems (kiri) of the Hosokawa clan are found at Ryoan-ji.
Go-Suzaku is amongst six other emperors entombed near what had been
the residence of
Hosokawa Katsumoto before the Ōnin War.
The actual site of Go-Suzaku's grave is known. This emperor is
traditionally venerated at a memorial
Shinto shrine (misasagi) at
Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Go-Suzaku's
mausoleum. It is formally named Enjō-ji no misasagi.
Go-Suzaku is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji
Temple in Kyoto.
The specific mound which commemorates the Hosokawa
is today named Shu-zan.
The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble in the period
after Go-Suzaku died.
These tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th
century restoration of imperial sepulchers (misasagi) which were
The final resting place of
Emperor Go-Suzaku's consort, Teishi
Nai-shinnō (1013–1094), is here as well.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful
men attached to the court of the
Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras.
Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside
the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a
time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background
would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During
Go-Suzaku's reign, this apex of the
Sadaijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.
Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.
Nadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.
Eras of Go-Suzaku's reign
The years of Go-Suzaku's reign are more specifically identified by
more than one era name or nengō.
Consorts and children
Crown Princess (died before Emperor's accession): Fujiwara no
Yoshiko/Kishi (藤原嬉子), 4th daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga
Imperial Prince Chikahito (親仁親王) (
Empress (kōgō): Imperial Princess Sadako/Teishi (禎子内親王)
(1013–1094), 3rd daughter of
Imperial Prince Takahito (尊仁親王) (
Imperial Princess Nagako/Ryōshi (良子内親王) (1029–1077) –
Saiō at Ise
Shrine 1036–1045 (Ippon-Jusangū, 一品准三宮)
Imperial Princess Yoshiko/Kenshi (娟子内親王) (1032–1103) –
Saiin at Kamo
Shrine 1036–1045, and later married to
Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Motoko/Genshi (藤原嫄子)
(1016–1039), adopted daughter of
Fujiwara no Yorimichi
Fujiwara no Yorimichi (biological
daughter of Imperial Prince Atsuyasu (敦康親王))
Imperial Princess Sukeko/Yūshi (祐子内親王) (1038–1105) –
Imperial Princess Miwako/Baishi (禖子内親王) (Rokujō Saiin,
六条斎院) (1039–1096) – Saiin at Kamo
Nyōgo: Fujiwara no Nariko/Seishi (藤原生子) (1014–1068), eldest
Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原教通)
Nyōgo: Fujiwara no Nobuko/Enshi (藤原延子) (1016–1095), 2nd
daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimune (藤原頼宗)
Imperial Princess Masako/Seishi (正子内親王) (Oshinokōji-Saiin,
押小路斎院) (1045–1114) – Saiin at Kamo
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
^ a b
Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後朱雀天皇 (69)
^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 75.
^ Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 310–311; Varley, H.
Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).
Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 160–162., p. 160, at Google
^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to
Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the
emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The
number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
^ Brown, p. 310; Varley, p. 197.
^ Titsingh, p. 160.
^ a b c d e Brown, p. 311.
^ Brown, p. 310; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is
unrecognized prior to
Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō,
Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year
until the reign of
^ Titsingh, p. 160; Varley, p. 44.
^ Titsingh, p. 162; Brown, p. 311.
^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
^ The "Seven Imperial Tombs" at
Ryoan-ji are the burial places of Uda,
Kazan, Ichijō, Go-Suzaku, Go-Reizei, Go-Sanjō, and Horikawa.
^ a b c d Moscher, G. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide, pp.
^ Titsingh, p. 160-162.
Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The
Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press.
ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
Moscher, Gouverneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide.
ISBN 9780804812948; OCLC 4589403
Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of
Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby
Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs
du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of
Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and
Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press.
ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
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