The Info List - Emperor Go-Reizei

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Go-Reizei (後冷泉天皇, Go-Reizei-tennō, August 28, 1025 – May 22, 1068) was the 70th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Go-Reizei's reign spanned the years 1045–1068.[3] This 11th century sovereign was named after the 10th century Emperor Reizei and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor
Reizei". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Reizei, the second," or as "Reizei II."


1 Traditional narrative

1.1 Events of Go-Reizei's life 1.2 Kugyō

2 Eras of Go-Reizei's reign 3 Empresses and consorts 4 Notes 5 References 6 See also

Traditional narrative[edit] Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum
Throne, his personal name (imina)[4] was Chikahito-shinnō (親仁親王).[5] He was the eldest son of Emperor
Go-Suzaku. His mother was Fujiwara no Kishi (藤原嬉子), formerly Naishi-no kami, daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. Go-Reizei had three Empresses and no Imperial sons or daughters.[6] Events of Go-Reizei's life[edit]

Decorative emblems (kiri) of the Hosokawa clan are found at Ryoan-ji. Go-Reizei is amongst six other emperors entombed near what had been the residence of Hosokawa Katsumoto
Hosokawa Katsumoto
before the Ōnin War.

When Emperor Go-Suzaku
Emperor Go-Suzaku
abdicated on February 5, 1045, his eldest son received the succession (‘‘senso’’) on the same day. Emperor Go-Reizei formally acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’) shortly after, and the era name was changed the following year to mark the beginning of his reign.[7][6] His father Go-Suzaku died at the age of 37 on February 7, 1045 of unknown causes[8] The one major event in Go-Reizei's life occurred in the year 1051, when Abe no Sadatō and Munetō instigated a rebellion that became known as the Nine Years War (1051–1062). In response, Minamoto no Yoriyoshi is appointed governor of Mutsu and he is named chinjufu shōgun. He is given these titles and powers so that he will be able to restore peace in the north. Yoriyoshi would have been the first to receive this specific shogunal title, although his grandfather (Minamoto no Tsunemoto) had been seitō fuku-shōgun (assistant commander for pacification of the east).[9] Go-Reizei later died on May 22, 1068 at the age of 44 leaving no direct heirs to the throne.[10] He was succeeded by his father's second son Takahito-shinnō aka Emperor
Go-Sanjō. The actual site of Go-Reizei's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto
shrine (misasagi) though at Kyoto. The Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
designates this location as Go-Reizei's mausoleum. It is formally named Enkyo-ji no misasagi.[11] Go-Reizei is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji Temple in Kyoto.[12] The mound which commemorates the Hosokawa Emperor Go-Reizei is today named Shu-zan. The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble in the period after Go-Reizei died.[13] These tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th century restoration of imperial sepulchers (misasagi) which were ordered by Emperor

Kugyō[edit] Kugyō
(公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted. In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Reizei's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan

Kampaku, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.[14] Kampaku, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.[14] Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi.[14] Sadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi.[14] Sadaijin Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.[14] Udaijin, Fujiwara Yorimune, 993–1065.[14] Udaijin, Fujiwara Morozane, 1042–1101.[10] Nadaijin, Minamoto Morofusa, 1009–1077.[10] Dainagon

Eras of Go-Reizei's reign[edit] The years of Go-Reizei's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[15]

(1044–1046) Eishō (1046–1053) Tengi
(1053–1058) Kōhei
(1058–1065) Jiryaku

Empresses and consorts[edit] Empress (kōgō): Fujiwara no Hiroko/Kanshi (藤原寛子) (1036–1127), eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimichi
Fujiwara no Yorimichi
(藤原頼通) Empress (kōgō): Fujiwara no Kanshi (藤原歓子) (1021–1102), second daughter of Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原教通) Empress (chūgū): Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王) (1026–1105), first daughter of Emperor
Go-Ichijō, thus his first cousin Notes[edit]

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

^ a b Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
(Kunaichō): 後冷泉天皇 (70) ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 76. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 162–166; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 311–314; ; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 197-198. ^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor
Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign. ^ Titsingh, p. 162; Brown, p. 311, Varley, p. 197. ^ a b Brown, p. 311. ^ Brown, p. 311; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor
Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor
Go-Murakami. ^ Titsingh, p. 160; Brown, p. 311. ^ Varley, pp. 197–198. ^ a b c Brown, p. 313; Varley, p. 198. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421. ^ The "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji
are the burial places of Uda, Kazan, Ichijō, Go-Suzaku, Go-Reizei, Go-Sanjō, and Horikawa. ^ a b Moscher, Gouveneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide, pp. 277–278. ^ a b c d e f Brown, p. 312. ^ Titsingh, pp. 161–166; Brown, p. 313.


Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323 Moscher, Gouverneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide. ISBN 9780804812948; OCLC 4589403 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial
Society. OCLC 194887 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842

See also[edit]

of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult

Regnal titles

Preceded by Emperor
Go-Suzaku Emperor
of Japan: Go-Reizei 1045–1068 Succeeded by Emperor

v t e

Japanese monarchs

Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not traditionally listed. Years given as CE / AD


Jimmu Suizei Annei Itoku Kōshō Kōan Kōrei Kōgen Kaika Sujin Suinin Keikō Seimu Chūai Jingū


Ōjin Nintoku Richū Hanzei Ingyō Ankō Yūryaku Seinei Kenzō Ninken Buretsu Keitai Ankan Senka



Kinmei Bidatsu Yōmei Sushun Suiko Jomei Kōgyoku Kōtoku Saimei Tenji Kōbun Tenmu Jitō Monmu Genmei



Genmei Genshō Shōmu Kōken Junnin Shōtoku Kōnin Kanmu



Kanmu Heizei Saga Junna Ninmyō Montoku Seiwa Yōzei Kōkō Uda Daigo Suzaku Murakami Reizei En'yū Kazan Ichijō Sanjō Go-Ichijō Go-Suzaku Go-Reizei Go-Sanjō Shirakawa Horikawa Toba Sutoku Konoe Go-Shirakawa Nijō Rokujō Takakura Antoku Go-Toba



Tsuchimikado Juntoku Chūkyō Go-Horikawa Shijō Go-Saga Go-Fukakusa Kameyama Go-Uda Fushimi Go-Fushimi Go-Nijō Hanazono Go-Daigo

Northern Court


Kōgon Kōmyō Sukō Go-Kōgon Go-En'yū Go-Komatsu



Go-Murakami Chōkei Go-Kameyama Go-Komatsu Shōkō Go-Hanazono Go-Tsuchimikado Go-Kashiwabara Go-Nara Ōgimachi



Ōgimachi Go-Yōzei



Go-Yōzei Go-Mizunoo Meishō Go-Kōmyō Go-Sai Reigen Higashiyama Nakamikado Sakuramachi Momozono Go-Sakuramachi Go-Momozono Kōkaku Ninkō Kōmei Meiji

Empire of Japan


Meiji Taishō Shōwa

(Post-war Japan)


Shōwa Akihito
(Heisei period; Reigning Emperor)

Imperial family tree Imperial house

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 78576045 LCCN: no200800