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EMPEROR GO-REIZEI (後冷泉天皇, Go-Reizei-tennō , August 28, 1025 – May 22, 1068) was the 70th emperor of Japan
Japan
, according to the traditional order of succession .

Go-Reizei's reign spanned the years 1045–1068.

This 11th century sovereign was named after the 10th century Emperor Reizei and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor
Emperor
Reizei". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Reizei, the second," or as "Reizei II."

CONTENTS

* 1 Traditional narrative

* 1.1 Events of Go-Reizei\'s life * 1.2 Kugyō
Kugyō

* 2 Eras of Go-Reizei\'s reign * 3 Empresses and consorts * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 See also

TRADITIONAL NARRATIVE

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne , his personal name (imina ) was Chikahito-shinnō (親仁親王).

He was the eldest son of Emperor Go-Suzaku
Emperor Go-Suzaku
. His mother was Fujiwara no Kishi (藤原嬉子), formerly Naishi-no kami, daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga .

Go-Reizei had three Empresses and no Imperial sons or daughters.

EVENTS OF GO-REIZEI\'S LIFE

* FEBRUARY 5, 1045 ( Kantoku
Kantoku
2, 16th day of the 1st month) : Emperor Go-Suzaku abdicated; and his eldest son receive the succession (‘‘senso’’) on the same day. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Reizei formally accedes to the throne (‘‘sokui’’). The following year, the era name is changed to mark the beginning of Go-Reizei's reign. * FEBRUARY 7, 1045 ( Kantoku
Kantoku
2, 18th day in the 1st month): Go-Suzaku died at the age of 37. * 1051 (Eishō 6): In Michinoku , Abe no Sadatō and Munetō instigate a rebellion which becomes known as the Nine Years War (1051–1062) because, even though the period of strife lasts for 11 years, the actual fighting lasts for nine years. In response, Minamoto no Yoriyoshi is appointed governor of Mutsu and he is named chinjufu shōgun. He is given these titles and powers so that he will be able to restore peace in the north. Yoriyoshi would have been the first to receive this specific shogunal title, although his grandfather ( Minamoto no Tsunemoto
Minamoto no Tsunemoto
) had been seitō fuku-shōgun (assistant commander for pacification of the east). * MAY 22, 1068 ( Jiryaku 4, 19th day of the 4th month): The former- Emperor
Emperor
Go-Reizei died at the age of 44. Go-Reizei had no direct heirs.

Decorative emblems (kiri) of the Hosokawa clan are found at Ryoan-ji . Go-Reizei is amongst six other emperors entombed near what had been the residence of Hosokawa Katsumoto
Hosokawa Katsumoto
before the Ōnin War
Ōnin War
.

The actual site of Go-Reizei's grave is known. This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto
Shinto
shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
designates this location as Go-Reizei's mausoleum . It is formally named Enkyo-ji no misasagi.

Go-Reizei is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji Temple in Kyoto
Kyoto
.

The mound which commemorates the Hosokawa Emperor
Emperor
Go-Reizei is today named Shu-zan. The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble in the period after Go-Reizei died.

These tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th century restoration of imperial sepulchers (misasagi) which were ordered by Emperor
Emperor
Meiji.

KUGYō

Kugyō
Kugyō
(公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor
Emperor
of Japan
Japan
in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Reizei's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan
Daijō-kan
included:

* Kampaku
Kampaku
, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074. * Kampaku
Kampaku
, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075. * Daijō-daijin
Daijō-daijin
, Fujiwara Yorimichi. * Sadaijin
Sadaijin
, Fujiwara Norimichi. * Sadaijin
Sadaijin
* Udaijin
Udaijin
, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046. * Udaijin
Udaijin
, Fujiwara Yorimune, 993–1065. * Udaijin
Udaijin
, Fujiwara Morozane, 1042–1101. * Nadaijin
Nadaijin
, Minamoto Morofusa, 1009–1077. * Dainagon
Dainagon

ERAS OF GO-REIZEI\'S REIGN

The years of Go-Reizei's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō .

* Kantoku
Kantoku
(1044–1046) * Eishō (1046–1053) * Tengi (1053–1058) * Kōhei (1058–1065) * Jiryaku (1065–1069)

EMPRESSES AND CONSORTS

Empress (chūgū): Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王) (1026–1105), first daughter of Emperor
Emperor
Go-Ichijō , thus his first cousin

Empress (kōgō): Fujiwara no Hiroko/Kanshi (藤原寛子) (1036–1127), eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原頼通)

Empress (kōgō): Fujiwara no Kanshi (藤原歓子) (1021–1102), second daughter of Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原教通)

NOTES

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

* ^ A B Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
(Kunaichō): 後冷泉天皇 (70) * ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 76. * ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 162–166; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 311–314; ; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 197-198. * ^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor
Emperor
Jomei , the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign. * ^ Titsingh, p. 162; Brown, p. 311, Varley, p. 197. * ^ A B Brown, p. 311. * ^ Brown, p. 311; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor
Emperor
Tenji ; and all sovereigns except Jitō , Yōzei , Go-Toba , and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami . * ^ Titsingh, p. 160; Brown, p. 311. * ^ Varley, pp. 197–198. * ^ A B C Brown, p. 313; Varley, p. 198. * ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421. * ^ The "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji are the burial places of Uda , Kazan , Ichijō , Go-Suzaku , Go-Reizei, Go-Sanjō , and Horikawa . * ^ A B Moscher, Gouveneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide, pp. 277–278. * ^ A B C D E F Brown, p. 312. * ^ Titsingh, pp. 161–166; Brown, p. 313.

REFERENCES

* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0 ; OCLC 251325323 * Moscher, Gouverneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide. ISBN 9780804812948 ; OCLC 4589403 * Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon . (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial
Memorial
Society. OCLC 194887 * Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran
Nihon Odai Ichiran
; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 * Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5 ; OCLC 59145842

SEE ALSO

* Emperor
Emperor
of Japan
Japan
* List of Emperors of Japan
Japan
* Imperial cult
Imperial cult

REGNAL TITLES

Preceded by Emperor Go-Suzaku
Emperor Go-Suzaku
Emperor
Emperor
of Japan
Japan
: Go-Reizei 1045–1068 Succeeded by Emperor Go-Sanjō

* v * t * e

Japanese monarchs

* Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not traditionally listed. * Years given as CE / AD

LEGENDARY

* Jimmu * Suizei * Annei * Itoku * Kōshō * Kōan * Kōrei * Kōgen * Kaika * Sujin * Suinin * Keikō * Seimu * Chūai * Jingū

KOFUN

* Ōjin * Nintoku * Richū * Hanzei * Ingyō * Ankō * Yūryaku * Seinei * Kenzō * Ninken * Buretsu * Keitai * Ankan * Senka

ASUKA

552–710

* Kinmei * Bidatsu * Yōmei * Sushun * Suiko * Jomei * Kōgyoku * Kōtoku * Saimei * Tenji * Kōbun * Tenmu * Jitō * Monmu * Genmei

NARA

710–794

* Genmei * Genshō * Shōmu * Kōken * Junnin * Shōtoku * Kōnin * Kanmu

HEIAN

794–1185

* Kanmu * Heizei * Saga * Junna * Ninmyō * Montoku * Seiwa * Yōzei * Kōkō * Uda * Daigo * Suzaku * Murakami * Reizei * En\'yū * Kazan * Ichijō * Sanjō * Go-Ichijō * Go-Suzaku * Go-Reizei * Go-Sanjō * Shirakawa * Horikawa * Toba * Sutoku * Konoe * Go-Shirakawa * Nijō * Rokujō * Takakura * Antoku * Go-Toba

KAMAKURA

1185–1333

* Tsuchimikado * Juntoku * Chūkyō * Go-Horikawa * Shijō * Go-Saga * Go-Fukakusa * Kameyama * Go-Uda * Fushimi * Go-Fushimi * Go-Nijō * Hanazono * Go-Daigo

NORTHERN COURT

1333–1392

* Kōgon * Kōmyō * Sukō * Go-Kōgon * Go-En\'yū * Go-Komatsu

MUROMACHI

1333–1573

* Go-Murakami * Chōkei * Go-Kameyama * Go-Komatsu * Shōkō * Go-Hanazono * Go-Tsuchimikado * Go-Kashiwabara * Go-Nara * Ōgimachi

AZUCHI-MOMOYAMA

1573–1603

* Ōgimachi * Go-Yōzei

EDO

1603–1868

* Go-Yōzei * Go-Mizunoo * Meishō * Go-Kōmyō * Go-Sai * Reigen * Higashiyama * Nakamikado * Sakuramachi * Momozono * Go-Sakuramachi * Go-Momozono * Kōkaku * Ninkō * Kōmei * Meiji

EMPIRE OF JAPAN

1868–1945

* Meiji * Taishō * Shōwa

POST-WAR JAPAN

1945–PRESENT

* Shōwa * Akihito
Akihito
(Reigning Emperor
Emperor
)

* Imperial family tree * Imperial house

* List * Category
Category
* Book
Book

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 78576045 * LCCN : no2008005311 * NDL

.