EMPEROR GO-REIZEI (後冷泉天皇, Go-Reizei-tennō , August 28,
1025 – May 22, 1068) was the 70th emperor of
Japan , according to
the traditional order of succession .
Go-Reizei's reign spanned the years 1045–1068.
This 11th century sovereign was named after the 10th century Emperor
Reizei and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is
sometimes called the "Later
Emperor Reizei". The Japanese word "go"
has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older
sources, this emperor may be identified as "Reizei, the second," or as
* 1 Traditional narrative
* 1.1 Events of Go-Reizei\'s life
* 2 Eras of Go-Reizei\'s reign
* 3 Empresses and consorts
* 4 Notes
* 5 References
* 6 See also
Before his ascension to the
Chrysanthemum Throne , his personal name
(imina ) was Chikahito-shinnō (親仁親王).
He was the eldest son of
Emperor Go-Suzaku . His mother was Fujiwara
no Kishi (藤原嬉子), formerly Naishi-no kami, daughter of Fujiwara
no Michinaga .
Go-Reizei had three Empresses and no Imperial sons or daughters.
EVENTS OF GO-REIZEI\'S LIFE
* FEBRUARY 5, 1045 (
Kantoku 2, 16th day of the 1st month) : Emperor
Go-Suzaku abdicated; and his eldest son receive the succession
(‘‘senso’’) on the same day. Shortly thereafter, Emperor
Go-Reizei formally accedes to the throne (‘‘sokui’’). The
following year, the era name is changed to mark the beginning of
* FEBRUARY 7, 1045 (
Kantoku 2, 18th day in the 1st month): Go-Suzaku
died at the age of 37.
* 1051 (Eishō 6): In Michinoku , Abe no Sadatō and Munetō
instigate a rebellion which becomes known as the Nine Years War
(1051–1062) because, even though the period of strife lasts for 11
years, the actual fighting lasts for nine years. In response, Minamoto
no Yoriyoshi is appointed governor of Mutsu and he is named chinjufu
shōgun. He is given these titles and powers so that he will be able
to restore peace in the north. Yoriyoshi would have been the first to
receive this specific shogunal title, although his grandfather
Minamoto no Tsunemoto
Minamoto no Tsunemoto ) had been seitō fuku-shōgun (assistant
commander for pacification of the east).
* MAY 22, 1068 (
Jiryaku 4, 19th day of the 4th month): The
Emperor Go-Reizei died at the age of 44. Go-Reizei had no
Decorative emblems (kiri) of the Hosokawa clan are found at
Ryoan-ji . Go-Reizei is amongst six other emperors entombed near what
had been the residence of
Hosokawa Katsumoto before the
Ōnin War .
The actual site of Go-Reizei's grave is known. This emperor is
traditionally venerated at a memorial
Shinto shrine (misasagi) at
Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Go-Reizei's
mausoleum . It is formally named Enkyo-ji no misasagi.
Go-Reizei is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at Ryoan-ji
The mound which commemorates the Hosokawa
Emperor Go-Reizei is today
named Shu-zan. The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble
in the period after Go-Reizei died.
These tombs reached their present state as a result of the 19th
century restoration of imperial sepulchers (misasagi) which were
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful
men attached to the court of the
Japan in pre-Meiji eras.
Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside
the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a
time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background
would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During
Go-Reizei's reign, this apex of the
Kampaku , Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.
Kampaku , Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.
Daijō-daijin , Fujiwara Yorimichi.
Sadaijin , Fujiwara Norimichi.
Udaijin , Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.
Udaijin , Fujiwara Yorimune, 993–1065.
Udaijin , Fujiwara Morozane, 1042–1101.
Nadaijin , Minamoto Morofusa, 1009–1077.
ERAS OF GO-REIZEI\'S REIGN
The years of Go-Reizei's reign are more specifically identified by
more than one era name or nengō .
* Eishō (1046–1053)
EMPRESSES AND CONSORTS
Empress (chūgū): Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王)
(1026–1105), first daughter of
Emperor Go-Ichijō , thus his first
Empress (kōgō): Fujiwara no Hiroko/Kanshi (藤原寛子)
(1036–1127), eldest daughter of
Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原頼通)
Fujiwara no Kanshi (藤原歓子) (1021–1102),
second daughter of
Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原教通)
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
* ^ A B
Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後冷泉天皇 (70)
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p.
* ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp.
162–166; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 311–314; ;
Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 197-198.
* ^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to
Emperor Jomei , the personal names of
the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The
number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
* ^ Titsingh, p. 162; Brown, p. 311, Varley, p. 197.
* ^ A B Brown, p. 311.
* ^ Brown, p. 311; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p.
44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to
Emperor Tenji ;
and all sovereigns except Jitō , Yōzei , Go-Toba , and Fushimi have
senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor
* ^ Titsingh, p. 160; Brown, p. 311.
* ^ Varley, pp. 197–198.
* ^ A B C Brown, p. 313; Varley, p. 198.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
* ^ The "Seven Imperial Tombs" at
Ryoan-ji are the burial places of
Uda , Kazan , Ichijō , Go-Suzaku , Go-Reizei, Go-Sanjō , and
* ^ A B Moscher, Gouveneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide,
* ^ A B C D E F Brown, p. 312.
* ^ Titsingh, pp. 161–166; Brown, p. 313.
* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The
Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN
978-0-520-03460-0 ; OCLC 251325323
* Moscher, Gouverneur. (1978). Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide. ISBN
9780804812948 ; OCLC 4589403
* Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon . (1959). The Imperial
House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby
Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
* Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).
Nihon Odai Ichiran
Nihon Odai Ichiran ; ou, Annales des
empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation
Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
* Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and
Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN
978-0-231-04940-5 ; OCLC 59145842
* List of Emperors of
1045–1068 Succeeded by
* Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not
* Years given as CE / AD
EMPIRE OF JAPAN
* Imperial family tree
* Imperial house
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 78576045
* LCCN : no2008005311