Emperor Go-Ichijō (後一条天皇, Go-Ichijō-tennō, October 12,
1008 – May 15, 1036) was the 68th emperor of Japan, according to
the traditional order of succession.
Go-Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 1016 through 1036.
This 11th century sovereign was named after
Emperor Ichijō and go-
(後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes
called the "Later
Emperor Ichijō", or, in some older sources, may be
identified as "
Emperor Ichijō, the second."
1 Traditional narrative
1.1 Events of Go-Ichijō's life
2 Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign
2.1 Consort and children
5 See also
Before his ascension to the
Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name
(imina) was Atsuhira -shinnō (敦成親王). He was also known
Atsuhira was the second son of
Emperor Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara
no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of
Fujiwara no Michinaga. In her later years, Ichijō's chūgo consort
was known as Jōtō-mon In (上東門院).
Events of Go-Ichijō's life
Atsuhira-shinnō was used as a pawn in Imperial court politics when he
was only a child.
Chōwa 1, 8th month): Prince Atsuhira marries a daughter of
sesshō and later kampaku Fujiwara no Michinaga.
Atsuhira became emperor at the age of 8, upon the abdication of his
first cousin once removed,
March 10, 1016 (
Chōwa 5, 29th day of the 1st month): In the 5th year
Emperor Sanjō's reign (三条天皇五年), he abdicated; and the
succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a cousin. Shortly
Emperor Go-Ichijō is said to have acceded to the throne
During the initial years of Go-Ichijō's reign, Fujiwara no Michinaga
actually ruled from his position as sesshō (regent).
June 5, 1017 (
Kannin 1, 9th day of the 5th month): The former-Emperor
Sanjō died at the age of 41.
Kannin 1, 8th month): Prince Atsuakira, the eldest son of
Emperor Sanjo, had been named Crown Prince. But after he is struck by
a skin disease and intense pressure from Michinaga; he withdrew from
this role and his younger brother, Prince Atsunaga, was named Crown
Prince in his place.
Kannin 1, 9th month): Michinaga made a pilgrimage to the
Iwashimizu Shrine accompanied by many courtiers. The travelers divided
themselves amongst 15 boats for a floating trip down the Yotogawa
River. One of the vessels overturned, and more than 30 people lost
Kannin 1, 12th month): Michinaga was elevated to the office of
May 15, 1036 (
Chōgen 9, 17th day of the 4th month): Emperor
Go-Ichijō died at the age of 27.
The actual site of Go-Ichijō's grave is known. This emperor is
traditionally venerated at a memorial
Shinto shrine (misasagi) at
Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Go-Ichijō's
mausoleum. It is formally named Bodaijuin no misasagi.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful
men attached to the court of the
Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras.
Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside
the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a
time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background
would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During
Go-Ichijō's reign, this apex of the
Sesshō, Fujiwara Michinaga, 966–1027.
Sesshō, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.
Kampaku, Fujiwara Yorimichi.
Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Michinaga.
Daijō-daijin, Kan'in Kinsue, 956–1029.
Sadaijin, Fujiwara Michinaga.
Sadaijin, Fujiwara Akimitsu, 944–1021.
Sadaijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi.
Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.
Nadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.
Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign
The years of Go-Ichijō's reign are more specifically identified by
more than one era name or nengō.
Consort and children
Emperor Go-Ichijō and one of his daughters, Kyoto
Go-Ichijō had one Empress and two Imperial daughters.
Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子) (999–1036), third
daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga
Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王) (Nijō-In,
二条院) (1026–1105), Empress (chūgū) to
Imperial Princess Kaoruko/Keishi (馨子内親王) (1029–1093),
Empress (chūgū) to
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
^ a b
Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後一条天皇 (68)
^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 74.
^ Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307–310; Varley, H.
Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).
Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156–159., p. 156, at Google
^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to
Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the
emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The
number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
^ Varley, p. 195
^ Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 307.
^ Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 309.
^ Titsingh, p. 154.
^ Titsingh, pp. 155–156; Brown, p. 307; Varley, p. 44; a distinct
act of senso is unrecognized prior to
Emperor Tenji; and all
sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and
sokui in the same year until the reign of
^ Brown, pp. 308–309; Varley, p. 195.
^ a b c Brown, p. 310.
^ Titsingh, p. 156.
^ a b Titsingh, p. 157.
^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
^ a b c Brown, p. 308-309.
^ a b c d e f g Brown, p. 309.
^ Titsingh, p. 156-159; Brown, p. 310.
Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The
Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press.
ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of
Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby
Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs
du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of
Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and
Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press.
ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
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