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Emperor
Emperor
Go-Ichijō (後一条天皇, Go-Ichijō-tennō, October 12, 1008 – May 15, 1036) was the 68th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Go-Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 1016 through 1036.[3] This 11th century sovereign was named after Emperor Ichijō
Emperor Ichijō
and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor
Emperor
Ichijō", or, in some older sources, may be identified as " Emperor
Emperor
Ichijō, the second."

Contents

1 Traditional narrative

1.1 Events of Go-Ichijō's life 1.2 Kugyō

2 Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign

2.1 Consort and children

3 Notes 4 References 5 See also

Traditional narrative[edit] Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum
Throne, his personal name (imina)[4] was Atsuhira -shinnō (敦成親王).[5] He was also known as Atsunari-shinnō.[6] Atsuhira was the second son of Emperor
Emperor
Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. In her later years, Ichijō's chūgo consort was known as Jōtō-mon In (上東門院).[7] Events of Go-Ichijō's life[edit] Atsuhira-shinnō was used as a pawn in Imperial court politics when he was only a child.

1012 ( Chōwa
Chōwa
1, 8th month): Prince Atsuhira marries a daughter of sesshō and later kampaku Fujiwara no Michinaga.[8]

Atsuhira became emperor at the age of 8, upon the abdication of his first cousin once removed, Emperor
Emperor
Sanjō.

March 10, 1016 ( Chōwa
Chōwa
5, 29th day of the 1st month): In the 5th year of Emperor
Emperor
Sanjō's reign (三条天皇五年), he abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor
Emperor
Go-Ichijō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[9]

During the initial years of Go-Ichijō's reign, Fujiwara no Michinaga actually ruled from his position as sesshō (regent).[10]

June 5, 1017 ( Kannin
Kannin
1, 9th day of the 5th month): The former-Emperor Sanjō died at the age of 41.[11] 1017 ( Kannin
Kannin
1, 8th month): Prince Atsuakira, the eldest son of Emperor
Emperor
Sanjo, had been named Crown Prince. But after he is struck by a skin disease and intense pressure from Michinaga; he withdrew from this role and his younger brother, Prince Atsunaga, was named Crown Prince in his place.[12] 1017 ( Kannin
Kannin
1, 9th month): Michinaga made a pilgrimage to the Iwashimizu Shrine
Iwashimizu Shrine
accompanied by many courtiers. The travelers divided themselves amongst 15 boats for a floating trip down the Yotogawa River. One of the vessels overturned, and more than 30 people lost their lives.[13] 1017 ( Kannin
Kannin
1, 12th month): Michinaga was elevated to the office of Daijō-Diajin.[13] May 15, 1036 ( Chōgen
Chōgen
9, 17th day of the 4th month): Emperor Go-Ichijō died at the age of 27.[11]

The actual site of Go-Ichijō's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto
Shinto
shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto. The Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
designates this location as Go-Ichijō's mausoleum. It is formally named Bodaijuin no misasagi.[14] Kugyō[edit] Kugyō
Kugyō
(公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted. In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Ichijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan
Daijō-kan
included:

Sesshō, Fujiwara Michinaga, 966–1027.[15] Sesshō, Fujiwara Yorimichi, 992–1074.[16] Kampaku, Fujiwara Yorimichi.[16] Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Michinaga.[15] Daijō-daijin, Kan'in Kinsue, 956–1029.[16] Sadaijin, Fujiwara Michinaga.[15] Sadaijin, Fujiwara Akimitsu, 944–1021.[16] Sadaijin, Fujiwara Yorimichi.[16] Udaijin, Fujiwara Sanesuke, 957–1046.[16] Nadaijin, Fujiwara Norimichi, 997–1075.[16] Dainagon

Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign[edit] The years of Go-Ichijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[17]

Chōwa
Chōwa
(1012–1017) Kannin
Kannin
(1017–1021) Jian (1021–1024) Manju (1024–1028) Chōgen
Chōgen
(1028–1037)

Consort and children[edit]

Tomb of Emperor
Emperor
Go-Ichijō and one of his daughters, Kyoto

Go-Ichijō had one Empress and two Imperial daughters.[11] Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子) (999–1036), third daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga

Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王) (Nijō-In, 二条院) (1026–1105), Empress (chūgū) to Emperor
Emperor
Go-Reizei Imperial Princess Kaoruko/Keishi (馨子内親王) (1029–1093), Empress (chūgū) to Emperor
Emperor
Go-Sanjō

Notes[edit]

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

^ a b Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
(Kunaichō): 後一条天皇 (68) ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 74. ^ Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307–310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156–159., p. 156, at Google Books ^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor
Emperor
Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign. ^ Varley, p. 195 ^ Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 307. ^ Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 309. ^ Titsingh, p. 154. ^ Titsingh, pp. 155–156; Brown, p. 307; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor
Emperor
Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor
Emperor
Go-Murakami. ^ Brown, pp. 308–309; Varley, p. 195. ^ a b c Brown, p. 310. ^ Titsingh, p. 156. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 157. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421. ^ a b c Brown, p. 308-309. ^ a b c d e f g Brown, p. 309. ^ Titsingh, p. 156-159; Brown, p. 310.

References[edit]

Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial
Memorial
Society. OCLC 194887 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842

See also[edit]

Emperor
Emperor
of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult

Regnal titles

Preceded by Emperor
Emperor
Sanjō Emperor
Emperor
of Japan: Go-Ichijō 1016–1036 Succeeded by Emperor
Emperor
Go-Suzaku

v t e

Japanese monarchs

Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not traditionally listed. Years given as CE / AD

Legendary

Jimmu Suizei Annei Itoku Kōshō Kōan Kōrei Kōgen Kaika Sujin Suinin Keikō Seimu Chūai Jingū

Kofun

Ōjin Nintoku Richū Hanzei Ingyō Ankō Yūryaku Seinei Kenzō Ninken Buretsu Keitai Ankan Senka

Asuka

552–710

Kinmei Bidatsu Yōmei Sushun Suiko Jomei Kōgyoku Kōtoku Saimei Tenji Kōbun Tenmu Jitō Monmu Genmei

Nara

710–794

Genmei Genshō Shōmu Kōken Junnin Shōtoku Kōnin Kanmu

Heian

794–1185

Kanmu Heizei Saga Junna Ninmyō Montoku Seiwa Yōzei Kōkō Uda Daigo Suzaku Murakami Reizei En'yū Kazan Ichijō Sanjō Go-Ichijō Go-Suzaku Go-Reizei Go-Sanjō Shirakawa Horikawa Toba Sutoku Konoe Go-Shirakawa Nijō Rokujō Takakura Antoku Go-Toba

Kamakura

1185–1333

Tsuchimikado Juntoku Chūkyō Go-Horikawa Shijō Go-Saga Go-Fukakusa Kameyama Go-Uda Fushimi Go-Fushimi Go-Nijō Hanazono Go-Daigo

Northern Court

1333–1392

Kōgon Kōmyō Sukō Go-Kōgon Go-En'yū Go-Komatsu

Muromachi

1333–1573

Go-Murakami Chōkei Go-Kameyama Go-Komatsu Shōkō Go-Hanazono Go-Tsuchimikado Go-Kashiwabara Go-Nara Ōgimachi

Azuchi-Momoyama

1573–1603

Ōgimachi Go-Yōzei

Edo

1603–1868

Go-Yōzei Go-Mizunoo Meishō Go-Kōmyō Go-Sai Reigen Higashiyama Nakamikado Sakuramachi Momozono Go-Sakuramachi Go-Momozono Kōkaku Ninkō Kōmei Meiji

Empire of Japan

1868–1947

Meiji Taishō Shōwa

Japan
Japan
(Post-war Japan)

1947–present

Shōwa Akihito
Akihito
(Heisei period; Reigning Emperor)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 66256145 LCCN: no200710

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