Emperor Xixia Chongzong of
Western Xia (西夏崇宗) (1084–1139),
or Li Qianshun (李乾順)1, was a Tangut emperor of
Western Xia (one
of the four kingdoms that made up China, along with Song dynasty, Liao
dynasty and Jin dynasty) from 1086 until 11392. Where Chongzong is his
temple name and Li Qianshun his living name, Shèngwéndì (聖文帝)
is his posthumous name. His reign began at the age of three, when his
father died. He remained under the regency of the Empress Madame
Liang3 until she was poisoned in 1099 by a Liao envoy.
Li's reign included further sinification and removed the power of some
significant Tangut clans, which had remained a powerful political
force—appointing tribal leaders as kings, forcing them under his
power and influence. His reign saw incursions by the surrounding Liao-
and Song-ruled nations, and a series of military defeats from 1114. He
established Confucianist-led administration for several political
quarters including civil and military, centralising his power.
Buddhism was prevalent during his reign, and the scriptures were
translated to the Tangut language.
His era names were:
Tiānyízhìpíng (天儀治平) 1086–1089
Tiānyòumín'ān (天祐民安) 1090–1097
Yǒng'ān (永安) 1098–1100
Zhēnguān (貞觀) 1101–1113
Yōngníng (雍寧) 1114–1118
Yuándé (元德) 1119–1127
Zhèngdé (正德) 1127–1134
Dàdé (大德) 1135–1139
Emperor of the
Western Xia Dynasty
Emperors of the Western Xia
Xia → Shang → Zhou → Qin → Han → 3 Kingdoms → Jìn / 16
Kingdoms → S. Dynasties / N. Dynasties → Sui → Tang → 5
Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms → Liao / Song / W. Xia / Jīn → Yuan
→ Ming → Qing → ROC / PRC
^ Note 1: Names in
Chinese characters are from chinaknowledge.de
^ Note 2: Reign dates are from uglychinese.org
^ Note 3: There were two dowagers of Tangut emperors named Empress
Liang, the other was over
Emperor Huizong of Western Xia, see Ksenia
Kepping, The famous Liangzhou bilingual stele.
"Tangut roots and Chinese habits".
Western Xia Dynasty.
Chinaknowledge. Retrieved 2 April 2005. "Liao, Xi Xia, and Jin
China 7 BC To 1279. Retrieved 2 April 2005.
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