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Emperor
Emperor
Xixia Chongzong of Western Xia
Western Xia
(西夏崇宗) (1084–1139), or Li Qianshun (李乾順)1, was a Tangut emperor of Western Xia
Western Xia
(one of the four kingdoms that made up China, along with Song dynasty, Liao dynasty and Jin dynasty) from 1086 until 11392. Where Chongzong is his temple name and Li Qianshun his living name, Shèngwéndì (聖文帝) is his posthumous name. His reign began at the age of three, when his father died. He remained under the regency of the Empress Madame Liang3 until she was poisoned in 1099 by a Liao envoy. Li's reign included further sinification and removed the power of some significant Tangut clans, which had remained a powerful political force—appointing tribal leaders as kings, forcing them under his power and influence. His reign saw incursions by the surrounding Liao- and Song-ruled nations, and a series of military defeats from 1114. He established Confucianist-led administration for several political quarters including civil and military, centralising his power. Buddhism
Buddhism
was prevalent during his reign, and the scriptures were translated to the Tangut language. His era names were:

Tiānyízhìpíng (天儀治平) 1086–1089 Tiānyòumín'ān (天祐民安) 1090–1097 Yǒng'ān (永安) 1098–1100 Zhēnguān (貞觀) 1101–1113 Yōngníng (雍寧) 1114–1118 Yuándé (元德) 1119–1127 Zhèngdé (正德) 1127–1134 Dàdé (大德) 1135–1139

Regnal titles

Preceded by Emperor
Emperor
Huìzōng Emperor
Emperor
of the Western Xia
Western Xia
Dynasty 1086–1139 Succeeded by Emperor
Emperor
Rénzōng

v t e

Emperors of the Western Xia

Jingzong Yizong Huizong Chongzong Renzong Huanzong Xiangzong Shenzong Xianzong Mozhu

Xia → Shang → Zhou → Qin → Han → 3 Kingdoms → Jìn / 16 Kingdoms → S. Dynasties / N. Dynasties → Sui → Tang → 5 Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms → Liao / Song / W. Xia / Jīn → Yuan → Ming → Qing → ROC / PRC

Notes[edit]

^ Note 1: Names in Chinese characters
Chinese characters
are from chinaknowledge.de ^ Note 2: Reign dates are from uglychinese.org ^ Note 3: There were two dowagers of Tangut emperors named Empress Liang, the other was over Emperor
Emperor
Huizong of Western Xia, see Ksenia Kepping, The famous Liangzhou bilingual stele.

References[edit] "Tangut roots and Chinese habits". Western Xia
Western Xia
Dynasty. Chinaknowledge. Retrieved 2 April 2005.  "Liao, Xi Xia, and Jin Dynasties 907-1234". China
China
7 BC To 1279. Retrieved 2 April 2005. 

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