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Rufus Emory Holloway (March 16, 1885 in Marshall, Missouri
Marshall, Missouri
– July 30, 1977 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania)[1] is an American literary scholar-educator most known for his books and studies of Walt Whitman. His Whitman: An Interpretation in Narrative (1926)[2] was the first biography of a literary figure to win the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography in 1927.[3] Life[edit] Holloway received his A.B. from Hendrix College
Hendrix College
in 1906 and his M.A. from the University of Texas
University of Texas
in 1912, where he subsequently taught for a year. While completing further graduate study at Columbia University during the 1913-1914 academic year, his interest in Whitman was encouraged by John Erskine, causing him to author the Whitman essay for The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Holloway became an instructor at Adelphi College
Adelphi College
in 1914 and was promoted to assistant professor in 1916. During World War I, he was a transportation secretary with the American Expeditionary Force
American Expeditionary Force
in France and taught at the A.E.F. University[4] in Beaune
Beaune
for one year. Returning to Adelphi, he became professor of English in 1919 and remained there until 1937, when he joined the original faculty of Queens College as a professor of American literature and chair of the English department; in 1954, he retired from teaching and became professor emeritus. He continued to live in Brooklyn, New York
Brooklyn, New York
until moving in with his son in Coopersburg, Pennsylvania
Coopersburg, Pennsylvania
several months before his death. The Uncollected Poetry and Prose of Walt Whitman
Walt Whitman
(2 vols.) (1921),[5] which took seven years established Holloway's reputation. His work resulted in a comprehensive body of resource materials and brought a much clearer understanding of Whitman's private thought and personal relationships, revealing his creative process. Whitman: An Interpretation in Narrative (1926)[6] pioneered the use of cinema-style narrative techniques in a biography, making it popular with the general public. In Whitman as a Subject for Biography (1974),[7] Holloway says about it: "My aim was to present an interpretation through a method primarily narrative, yet relying heavily on Whitman's self-revelations." Free and Lonesome Heart: The Secret of Walt Whitman
Walt Whitman
(1960)[8] is a reply to critics who had charged him with ignoring evidence of Whitman's sexual orientation and behavior, laying out the controversy surrounding Whitman's "simple homosexual" disposition in the context of the disputed interpretation of "Once I Passed Through a Populous City", developing an extensive apologetic on Whitman's use of paradox and on the necessity for a poet to embody both male and female natures: "The key word in the comprehension of Whitman is 'balance'." Holloway's last biographical work, Portrait of a Poet: The Life of Walt Whitman, was considered too lengthy for publication; it was ultimately deposited by Holloway in the Berg Collection of the New York Public Library in 1962. The manuscript repeats much of the argument of Free and Lonesome Heart and includes detailed appendices supporting his positions. Holloway died in 1977. Web sources[edit]

^ "WhitmanIntroductionEH". libraries.adelphi.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-24.  ^ Holloway, Emory (1926-01-01). Whitman: an interpretation in narrative. A.A. Knopf.  ^ "WhitmanIntroductionEH". libraries.adelphi.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-24.  ^ Anthropology, Museum of. "Orders: Western Front Experience - American Expeditionary Forces University Barracks - Hezzie Goes to War - J.H. Pattrick Historical Collection - Museum of Anthropology - University of Missouri-Columbia". anthromuseum.missouri.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-24.  ^ Whitman, Walt; Holloway, Emory (1921-01-01). The uncollected poetry and prose of Walt Whitman, much of which has been but recently discovered. Garden City, N.Y., Toronto, Doubleday, Page & Company.  ^ Holloway, Emory (1926-01-01). Whitman: an interpretation in narrative. A.A. Knopf.  ^ Holloway, Emory (1974-01-01). Whitman as a Subject for Biography. Kindle Press.  ^ Holloway, Emory (1960-01-01). Free and Lonesome Heart: The Secret of Walt Whitman. Vantage Press. 

v t e

Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography
Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography
(1926–1950)

Harvey Cushing
Harvey Cushing
(1926) Emory Holloway (1927) Charles Edward Russell
Charles Edward Russell
(1928) Burton J. Hendrick (1929) Marquis James
Marquis James
(1930) Henry James (1931) Henry F. Pringle (1932) Allan Nevins
Allan Nevins
(1933) Tyler Dennett (1934) Douglas S. Freeman
Douglas S. Freeman
(1935) Ralph Barton Perry (1936) Allan Nevins
Allan Nevins
(1937) Odell Shepard/ Marquis James
Marquis James
(1938) Carl Van Doren (1939) Ray Stannard Baker
Ray Stannard Baker
(1940) Ola Elizabeth Winslow (1941) Forrest Wilson (1942) Samuel Eliot Morison
Samuel Eliot Morison
(1943) Carleton Mabee (1944) Russel Blaine Nye (1945) Linnie Marsh Wolfe (1946) William Allen White
William Allen White
(1947) Margaret Clapp
Margaret Clapp
(1948) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1949) Samuel Flagg Bemis (1950)

Complete list (1917–1925) (1926–1950) (1951–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32371641 LCCN: n88172278 ISNI: 0000 0001 0963 2897 GND: 101787251 SUDOC: 077756

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