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An EMMY AWARD, or simply EMMY, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and corresponds to the Oscar (for film), the Tony Award (for theatre), and the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
(for music).

Because Emmy Awards are given in various sectors of the American television industry, they are presented in different annual ceremonies held throughout the year. The two events that receive the most media coverage are the Primetime Emmys and the Daytime Emmys , which recognize outstanding work in American primetime and daytime entertainment programming, respectively. Other notable Emmy Award ceremonies are those honoring national sports programming , national news and documentary shows , national business and financial reporting, and technological and engineering achievements in television, including the Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards . Regional Emmy Awards are also presented throughout the country at various times through the year, recognizing excellence in local and statewide television. In addition, International Emmys are awarded for excellence in TV programming produced and initially aired outside the United States.

Three related but separate organizations present the Emmy Awards: the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (ATAS), the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (NATAS), and the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (IATAS). Each is responsible for administering a particular set of Emmy ceremonies.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Emmy statuette

* 3 Area-specific ceremonies

* 3.1 Calendar * 3.2 Primetime Emmys * 3.3 Daytime Emmys * 3.4 Sports Emmys * 3.5 News and Documentary Emmys * 3.6 Engineering Emmys * 3.7 Regional Emmys * 3.8 International Emmys * 3.9 College Television Awards * 3.10 Other Emmys

* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

The Los Angeles-based Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (ATAS) established the Emmy Award as part of an image-building and public relations opportunity. The first Emmy Awards ceremony took place on January 25, 1949, at the Hollywood Athletic Club , but solely to honor shows produced and aired locally in the Los Angeles area. Shirley Dinsdale has the distinction of receiving the very first Emmy Award for Most Outstanding Television Personality , during that first awards ceremony.

In the 1950s, the ATAS expanded the Emmys into a national event, presenting the awards to shows aired nationwide on broadcast television . In 1955, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (NATAS) was formed in New York City as a sister organization to serve members on the East Coast , and help to also supervise the Emmys. The NATAS also established regional chapters throughout the United States, with each one developing their own local Emmy awards show for local programming. The ATAS still however maintained its separate regional ceremony honoring local programming in the Los Angeles Area.

Originally there was only one Emmy Awards ceremony held per year to honor shows nationally broadcast in the United States. In 1974, the first Daytime Emmy Awards
Daytime Emmy Awards
ceremony was held to specifically honor achievement in national daytime programming. Other area-specific Emmy Awards ceremonies soon followed. Also, the International Emmy Awards, honoring television programs produced and initially aired outside the U.S., was established in the early 1970s. Meanwhile, all Emmys awarded prior to the emergence of these separate, area-specific ceremonies are listed along with the Primetime Emmy Awards in the ATAS' official records.

In 1977, due to various conflicts, the ATAS and the NATAS agreed to split ties. However, they also agreed to share ownership of the Emmy statue and trademark, with each responsible for administering a specific set of award ceremonies. There was an exception regarding the Engineering Awards (those honoring individuals, companies, or to scientific or technical organizations in recognition of significant developments and contributions to the engineering and technological aspects of television): the NATAS continues to administer the Technology this prompted NATAS to create a new Daytime Emmys category for the 2013 ceremony to honor such web-only series. The ATAS also began accepting original online-only web television programs in 2013.

EMMY STATUETTE

The Emmy statuette, depicting a winged woman holding an atom, was designed by television engineer Louis McManus , who used his wife as the model. The TV Academy rejected a total of forty-seven proposals before settling on McManus' design in 1948. The statuette "has since become the symbol of the TV Academy's goal of supporting and uplifting the art and science of television: The wings represent the muse of art; the atom the electron of science."

When deciding a name for the award, Academy founder Syd Cassyd originally suggested "Ike", the nickname for the television iconoscope tube. However, "Ike" was also the popular nickname of World War II hero and future U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower , and the Academy members wanted something unique. Finally, television engineer and the third academy president, Harry Lubcke, suggested the name "Immy", a term commonly used for the image orthicon tube used in the early cameras. After "Immy" was chosen, it was later feminized to Emmy to match their female statuette.

Each Primetime Emmy statuette weighs six pounds, twelve-and-a-half ounces (3.08 kg), and is made of copper, nickel, silver and gold. The statue stands 15.5 inches (39 cm) tall with a base diameter of 7.5 inches (19 cm) and weight of 88 oz (2.5 kg). The Regional Emmy Award statuette is 11.5 inches (29 cm) tall with a base diameter of 5.5 inches (14 cm) and weight of 48 oz (1.4 kg). Each takes five and a half hours to make and is handled with white gloves to prevent fingerprints. The Regional Emmy Awards are made by Society Awards , a New York-based company that also makes the Golden Globe Awards . The Primetime Emmy statues are manufactured by R.S. Owens ">_ Actress Dana Delany holding an Emmy, 1992 TV producer and writer Bradley Bell accepting Daytime Emmy Awards
Daytime Emmy Awards
for his work on the daytime soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful
The Bold and the Beautiful
_, 2010

The Emmys are presented in various area-specific ceremonies held annually throughout the calendar year, ranging from honoring nationally televised shows to regionally and locally produced programs. Each ceremony has its own set of award categories, nominating and voting procedures, and rules regarding voting committees. It is not uncommon for one ceremony to have some of the same category names that other Emmy ceremonies use. (e.g. _Primetime_ Emmy for Outstanding Drama Series and _Daytime_ Emmy for Outstanding Drama Series ).

A show that enters into one of the national Emmy competitions cannot also be entered into any of the others. For example, syndicated shows whose air times vary between media markets may be eligible for both the Daytime and Primetime Emmys, but cannot enter in both. In general, a show is considered national if it reaches more than 50 percent of U.S. households; programs that do not reach at least 50 percent of the country may enter into the Regional Emmys instead. Web television shows are treated similar to syndicated shows: they must be available for downloading or streaming by more than 50 percent of the US national market to be eligible in one the national Emmy competitions, and they can only enter into one of those national Emmy ceremonies.

Regardless of which area-specific ceremony one wins an Emmy, all winners are called an "Emmy Winner".

CALENDAR

A typical calendar of the major Emmy ceremonies is as follows, with the dates listed being those in 2017:

DATE IN 2017 CEREMONY ACADEMY IN CHARGE

January 7 68th Technology and Engineering Emmy Awards NATAS

April 30 44th Daytime Emmy Awards
Daytime Emmy Awards
NATAS

May 9 38th Sports Emmy Awards NATAS

September 17 69th Primetime Emmy Awards ATAS

September TBA 38th News and Documentary Emmy Awards NATAS

November 20 45th International Emmy Awards IATAS

PRIMETIME EMMYS

Main articles: Primetime Emmy Award and List of Primetime Emmy Awards ceremonies

The Primetime Emmys are presented in recognition of excellence in American primetime television programming. Ceremonies generally are held in mid-September, on the Sunday before the official start of the fall television season, and are currently broadcast in rotation among the ABC , CBS
CBS
, NBC
NBC
, and Fox networks.

Some award categories presented to behind-the-scenes personnel such as art directors , costume designers , cinematographers , casting directors , and sound editors are awarded at a separate Creative Arts Emmys ceremony held a few days earlier.

The Primetime Emmys are run and voted on by members of the ATAS. For most categories, members from each of the ATAS' branches vote around June to determine the nominees only in their respective categories. All members can however vote for nominations in the best program categories. The final voting to determine the winners is held in August.

DAYTIME EMMYS

For more details on this topic, see Daytime Emmy Award .

The Daytime Emmy Awards
Daytime Emmy Awards
, generally held in June, are presented in recognition of excellence in American daytime television programming. The first daytime-themed Emmy Awards were given out at the primetime ceremony in 1972, but the first separate awards show made just for daytime programming was not held until 1974.

Like the Primetime Emmys, a separate Creative Arts Emmy ceremony is also held a few days earlier to honor the behind-the-scenes personnel working in daytime television.

The Daytime Emmys are run and voted on by members of the NATAS. Voting is done by peer judging panels. Any active member of the NATAS, who has national credits for at least two years and within the last five years, is eligible to be a judge. Depending on the category, voting is done using either a ratings score criteria or a preferential scoring system. All the drama acting categories have an addition preliminary voting round called the "pre-nominations", where one or two actors from each show is selected to then move on and be considered for the primary nominations for the awards.

SPORTS EMMYS

For more details on this topic, see Sports Emmy Award .

The Sports Emmy Awards are presented for excellence in sports programming . The awards ceremony takes place every Spring, usually sometime in the last two weeks in April or the first week in May, and is held on a Monday night in New York City.

Voting is done by peer judging panels. The NATAS solicits anybody with significant experience in national sports production to serve as judges. The panels are organized so that they only have one representative from each corporate entity (i.e. CBS
CBS
Corporation , Disney , NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
, 21st Century Fox , Time Warner etc.) Most categories only have a single voting round using preferential scoring system. The top 5 entries in each category are announced as the "nominations", and then the top entry is announced as the Emmy winner later at the awards ceremony.

NEWS AND DOCUMENTARY EMMYS

For more details on this topic, see News & Documentary Emmy Award .

The News & Documentary Emmy Awards are presented for excellence in national news and documentary programming. The awards ceremony takes place every fall.

Voting is done by peer judging panels. The NATAS solicits anybody with significant experience in national news or documentary reporting or production to serve as judges. Most categories have two voting rounds, with separate judging panels in each round. The top entries in each category are announced as the "nominations", and then the top entry is announced as the Emmy winner later at the awards ceremony.

ENGINEERING EMMYS

Main articles: Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards and Technology & Engineering Emmy Award

The Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards presented by the ATAS and the Technology programs that reach more than 50 percent of the country must enter into one of the national Emmy competitions instead.

The Regional Emmys are essential in helping NATAS and ATAS honor the works of deserving individuals in local TV through a regional outreach. Like the national awards, each region goes through their own rigorous nomination and voting procedures. Committees are formed to review entries for eligibility and high standards. Once accepted, each entry goes before different review committees, and their votes are cast to determine the final nominees. The final votes are then calculated by certified accounting firms within each region. Regardless of winning on a national or regional level, all recipients are _"Emmy Award"_ winners.

Originally, each Regional Emmy Awards ceremony primarily focused on only honoring individuals in local _news_ programming. The regionals have since been expanded to encompass all locally and state to state-produced shows that receive less than fifty percent of the country's viewing audience.

REGIONAL CHAPTER STATES IN REGION

Boston / New England Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Most of Connecticut

Chicago
Chicago
/ Midwest Parts of Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin

Highlands Ranch / Heartlands Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma; Parts of Wyoming

Dallas / Lone Star Texas; Parts of New Mexico

Los Angeles (ATAS) _Greater Los Angeles_ only

Brecksville / Lower Great Lakes Parts of Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania

Southfield / Michigan Michigan

Arkansas / Mid-America Arkansas, Iowa, and Missouri; Parts of Illinois and Louisiana

Delaware / Mid-Atlantic Delaware; Most of Pennsylvania; Parts of New Jersey and Ohio

Nashville / Midsouth North Carolina, Tennessee

Maryland / National Capitol/Chesapeake Bay Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.

New York / New York New York; Parts of Connecticut and New Jersey

Alaska / Northwest Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington

Kentucky / Ohio Valley Kentucky and West Virginia; Parts of Indiana and Ohio

San Diego / Pacific Southwest Most of Southern California (_except Greater Los Angeles_); Parts of Nevada

Arizona / Rocky Mountain Arizona and Utah; Most of New Mexico and Wyoming; Parts of Southern California

San Francisco / Northern California Northern California and Hawaii; Parts of Nevada

Atlanta / Southeast Mississippi and South Carolina; Most of Alabama and Georgia

Suncoast Florida; Parts of Alabama, Louisiana, and Georgia

Minnesota / Upper Midwest Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota; Parts of Nebraska and Wisconsin

INTERNATIONAL EMMYS

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For more details on this topic, see International Emmy Award . Brazilian actress Fernanda Lima holding Rede Globo 's six medals of nominations in 2012 Dilma Rousseff speaks during the opening of the International Academy Day 2015, an annual event created by the IATAS held in the city of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
.

The International Emmy Awards recognise excellence in TV programming produced initially outside the United States, and are presented annually since 1973 by International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences . The award ceremony takes place in November, in New York City.

Founded in 1969, the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (IATAS) is a membership based organization of leading media and entertainment figures from over 50 countries and 500 companies from all sectors of television including internet, mobile and technology. It is part of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences ; however, it operates under its own board of directors with a global focus. Today, it also recognizes excellence in US programming with a Non-English language US primetime programming category. The International Academy also presents News Emmys with US counterpart and the International Emmy Kids Awards that are announced in Cannes
Cannes
as part of the MIPTV market . They are the only Emmys presented outside the United States.

The first International Emmy Awards, as we know them today, were carried out in 1973, and was organized by Ralph Baruch in a ceremony held at the Plaza Hotel
Plaza Hotel
in New York City. The event was attended by about 200 guests.

International Emmy Awards are given in twenty categories, including:

* Arts Programming * Best Performance by an Actor * Best Performance by an Actress * Comedy * Documentary * Drama Series * Non-English Language U.S. Primetime Program * Non-Scripted Entertainment * Telenovela * TV Movie/Mini-Series * Current Affairs * News * Digital Program: Children & Young People * Digital Program: Fiction * Digital Program: Non-Fiction * Kids: Animation * Kids: Factual * Kids: Preschool * Kids: Non-Scripted Entertainment * Kids: Series * Kids: TV Movie/Mini-Series

Currently, the awards are presented at the International Emmy Awards Gala. Held each year in November at the Hilton Hotel , New York City, the Gala attracts over 1,200 television professionals, who gather to celebrate excellence in television and network with their peers. The three Interactive categories are awarded in a separate ceremony held during MIPTV in Cannes
Cannes
. By regulation of the award, a television station or their representatives may never vote in the categories in which they are competing. The Academy does not participate in the trial. Who evaluates the registered programs are about 600 television professionals from 40 countries. The whole process is audited by Ernst -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* British Academy Television Awards * Golden Globe Award * National Television Awards (UK) * Screen Actors Guild Award * Streamy Awards
Streamy Awards
* Directors Guild of America Award * Producers Guild of America Award * Writers Guild of America Award * TCA Awards * Canadian Screen Awards —film and television industry awards in Canada * Logie Awards
Logie Awards
—television broadcasting industry awards in Australia * CableACE Award —defunct award for Cable-based programming

REFERENCES

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Category
at Intl. Emmy Awards". _Variety _. November 21, 2014. * ^ "The International Council: more than just Emmys". thefreelibrary.com/. Retrieved January 8, 2015. * ^ "Awards – Nominees (International Emmy)". Archived from the original on December 25, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2014. * ^ "37th International Emmy Awards". Longislandexchange.com. Retrieved 2013-02-23. * ^ "Globo refuta acusações da Record sobre Emmy Internacional". _ Folha de S.Paulo _. September 5, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2015. * ^ "International Emmys: Judging Process". International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2012-09-08. * ^ "About the College Television Awards". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences . Retrieved 2014-02-02. * ^ "2014 College Television Awards categories". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences . Retrieved 2014-02-02. * ^ "2014 College Television Awards rules". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences . Retrieved 2014-02-02. * ^ "George Clooney to Receive Bob Hope Humanitarian Award". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. July 21, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2014. * ^ ATAS Board of Governors (August 6, 2007). "American Idol\'s "Idol Gives Back" and HBO\'s "The Addiction Project" Named Recipients of Television Academy\'s 2007 Governors Award". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved May 14, 2008.

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