Emirate of C��rdoba
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An emirate is a territory ruled by an
emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristocrat, holder of high-ranking military or politica ...

emir
, a title used by monarchs or high officeholders in the
Muslim world The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the Islamic Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether ...

Muslim world
. There are three emirates that are independent states (
Kuwait Kuwait (; ar, الكويت ', or ), officially the State of Kuwait ( ar, دولة الكويت '), is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regi ...

Kuwait
,
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; ar, الإمارات العربية المتحدة ) or the Emirates ( ar, الإمارات ), is a country in Western Asia. It is located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares borders with Oma ...

United Arab Emirates
and
Qatar Qatar (, , or ; ar, قطر, Qaṭar ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar,) is a country in Western Asia. It occupies the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares its ...

Qatar
); and the unrecognized
Taliban state in Afghanistan
Taliban state in Afghanistan
is (and was) also styled as an emirate. A great number of previously independent emirates around the world are now part of larger states, as can be seen in
Nigeria Nigeria (), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, C ...

Nigeria
.


Etymology

Etymologically, emirate or amirate ( ', plural: ') is the quality, dignity, office, or territorial competence of any
emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristocrat, holder of high-ranking military or politica ...

emir
(prince, commander, governor, etc.). In English, the term is pronounced or in British English and or in American English.


As monarchies

The
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; ar, الإمارات العربية المتحدة ) or the Emirates ( ar, الإمارات ), is a country in Western Asia. It is located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares borders with Oma ...

United Arab Emirates
is a federal state that comprises seven federal emirates, each administered by a
hereditary Heredity, also called inheritance or biological inheritance, is the passing on of traits Trait may refer to: * Phenotypic trait in biology, which involve genes and characteristics of organisms * Trait (computer programming), a model for str ...

hereditary
emir, these seven forming the
electoral college An electoral college is a set of Voting, electors who are selected to elect a candidate to particular offices. Often these represent different organizations, political parties or Legal entity, entities, with each organization, political party or e ...
for the federation's president and prime minister. As most emirates have either disappeared, been integrated in a larger modern state, or changed their rulers' styles, e.g. to
malik Malik, Melik, Malka, Malek, Maleek, Malick, or Melekh ( phn, wikt:𐤌𐤋𐤊#Phoenician, 𐤌𐤋𐤊; ar, wikt:ملك#Arabic, ملك; he, wikt:מלך#Hebrew, מֶלֶךְ) is the Semitic languages, Semitic term translating to "king (title) ...

malik
(Arabic for king) or
sultan Sultan (; ar, سلطان ', ) is a Royal and noble ranks, position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", derived from the verbal noun ', meaning "authority" ...

sultan
, such true emirate-states have become rare.


As provinces

Furthermore, in
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
the term can be generalized to mean any province of a country that is administered by a member of the ruling class, especially of a member (usually styled
emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristocrat, holder of high-ranking military or politica ...

emir
) of the royal family, as in
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
n governorates.


List of present emirates

The present independent emirates are: *
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; /: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a at the crossroads of and . Afghanistan is bordered by to the east and south; to the west; , , and to the north; and to the northeast. Occupyin ...

Afghanistan
(the unrecognized
Taliban The Taliban ( ps, طالبان, ṭālibān, lit=students) or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamist movement and military organisation in Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pasht ...

Taliban
state, since 15 August 2021) *
Kuwait Kuwait (; ar, الكويت ', or ), officially the State of Kuwait ( ar, دولة الكويت '), is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regi ...

Kuwait
(since 14 May 1961) *
Qatar Qatar (, , or ; ar, قطر, Qaṭar ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar,) is a country in Western Asia. It occupies the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares its ...

Qatar
(since 3 December 1971) *
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; ar, الإمارات العربية المتحدة ) or the Emirates ( ar, الإمارات ), is a country in Western Asia. It is located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares borders with Oma ...

United Arab Emirates
(since 2 December 1971)


List of former and integrated emirates

These are the emirates that have either ceased to exist, are not recognized and hold no real power, or were integrated into another country and preserved as "traditional states". They are arranged by location and in order of the date of the first leader styled "emir."


Africa


North Africa

*
Emirate of Nekor The Kingdom of Nekor (Berber Berber or Berbers may refer to: Culture * Berbers Berbers or ''Imazighen'' ( ber, translit=Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ; singular: , ) are an ethnic group mostly concentrated in North Africa, ...
,
Rif The Rif or Riff ( Berber: ''Arif'', ''Arrif'' or ''Nekkor'', ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by S ...

Rif
region of modern
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
710–1019 * Emirate of Ifriqiya, Aghlabid
Ifriqiya Ifriqiya ( '), also known as al-Maghrib al-Adna ( ar, المغرب الأدنى), was a medieval historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographical Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything ...
within modern
Tunisia ) , image_map = Tunisia location (orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = Location of Tunisia in northern Africa , image_map2 = , capital = Tunis , largest_city = capital , coordinates = , official_languages = Arabic Translation by ...

Tunisia
,
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers Algiers ( ; ar, الجزائر; Berber language, Berber: ''Dzayer;'' French language, French'': Alger'') is ...

Algeria
,
Sicily Sicily ( it, Sicilia ; scn, Sicilia ) is the in the and one of the 20 of . It is one of the five and is officially referred to as ''Regione Siciliana''. The region has 5 million inhabitants. Its is . Sicily is in the central Mediterranean ...

Sicily
,
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
, and
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
800–909 * Emirate of Tunis, Hafsid
Ifriqiya Ifriqiya ( '), also known as al-Maghrib al-Adna ( ar, المغرب الأدنى), was a medieval historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographical Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything ...
within modern
Tunisia ) , image_map = Tunisia location (orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = Location of Tunisia in northern Africa , image_map2 = , capital = Tunis , largest_city = capital , coordinates = , official_languages = Arabic Translation by ...

Tunisia
,
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers Algiers ( ; ar, الجزائر; Berber language, Berber: ''Dzayer;'' French language, French'': Alger'') is ...

Algeria
, and
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
1229–1574 * Zab Emirate, modern
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers Algiers ( ; ar, الجزائر; Berber language, Berber: ''Dzayer;'' French language, French'': Alger'') is ...

Algeria
circa 1400 (short-lived) *
Emirate of Trarza The Emirate of Trarza was a precolonial state in what is today southwest Mauritania Mauritania (; ar, موريتانيا, ', french: Mauritanie; Berber languages, Berber: ''Agawej'' or ''Cengit''; Pulaar language, Pulaar: ''Moritani''; Wolof ...
, modern southwest Mauritania 1640s–1910s *Emirate of Cyrenaica, modern eastern
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
1949–1951 (became the Kingdom of Libya) File:Hafsid1400.png, Ifriqiya under the Hafsids File:EthniesSénégal.jpg, Trarza (upper left) File:Map of Cyrenaica.png, Cyrenaica in Libya


Sub-Saharan Africa


=Ethiopia

= *Emirate of Harar, eastern Ethiopia 1647–1887


=Ghana

= *Zabarma Emirate, northeastern Ghana 1860s–1897


=Niger

= *Emirate of Say, southwestern Niger 19th century– (integrated)


=Nigeria

= *Fika Emirate, northeastern Nigeria 15th century– (integrated) *Gwandu Emirate, northwestern Nigeria 15th century to 2005 (integrated and then deposed) *Kebbi Emirate, northwestern Nigeria 1516– (integrated) *Borgu Emirate, westcentral Nigeria, formed from Bussa Emirate 1730–1954 and Kaiama Emirate 1912–54, unified 1954– (integrated) *Gumel Emirate, northcentral Nigeria 1749– (integrated) *Yauri Emirate, northwestern Nigeria 1799– (integrated) *Gombe Emirate, northeast Nigeria 1804– (integrated) *Kano Emirate, northcentral Nigeria 1805– (integrated) *Bauchi Emirate, northeast Nigeria 1805– (integrated) *Daura Emirate, northcentral Nigeria off and on 1805– (integrated) *Katagum Emirate, northcentral Nigeria 1807– (integrated) *Zaria Emirate, northcentral Nigeria 1808– (integrated) *Potiskum Emirate, northeastern Nigeria 1809– (integrated) *Adamawa Emirate, eastern Nigeria and formerly into western Cameroon 1809– (integrated where preserved) *Ilorin Emirate, southwestern Nigeria 1817– (integrated) *Muri, Nigeria, Muri Emirate, eastcentral Nigeria 1817– (integrated) *Kazaure Emirate, northcentral Nigeria 1819– (integrated) *Lapai Emirate, central Nigeria 1825– (integrated) *Suleja Emirate, central Nigeria 1828– (integrated) *Agaie Emirate, westcentral Nigeria 1832– (integrated) *Bida Emirate, westcentral Nigeria 1856– (integrated) *Kontagora Emirate, northcentral Nigeria 1858– (integrated) *Borno Emirate, northeastern Nigeria 1900– (integrated) *Dikwa Emirate, northeast Nigeria 1901– (integrated) *Biu Emirate, northeast Nigeria 1920– (integrated)


Asia


Arabia

*Uyunid Emirate, the modern Arabian Peninsula 1076–1253 *Emirate of Beihan, modern southern Yemen 1680–1967 *Emirate of Diriyah, mainly in modern
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
and the United Arab Emirates, UAE 1744–1818 *Emirate of Nejd, eastern Arabia 1818–91 *Emirate of Dhala, modern southern Yemen early 19th century to 1967 *Emirate of Jabal Shammar, northcentral Arabia 1836–1921 *Emirate of Nejd and Hasa, central Arabia 1902–21 *Idrisid Emirate of Asir, Jizan in modern southwestern
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
1906–34 *Emirate of Mecca, Hejaz of modern
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
1916–24 (ibn Saud family, from when recognized by Allies as
emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristocrat, holder of high-ranking military or politica ...

emir
to when the royal style changed) *Emirate of Bahrain, 1971–2002 (before it was under a hakim (title), hakim; after under a
malik Malik, Melik, Malka, Malek, Maleek, Malick, or Melekh ( phn, wikt:𐤌𐤋𐤊#Phoenician, 𐤌𐤋𐤊; ar, wikt:ملك#Arabic, ملك; he, wikt:מלך#Hebrew, מֶלֶךְ) is the Semitic languages, Semitic term translating to "king (title) ...

malik
) *The Al-Qaeda Emirate in Yemen in the interior of Yemen affiliated with Al-Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula (especially in Hadramaut Governorate) *Emirates of Saudi Arabia, the thirteen provinces of
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
File:FederationOfSouthArabiaMap.jpg, Beihan and Dhala in South Arabia File:First Saudi State Big.png, Diriyah File:Second Saudi State Big.png, Nejd File:Alrasheed hail english.png, Jabal Shammar File:Sa mapa6.png, Asir at its height File:LocationBahrain.svg, Bahrain File:Saudi Arabia - province locator template.png, Saudi Arabian emirate divisions


Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent

*Emirate of Bukhara, modern Uzbekistan 1785–1920 *Emirate of Afghanistan, Afghanistan 1823–1929 *First East Turkestan Republic#Establishment of the ETR, Khotan Emirate, 1933 northwest China, merged into First East Turkestan Republic *Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001), Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan,
Taliban The Taliban ( ps, طالبان, ṭālibān, lit=students) or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamist movement and military organisation in Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pasht ...

Taliban
state in Afghanistan 1996–2001, 2021–present (re-established after Fall of Kabul (2021), Fall of Kabul) *Islamic Emirate of Waziristan, western Pakistan 2004–2014 (Operation Zarb-e-Azb, Dissolved) File:Bukhara1850.png, Bukhara File:LocationAfghanistan.svg, Emirate of Afghanistan File:First ETR in China.svg, Khotan in modern China File:Pakistan and Waziristan.PNG, Waziristan in Pakistan


Near East

*Emirate of Mosul (see List of Emirs of Mosul, list of emirs for more), modern Iraq 905–1096, 1127–1222, 1254–1383, 1758–1918 *Emirate of Melitene, modern central Turkey mid-ninth century to 934 *Marwanid, Emirate of Amida, modern Turkey, Eastern Turkey 983–1085 *Karamanids, Karaman Emirate, south-central Anatolia 1250–1487 *Emirate of Aydin, state composed of Oghuz Turks in modern Turkey from the early 14th century to 1390 *Emirate of Dulkadir, modern Turkey, Eastern Turkey 1337–1522 *Ramadanids, Emirate of Ramazan, modern Turkey, Eastern Turkey 1352–1608 *Timurid Emirates, Timur's empire and the minor emirates left behind after the fall of the Timurid dynasty in the Middle East, 1526-c.1550 *Soran Emirate, modern northern Iraq 1816–35 *Az Zubayr, town in Basra Governorate, Iraq during 19th century *Emirate of Transjordan, modern Jordan 1921–46 File:Anatolia1300.png, Ottoman emirate in 1300, labeled 'Osman' File:Timurid Dynasty 821 - 873 (AH).png, Timurid Emirate under the leadership of Timur File:Kurdish states 1835.png, Soran (at center) File:PalestineAndTransjordan.png, Transjordan


Europe


Caucasus

* The Emirate of Armenia, Caucasus 637–884 * Emirate of Darband, Azerbaijan 869–1075 * Emirate of Tbilisi, modern Georgia (country), Georgia 736–1080, nominally to 1122 * North Caucasian Emirate, Chechnya and Dagestan in the Caucasus 1919–1920 * Caucasus Emirate, Caucasus 2007–present? (unrecognized) File:Shaddadid.gif, Darband, Azerbaijan File:81ArabAbbasidPeriod750-885.gif, Armenia


Iberia

*Emirate of Córdoba, modern Spain and Portugal 756–929 (title changed to caliph in 929) *Emirate of Badajoz, modern Portugal and western Spain 1009–1151 *List of Emirs of Almería, Emirate of Almería, region of Almería and Cartagena, Spain, Cartagena in modern Spain off and on 1013–1091 *Jerez de la Frontera#History, Emirate of Jerez, towns of Jerez de la Frontera and Arcos de la Frontera in modern southern Spain 1145–1147 *Emirate of Granada, modern southern Spain 1228–1492 File:Coras del Emirato de Córdoba.png, Córdoba File:Location map Taifa of Badajoz.svg, Badajoz File:Reino de Granada.svg, Granada


Mediterranean region

*Emirate of Crete, Crete, modern Greece, 824 or 827/828 to 961 *Emirate of Bari, city of Bari in southern Italy 847–871 *Emirate of Malta, 870–1091 *Emirate of Sicily,
Sicily Sicily ( it, Sicilia ; scn, Sicilia ) is the in the and one of the 20 of . It is one of the five and is officially referred to as ''Regione Siciliana''. The region has 5 million inhabitants. Its is . Sicily is in the central Mediterranean ...

Sicily
965–1072 File:Periferia Kritis.png, Crete within modern Greece File:Italy 1000 AD.svg, Sicily (at bottom)


See also

* Caliphate * Khanate


References

{{Authority control Emirates, Feudalism Monarchy