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An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Islamic monarch styled emir. It also means principality.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 As monarchies 3 As provinces 4 List of present Emirates 5 List of former and integrated emirates

5.1 Europe

5.1.1 Iberia 5.1.2 Mediterranean region 5.1.3 Caucasus

5.2 Asia

5.2.1 Near East 5.2.2 Arabia 5.2.3 Central Asia and Indian subcontinent

5.3 Africa

5.3.1 North Africa 5.3.2 Nigeria

6 See also 7 References

Etymology[edit] Etymologically emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة‎ imārah, plural: إمارات imārāt) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any emir (prince, commander, governor etc.). As monarchies[edit] The United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
is a federal state that comprises seven federal emirates, each administered by a hereditary emir, these seven forming the electoral college for the federation's President and Prime Minister. As most emirates have either disappeared, been integrated in a larger modern state or changed their rulers' styles, e.g. to malik ( Arabic
Arabic
for king) or sultan, such true emirate-states have become rare. As provinces[edit] Furthermore, in Arabic
Arabic
the term can be generalized to mean any province of a country that is administered by a member of the ruling class, especially of a member (usually styled emir) of the royal family, as in Saudi Arabian governorates. List of present Emirates[edit]

A list of present independent Emirates.

 Kuwait, emirate since 1757  Qatar, emirate since 1878  United Arab Emirates, united since 1971-

Emirate
Emirate
of Abu Dhabi Emirate
Emirate
of Ajman Emirate
Emirate
of Dubai Emirate
Emirate
of Fujairah Emirate
Emirate
of Ras al-Khaimah Emirate
Emirate
of Sharjah Emirate
Emirate
of Umm al-Quwain

List of former and integrated emirates[edit] A list of emirates that have either ceased to exist, are not recognized and hold no real power, or were integrated into another country and preserved as "traditional states" arranged by location and in order of the date of the first leader styled "emir." Europe[edit] Iberia[edit]

Emirate
Emirate
of Córdoba, modern Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
756-929 (title changed to caliph in 929) Emirate
Emirate
of Badajoz, modern Portugal
Portugal
and western Spain
Spain
1009-1151 Emirate
Emirate
of Almería, region of Almería
Almería
and Cartagena in modern Spain off and on 1013-1091 Emirate
Emirate
of Jerez, towns of Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez de la Frontera
and Arcos de la Frontera in modern southern Spain
Spain
1145-1147 Emirate
Emirate
of Granada, modern southeast Spain
Spain
1228-1492

Córdoba

Badajoz

Granada

Mediterranean region[edit]

Emirate
Emirate
of Crete, Crete, modern Greece, 824 or 827/828 to 961 Emirate
Emirate
of Bari, city of Bari
Bari
in southern Italy
Italy
847-871 Emirate
Emirate
of Malta, 870-1091 Emirate
Emirate
of Sicily, Sicily
Sicily
965-1072

Crete
Crete
within modern Greece

Sicily
Sicily
(at bottom)

Caucasus[edit]

Emirate
Emirate
of Darband, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
869 — 1075 The Emirate
Emirate
of Armenia, Caucasus
Caucasus
637-884 Emirate
Emirate
of Tbilisi, modern Georgia 736-1080, nominally to 1122 North Caucasian Emirate, Chechnya
Chechnya
and Dagestan
Dagestan
in the Caucasus 1919-1920 Caucasian Emirate, Caucasus
Caucasus
2007- (unrecognized)

Darband, Azerbaijan

Armenia

Asia[edit] Near East[edit]

Emirate
Emirate
of Mosul
Mosul
(see list of emirs for more), modern Iraq
Iraq
905-1096, 1127-1222, 1254-1383, 1758-1918 Emirate
Emirate
of Melitene, modern central Turkey
Turkey
mid-ninth century to 934 Emirate
Emirate
of Amida, modern Eastern Turkey
Turkey
983-1085 Karaman Emirate, south-central Anatolia
Anatolia
1250-1487 Ottoman Empire, Middle East, considered an emirate off and on before the title of sultan was adopted, 1299-1383 Emirate
Emirate
of Aydin, state composed of Oghuz Turks
Oghuz Turks
in modern Turkey
Turkey
from the early 14th century to 1390 Emirate
Emirate
of Dulkadir, modern Eastern Turkey
Turkey
1337-1522 Emirate
Emirate
of Ramazan, modern Eastern Turkey
Turkey
1352-1608 Timurid Emirates, Timur's empire and the minor emirates left behind after the fall of the Timurid dynasty in the Middle East, 1526-c.1550 Soran Emirate, modern northern Iraq
Iraq
1816–35 Az Zubayr, town in Basra Governorate, Iraq
Iraq
during 19th century Emirate
Emirate
of Transjordan, modern Jordan
Jordan
1921–46

Ottoman emirate in 1300, labeled 'Osman'

Timurid Emirate
Emirate
under the leadership of Timur

Soran (at center)

Transjordan

Arabia[edit]

Uyunid Emirate, the modern Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
1076–1253 Emirate
Emirate
of Beihan, modern southern Yemen
Yemen
1680-1967 Emirate
Emirate
of Diriyah, mainly in modern Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and UAE
UAE
1744-1818 Emirate
Emirate
of Nejd, eastern Arabia
Arabia
1818–91 Emirate
Emirate
of Dhala, modern southern Yemen
Yemen
early 19th century to 1967 Emirate
Emirate
of Jabal Shammar, northcentral Arabia
Arabia
1836-1921 Emirate of Nejd
Emirate of Nejd
and Hasa, central Arabia
Arabia
1902–21 Idrisid Emirate
Emirate
of Asir, Jizan
Jizan
in modern southwestern Saudi Arabia 1906–34 Emirate
Emirate
of Mecca, Hejaz
Hejaz
of modern Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
1916–24 (ibn Saud family, from when recognized by Allies as emir to when the royal style changed) Emirate
Emirate
of Bahrain, 1971–2002 (before it was under a hakim; after under a malik) The Al-Qaeda Emirate
Emirate
in Yemen
Yemen
in the interior of Yemen
Yemen
affiliated with Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
(especially in Hadramaut Governorate) Emirates of Saudi Arabia, the thirteen provinces of Saudi Arabia

Beihan and Dhala in South Arabia

Diriyah

Nejd

Jabal Shammar

Asir at its height

Bahrain

Saudi Arabian emirate divisions

Central Asia and Indian subcontinent[edit]

Emirate
Emirate
of Bukhara, modern Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
1785–1920 Emirate
Emirate
of Afghanistan, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
1823–1929 Khotan Emirate, 1933 northwest China, merged into First East Turkestan Republic Islamic Emirate
Emirate
of Afghanistan, Taliban
Taliban
state in Afghanistan 1996–2001 Islamic Emirate
Emirate
of Waziristan, western Pakistan
Pakistan
2004– (unrecognized and status unclear)

Bukhara

Emirate
Emirate
of Afghanistan

Khotan in modern China

Waziristan in Pakistan

Africa[edit] North Africa[edit]

Emirate
Emirate
of Nekor, Rif
Rif
region of modern Morocco
Morocco
710-1019 Emirate
Emirate
of Ifriqiya, Aghlabid Ifriqiya
Ifriqiya
within modern Tunisia, Algeria, Sicily, Morocco, and Libya
Libya
800-909 Emirate
Emirate
of Tunis, Hafsid Ifriqiya
Ifriqiya
within modern Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya
Libya
1229-1574 Zab Emirate, modern Algeria
Algeria
circa 1400 (short-lived) Emirate
Emirate
of Trarza, modern southwest Mauritania
Mauritania
1640s-1910s Emirate
Emirate
of Harar, modern Ethiopia
Ethiopia
1647-1887 Emirate
Emirate
of Cyrenaica, modern eastern Libya
Libya
1949-1951 (became the Kingdom of Libya)

Ifriqiya
Ifriqiya
under the Hafsids

Trarza (upper left)

Cyrenaica in Libya

Nigeria[edit]

Fika Emirate, northeastern Nigeria
Nigeria
15th century - (integrated) Gwandu
Gwandu
Emirate, northwestern Nigeria
Nigeria
15th century to 2005 (integrated and then deposed) Kebbi Emirate, northwestern Nigeria
Nigeria
1516- (integrated) Borgu Emirate, westcentral Nigeria, formed from Bussa Emirate 1730–1954 and Kaiama Emirate
Emirate
1912–54, unified 1954- (integrated) Gumel
Gumel
Emirate, northcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1749- (integrated) Yauri Emirate, northwestern Nigeria
Nigeria
1799- (integrated) Gombe Emirate, northeast Nigeria
Nigeria
1804- (integrated) Kano Emirate, northcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1805- (integrated) Bauchi Emirate, northeast Nigeria
Nigeria
1805- (integrated) Daura Emirate, northcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
off and on 1805- (integrated) Katagum
Katagum
Emirate, northcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1807- (integrated) Zaria Emirate, northcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1808- (integrated) Potiskum Emirate, northeastern Nigeria
Nigeria
1809- (integrated) Adamawa Emirate, eastern Nigeria
Nigeria
and formerly into western Cameroon 1809- (integrated where preserved) Ilorin Emirate, southwestern Nigeria
Nigeria
1817- (integrated) Muri Emirate, eastcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1817- (integrated) Kazaure Emirate, northcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1819- (integrated) Lapai Emirate, central Nigeria
Nigeria
1825- (integrated) Suleja Emirate, central Nigeria
Nigeria
1828- (integrated) Agaie Emirate, westcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1832- (integrated) Bida Emirate, westcentral Nigeria
Nigeria
1856- (integrated) Kontagora Emirate, northcentral Nigeria, 1858- (integrated) Borno Emirate, northeastern Nigeria
Nigeria
1900- (integrated) Dikwa Emirate, northeast Nigeria
Nigeria
1901- (integrated) Biu Emirate, northeast Nigeria
Nigeria
1920- (integrated))

See also[edit]

Caliphate Khanate

References[edit]

^ "the definition of emirate". Dictionary.com. 

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

Islamic states by type

Sunni
Sunni
Islamic state

Sunni
Sunni
Caliphate Ilkhanate Emirate Sheikhdom Sultanate

Shia
Shia
Islamic state

Shia
Shia
Caliphate Government by Shia
Shia
Imams

Twelver Imams government Sevener Imams government

Regency of the Islamic jurist during the Occultation of the Mahdi

Ecumenical
Ecumenical
or Pan-Islamic

Islamic republi

.