The Info List - Emir Kusturica

Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(Serbian Cyrillic: Емир Кустурица, born 24 November 1954) is a Bosnian-born Serbian[1] filmmaker, actor and musician. He has been recognized for several internationally acclaimed feature films, as well as his projects in town-building. He has competed at the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
on five occasions and won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
twice (for When Father Was Away on Business and Underground), as well as the Best Director prize for Time of the Gypsies. He has also won a Silver Bear at the Berlin Film Festival
Berlin Film Festival
for Arizona Dream and a Silver Lion at the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
for Black Cat, White Cat. In addition he was also named Commander
of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.[3][4] Since the mid-2000s, Kusturica's primary residence has been in Drvengrad, a town built for his film Life Is a Miracle, in the Mokra Gora region of Serbia. He had portions of the historic village reconstructed for the film.[citation needed] He is a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska
Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska
since 9 November 2011.[5]


1 Early life 2 Cinematic career

2.1 1990s 2.2 2000s 2.3 2010s 2.4 Acting

3 Musical career 4 Writing

4.1 Smrt je neprovjerena glasina 4.2 Sto jada

5 Other endeavors

5.1 Drvengrad 5.2 Time of the Gypsies
Time of the Gypsies
punk opera 5.3 Küstendorf Film and Music Festival 5.4 Andrićgrad

6 Personal life

6.1 Family 6.2 Ethnic and religious identity 6.3 Political views

7 Controversy

7.1 Work 7.2 Libel cases

7.2.1 Andrej Nikolaidis

7.3 2010 Antalya

8 Filmography 9 Awards 10 References 11 Bibliography

11.1 Books

12 External links

Early life[edit] Kusturica was born in Sarajevo, the son of Murat Kusturica, a journalist employed at Sarajevo's Secretariat of Information, and Senka Numankadić, a court secretary,[6] Emir grew up as the only child of a secular Serb[7] non-observant Muslim family in Sarajevo, the capital of PR Bosnia and Herzegovina, a constituent republic within FPR Yugoslavia.[8] A lively youth, young Emir was by his own admission a borderline delinquent while growing up in the Sarajevo
neighbourhood of Gorica.[9] Through his father's friendship with the well-known director Hajrudin "Šiba" Krvavac, 17-year-old Emir got a small part in Krvavac's 1972 Walter Defends Sarajevo, a partisan film funded by the Yugoslav state. Cinematic career[edit] In 1978, Kusturica graduated from the film school (FAMU) at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague, which is why he is sometimes considered a part of the Prague film school, an informal group of Yugoslav film directors who studied at FAMU and shared similar influences and aesthetics. After graduating from FAMU, Kusturica began directing made-for-TV short films in Yugoslavia. He made his feature film debut in 1981 with Do You Remember Dolly Bell?, a coming-of-age drama that won the prestigious Silver Lion for Best First Work at that year's Venice Film Festival. The same year, at the age of 27, he became lecturer at the newly established Academy of Performing Arts in Sarajevo, a job that he performed until 1988. He was also art director of Open Stage Obala (Otvorena scena Obala).[citation needed] Kusturica's second feature film, When Father Was Away on Business (1985), earned a Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at Cannes
and five Yugoslav movie awards, as well as a nomination for an American Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. Kusturica wrote the screenplays for both Do You Remember Dolly Bell? and When Father Was Away on Business. In 1989 Kusturica earned more accolades for Time of the Gypsies, a film about Romani culture and the exploitation of their youth. In 1989 he was a member of the jury at the 16th Moscow International Film Festival.[10] 1990s[edit] Kusturica continued to make highly regarded films into the next decade, including his American debut, the absurdist comedy Arizona Dream (1993). He won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for his black comedy epic, Underground (1995), based upon a scenario of Dušan Kovačević, a noted Serbian playwright.[11] He also taught Film Directing at Columbia University's Graduate Film Division. In 1998, he won the Venice Film Festival's Silver Lion for Best Direction for Black Cat, White Cat, a farcical comedy set in a Gypsy (Romany) settlement on the banks of the Danube. The music for the film was composed by the Belgrade-based band No Smoking Orchestra. 2000s[edit] In 2001, Kusturica directed Super 8 Stories, a documentary road and concert movie about The No Smoking Orchestra, of which he is a band member.[12] He was appointed President of the Jury of the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. His film, Maradona, a documentary on Argentine
soccer star Diego Maradona, was released in Italy in May 2007. It premiered in France
during the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in 2008. His film Promise Me This premiered at the 2007 Cannes
Film Festival.[13] In June 2007, Kusturica directed the music video to Manu Chao's single "Rainin in Paradize", from the latter's forthcoming album. On 8 September 2007, Kusturica was appointed a UNICEF
National Ambassador for Serbia, alongside Ana Ivanovic, Jelena Janković
Jelena Janković
and Aleksandar Đorđević.[citation needed] Since January 2008 he has organized the annual private Küstendorf Film Festival. Its first installment was held at Drvengrad, a village built for his film Life Is a Miracle, from 14 to 21 January 2008.[14] His next film, Cool Water, is a comedy set against the background of a Middle East conflict. Filming started in November 2010 in Germany. It is the first time Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
directed a film which he did not write. 2010s[edit] During the promotion of his autobiography in 2010, Kusturica was asked why he thinks his cinematic style translates well in the West when so many Eastern European, Yugoslav or Serbian authors never managed to do the same:

“ My oeuvre was born while moving around from Sarajevo
to Prague via Belgrade, at the exact spot where communism started to disintegrate. While at the same time in parallel a mythical projection of that downfall was being created with stuff like Karol Wojtyła being elected as the Pope to steer things down that road. And I entered that corridor like Chaplin entered the revolution and I came out through a door where my movies that feature love-filled depictions of some of these things happened to find a receptive audience. I underscore love here because I was never anti-communist. Quite the contrary, some of my deepest personal convictions were shaped and molded in that system though I obviously don't put much from that system into practice when it comes to my own life. So I sort of entered into that mythical projection of the tear-down of communism with my first two feature films, which communicated through poetic narrative, but without a trace of hate, unlike say Yugoslav Black Wave that actually disqualified communism in every way possible. I on the other hand, out of affection for my father who was a staunch communist and my family that fought in World War II
World War II
on the Partisan side, extended that love into those movies as well. And the West took to it because the West isn't one big monolithic entity. I realize that to many ordinary people in Serbia, the West is Olli Rehn
Olli Rehn
or some other similar fat and balding EU bureaucrat, but fortunately there's more to it. Another thing is this. When I submitted When Father Was Away on Business to the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
back in 1985 it was one of 700 films the selectors had to sift through and choose some dozen or so for the competition program. When I did the same with Underground a decade later it was one of 1,200 films. Nowadays, we're talking 2,500 to 3,000 films every year submitted at Cannes. So in that gargantuan quantity, your quality really has to shine through. And for me quality was fierce authenticity. So to recap, why do I think the West is receptive to me? First and foremost, I got in at a good moment during the tear-down of communism or more specifically the tear-down of Bolshevism. And secondly, no less importantly, they respond to my genuine commitment to the basic authentic motifs that have been existing here in the Balkans for centuries.[15] ”

At the 64th Cannes
Film Festival, held 11–22 May 2011, Kusturica presided over the jury of the Un Certain Regard section of the festival's official selection. On 14 May, in Cannes, he was invested with the insignia of Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, the highest decoration in France.[16] In September 2012 Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
accepted the offer to become the head juror of the first Saint Petersburg International Film Festival. During the festival Kusturica also performed for the residents and guests of Saint Petersburg with his band "The No Smoking Orchestra" During the last months of 2013, Kusturica started shooting a documentary film on the life of the Uruguayan president José Mujica, whom he considers "the last hero of politics".[17] Kusturica currently acts as the president of the Ski Association of Serbia.[citation needed] Acting[edit] After numerous film cameo appearances over the years, Kusturica's first sizable acting role took place in The Widow of St. Pierre, a 2000 movie by director Patrice Leconte, where he played a convict on the French island colony of Saint Pierre. In 2002, Kusturica appeared as an electric guitar player/security specialist in The Good Thief, directed by Neil Jordan. In the French movie L'affaire Farewell
L'affaire Farewell
(2009), he played the role of a Russian KGB
agent, Colonel Sergei Gregoriev. In the Movie On the Milky Road
On the Milky Road
(2016). Musical career[edit]

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Kusturica performing with The No Smoking Orchestra
No Smoking Orchestra
in March 2009.

In mid-1986, Kusturica, already an accomplished film director at the time, started playing bass guitar in Zabranjeno Pušenje, a Sarajevan punk rock outfit that had been the main driving force behind the New Primitivism movement. In addition to being on friendly terms with the guys and admiring their work, Kusturica's inclusion in the group had to do with the difficult situation Zabranjeno Pušenje
Zabranjeno Pušenje
found itself in following the political and media scandal caused by the verbal offence committed by their frontman Nele Karajlić. The so-called 'Marshal affair' that played out throughout late 1984 and early 1985 severely limited the band's access to media, causing its second album to sell poorly; additionally, three of the six members left the group in light of its bleak commercial prospects. Therefore, in 1986 as the band was still reeling from the scandal and devising strategy for the future, the thinking behind bringing Kusturica on board was that having the famous and celebrated film director affiliated with Zabranjeno Pušenje
Zabranjeno Pušenje
would help it get over the media bans it faced. Kusturica's contribution included playing bass on three track from the band's third studio album Pozdrav iz zemlje Safari
Pozdrav iz zemlje Safari
as well as composing the music for the "Probušeni dolar" track on the same album. Furthermore, he directed the video for the track "Manijak", which was deemed controversial, receiving a television ban due to vague visual allusions to the Agrokomerc Affair,[citation needed] yet another political scandal brewing in Bosnia at the time. Still, with hit songs like "Balada o Pišonji i Žugi", "Hadžija il bos", and "Dan Republike", the band managed to regain its popularity and commercial success. Though never fully involved in the band's day-to-day life, Kusturica left Zabranjeno Pušenje
Zabranjeno Pušenje
in 1988. Kusturica returned to the group following the Black Cat, White Cat film and the band's name changed to Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
& The No Smoking Orchestra. In 1999, the No Smoking Orchestra
No Smoking Orchestra
recorded a new album, Unza Unza Time, produced by the Universal record company, as well as a music video, directed by Emir Kusturica. The band has been touring internationally since 1999. The musician and composer Goran Bregović has composed music for three of Kusturica's films: Time of the Gypsies, Arizona Dream, which featured Iggy Pop; and Underground. Writing[edit] Smrt je neprovjerena glasina[edit] Kusturica's autobiography, Smrt je neprovjerena glasina (Death is an Unverified Rumour), was published in October 2010 in Belgrade
by Novosti. The launch took place on 26 October during the Belgrade
Book Fair and was attended by Nele Karajlić, Dušan Kovačević, foreign minister Vuk Jeremić, Vojislav Koštunica, etc.[18][19][20] Initially released only in Serbia, Montenegro, and Republika Srpska, the book's first printing of 20,000 copies quickly sold out. The second printing of 32,000 copies was out in November and it too sold within weeks. On 8 December, the third printing in 40,000 copies was out[21] and promoted a day later at Belgrade's Dom Sindikata.[22] In February 2011, a fourth printing with further 10,000 copies was out and soon the sale of the 100,000th book was announced.[23] The final number of copies sold by the publisher was 114,000.[24] Translations were published in Italy (translated by Alice Parmeggiani) on 30 March 2011 under the title Dove sono in questa storia ("Where am I in this Story"),[25] in France
by JC Lattès on 6 April 2011 as Où suis-je dans cette histoire ?,[26] and in Germany in September 2011 as Der Tod ist ein unbestätigtes Gerücht.[27] In 2012, the book was published in Bulgaria as Cмъpттa e нeпoтвъpдeн cлуx, in Greece as Κι εγώ πού είμαι σ' αυτή την ιστορία;, in Romania as Unde sunt eu în toată povestea asta, and in Hungary as Hogy jövök én a képbe?. Sto jada[edit] Kusturica's second book, a fictional novel Sto jada (Hundred Pains), got released in Serbia
on 24 April 2013 by Novosti a.d.[24][28] in the initial printing of 35,000 copies. On 6 June, the second printing came out in the circulation of 25,000.[29] The book's translated form was released in France
in January 2015 by JC Lattès as Étranger dans le mariage. Other endeavors[edit] Drvengrad[edit]


(meaning Wooden Town) is a traditional village that Kusturica built for his film Life Is a Miracle. It is located in the Zlatibor District
Zlatibor District
near the city of Užice, two hundred kilometers southwest of Serbia's capital, Belgrade. It is located near Mokra Gora and Višegrad, best known for Yugoslav Ivo Andrić's Nobel-winning novel, The Bridge on the Drina.[30] Time of the Gypsies
Time of the Gypsies
punk opera[edit] During 2007, Kusturica and Nele Karajlić
Nele Karajlić
prepared a punk opera, Time of the Gypsies. The initial idea came five years earlier in 2002 from Kusturica's collaborator Marc di Domenico while the support of the Paris Opera
Paris Opera
director Gérard Mortier
Gérard Mortier
got the project rolling. Basing the production on his eponymous 1988 film, Kusturica wrote the libretto by adapting the story of the Gypsy youth from the Balkans relocating to Italy in order to obtain money for his ill sister's surgery. The director cast young Serbian folk singers Stevan Anđelković and Milica Todorović in the roles of Perhan and Azra, respectively, while the experienced Karajlić took the role of Ahmed Đida. The music in the original movie had been composed by Goran Bregović; however, since Kusturica and he have not been on speaking terms since the late 1990s, those songs couldn't be used.[31] The all-new score was composed by Dejan Sparavalo of The No Smoking Orchestra. The premiere took place in June 2007, at the Opéra Bastille
Opéra Bastille
in Paris, to positive reviews.[31][32][33] Following the vast open stage of Bastille, the show was performed in smaller arenas. In March 2008, the production was staged in Paris' Palais des congrès.[34] In fall 2010, the production was staged in Belgrade
at Sava Center. On 29 June 2012, the opera was staged in Banja Luka
Banja Luka
at the City Stadium, for the very first time under the open skies, with 10,000 people in attendance.[35] This was followed with the July staging in Cartagena, Spain, as part of La Mar de Músicas de Cartagena.[36] Future staging of the punk opera is scheduled for August 2013 in Krasnodar, Russia, during Kubana Festival.[37] Küstendorf Film and Music Festival[edit] Since 2008, Drvengrad
hosts the annual Küstendorf Film and Music Festival,[38] which showcases films and music from all around the world as well as a competition programme for student short films. The festival is known for not having a red carpet as well as none of the popular Hollywood festival artifacts.

Kusturica with Novak Djokovic
Novak Djokovic
in Andrićgrad

The reverence Kusturica enjoys in the film circles along with his professional and personal contacts ensure the arrival of top guests from the European and world cinema every year. The festival hosted global stars Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
and Monica Bellucci
Monica Bellucci
along with Nikita Mikhalkov, Gael García Bernal, Abel Ferrara, Kim Ki-duk, Audrey Tautou, etc. Andrićgrad[edit] On 28 June 2011 Kusturica started the construction project of Andrićgrad
(also known as Kamengrad, meaning Stone Town), located in Višegrad, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was scheduled to be completed by 2014.[39] Andrićgrad
is located several kilometers from Kusturica's first town Drvengrad, in Serbia. Andrićgrad
will be used as a filming location for his new film "Na Drini ćuprija", based on the book The Bridge on the Drina, by Nobel Prize for Literature laureate Ivo Andrić. His last name is used in the town name Andrićgrad, meaning "Town of Andrić" in Serbian. Personal life[edit] Family[edit] Kusturica is married to Maja Mandić; the couple have two children: Stribor and Dunja.[40] He currently lives in Drvengrad, Serbia, the village which he had built for his film Life Is a Miracle. Kusturica holds dual Serbian and French citizenship.[citation needed] Ethnic and religious identity[edit]

Mayor of Guadalajara Alfonso Petersen presents Kusturica with the keys to the city at Telmex Auditorium in March 2009

On Đurđevdan
(St. George's Day) in 2005, he was baptised into the Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
as Nemanja Kusturica (Немања Кустурица) at the Savina monastery near Herceg Novi, Montenegro.[41][42] To his critics who considered this the final betrayal of his Bosniak roots, he replied that:

“ My father was an atheist and he always described himself as a Serb. OK, maybe we were Muslim for 250 years, but we were Orthodox before that and deep down we were always Serbs, religion cannot change that.[8][41][43] ”

Despite the aforementioned conflict of religion, Kusturica refused to see himself as either a Bosniak or Serb. Instead, he had continued to insist that he was simply a Yugoslav.[40] When his mother was on her deathbed he wanted to find out his ancestry and learnt that the origin of the Kusturica family stemmed from two Orthodox Christian branches.[44] An ancestor of his, who helped build the Arslanagić bridge in the 18th century, hailed from Bileća
and the Babić family.[45] According to the studies of geographer Jevto Dedijer (1880–1918) in the Bileća
region (1902): the Kusturica family lived in a čopor (grouped area, literally "pack") in the village of Plana; they had eight houses next to the Kozjak family (four houses), northwest across a field from the Avdić family (23 houses).[46] In Granica, there was a family surnamed Kusturica which had left Plana 80 years earlier.[46] According to the Avdići, their progenitor Avdija Krivokapić, an Islamized Montenegrin, reportedly was honoured by the Sultan for his military service and on the way home to Herzegovina, in Kyustendil, he bought a gypsy and brought him to Plana; this gypsy was, according to them, an ancestor of the Kusturica family.[46] The story, however, as was common, was motivated by traditional disputes of neighbouring families regarding status in the village.[47] According to Savo Pujić, an ancestor was Hajdarbeg Kusturica who was a čauš (officer) who lived in Volujak and was said to have been fair, having repurchased Muslim slaves, protected Orthodox clergy and his subject peasants.[47] The name is derived from kustur, an Old Slavic word for dull knives, sabres, etc., most often referring to sabres.[48] Political views[edit]

Putin and Kusturica in Kremlin on 4 November 2016

At the 2007 parliamentary elections, he gave indirect support to Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica
Vojislav Koštunica
and his center-right Democratic Party of Serbia.[49] In 2007, he also supported the Serbian campaign Solidarity - Kosovo
is Serbia, a campaign against the unilateral separation of the Serbian province of Kosovo.[50] Regarding Vladimir Putin, he said in 2012: "If I was English I would be very much against Putin. If I was American I would even fight with him, but if I was Russian I would vote for him".[51] Kusturica was present at the Kremlin for Putin's third inauguration as president in May 2012.[52] He has expressed support for the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea.[53] Kusturica was awarded the Order of St. Sava, First Class, for his selfless care and presentation of the Serbian nation in the world, on 12 May 2012.[54] On 4 November 2016 he received the Order of Friendship from Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
in Moscow.[55] He communicated in Russian at the event.[56] Controversy[edit] Work[edit] Kusturica and his work have provoked controversy at home and abroad.[57] Underground, scripted by Dušan Kovačević, was partly financed by state-owned Yugoslav television. It recounted the history of Yugoslavia from World War II
World War II
until the conflict in the 1990s. Some[who?] Bosnian and French critics claimed the film contained pro- Serb
propaganda.[58][59] French philosopher and writer Alain Finkielkraut, a supporter of the Croatian president Franjo Tuđman
Franjo Tuđman
during the 1990s,[60] denounced the Cannes
Film Festival's jury award, saying:

In recognizing "Underground", the Cannes
jury thought it was honouring a creator with a thriving imagination. In fact, it has honoured a servile and flashy illustrator of criminal clichés. The Cannes jury ... praised a version of the most hackneyed and deceitful Serb
propaganda. The devil himself could not have conceived so cruel an outrage against Bosnia, nor such a grotesque epilogue to Western incompetence and frivolity.[59]

It was later revealed that Finkielkraut had not seen the film before writing his criticism.[61][62][63] French philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy made a film criticizing Underground.[58] In a discussion with Levy, the Slovenian philosopher Slavoj Žižek
Slavoj Žižek

I hope we share another point, which is – to be brutal – hatred of [director] Emir Kusturica. Underground is one of the most horrible films that I've seen. What kind of Yugoslav society do you see in Kusturica's Underground? A society where people fornicate, drink, fight – a kind of eternal orgy.[64]

Sarajevo-born novelist Aleksandar Hemon, who emigrated to the United States before the war, said Underground downplayed Serbian atrocities by presenting "the Balkan war as a product of collective, innate, savage madness."[65] Libel cases[edit] Andrej Nikolaidis[edit] Andrej Nikolaidis, a Montenegrin writer and columnist, criticized Kusturica for appearing to agree with Slobodan Milošević's propaganda during the Bosnian War. In May 2004, Nikolaidis wrote in the Monitor magazine:

Considering he proclaimed his dead father a Serb, and himself, Emir, an Orthodox Christian, he easily chose his own in the Bosnian War. He recognized them in Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić. He wasn't there to fire cannon barrages, but whenever he could, with his artistic and media get-up he provided them an alibi for every killed Muslim who didn't want to admit that he was originally an "Orthodox Christian".[this quote needs a citation]

Kusturica sued Nikolaidis and the Monitor newspaper for civil damages at the Supreme Court of Montenegro. In the end, Nikolaidis was ordered to pay $6,490 to Kusturica for calling the famed director a "media star of Milosevic's war machinery".[66] The judge ruled that the evidence was not credible enough.[67] In the end Nikolaidis and the paper were fined 12,000 euros for breaking the code of journalism by calling Kusturica "stupid, ugly and corrupt" in the article.[68] 2010 Antalya
festival[edit] In October 2010 Kusturica withdrew from the jury of Antalya
Golden Orange Film Festival after being publicly criticized and accused by Turkish director Semih Kaplanoğlu and Turkey's minister of culture Ertuğrul Günay
Ertuğrul Günay
over his alleged remarks and opinions about the Bosnian War.[69] The criticism of Kusturica was started by an organization called the Turkish-Bosnian Cultural Federation as soon as Kusturica was announced as a jury member.[70] Turkish media reported that Kusturica repeatedly downplayed the number of killed people and the rape of Muslim women during the war.[69] It was not clear when Kusturica was supposed to have made those comments, but the daily Milliyet
said Kusturica denied the allegations.[69] Public sentiment in Turkey and in Serbia
was such that a couple of days after Kusturica left Turkey, there were news reports by Serbian tabloids claiming that a mob of Turkish youths in Antalya
physically assaulting Swiss actor Michael Neuenschwander (in town to promote his movie 180° – Wenn deine Welt plötzlich Kopf steht) because they mistook him for Kusturica due to apparent physical resemblance between the two.[71] Later, Neuenschwander's press agent said there was no physical assault and that Neuenschwander was verbally abused by a small group.[72] Kusturica later commented on the incident:

“ I did receive a sincere apology from the mayor of Antalya
Mustafa Akaydın over what happened. Essentially, I became collateral damage in the ongoing political fight between the central powers from the ruling coalition in Istanbul and the municipal authorities in Antalya where the local power is held by a social-democrat party. But regardless of everything, this is completely unacceptable on a basic level – when you're an invited guest somewhere, your hosts simply cannot behave in this manner. And this run-in I had was with a part of Turkish society, the part that consists of highly-evolved primitives. I am not a politician and I'm not obliged to comment on and dissect every crime or genocide around the world. And then I got very angry and I told them if they're so sensitive about genocide it would be much better for them to publicly condemn the genocide they committed against the Armenian people, before having a go at me with accusatory statements. I clearly condemned the crimes in Bosnia, but the 'problem' is that I condemned the crimes committed by all sides, which makes me incompatible with the strategy they have for Bosnia.[73] ”


As director

Guernica, 1978, short The Brides Are Coming (Nevjeste dolaze), 1978, TV film Buffet Titanic (Bife Titanik), 1979, TV film Do You Remember Dolly Bell?
Do You Remember Dolly Bell?
(Sjećaš li se Dolly Bell), 1981. Nije čovjek ko ne umre, 1984, TV film When Father Was Away on Business (Otac na službenom putu), 1985. Time of the Gypsies
Time of the Gypsies
(Dom za vešanje), 1988. Arizona Dream, 1993. Underground (Podzemlje), 1995. Bila jednom jedna zemlja, 1996, TV series Magic Bus, 1997, short Black Cat, White Cat
Black Cat, White Cat
(Crna mačka, beli mačor), 1998. Super 8 Stories, 2001, documentary Life Is a Miracle
Life Is a Miracle
(Život je čudo), 2004. Promise Me This
Promise Me This
(Zavet), 2007. Maradona, 2008, documentary. Words with Gods, 2014. On the Milky Road, 2016.

As actor

Walter Defends Sarajevo, 1972. Arizona Dream, 1993. Underground (Podzemlje), 1995. The Widow of Saint-Pierre, 2000. The Good Thief, 2002. Strawberries in the Supermarket, 2004. Secret Journey, 2006. L'affaire Farewell
L'affaire Farewell
(Farewell), 2009. Hermano, 2010. Nicostratos the Pelican, 2011. Au bonheur des ogres (The Scapegoat), 2012. 7 Days in Havana, 2012. The Ice Forest, 2014. Words with Gods, 2014. On the Milky Road, 2016.


1st prize on Student's Film Festival in Karlovy Vary, (1978) for Guernica Golden Lion for "Best First Work" in Venice Film Festival, (1981) for Do You Remember Dolly Bell? Golden Palm Cannes
Film Festival, (1985) for When Father Was Away on Business FIPRESCI prize Cannes
Film Festival, (1985) for When Father Was Away on Business Best Foreign Language Academy Award Nomination, (1985) for When Father Was Away on Business Best Director award at Cannes
Film Festival, (1989) for Time of Gypsies[74] Silver Bear – Special
Jury Prize at the Berlin Film Festival, (1993) for Arizona Dream[75] Golden Palm at Cannes
Film Festival, (1995) for Underground[76] Silver Plate of best documentary at Chicago International Film Festival, (2001) for Super 8 Stories Cinema Prize of the French Education System at Cannes
Festival (2004) for Life is a Miracle Best European Union Film at César Awards, (2005) for Life is a Miracle Philippe Rotthier European Architecture Award, (2005) for Küstendorf village in Serbia On 10 February 2007, Kusturica received Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France's highest order in recognition of significant contribution to the arts. Philippe Rotthier European Architecture Award for his ethnic village project Küstendorf (also called Drvengrad
– "wooden town") on Mt. Zlatibor, Serbia, in 2005. The prize is awarded every three years by the Brussels
Foundation for Architecture. In 2004, The Prix de l'Education nationale (National Education Prize) honored Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
and his film Život je čudo
Život je čudo
(Life is a Miracle). 2004 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the 26th Moscow International Film Festival[77] On 8 April 2011, Kusturica was the first person ever to receive "Momo Kapor award", for his book Death is an Unverified Rumour In 2011, Kusturica won "Tipar award" for satire, awarded in the city of Pljevlja Order of St. Sava, Serbian Orthodox Church's highest decoration, on 12 May 2012. Honorary Magritte Award at the 4th Magritte Awards, on 1 February 2014. Order of St. King Milutin, awarded in Andrićgrad
by Serbian Orthodox Church, on 28 June 2014.[78] Order of Friendship, 2016.


^ a b "Kusturica: Srbija je moja otadžbina (Kusturica: Serbia
is My Homeland)". www.b92.net. B92. 19 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.  ^ (in Serbo-Croatian) Između Emira i Nemanje. Slobodnaevropa.org (22 September 2008). Retrieved on 2016-11-04. ^ "Politika". Politika.rs. Retrieved 2 April 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ "Ministere de la culture". Culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ "Емир Кустурица". Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska.  ^ "INTERVIEW: Emir Kusturica". Globus.com.hr. February 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ Kusturica, Emir (31 July 2015). "Personal Diary of Emir Kusturica, 1994". Politika. Retrieved 31 July 2015.  ^ a b Halpern, Dan (8 May 2005). "The (Mis)Directions of Emir Kusturica". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 March 2010.  ^ Emir Kusturica. "Biography of Emir Kusturica". Kustu.com. Retrieved 9 December 2010.  ^ " 16th Moscow International Film Festival (1989)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.  ^ "Kusturica biography". Kustu.com. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ " Cinema has been 'abused horrifically'". Matthew Hays and Martin Siberok, The Globe and Mail, Sep. 04, 2000 ^ "Festival de Cannes: Promise Me This". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 20 December 2009.  ^ " Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
i Voja Brajović najavili su prvi filmski festival "Kustendorf" u Drvengradu na Mokroj Gori". Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2007. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) , PRESS, 14 December 2007 ^ Video on YouTube ^ " Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
named Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur". Festival de Cannes. 14 May 2011. ^ "Local images of Kusturica's documentary" (in Spanish). El Observador (Uruguay). 2 April 2014.  ^ Kusturica hit Sajma Kultura. Novosti.rs. Retrieved on 4 November 2016. ^ When not said is more important than said. english.blic.rs (28 October 2010) ^ Smrt je neprovjerena glasina. Kustu.com. Retrieved on 4 November 2016. ^ Trece;Novosti ^ Bakice umalo nisu stradale zbog Kuste;MTS Mondo, 9 December 2010 ^ "Neprovjerena glasina" dobila stohiljaditog čitaoca;Večernje novosti, 17 February 2011 ^ a b Kusturica: Novom knjigom se borim protiv vremena današnjice;Blic, 23 April 2013 ^ Dove sono in questa storia ISBN 978-88-07-01839-8 ^ Où suis-je dans cette histoire ? Archived 30 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ISBN 978-2-7096-1915-8 ^ Der Tod ist ein unbestätigtes Gerücht;RandomHouse.de ^ Stiglo "Sto jada" Emira Kusturice;Večernje novosti, 23 April 2013 ^ Drugo izdanje Kusturičine knjige;B92, 6 June 2013 ^ Movie-maker, musician, architect: Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
is coming to London, The Sunday Times ^ a b Kusturica's 'Time of the Gypsies' Gets Opera Staging in Paris Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.;Bloomberg, 27 June 2007 ^ Opera With Attitude, Guitars, and a Dose of Mayhem; The New York Times, 28 June 2007 ^ Kusturica's punk opera is a success, say critics Archived 20 June 2013 at Archive.is;2007 ^ Gypsy punk opera extravaganza by Serbian filmmaker Kusturica hits Paris stage[permanent dead link];TheStarOnline, 27 March 2008 ^ Opera "Dom za vešanje" oduševila Banjalučane;banjaluka.com, 30 June 2012 ^ "La ópera punk de Emir Kusturica"; El País, 19 July 2012 ^ "Kusturica will bring to the festival KUBANA his punk-Opera Archived 20 June 2013 at Archive.is"; esoundpost, 2013 ^ International Film and Music Festival Kustendorf/ ^ Почела градња "Андрићграда" (in Serbian) ^ a b Dan Halpern (2005). The Misdirections of Emir Kusturica. New York Times. p. 2.  ^ a b "Article about Kusturica's religion on". Pionirovglasnik.com. 26 July 2005. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ "News of Kusturica's baptism". Hem.passagen.se. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(4 March 2005). "An interview for Guardian". London: Film.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ "Ja sam sad djavo". Puls Online.  ^ Zorica Vulić (19 January 2001). "Ko je ovaj čovek: Emir Kusturica". Glas Javnosti.  ^ a b c Srpska kraljevska akademija (1903). Srpski etnografski zbornik, Volume 5; Volume 1903. Srpska kraljevska akademija. pp. 868, 870, 872.  ^ a b Savo Pujić. "NOVI NAUČNI RADOVI – ONOMASTIKA POVRŠI TREBINJSKE". Glas Trebinja. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.  ^ Мирослав Нишкановић (2004). Српска презимена: значење – распрострањеност – порекло породица. Српски генеалошки центар. pp. 151–152. ISBN 978-86-83679-16-4.  ^ "Film director Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
attends the final pre-elections rally of Democratic Party of Serbia
in Belgrade
17 January 2007". (Reuters), 2space.net. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ Iva Martinović (12 November 2007). "Radio Slobodna Evropa article". Slobodnaevropa.org. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ "RIA Novosti; Serb
Director Kusturica Wants 'Evolution' for Russia". rian.ru. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012.  ^ "Smedia; Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
na Putinovoj inauguraciji u Kremlju". smedia.sr. Retrieved 8 May 2012.  ^ Kusturica arrives in Crimea in violation of Ukrainian laws, calls it Russia, UNIAN (23 July 2017) ^ B92, Patrijarh odlikovao Kusturicu, 12 May 2012 ^ "Putin awards Serbian filmmaker Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
with Order of Friendship". Russia
Beyond the Headlines. October 27, 2016.  ^ Кустурица: Путин внес равновесие в мировую политику. tass.ru (4 November 2016) ^ " Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
controversy, Encyclopedia II". Experiencefestival.com. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ a b Serb
director tries for third triumph, The Guardian, 15 May 2004 ^ a b Dispute Leads Bosnian to Quit Films, The New York Times, 5 December 1995 ^ Richard J. Golsan (2006). French Writers and the Politics of Complicity: Crises of Democracy in the 1940s and 1990s. JHU Press. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-0-8018-8258-6.  ^ "The polemic 'Underground'". Kustu.com. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ "Faut-il brûler Underground?". L'Express. France. 19 October 1995. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ Goran Gocić (2001). Notes from the Underground: The Cinema of Emir Kusturica. Wallflower Press. pp. 42–. ISBN 978-1-903364-14-7.  ^ " Slavoj Žižek
Slavoj Žižek
interview". Euronews, shown again on Youtube.com. 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ Halpern, Dan (8 May 2005). "The (Mis)Directions of Emir Kusturica". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 March 2010.  ^ "Victoria Advocate". Newsbank. 17 November 2004. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ Il caso Kusturica, 23 February 2005 (in Italian) ^ "Blic Online Vrhovni sud Crne Gore presudio u korist Kusturice". Blic.rs. Archived from the original on 15 December 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ a b c "Kusturica Quits Film Festival Jury in Turkey", ABC News, Retrieved on 11 October 2010. ^ Kritike Kusturice u Turskoj;Blic, 20 September 2010 ^ Prebijen glumac koji liči na slavnog reditelja – Kusta: Dobro je da sam otišao iz Turske; Blic, 16 October 2010 ^ Saldırıya uğramadı, sözlü tepki gördü; Haberturk, 16 October 2010(in Turkish) ^ Video on YouTube ^ "Festival de Cannes: Time of the Gypsies". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2009.  ^ Berlinale annual archives – 1993. Berlinale.de. Retrieved on 4 November 2016. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Underground". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 5 September 2009.  ^ " 26th Moscow International Film Festival (2004)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2013.  ^ SPC awards Dodik, Kusturica with order of St King Milutin. inserbia.info (28 June 2014)

Bibliography[edit] Books[edit]

Gocić, Goran (2001). The Cinema of Emir Kusturica: Notes from the Underground. London: Wallflower Press. ISBN 978-1-903364-14-7.  Irodanova, Dina: Emir Kusturica. London. British Film Institute 2002. Imsirevic, Almir: "Based on a Truth Story", Sarajevo, 2007.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emir Kusturica.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Emir Kusturica

Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
on IMDb Kustupedia – the online encyclopedia on the universe of Emir Kusturica Komuna Belgrade Indie Wire, Interview with Kusturica on Black Cat, White Cat RTS interview, 26 April 2006[permanent dead link] (in Serbian) Etno selo Nemanje Kusturice na Mećavniku, May, 2007 – www.ciode.ca (in Serbian)

v t e

Films by Emir Kusturica

Feature films

Do You Remember Dolly Bell?
Do You Remember Dolly Bell?
(1981) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) Time of the Gypsies
Time of the Gypsies
(1988) Arizona Dream
Arizona Dream
(1993) Underground (1995) Black Cat, White Cat
Black Cat, White Cat
(1998) Life Is a Miracle
Life Is a Miracle
(2004) Promise Me This
Promise Me This
(2007) Words with Gods (2014) On the Milky Road
On the Milky Road


Super 8 Stories
Super 8 Stories
(2001) Maradona by Kusturica
Maradona by Kusturica

Film soundtracks

Time of the Gypsies Arizona Dream Underground

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola

v t e

Silver Lion for Best Director


Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1998) Zhang Yuan (1999) Buddhadeb Dasgupta (2000)


Babak Payami (2001) Lee Chang-dong
Lee Chang-dong
(2002) Takeshi Kitano
Takeshi Kitano
(2003) Kim Ki-duk
Kim Ki-duk
(2004) Philippe Garrel
Philippe Garrel
(2005) Alain Resnais (2006) Brian De Palma
Brian De Palma
(2007) Aleksei German Jr.
Aleksei German Jr.
(2008) Shirin Neshat
Shirin Neshat
(2009) Álex de la Iglesia
Álex de la Iglesia


Cai Shangjun
Cai Shangjun
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alexandros Avranas (2013) Andrei Konchalovsky
Andrei Konchalovsky
(2014) Pablo Trapero
Pablo Trapero
(2015) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
/ Andrei Konchalovsky
Andrei Konchalovsky
(2016) Xavier Legrand (2017)

v t e

Golden Arena for Best Director at the Pula Film Festival

As Yugoslav Film Awards (1955–90)

František Čáp
František Čáp
(1955) Branko Bauer (1956) Soja Jovanović
Soja Jovanović
(1957) Nikola Tanhofer (1958) Jože Babič
Jože Babič
(1959) Veljko Bulajić
Veljko Bulajić
(1960) Branko Bauer / Igor Pretnar (1963) Žika Mitrović / France
Štiglic (1964) Aleksandar Petrović (1965) Vatroslav Mimica (1966) Aleksandar Petrović / Puriša Đorđević (1967) Živojin Pavlović (1968) Fedor Škubonja (1969) Krsto Papić
Krsto Papić
(1970) Kiril Cenevski (1971) Aleksandar Petrović (1972) Matjaž Klopčič (1973) Zdravko Velimirović (1974) Matjaž Klopčič (1975) Goran Paskaljević
Goran Paskaljević
(1976) Živojin Pavlović (1977) Srđan Karanović (1978) Fadil Hadžić
Fadil Hadžić
(1979) Goran Paskaljević
Goran Paskaljević
(1980) Miloš Radivojević (1982) Srđan Karanović (1983) Rajko Grlić
Rajko Grlić
(1984) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1985) Lordan Zafranović
Lordan Zafranović
(1986) Vladimir Blaževski (1987) Žarko Dragojević (1988) Jože Pogačnik (1989) Filip Robar Dorin (1990)

As Croatian Film Awards (1992–present)

Krsto Papić
Krsto Papić
(1992) Davor Žmegač (1993) Zrinko Ogresta
Zrinko Ogresta
(1995) Vinko Brešan
Vinko Brešan
(1996) Goran Rušinović (1997) Krsto Papić
Krsto Papić
(1998) Zrinko Ogresta
Zrinko Ogresta
(1999) Lukas Nola (2000) Bruno Gamulin (2001) Dalibor Matanić
Dalibor Matanić
(2002) Vinko Brešan
Vinko Brešan
(2003) Antun Vrdoljak
Antun Vrdoljak
(2004) Tomislav Radić (2005) Antonio Nuić
Antonio Nuić
(2006) Kristijan Milić
Kristijan Milić
(2007) Arsen Anton Ostojić (2008) Zvonimir Jurić & Goran Dević (2009) Rajko Grlić
Rajko Grlić
(2010) Dalibor Matanić
Dalibor Matanić
(2011) Branko Schmidt (2012) Bobo Jelčić (2013) Kristijan Milić
Kristijan Milić
(2014) Dalibor Matanić
Dalibor Matanić
(2015) Zrinko Ogresta
Zrinko Ogresta
(2016) Hana Jušić (2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents


Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau


Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson


Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 79117794 LCCN: nr97000706 ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 0779 GND: 120132079 SELIBR: 252118 SUDOC: 034619119 BNF: cb12535611f (data) BIBSYS: 99024932 MusicBrainz: ffbcbcb9-b0c1-4692-b2c7-d5452f10c809 NLA: 40010029 NDL: 001263314 NKC: xx0028410 ICCU: ITICCURAVV89738 BNE: XX1547653 SN