EMILIE SCHINDLER (22 October 1907 – 5 October 2001) was a Sudeten
German -born woman who, with her husband
Oskar Schindler , helped to
save the lives of 1,200 to 1,700 Jews during
World War II
She was born EMILIE PELZL in the village of Alt Moletein , 49°48′N
16°47′E / 49.800°N 16.783°E / 49.800; 16.783 (alternate
spelling: Old Moletin, in Czech: Starý Moletín, today: Maletín)
Schindler's early life in Alt Moletein was idyllic, and she was quite fond of nature and animals. She was also interested in the Gypsies who would camp near the village for a few days at a time; their nomadic lifestyle, their music, and their stories fascinated her.
MARRIAGE AND LIFE WITH OSKAR SCHINDLER
Emilie Pelze first saw the handsome and outgoing Oskar Schindler in 1928, when he came to Alt Moletein to sell electric motors to her father. After dating for six weeks, the couple married on 6 March 1928, in an inn on the outskirts of Zwittau , Schindler's home town.
In spite of his flaws, Oskar had a big heart and was always ready to help whoever was in need. He was affable, kind, extremely generous and charitable, but at the same time, not mature at all. He constantly lied and deceived me, and later returned feeling sorry, like a boy caught in mischief, asking to be forgiven one more time—and then we would start all over again ...
WORLD WAR II
In 1938, the unemployed
Oskar Schindler joined the
One of the survivors, Maurice Markheim, later recalled:
"She got a whole truck of bread from somewhere on the black market. They called me to unload it. She was talking to the SS and because of the way she turned around and talked, I could slip a loaf under my shirt. I saw she did this on purpose. A loaf of bread at that point was gold ... There is an old expression: Behind the man, there is the woman, and I believe she was the great human being."
The Schindlers saved more than 1,200 Jews from extermination camps . In May 1945, when Soviets moved into Brünnlitz, the Schindlers left the Jews in the factory and went into hiding, in fear of being prosecuted because of Oskar's ties with the Nazi party.
LIFE AFTER THE WAR
The Schindlers fled to
In 1957, a bankrupt
Oskar Schindler abandoned his wife and returned
to Germany, where he died in 1974. Although they never divorced, they
never saw each other again. In 1993, during the production of the film
Schindler\'s List ,
At last we meet again ... I have received no answer, my dear, I do not know why you abandoned me ... But what not even your death or my old age can change is that we are still married, this is how we are before God. I have forgiven you everything, everything ..."
After the film's release, Emilie's close friend and biographer, Erika
Rosenberg , quoted Emilie in her book as saying that the filmmakers
had paid "not a penny" to Emilie for her contributions to the film.
These claims were disputed by
Thomas Keneally , author of Schindler\'s
Ark , who claims he had sent Emilie a cheque of his own, and that he
had gotten into an argument with Rosenberg over this issue before
Emilie angrily told Rosenberg to drop the subject. In his 2001 film
In Praise of Love , Filmmaker
Schindler lived with her 50 pets for many years in her small house in
San Vicente , 40 kilometres south-west of Buenos Aires. She received a
small pension from
In July 2001, during a visit to Berlin, Schindler told reporters that
it was her "greatest and last wish" to spend her final years in
Germany, adding that she had become increasingly homesick. She died
from the effects of a stroke in Märkisch-Oderland Hospital,
Strausberg, on the night of 5 October 2001, two weeks before her 94th
birthday at the age of 93. Her only relative was a niece in
Schindler was honored by several Jewish organizations for her efforts
during World War II. In May 1994, she received the Righteous Among the
Nations award from
* ^ A B The Independent 2001 .
* ^ BBC News 2010 .
* ^ Crowe 2004 , p. 4.
* ^ Crowe 2004 , pp. 4–5.
* ^ Crowe 2004 , p. 6.
* ^ A B C D E F G H Bülow 2005 .
* ^ Steinhouse 1994 .
* ^ Crowe 2004 , pp. 488, 494–495.
* ^ Thompson 2002 , p. 25.
* ^ Keneally 2008 , p. 265.
* ^ A B Ebert 2002 .
* ^ New York Times 2001 .
* ^ Crowe 2004 , p. 622.
* Bülow, Louis (2005). "Emilie Schindler: An Unsung Heroine". auschwitz.dk. Retrieved 11 June 2013. * Crowe, David M. (2004). Oskar Schindler: The Untold Account of His Life, Wartime Activities, and the True Story Behind the List. Cambridge, MA: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-3375-X . * Ebert, Roger (18 October 2002). "In Praise Of Love". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 11 June 2013. * "Emilie Schindler". The Independent. London. 7 October 2001. Archived from the original on 21 October 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2013. * "Emilie Schindler, 93, Dies; Saved Jews in War". The New York Times . 8 October 2001. Retrieved 11 June 2013. * Keneally, Thomas (2008). Searching for Schindler: A Memoir. New York: Nan A. Talese. * "Schindler list survivor recalls saviour". BBC News. 1 May 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2010. * Steinhouse, Herbert (April 1994). "The Real Oskar Schindler". Saturday Night. Retrieved 11 June 2013. * Thompson, Bruce, ed. (2002). Oskar Schindler. People Who Made History. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. ISBN 0-7377-0894-8 .