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Mount Emei
Mount Emei
([ɤ̌.měi]; Chinese: 峨眉山[1]; pinyin: Éméi shān) is a mountain in Sichuan
Sichuan
Province, China, and is one of the Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains of China. Mt. Emei sits at the western rim of the Sichuan
Sichuan
Basin. The mountains west of it are known as Daxiangling.[2] A large surrounding area of countryside is geologically known as the Permian Emeishan Large Igneous Province, a large igneous province generated by the Emeishan Traps volcanic eruptions during the Permian Period. At 3,099 metres (10,167 ft), Mt. Emei is the highest of the Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains of China.[3] Administratively, Mt. Emei is located near the county-level city of the same name (Emeishan City), which is in turn part of the prefecture-level city of Leshan. It was made a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site in 1996.[4]

Contents

1 As a sacred mountain 2 Buddhist architecture on Emei 3 Sunrise and clouds sea 4 Climate 5 Indigenous animals 6 Flora 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

As a sacred mountain[edit] Mount Emei
Mount Emei
is one of the Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains of China, and is traditionally regarded as the bodhimaṇḍa, or place of enlightenment, of the bodhisattva Samantabhadra. Samantabhadra
Samantabhadra
is known in Mandarin as Pǔxián Púsà (普賢菩薩). Sources of the 16th and 17th centuries allude to the practice of martial arts in the monasteries of Mount Emei[5] made the earliest extant reference to the Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery
as Chinese boxing's place of origin.[6] Buddhist architecture on Emei[edit] This is the location of the first Buddhist temple built in China
China
in the 1st century CE.[4] The site has seventy-six Buddhist monasteries of the Ming and Qing period, most of them located near the mountain top. The monasteries demonstrate a flexible architectural style that adapts to the landscape. Some, such as the halls of Baoguosi, are built on terraces of varying levels, while others, including the structures of Leiyinsi, are on raised stilts. Here the fixed plans of Buddhist monasteries of earlier periods were modified or ignored in order to make full use of the natural scenery. The buildings of Qingyinge are laid out in an irregular plot on the narrow piece of land between the Black Dragon River and the White Dragon River. The site is large and the winding foot path is 50 km (31 mi), taking several days to walk.[7] Cable cars ease the ascent to the two temples at Jinding (3,077 m), an hour's hike from the mountain's peak.[3][8] Sunrise and clouds sea[edit] Great spectacles of Mount Emei
Mount Emei
include the sunrise and Clouds Sea seen from the Golden Summit
Summit
of the mountain. The sunrise is very varied, but optimally begins with the ground and sky being in the same dark purple, soon showing rosy clouds, followed by a bright purple arc and then a semicircle where the sun is coming up.[9] The Clouds Sea includes several cloud phenomena, e.g. clouds appearing in the sky above, in addition to the regular clouds beneath.[9] Climate[edit] The summit of Mount Emei
Mount Emei
has an alpine subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc), with long, cold (but not severely so) winters, and short, cool summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −5.7 °C (21.7 °F) in January to 11.6 °C (52.9 °F), and the annual mean is 3.07 °C (37.5 °F). Precipitation
Precipitation
is common year-round (occurring on more than 250 days), but due to the influence of the monsoon, rainfall is especially heavy in summer, and more than 70% of the annual total occurs from June to September.

Climate data for Mount Emei
Mount Emei
(1971−2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.7 (62.1) 18.5 (65.3) 20.5 (68.9) 22.7 (72.9) 21.7 (71.1) 22.5 (72.5) 22.1 (71.8) 21.5 (70.7) 19.8 (67.6) 19.3 (66.7) 19.5 (67.1) 16.3 (61.3) 22.7 (72.9)

Average high °C (°F) −0.3 (31.5) 0.4 (32.7) 4.1 (39.4) 7.8 (46) 10.5 (50.9) 12.9 (55.2) 15.2 (59.4) 14.9 (58.8) 11.2 (52.2) 7.2 (45) 4.0 (39.2) 1.6 (34.9) 7.5 (45.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.7 (21.7) −4.9 (23.2) −1.3 (29.7) 2.9 (37.2) 6.3 (43.3) 9.3 (48.7) 11.6 (52.9) 11.2 (52.2) 7.7 (45.9) 3.5 (38.3) −0.3 (31.5) −3.5 (25.7) 3.1 (37.6)

Average low °C (°F) −9.2 (15.4) −8.1 (17.4) −4.8 (23.4) −0.3 (31.5) 3.6 (38.5) 6.8 (44.2) 9.2 (48.6) 9.0 (48.2) 5.5 (41.9) 1.2 (34.2) −3.2 (26.2) −6.8 (19.8) 0.2 (32.4)

Record low °C (°F) −19.2 (−2.6) −19.1 (−2.4) −17.2 (1) −9.8 (14.4) −7.4 (18.7) −0.2 (31.6) 2.1 (35.8) 2.8 (37) −3.5 (25.7) −11.1 (12) −14.7 (5.5) −19.7 (−3.5) −19.7 (−3.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.4 (0.606) 23.8 (0.937) 50.3 (1.98) 112.1 (4.413) 161.6 (6.362) 220.1 (8.665) 366.5 (14.429) 428.4 (16.866) 210.8 (8.299) 101.4 (3.992) 42.8 (1.685) 16.0 (0.63) 1,749.2 (68.864)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.9 19.1 22.3 22.3 23.2 23.6 22.7 21.9 23.8 24.7 20.0 15.1 255.6

Source: Weather China

Indigenous animals[edit] Visitors to Mount Emei
Mount Emei
will likely see dozens of Tibetan macaques who can often be viewed taking food from tourists. Local merchants sell nuts for tourists to feed the monkeys. Other featured animals includes Rana adenopleura, Vibrissaphora liui
Vibrissaphora liui
and Pheretima praepinguis Flora[edit] Mount Emei
Mount Emei
is known for its high level of endemism and approximately 200 plant species in various plant families have been described from this mountain. Gallery[edit]

Two temples at the Golden Summit

A temple at the Golden Summit

Massive statue of Samantabhadra
Samantabhadra
at the summit of Mount Emei

Baoguosi, a Buddhist temple

Buddhist temple at Mt Emei

Wooden bridgewalk over the Crystal Stream, western slopes

Macaque
Macaque
indigenous to the region

Sunrise over Mount Emei

Sunrise over a sea of clouds at Mount Emei

Guangfu pavilion, with summit visible in background

Elephant statues on the steps leading to the statue of Samantabhadra

Monkeys of Mount Emei

See also[edit]

Sacred Mountains of China Emei Sect Zuo Ci

References[edit] [10]

^ a b In the name "Emei", the character méi 眉 is sometimes written 嵋. ^ E.g., 实用中国地图集 (Shiyong Zhongguo Dituji, "Practical Atlas of China"), 2008, ISBN 978-7-5031-4772-2; map of Sichuan
Sichuan
on pp. 142-143 ^ a b Hayes, Holly (2009) Emei Shan, Sacred Destinations. Updated 24 July 2009. ^ a b " Mount Emei
Mount Emei
Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha
Leshan Giant Buddha
Scenic Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 2007-09-06.  ^ Zhāng Kǒngzhāo 張孔昭 (c. 1784). Boxing Classic: Essential Boxing Methods 拳經拳法備要 Quánjīng Quánfǎ Bèiyào (in Chinese).  ^ Henning, Stanley E. (Fall 1999). "Academia Encounters the Chinese Martial Arts". China
China
Review International. 6 (2): 319–332. doi:10.1353/cri.1999.0020. ISSN 1069-5834. . ^ Dazhang, Sun (2002). Chinese Architecture -- The Qing Dynasty (English ed.). Yale University Press. pp. 328–329. ISBN 0-300-09559-7.  ^ Gluckman, Ron (2002). Getting to the Top, Silk Road, December 2002. Hong Kong; Dragon Airlines. ^ a b Dreams Travel - Four Great Spectacles of Mt. Emei Retrieved on April 12, 2009 ^ westchinago tour. "mount emei travel guide,tour map" Updated 9 oct 2015

Further reading[edit]

Giant golden Buddha statue at the summit mount emei travel guide

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Emei.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mount Emei.

Religion and the environment in China, 中国的宗教与环境 - chinadialogue article Mount Emei, including Leshan
Leshan
Giant Buddha, Scenic Area: official Unesco site Tours and Travel to total Solar Eclipse 2009 to China
China
on Mt. Emei Shan

v t e

World Heritage Sites in China

East

Classical Gardens of Suzhou Fujian Tulou Lushan Huangshan Mount Sanqing Mount Tai Wuyi Mountains Temple and Cemetery of Confucius
Cemetery of Confucius
and Kong Family Mansion in Qufu Xidi, and Hongcun West Lake Kulangsu

South Central

Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains Historic Centre of Macau Shennongjia Kaiping Diaolou
Diaolou
and Villages Longmen Grottoes Historic Monuments of Dengfeng, including the Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery
and Gaocheng Observatory Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Wulingyuan Yinxu

Southwest

Chengjiang Fossil Site Dazu Rock Carvings Potala Palace, including the Jokhang
Jokhang
and Norbulingka Honghe Hani Rice Terraces Huanglong Jiuzhaigou Old Town of Lijiang Mount Emei
Mount Emei
and Leshan
Leshan
Giant Buddha Mount Qingcheng
Mount Qingcheng
and Dujiangyan Sichuan
Sichuan
Giant Panda Sanctuaries Three Parallel Rivers

North

Mount Wutai Chengde Mountain
Mountain
Resort, including Putuo Zongcheng Temple, Xumi Fushou Temple and Puning Temple Forbidden City Zhoukoudian Pingyao Summer Palace Temple of Heaven Xanadu Yungang Grottoes

Northeast

Koguryo sites Mukden Palace

Northwest

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor Mogao Caves Xinjiang Tianshan Qinghai Hoh Xil

Multiple regions

Great Wall China
China
Danxia Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties South China
China
Karst Grand Canal Silk Roads Tusi Sites

v t e

Sacred Mountains of China

Five Great Mountains

Tai Hua Heng (Hunan) Heng (Shanxi) Song

Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains

Emei Jiuhua Putuo Wutai

Four Sacred Taoist Mountains

Wudang Longhu Qiyun Qingcheng

Three Famous Mountains

Huang Lu Yandang

Five Garrison Mountains

Yi Wu Kuaiji Yiwulü Huo

Four Sacred Mountains in Tibetan Buddhism

Kawagarbo Amne Machin Kailash Ghado Jobo

Other Sacred Mountains

Tian Shan Changbai Lao Kunlun Zhongnan Gongga Everest Three Holy Peaks of Daocheng-Yading

v t e

National parks of China

Beidaihe Benxi Shuidong Chengde Mountain
Mountain
Resort Dian Lake Dujiangyan
Dujiangyan
Irrigation System Fuxian Lake Hexigten Huangguoshu Waterfall Huanglong Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Jinggangshan Jiuzhaigou
Jiuzhaigou
Valley Longmen Grottoes Lushan Quaternary Glaciation Mount Cangyan Mount Emei Mount Heng (Hunan) Mount Heng (Shanxi) Mount Hua Mount Huang Mount Jiuhua Mount Lao Mount Li Mount Lu Mount Luofu Mount Mogan Mount Putuo Mount Qingcheng Mount Qingyuan Mount Qiyun Mount Sanqing Mount Song Mount Tai Mount Tianzhu Mount Wutai Pearl Shoal Waterfall Pudacuo Qianshan Qinghai Lake Shilin (Stone Forest) Lake Tai Wangwushan - Yuntaishan Wudang Mountains Wulingyuan Wuyi Mountains Xixi Yuelu Mountain Yun Mountain Zhangjiajie

.