The national emblem of Brunei is featured prominently on the flag of Brunei. It was adopted in 1940. There are five main components to the national emblem (crest): the flag, the royal parasol (ceremonial umbrella), the wings, the hands, and the crescent.
Below the crescent is a banner; both are inscribed with yellow lettering in Arabic:
All elements on the crest are red. On some versions they have black outlines; others have colourless outlines.
After the Constitution was enacted in 1959 the Sultan of Brunei adopted a different emblem from the emblem of state, in that the two hands were superseded by two golden sejant cats (kuching emas). At his coronation in 1968, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah used a crown (mahkota) with an original design due it is based on the brocade turbans used by previous sultans. It is made of precious metal, decorated with pendilia and a sarpech consisting of a crescent-and-ten-pointed star and topped with a seven-pointed ornament.
About 1999 a highly elaborate achievement was adopted. It maintained the inscribed crescent, since that time vert, and the winged umbrella as core elements but the Sultan's crown was added over them. This set is surrounded by a garland of ears paddy or and is displayed the name of God (Allah) in chief. On the yellow standard of the Sultan, the emblem is all red.
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