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The Info List - Elworthy Barrows



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ELWORTHY BARROWS is an unfinished Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort , rather than Bronze Age
Bronze Age
barrows , which is designated a scheduled ancient monument (No:188401). It is located in the civil parish of Brompton Ralph near Wiveliscombe
Wiveliscombe
, Somerset
Somerset
, England. It covers an area of 3.5 hectares (8.6 acres) and is surrounded by a bank and ditch.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Construction * 3 World War II
World War II
* 4 See also * 5 References

BACKGROUND

Further information: Hill fort
Hill fort

Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC . The reason for their emergence in Britain, and their purpose, has been a subject of debate. It has been argued that they could have been military sites constructed in response to invasion from continental Europe, sites built by invaders, or a military reaction to social tensions caused by an increasing population and consequent pressure on agriculture. The dominant view since the 1960s has been that the increasing use of iron led to social changes in Britain. Deposits of iron ore were located in different places to the tin and copper ore necessary to make bronze, and as a result trading patterns shifted and the old elites lost their economic and social status. Power passed into the hands of a new group of people. Archaeologist Barry Cunliffe
Barry Cunliffe
believes that population increase still played a role and has stated " provided defensive possibilities for the community at those times when the stress burst out into open warfare. But I wouldn't see them as having been built because there was a state of war. They would be functional as defensive strongholds when there were tensions and undoubtedly some of them were attacked and destroyed, but this was not the only, or even the most significant, factor in their construction".

CONSTRUCTION

The hill fort is oval and 2.9 hectares in area. It was enclosed in the 1830s and laid to pasture and last ploughed around 1943. A polished stone axe was found at the site.

WORLD WAR II

During World War II
World War II
searchlights were installed at the site, and in 1996 it was evaluated before the construction of a new communications mast.

SEE ALSO

* List of hill forts and ancient settlements in Somerset
Somerset

REFERENCES

* ^ A B " Elworthy Barrows
Elworthy Barrows
Hillfort". National Monuments Record. English Heritage
English Heritage
. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2011. * ^ Barrow, "Hllforts and hilltops 1000BC - 1000AD" in Aston and Burrow, The Archaeology of Somerset
Somerset
(1982) * ^ " Elworthy Barrows
Elworthy Barrows
hillfort, Brompton Ralph". Somerset
Somerset
Historic Environment Record. Somerset
Somerset
County Council. Retrieved 9 March 2010. * ^ " Elworthy Barrows
Elworthy Barrows
hillfort". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 February 2015. * ^ Payne, Andrew; Corney, Mark; Cunliffe, Barry (2007), The Wessex Hillforts Project: Extensive Survey of Hillfort Interiors in Central Southern England, English Heritage, p. 1, ISBN 978-1-873592-85-4 * ^ Sharples, Niall M (1991), English Heritage
English Heritage
Book of Maiden Castle, London: B. T. Batsford, pp. 71–72, ISBN 0-7134-6083-0 * ^ Time Team: Swords, skulls and strongholds, Channel 4
Channel 4
, 2008-05-19, retrieved 16 September 2009 * ^ Adkins, A Field Guide to Somerset
Somerset
Archaeology, 1992 * ^ " Elworthy Barrows
Elworthy Barrows
Hillfort". Digital Digging. Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2010. * ^ "Neolithic axe find, Elworthy Barrows, Brompton Ralph". Somerset
Somerset
Historic Environment Record. Somerset
Somerset
County Council. Retrieved 9 March 2010. * ^ "Searchlight site (Elworthy Barrows), E of Holcombe Water Cottage, Brompton Ralph". Somerset
Somerset
Historic Environment Record. Somerset
Somerset
County Council. Retrieved 9 March 2010. * ^ "Searchlight site (Elworthy Barrows), S of Old Holcombe Water Farm, Brompton Ralph". Somerset
Somerset
Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 9 March 2010. * ^ "Evaluation (1996), Elworthy Barrows