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Elsie Bernice Washington (December 28, 1942 – May 5, 2009) was an American author whose 1980 work ''Entwined Destinies'' has been considered the first romance novel written by an African-American author featuring African-American characters.

Early life and education

Washington was born in New York on December 28, 1942, to Samuel Washington and Kathleen Peterson Erby. She majored in English at the City College of New York, graduating with a bachelor's degree.

Career

After completing college, she worked as a writer, and later as an editor, for several publications, including ''The New York Post'', ''Essence'', ''Life'' and ''Newsweek''.Fox, Margalit
"Elsie B. Washington, a Novelist, Dies at 66"
''The New York Times'', May 16, 2009. Accessed May 18, 2009.
Her one and only novel, ''Entwined Destinies'', was published by Dell Publishing in 1980 under the pen name Rosalind Welles as the 575th in its "Candlelight Romance" series of books. The book, which tells the story of a female African-American magazine reporter who finds true love with an African-American oil executive, was described as "the first known romance featuring African-American characters written by an African-American author" in a 2002 issue of ''Black Issues Book Review''. By the time of Washington's death, several imprints were devoted to black romance novels, featuring books by authors such as Rochelle Alers, Beverly Jenkins and Sandra Kitt. In 1996, the ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel'' called Washington the "mother of the African-American romance", setting the groundwork for a revolution in ethnic romance novels. Washington's book was the first "ethnic romance", a category conceived by Vivian Stephens, an African-American editor at Dell, viewing the book as the first of other such books also aimed at Native Americans and Chinese Americans. The company published 125,000 copies of Washington's novel, primarily distributed in cities on the East Coast with large African-American populations.Walters, Ray
"PAPERBACK TALK"
''The New York Times'', July 13, 1980. Accessed May 18, 2009.
Washington also wrote two works of non-fiction, her 1974 book ''Sickle Cell Anemia'', co-written with Anthony Cerami, and the ''Uncivil War: The Struggle Between Black Men and Women'', published in 1996. A 1998 article she wrote for ''Essence'' magazine received notice after she criticized the trend of African Americans who comported to "white standards of beauty" through the use of tinted contact lenses and other techniques.

Death

A resident of Yonkers, New York, Washington died in Manhattan at the age of 66 on May 5, 2009, due to multiple sclerosis and cancer. She was survived by her parents and a brother.

References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Washington, Elsie B. Category:1942 births Category:2009 deaths Category:20th-century American novelists Category:African-American novelists Category:American romantic fiction writers Category:American women novelists Category:Deaths from cancer in New York (state) Category:City College of New York alumni Category:Deaths from multiple sclerosis Category:People from the Bronx Category:People from Yonkers, New York Category:Writers from New York City Category:Women romantic fiction writers Category:20th-century American women writers Category:Novelists from New York (state)