HOME
The Info List - Elizabeth Castle


--- Advertisement ---



Elizabeth Castle is a castle and tourist attraction, on a tidal island within the parish of Saint Helier, Jersey. Construction was started in the 16th century when the power of cannon meant that the existing stronghold at Mont Orgueil was insufficient to defend the Island and the port of St. Helier was vulnerable to attack by ships armed with cannon. It is named after Elizabeth I who was the queen of England around the time the castle was built.

Contents

1 History

1.1 16th century

1.1.1 Upper Ward

1.2 17th century

1.2.1 Lower Ward 1.2.2 English Civil War

1.3 18th century

1.3.1 Seven Years' War

1.4 19th century 1.5 20th century 1.6 21st century

2 Historic monument 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] The tidal island called L'Islet (The Islet) lying in Saint Aubin, Jersey (St Aubin's Bay) became the site of the Abbey (later Priory) of Saint Helier. The Crown confiscated the monastic buildings at the Reformation. Surviving buildings were used for military purposes. 16th century[edit] Upper Ward[edit]

Upper Ward (foreground).

Construction of the earliest parts of the castle, the Upper Ward including the Queen Elizabeth Gate, began in 1594. This work was carried out by the Flemish military engineer Paul Ivy.[1] Governors of Jersey moved their official residence from Mont Orgueil to Elizabeth Castle.[citation needed] 17th century[edit] Sir Walter Raleigh Governor of Jersey between 1600 and 1603, named the castle Elizabeth Castle after Elizabeth I of England. Lower Ward[edit]

The Lower Ward in 2008. The long terrace on the right is the barrack building

The Lower Ward was constructed, between 1626 and 1636, on the site of the ruined Abbey church. This area of the castle became a parade ground, surrounded by a barrack building and officers' quarters. Wells and cisterns for water existed within this area. English Civil War[edit] Main article: Channel Islands in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms The castle was first used in a military context during the English Civil War in the 17th century. The Prince of Wales visited the castle in 1646 and again, but now as Charles II in September 1649, staying in the Governor's House,[2] having been proclaimed King by governor Sir George Carteret, despite the abolition of the monarchy in England, in February 1649. In 1651, a windmill was constructed half-way between Fort Charles and the Lower Ward. In the same year, the Parliamentarian forces landed in Jersey and bombarded the castle with mortars. The destruction of the medieval Abbey church in the heart of the castle complex which had been used as the storehouse for ammunition and provisions forced Carteret to surrender on 15 December 1651 after being besieged for seven weeks.[2] Jersey was held by Parliamentarians for the next nine years until the restoration of the monarchy.

A 1651 depiction of the Castle

In 1668, or shortly afterwards, King William's Gate was constructed, which is located between the Outer Ward, and Lower Ward. 18th century[edit] Seven Years' War[edit] During the Seven Years' War, French prisoners were kept at the island. Perhaps the most well known was Jean-Louis Le Loutre. The castle was next involved in conflict in the late 18th century, this time it was with the French. French troops under Baron Phillipe de Rullecourt landed in St Helier on 6 January 1781, and the castle garrison was marooned. The governor Moise Corbet was tricked into surrendering to the French, but the castle garrison under Captain Mulcaster refused to surrender. The French were eventually defeated by troops under Major Francis Peirson at the Battle of Jersey. Both Peirson and de Rullecourt were killed during the battle. The perceived vulnerability of the Island led to the construction of Fort Regent on Le Mont de la Ville, purchased by the British government from the Vingtaine de la Ville overlooking the Town. Fort Regent became the site of the main British garrison. 19th century[edit] A two-story barracks hospital building was constructed in the early 19th century.

Pilgrims approaching Elizabeth Castle at low tide on Saint Helier's Day Pilgrimage on 17 July 2005

A plan to link the castle to the mainland as part of an ambitious harbour project in the 19th century was abandoned. A breakwater linking L'Islet to the Hermitage Rock on which the Hermitage of Saint Helier is built remains, and is used by anglers. 20th century[edit] The British government withdrew the garrison and relinquished the castle to the States of Jersey in 1923. The States then opened it to the public as a museum. During the Second World War the Germans, who occupied the Channel Islands, modernised the castle with guns, bunkers and battlements. After the Liberation, the castle was repaired and was eventually re-opened to the public. 21st century[edit] Each year, on the Sunday closest to St. Helier's Day, 16 July, a municipal and ecumenical pilgrimage is held to visit the Hermitage. As part of the pilgrimage an open-air service is held within the castle. Other cultural events, such as concerts and historical re-enactments are also held from time to time. On 4 June 2012, a beacon was lit to celebrate Elizabeth II's 60 years of reign. A fireworks display followed. Historic monument[edit]

Charming Betty ascending the slipway at Elizabeth Castle, Saint Helier

Today, Jersey Heritage administers the site as a museum. Among the historical displays is the regimental museum of the Royal Jersey Militia that holds several centuries of military memorabilia. There is also a museum that discusses the evolution of cannons and fortifications that holds several pieces from the nineteenth century, and earlier. Every Sunday through the season when the castle is open, a team of Historical Interpreters recreate the garrison of 1781, at the time of the battle of Jersey. They give displays of musket and cannon firing, and civilian life. Access to the castle is via a causeway from St Helier at low tide, or on a castle ferry. There are two ferries, Charming Betty and Charming Nancy, which are wading vehicles that can reach the castle regardless of tide height, weather permitting. A one-way trip when the tide is high takes about 15 minutes. References[edit]

^ Castles in Jersey[permanent dead link] ^ a b Hoskins, S Elliott. Charles the Second in the Channel Islands Vol II. Richard Bentley 1854. 

Brian Bell (2000), Insight Guide Channel Islands, APA Publications  A CONSERVATION PLAN for ELIZABETH CASTLE, JERSEY

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elizabeth Castle.

Jersey Heritage Trust

v t e

Jersey articles

Geography Geology

History

Archaeology La Cotte de St Brelade Dolmens

La Hougue Bie

Mont Orgueil Grosnez Castle Elizabeth Castle Battle of Jersey La Corbière Lighthouse Windmills Coastal fortifications Jersey Railway Jersey Eastern Railway German occupation during World War II

Evacuation Resistance Relationships Civilian life Deportations Sechsschartentürme German tunnels War Tunnels Museum Battery Lothringen Battery Moltke Channel Islands Occupation Society (CIOS)

Jersey Heritage National Trust Maritime

Schools

State

Grainville Haute Vallée Hautlieu Jersey College for Girls Le Rocquier Les Quennevais Victoria College

Private

Beaulieu Convent School De La Salle College St Michael's Preparatory

Politics

Bailiff

list

Chief Minister Council of Ministers Customs and immigration Duke of Normandy Elections Lieutenant Governor Parish Assembly Political parties

Democratic Alliance Centre Party Conservative Party

Procureur du Bien Public Royal Militia States Assembly Viscounts

Law

Courts Greffier HM Prison La Moye Jersey Legal French Judiciary Jurat Police

Honorary

Economy

Jersey Electricity Company Jersey Post Jersey pound

coins

Livre (former currency) Roads

Committee Visite du Branchage

Telecommunications

JT Group Limited Newtel Solutions Sure Airtel-Vodafone

Transport

airport

Culture

Battle of Flowers Catholic Church Demographics Durrell Wildlife Park Education Eisteddfod Jèrriais language Jèrriais literature Jersey cow Jersey Royal potato Music

Jersey Live Opera House

Religion Sport Theatre

Media

BBC Radio Jersey Channel 103 ITV Channel Television Jersey Evening Post

Symbols

Anthem Coat of arms Flag Liberation Day

Vingtaines by parish

Saint Helier

de la Ville du Rouge Bouillon de Bas du Mont au Prêtre de Haut du Mont au Prêtre du Mont à l'Abbé du Mont Cochon

Grouville

des Marais de la Rue de Longueville de la Rocque Les Minquiers

Saint Brélade

de Noirmont du Coin des Quennevais de la Moye

Saint Clement

Grande Vingtaine du Rocquier de Samarès

Saint John

du Nord de Hérupe du Douet

Saint Lawrence

de la Vallée du Coin Hâtain du Coin Motier du Coin Tourgis Nord du Coin Tourgis Sud

Saint Martin

de Rozel de Faldouet de la Quéruée de l'Église du Fief de la Reine Les Écréhous

Saint Mary

du Sud du Nord

Saint Ouen

Petite Cueillette Grande Cueillette Cueillette de Grantez Cueillette de Millais Cueillette de Vinchelez Cueillette de Léoville

Saint Peter

du Douet de St. Nicolas Grand Vingtaine des Augerez du Coin Varin

Saint Saviour

de Maufant de Sous la Hougue des Pigneaux de la Grande Longueville de la Petite Longueville de Sous l'Église

Trinity

de la Ville-à-l'Évêque de Rozel du Rondin des Augrès de la Croiserie

Outline Bibliography

.