ELIZABETH CASTLE is a castle and tourist attraction , on a tidal
island within the parish of
It is named after Elizabeth I who was the queen of
* 1 History
* 1.1 16th century
* 1.1.1 Upper Ward
* 1.2 17th century
* 1.2.1 Lower Ward
English Civil War
* 1.3 18th century
* 1.3.1 Seven Years\' War
* 1.4 19th century * 1.5 20th century * 1.6 21st century
* 2 Historic monument * 3 References * 4 External links
The tidal island called L'Islet (The Islet) lying in Saint Aubin,
Upper Ward (foreground).
Construction of the earliest parts of the castle, the Upper Ward including the Queen Elizabeth Gate, began in 1594. This work was carried out by the Flemish military engineer Paul Ivy.
The Lower Ward in 2008. The long terrace on the right is the barrack building
The Lower Ward was constructed, between 1626 and 1636, on the site of the ruined Abbey church. This area of the castle became a parade ground, surrounded by a barrack building and officers' quarters. Wells and cisterns for water existed within this area.
English Civil War
Main article: Channel Islands in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
The castle was first used in a military context during the English
Civil War in the 17th century. The Prince of Wales visited the castle
in 1646 and again, but now as Charles II in September 1649, staying in
the Governor's House, having been proclaimed King by governor Sir
In 1668, or shortly afterwards, King William's Gate was constructed, which is located between the Outer Ward, and Lower Ward.
Seven Years\' War
During the Seven Years\' War , French prisoners were kept at the
island. Perhaps the most well known was
Jean-Louis Le Loutre . The
castle was next involved in conflict in the late 18th century, this
time it was with the French . French troops under Baron Phillipe de
Rullecourt landed in St
Helier on 6 January 1781, and the castle
garrison was marooned. The governor
Moise Corbet was tricked into
surrendering to the French, but the castle garrison under Captain
Mulcaster refused to surrender. The French were eventually defeated by
troops under Major
Francis Peirson at the Battle of
The perceived vulnerability of the Island led to the construction of Fort Regent on Le Mont de la Ville, purchased by the British government from the Vingtaine de la Ville overlooking the Town. Fort Regent became the site of the main British garrison.
A two-story barracks hospital building was constructed in the early
19th century. Pilgrims approaching Elizabeth
A plan to link the castle to the mainland as part of an ambitious harbour project in the 19th century was abandoned. A breakwater linking L'Islet to the Hermitage Rock on which the Hermitage of Saint Helier is built remains, and is used by anglers.
The British government withdrew the garrison and relinquished the
castle to the States of
Second World War
Each year, on the Sunday closest to St. Helier's Day, 16 July, a municipal and ecumenical pilgrimage is held to visit the Hermitage. As part of the pilgrimage an open-air service is held within the castle. Other cultural events, such as concerts and historical re-enactments are also held from time to time.
On 4 June 2012, a beacon was lit to celebrate Elizabeth II 's 60 years of reign. A fireworks display followed.
Charming Betty ascending the slipway at Elizabeth Castle, Saint Helier
Every Sunday through the season when the castle is open, a team of Historical Interpreters recreate the garrison of 1781, at the time of the battle of Jersey. They give displays of musket and cannon firing, and civilian life.
Access to the castle is via a causeway from St Helier at low tide, or on a castle ferry. There are two ferries, Charming Betty and Charming Nancy, which are wading vehicles that can reach the castle regardless of tide height, weather permitting. A one-way trip when the tide is high takes about 15 minutes.
* ^ Castles in Jersey * ^ A B Hoskins, S Elliott. Charles the Second in the Channel Islands Vol II. Richard Bentley 1854.
* Brian Bell (2000), Insight Guide Channel Islands, APA Publications
* A CONSERVATION PLAN for ELIZABETH CASTLE,