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Hypselephas

Elephas
Elephas
is one of two surviving genera in the family of elephants, Elephantidae, with one surviving species, the Asian elephant
Asian elephant
Elephas maximus.[1] Several extinct species have been identified as belonging to the genus, including Elephas
Elephas
recki, Elephas
Elephas
antiquus, and the dwarf elephants E. falconeri and E. cypriotes. The genus is very closely related to the mammoth genus Mammuthus.[2] Taxonomy[edit] Elephas
Elephas
is assigned to the proboscidean family Elephantidae
Elephantidae
and comprises one living and 10 extinct species:[3]

Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
– Asian elephant[1]

Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
indicus – Indian elephant Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
maximus – Sri Lankan elephant Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
sumatranus – Sumatran elephant Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
borneensis – Borneo elephant, proposed but not yet recognized as valid;[4] Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
sondaicus Javan elephant† Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
rubridens – Chinese elephant
Chinese elephant
Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
asurus – Syrian elephant
Syrian elephant

Elephas beyeri † – described from fossil remains found in 1911 in Luzon, Philippines
Philippines
by von Königswald;[5] Elephas celebensis † – Sulawesi dwarf elephant, described from southern Celebes by Hooijer in 1949;[6] Elephas ekorensis † – described from the Kubi Algi Formation, Turkana, Kenya;[3] Elephas hysudricus † – described from fossil remains found in the Siwalik hills
Siwalik hills
by Falconer and Cautley, 1845;[7] Elephas hysudrindicus † – is a fossil elephant of the Pleistocene of Java and different from Elephas
Elephas
maximus;[8] Elephas iolensis Elephas platycephalus

References[edit]

^ a b Shoshani, J. (2005). "Order Proboscidea". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal
Mammal
Species
Species
of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.  ^ Fleischer, R. C.; Perry, E. A.; Muralidharan, K.; Stevens, E. E.; Wemmer, C. M. (2001). Phylogeography of the Asian Elephant
Asian Elephant
(Elephas maximus) based on mitochondrial DNA Archived 2012-03-17 at the Wayback Machine.. Evolution 55(9): 1882–1892 ^ a b Maglio, V.J. (1973). Origin and evolution of the Elephantidae. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society Philadelphia Volume 63. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. Pp. 149 ^ Fernando, P., Vidya, T.N.C., Payne, J., Stuewe, M., Davison, G., et al. (2003). DNA Analysis Indicates That Asian Elephants Are Native to Borneo and Are Therefore a High Priority for Conservation. PLoS Biol 1 (1): e6 ^ Von Königswald, G.H.R. (1956). Fossil
Fossil
mammals from the Philippines. National Research Council of the Philippines, Manila ^ Hooijer, D.A. (1949). Pleistocene
Pleistocene
Vertebrates from Celebes. IV. - Archidiskodon celebensis nov spec.. Zoologische Mededelingen Museum Leiden, 30 (14): 205–226. ^ Falconer, H. Cautley, P. T. (1846). Fauna Antiqua Sivalensis, Being the Fossil
Fossil
Zoology of the Sewalik Hills. Smith, Elder & Company, London. Pp. 64. ^ Hooijer, D. A. (1955). Fossil
Fossil
Proboscidea
Proboscidea
from the Malay Archipelago and the Punjab. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 28 (1): 1–146.

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Elephas

v t e

Extant Proboscidea
Proboscidea
species by family

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Infraclass Eutheria Superorder Afrotheria

Elephantidae (Elephants)

Elephas

Asian Elephant
Asian Elephant
( Elephas
Elephas
maximus) Borneo Elephant
Elephant
( Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
borneensis) Indian Elephant
Elephant
( Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
indicus) Sri Lankan Elephant
Elephant
( Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
maximus) Sumatran Elephant
Elephant
( Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
sumatranus)

Loxodonta (African elephants)

African Bush Elephant
Elephant
(L. africana) African Forest Elephant
Elephant
(L. cyclotis)

Category

v t e

Genera of the Order Proboscidea

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Superorder: Afrotheria Clade: Paenungulata

†Basal proboscideans

†Eritherium †Moeritherium

†Plesielephantiformes

†Numidotheriidae

†Phosphatherium †Arcanotherium †Daouitherium †Numidotherium

†Barytheriidae

†Omanitherium †Barytherium

†Deinotheriidae

†Chilgatherium †Prodeinotherium †Deinotherium

Elephantiformes

†Basal elephantiforms

†Eritreum †Hemimastodon †Palaeomastodon †Phiomia

Elephantimorpha

†Mammutidae

†Losodokodon †Eozygodon †Zygolophodon †Sinomammut †Mammut

Elephantida

†Choerolophodontidae

†Afrochoerodon †Choerolophodon

†Amebelodontidae

†Afromastodon †Progomphotherium †Eurybelodon †Serbelodon †Archaeobelodon †Protanancus †Amebelodon †Konobelodon †Torynobelodon †Aphanobelodon †Platybelodon

†Gomphotheriidae

†Gomphotherium †Gnathabelodon †Eubelodon †Stegomastodon †Sinomastodon †Notiomastodon †Rhynchotherium †Cuvieronius

Elephantoidea

†Anancidae

†Anancus †Morrillia †Paratetralophodon †Pediolophodon †Tetralophodon

†Stegodontidae

†Stegolophodon †Stegodon

Elephantidae

†Stegotetrabelodontinae

†Stegodibelodon †Stegotetrabelodon †Selenotherium

Elephantinae (Elephants and Mammoths)

†Primelephas Loxodonta †Palaeoloxodon †Mammuthus Elephas

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q310746 ADW: Elephas EoL: 14189 EPPO: 1ELEPG Fossilworks: 43264 GBIF: 2435351 ITIS: 584936 MSW: 1

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