It is best known as the location of the Elaine massacre of 1919, in which an estimated 237 Black people were killed in the rural county by rampaging white mobs. This was one of the worst incidents of racial violence in American history.
* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Notable people * 5 Education * 6 References
See also: Elaine Race Riot
In 1919, two whites tried to break up a meeting of black
sharecroppers who were trying to organize a farmers' union to get
better conditions of payment and accounting from white landowners of
cotton plantations. After a white man was killed, hundreds of other
whites poured into the area, attacking blacks. Governor Charles
Hillman Brough requested federal troops to stop what was called the
Elaine Race Riot . White mobs spread throughout the county, and an
estimated 237 blacks were killed, and five whites. The governor
accompanied the troops to the scene; their use had been approved by
At 6:15 PM, April 26, 2011, a tornado – part of the 2011 Super
Outbreak – hit the Elaine area. The tornado was classified as an
EF-0 , with estimated wind speeds of 75 miles per hour (121 km/h; 65
kn). The tornado's path of destruction was 200 yards (180 m) wide and
the tornado travelled a path of 21.5 miles (34.6 km) along Highway 61
and across the
Elaine is located at 34°18′31″N 90°51′15″W / 34.30861°N 90.85417°W / 34.30861; -90.85417 (34.308595, −90.854201).
EST. 2016 538
As of the census of 2000, there were 865 people, 330 households,
and 222 families residing in the city. The population density was
1,725.8 people per square mile (668.0/km²). There were 356 housing
units at an average density of 710.3 per square mile (274.9/km²). The
racial makeup of the city was 39.08% White , 58.15% Black or African
American , 0.92% from other races , and 1.85% from two or more races.
6.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Agriculture by rice production brought in seasonal migrant laborers
There were 330 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% were married couples living together, 30.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 19.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,479, and the median income for a family was $22,813. Males had a median income of $22,386 versus $18,056 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,640. About 33.5% of families and 41.1% of the population were below the poverty line , including 59.1% of those under age 18 and 26.5% of those age 65 or over.
The Marvell–Elaine School District serves the community. Marvell Primary School and Marvell High School in Marvell serve Elaine.
Previously the Elaine School District served the community. On July 1, 2006, the Elaine district merged into the Marvell district. When the district existed, it operated Lucilia Wood Elementary School and Elaine High School.
* ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files".