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Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(Arabic: عيد الفطر‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr])[2] is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims
Muslims
worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). This religious Eid (Muslim religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims
Muslims
are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
has a particular salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two rakats (units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may be performed only in congregation (Jama’at) and has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying "Allāhu Akbar" which means "God is the greatest"), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah and three of them just before ruku' in the second raka'ah in the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of Sunni Islam.[3] Other Sunni
Sunni
schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first, and five at the beginning of the second raka'ah. This Eid al-Fitr salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, Fard فرض (obligatory), Mustahabb مستحب (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or Mandoob مندوب (preferable). Muslims
Muslims
believe that they are commanded by Allah, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan[4] and pay the Zakat al-Fitr before offering the Eid prayers.

Contents

1 Names

1.1 Alternative terms 1.2 Terms in other languages

2 Timing 3 History 4 General rituals

4.1 Eid prayer
Eid prayer
and eidgah

5 Islamic tradition 6 Practices by country

6.1 Middle East

6.1.1 Saudi Arabia 6.1.2 Iran 6.1.3 Turkey

6.1.3.1 Terminology

6.2 Africa

6.2.1 Egypt

6.2.1.1 Heightened incidence of sexual assault during Eid al-Fitr

6.2.2 Tunisia 6.2.3 Somalia 6.2.4 South Africa 6.2.5 Sudan 6.2.6 Nigeria

6.3 Central and South Asia

6.3.1 Afghanistan 6.3.2 Pakistan 6.3.3 India 6.3.4 Bangladesh

6.4 Southeast Asia

6.4.1 Indonesia 6.4.2 Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Brunei
and Southern Thailand 6.4.3 Philippines 6.4.4 Myanmar

6.5 Other

6.5.1 China 6.5.2 Greece 6.5.3 Australia 6.5.4 United States 6.5.5 Canada 6.5.6 Trinidad and Tobago 6.5.7 United Kingdom 6.5.8 Fiji 6.5.9 Mauritius

7 In the Gregorian calendar 8 Performing Eid-ul-fitr prayer

8.1 Sunni
Sunni
procedure 8.2 Shia procedure

9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Names[edit] Alternative terms[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
goes by various alternative terms in English, including:

Fast-breaking Eid Sweet Festival Ramadan
Ramadan
feast Feast of Fasting Small Eid Eid feast Eid al-Saghir Sugar Feast Eid of happiness Lebaran

Terms in other languages[edit]

Muslims
Muslims
in Britain celebrate Eid after ceremony at mosque, 1941

Acehnese – Uroë Raya Puasa Rojar Eid ("Feast of Fasting") Albanian – Fitër Bajrami, Bajrami i madh ("Greater Feast") Assamese - ৰোজাৰ ঈদ (Rúzar Id), ঈদ-উল-ফিতৰ (Id-Ul-Fitor) Azerbaijani – Ramazan Bayramı, Orucluq Bayramı Bambara – Seli, Selinicinin ("Lesser Seli") Bengali – রোজার ঈদ, ঈদুল ফিতর / Rozar Eid, Eid Ul-Fitr Bosnian – Ramazanski bajram (" Ramadan
Ramadan
Feast"), Mali Bajram ("Lesser Feast") Bulgarian – Рамазан Байрам / Ramazan Bayram Chinese – Traditional: 開齋節; Simplified: 开斋节 / Kāi zhāi jié ("end of fasting festival") Croatian – Ramazanski bajram (" Ramadan
Ramadan
Feast") Dutch – Suikerfeest ("Sugar Feast") Filipino – Wakas ng Ramadan, Araw ng raya, Lebaran, Hari Raya Buka Puasa, Pagtatapos ng Pag-aayuno French (esp. Senegal & Mali) – Korité (from Wolof) German – Ramadanfest, Zuckerfest ( Ramadan
Ramadan
Feast, Sugar Feast) Greek – Σεκέρ Μπαϊράμ[5][6] ("Sugar (or Sweet) Feast" from Turkish seker-sugar, sweet and bayram-feast) Hausa – Sallah, Karamar Sallah ("small Sallah") Hebrew – עיד אל-פיטר Hindi – ईद उल-फ़ित्र ("Eid ul-Fitr") Indonesian – Hari Raya Idul Fitri, Hari Lebaran Javanese – Riyadin Pitrah (polite), Riyaya Pitrah; Bakda, Lebaran; Idul Fitri, Ngaidul Fitri, Ngidil Fitri Kazakh – Ораза айт / Oraza ait Kurdish – جێژنی ڕەمەزان / Cejna Remezanê Kyrgyz – Orozo Mayram Modern Standard Arabic
Modern Standard Arabic
– عيد الفطر Eid Al-Fitr Macedonian – Рамазан Бајрам Maghrebi Arabic
Maghrebi Arabic
– عيد الصغير / 'Id as-Saghir ("Lesser Eid") Malay – Hari Raya Aidilfitri ("Day of celebrating Eid al-Fitr"), Hari Raya Puasa ("Day of Celebrating End of Fasting"), Hari Lebaran Malayalam
Malayalam
– ചെറിയ പെരുന്നാള് / Cheṟiya perunaal Maldivian – ފިތުރު އީދު / Fithuru Eid Mandinka – Korité Minangkabau – Hari Rayo Montenegrin – Ramazanski Bajram Pashto – کمکی اختر / Kamkay Akhtar ("Lesser Feast"); کوچنی اختر / Kočnay Akhtar; وړوکی اختر / Warrukay Akhtar Persian – عید فطر / Eyd-e Fetr Portuguese – Celebração do fim do jejum Russian – Ураза-Байрам (Uraza Bayram) Serbian – Рамазански бајрам Sindhi – Ramzan wari Eid (روزن واري عيد) Somali – Ciidda Ramadaan Spanish – Fiesta de la ruptura del ayuno Sundanese – Boboran Siyam Swahili – Sikukuu ya Idi, Sikukuu ya Mfunguo Mosi Sylheti – ꠞꠥꠎꠣꠞ ꠁꠖ / Ruzar Id Tamil – நோன்பு பெருநாள் / Nōṉpu perunāḷ Thai language
Thai language
– วันอีด / Wạn xīd / Eid-Al fitr Tatar – Ураза бәйрәме / Uraza bäyräme Turkish – Ramazan Bayramı (" Ramadan
Ramadan
Feast"), Şeker Bayramı Turkmen – Oraza baýramy Urdu
Urdu
– چھوٹی عید‬ / Choṭī ʿĪd—Smaller Eid ; میٹھی عید‬ / Mīṭhī ʿĪd—Sweet Eid; عیدُ الفطر‬ / ʿĪdu l-Fit̤r—Eid of breaking the fast Uzbek – Рамазон ҳайит / Ramazon hayit Uyghur – روزا ھېيت / Roza Hëyt Zarma – Jingar Keyna ("Lesser Feast")

Timing[edit] Main article: Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
§ Astronomical considerations Traditionally, it is the day (beginning at sunset) of the first sighting of the crescent moon shortly after sunset. If the moon is not observed immediately after the 29th day of the previous lunar month (either because clouds block its view or because the western sky is still too bright when the moon sets), then it is the following day. History[edit] Before the advent of Islam
Islam
in Arabia, there is mention of festivals as well as some others among the Arabs. The Israelites had festivals as well, some directly prescribed in the Torah
Torah
and others commemorating important days of their history. Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims
Muslims
undergo a period of fasting.[7] According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad
Muhammad
from Mecca. Anas reports:

When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days [of festivity] instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha[8]

For Muslims, both the festivals of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
are occasions for showing gratitude to Allah and remembering Him, as well as giving alms to the poor. General rituals[edit] See also: Eid cuisine Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated for one, two or three days. Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting ‘Eid Mubārak ("Blessed Eid") or ‘Eid Sa‘īd ("Happy Eid"). In addition, many countries have their own greetings in the local language – in Turkey, for example, a typical saying might be Bayramınız kutlu olsun or "May your Bayram – Eid – be blessed." Muslims
Muslims
are also encouraged on this day to forgive and forget any differences with others or animosities that may have occurred during the year. Typically, practising Muslims
Muslims
wake up early in the morning—always before sunrise—offer Salatul Fajr
Fajr
(the pre-sunrise prayer), and in keeping with the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
clean their teeth with a toothbrush, take a shower before prayers, put on new clothes (or the best available), and apply attar.[9] It is forbidden to fast on the Day of Eid. It is customary to acknowledge this with a small sweet breakfast, preferably of date (fruit), before attending a special Eid prayer
Eid prayer
(known as salaat). As an obligatory act of charity, money is paid to the poor and the needy (Arabic: Zakat-ul-fitr) before performing the ‘Eid prayer.[10] The following list contains some general rituals:

To show happiness To give as much to charity as possible To pray Fajr
Fajr
in the local Masjid To go early for Eid salaat To read the takbirat in an open field To go to the Eid prayer
Eid prayer
on foot While at the open field/praying area, same rules apply as the mosque, nl. do not speak one word other than words that remember Allah or any Islamic terms during the Imam's lecture as well as before and after Eid Salaat. You can speak once you've left the Masjid, or mosque or any other place you were praying. Say Eid Mubarak to other Muslims Muslims
Muslims
recite the following incantation in a low voice while going to the Eid prayer: Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illà l-Lāh wal-Lāhu akbar, Allahu akbar walil-Lāhi l-ḥamd. Recitation ceases when they get to the place of Eid or once the Imam commences activities.[11] Muslims
Muslims
are recommended to use separate routes to and from the prayer grounds.[12] Women are encouraged to join Salat
Salat
of Eid

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
mass prayer in Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, Indonesia

No fasting on Eid al-Fitr There is no Adhan
Adhan
and/or Iqamah for Eid prayer

Eid prayer
Eid prayer
and eidgah[edit] Further information: Eidgah The Eid prayer
Eid prayer
is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, community centres, etc. or at mosques. No call to prayer is given for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two units of prayer with an additional six incantations. The Eid prayer
Eid prayer
is followed by the sermon and then a supplication asking for Allah's forgiveness, mercy, peace and blessings for all living beings across the world. The sermon also instructs Muslims
Muslims
as to the performance of rituals of Eid, such as the zakat.[13] Listening to the sermon at Eid is not required and is optional, a Sunnah
Sunnah
i.e. while the sermon is being delivered. After the prayers, Muslims
Muslims
visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances or hold large communal celebrations in homes, community centres or rented halls. Eid gifts, known as Eidi, are frequently given at eid to children and immediate relatives. Islamic tradition[edit]

Many Muslims
Muslims
often bring prayer rugs to the Mosque
Mosque
on Eid al-Fitr.

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. This has to do with the communal aspects of the fast, which expresses many of the basic values of the Muslim
Muslim
community; e.g., empathy for the poor, charity, worship, steadfastness, patience etc. Fasting
Fasting
is also believed by some scholars to extol fundamental distinctions, lauding the power of the spiritual realm, while acknowledging the subordination of the physical realm. It also teaches a Muslim
Muslim
to stay away from worldly desires and to focus entirely on the Lord and thank Him for his blessings. It is a rejuvenation of the religion and it creates a stronger bond between the Muslim
Muslim
and his Lord.[14] Practices by country[edit] Middle East[edit] Saudi Arabia[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated with great pomp in Saudi Arabia. Saudis decorate their homes and prepare sumptuous meals for family and friends. Eid festivities in Saudi Arabia may vary culturally depending on the region, but one common thread in all celebrations is of generosity and hospitality. First, it is common Saudi tradition for families to gather at the patriarchal home after the Eid prayers. Before the special Eid meal is served, young children will line up in front of each adult family member, who dispense money as gifts to the children. Family members will also typically have a time where they will pass out gift bags to the children. These bags are often beautifully decorated and contain candies and toys. Many shopkeepers will show their generosity at Eid providing free Eid gifts with each purchase. For example, during Eid, many of the chocolate shops will give each customer who buys a selection of candies a free crystal candy dish with their purchase. In the spirit of Eid, many Saudis go out of their way to show their kindness and generosity. It is common for even complete strangers to greet one another at random, even by occupants of vehicles waiting at stop lights. Sometimes even toys and gifts will be given to children by complete strangers. It is traditional for Saudi men to go and buy large quantities of rice and other staples, and then leave them anonymously at the doors of those who are less fortunate. During Eid morning and after the Eid prayer, people in some areas of the middle of Saudi Arabia (such as Al Qassim) host large communal meals. Celebrants put large rugs on one of the streets of their neighbourhood, and households prepare a large meal to be shared by all neighbours. It is common practice for people to swap places to try more than one kind of meal. In the major cities of Saudi Arabia, every night there are huge fireworks shows.[15] Iran[edit]

Iranians holding Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer in Lavizan Imamzadeh shrine, Tehran, Iran

In Iran
Iran
at the last days of month of Ramadan, several expert group by representation of office of Ayatollah Khamenei go to the different zones of the country. They determined Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
if the new moon's crescent as sign of starting of each lunar month in Islamic calendar is seen and confirmed by these groups.[16] Iranian Muslims
Muslims
celebrate the first day of month of Shawwal as the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
that the fasting month end. They take part in Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
special prayer that generally advance in an open field or a large hall with congregation in attendance and pay the Zakat
Zakat
al-Fitr.[17] The Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer had been led by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran
Iran
of Iran
Iran
at Tehran's Imam Khomeini Grand Prayer Grounds (Mossalla) and he discourses the sermon after the prayer.[18][19] Also in Iran
Iran
there are usually one or two days as national holiday marking the celebrating.[20] Turkey[edit] Terminology[edit] In Turkey, nationwide celebrated holidays are referred to as bayram, and Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is referred to as both Şeker Bayramı ("Bayram of Sweets") and Ramazan Bayramı (" Ramadan
Ramadan
Bayram").

Traditional Bayram wishes from the Istanbul
Istanbul
Metropolitan Municipality, stating "Let us love, Let us be loved", in the form of mahya lights stretched across the minarets of the Blue Mosque
Mosque
in Istanbul

It is a public holiday, where schools and government offices are generally closed for the entire three-day period of the celebrations. The celebrations of this bayram are infused with national traditions. It is customary for people to greet one another with Bayramınız kutlu olsun ("May your bayram be blessed"[21]) or Bayramınız mübarek olsun ("May your bayram be blessed"). Mutlu Bayramlar ("Happy Bayram") is an alternative phrase for celebrating this bayram. It is a time for people to attend prayer services, put on their best clothes (referred to as bayramlık, often purchased just for the occasion), visit all their loved ones (such as relatives, neighbours, and friends), and pay their respects to the deceased with organised visits to cemeteries, where large, temporary bazaars of flowers, water (for watering the plants adorning a grave), and prayer books are set up for the three-day occasion. The first day of the bayram is generally regarded as the most important, with all members of the family waking up early, and the men going to their neighbourhood mosques for the special bayram prayer. It is regarded as especially important to honour elderly citizens by kissing their right hand and placing it on one's forehead while wishing them bayram greetings. It is also customary for young children to go around their neighbourhood, door to door, and wish everyone a "Happy Bayram", for which they are awarded candy, chocolates, traditional sweets such as baklava and Turkish Delight, or a small amount of money at every door, similar to the Hallowe'en
Hallowe'en
custom in the United States. Municipalities all around the country organise fund-raising events for the poor, in addition to public shows such as concerts or more traditional forms of entertainment such as the Karagöz and Hacivat shadow-theatre and even performances by the Mehter – a Janissary Band founded during the days of the Ottoman Empire. Africa[edit] Further information: Islam
Islam
in Africa Egypt[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is a three-day feast and an official holiday in Egypt
Egypt
with vacations for schools, universities and government offices. Some stores and restaurants are also closed during Eid. The Eid day starts with a small snack followed by Eid prayers
Eid prayers
in congregation attended by men, women and children in which the sermon reminds Egyptians of the virtues and good deeds they should do unto others, even strangers, during Eid and throughout the year. Afterwards, neighbours, friends and relatives start greeting one another. The most common greeting is "Eid Mubarak" (Blessed Eid). Family visits are considered a must on the first day of the Eid, so they have the other two days to enjoy by going to parks, cinemas, theatres or the beaches. Some like to go on tours or a Nile cruise, but Sharm El Sheikh is also considered a favourite spot for spending holidays in Egypt. Children are normally given new clothes to wear throughout the Eid. Also, women (particularly mothers, wives, sisters and daughters) are commonly given special gifts by their loved ones. It is customary for children to also receive a Eid-ey-yah from their adult relatives. This is a small sum of money that the children receive and is used to spend on all their activities throughout the Eid. Children will wear their new clothes and go out to amusement parks, gardens or public courtyards based on how much their Eidyah affords. The amusement parks can range from the huge ones on the outskirts of Cairo-Nile, Felucca Nile rides is one common feature of Eid celebration in Egyptian villages, towns and cities. The families gatherings involve cooking and eating all kinds of Egyptian food like Fata, but the items most associated with Eid al-Fitr are Ka'ak
Ka'ak
(singular = Kahka), which are cookies filled with nuts and covered with powdered sugar. Egyptians either bake it at home or buy it in the bakery. Thus, a bakery crowded in the last few days of Ramadan
Ramadan
with Kahk buyers is a common scene. TV in Egypt
Egypt
celebrates Eid too, with a continuous marathon of movies as well as programmes featuring live interviews from all over Egypt
Egypt
of both public figures and everyday citizens, sharing their Eid celebrations. For a lot of families from working neighbourhoods, the Eid celebration also means small mobile neighbourhood rides, much like a neighbourhood carnival. In a lot of neighbourhood courtyards, kids also gather around a storyteller, a puppeteer or a magician mesmerised by Egyptian folktales or by a grownup's sleight of hand. It is also customary for kids to rent decorated bikes to ride around town. Egyptians like to celebrate with others so the streets are always crowded during the days and nights of Eid.[22] Heightened incidence of sexual assault during Eid al-Fitr[edit] Further information: Rape in Egypt
Egypt
and Mass sexual assault in Egypt There are several accounts of a heightened number of sexual assaults and rapes taking place during the festival in 2006 in Egypt, some noting as well the precautions being taken to prevent a recurrence of such problems.[23][24][25][26] Subsequent reports indicate that this phenomenon continues to cause concern,[27][28][29][30] one Egyptian journalist writes, 'The Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
holiday following this year's Ramadan
Ramadan
brought its usual share of sexual harassment'.[31] Operation Anti Sexual Harassment, an Egyptian organisation founded to protect against sexual assaults, described Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
as a "season for harassment",[32] and the prevalence of such attacks 'a trend that has become associated with Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
celebrations in recent years'.[29] In 2013 allegations also surfaced in Cairo and Tanta.[33][34][35] Public discussion has been reported to be difficult.[36] 2014 saw lower rates of attempted harassment, and activists reported more confidence since amendment of the penal code.[37] 141 police reports for harassment were filed in Cairo in 2015, though it was claimed many reports were withdrawn.[38] 2016 saw a reduction to 120 complaints and 35 arrests for harassment,[39] many women however felt it necessary to take precautions.[40] Edward Lane also alludes to a problem with 'intrigues' with females around Eid al Fitr, in the early 19th century.[41]

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
mass prayer in Morocco

Tunisia[edit] Since 2012, Tunisia
Tunisia
sees three days of celebration, with only 2 days as a national holiday (1st Eid and second Eid), with preparations starting several days earlier. Special
Special
biscuits are made to give to friends and relatives on the day, including Baklawa and several kinds of "ka'ak". Men will go to the mosque early in the morning, while the women will either go with them or stay in and prepare for the celebration by putting together new outfits and toys for their children, as well as a big family lunch generally held at one of the parents' homes. During the daylight hours, there may be dancing and music, but the feasting lasts all day long, and many gifts are a large part of tradition. Also, food is the centre of this holiday, so this is one of the highlights of the evening. Different members of a family visit each other. Usually, children accompany their father and visit aunts, uncles, grandparents and friends to congratulate them on the Eid. They will be offered drinks and special cookies. Women will stay at home with some of the children in order to welcome members of the family that come to visit and congratulate for the end of the fasting. Somalia[edit]

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayers in Somalia

In Somalia
Somalia
and other Islamic parts of the Horn region, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is observed by the Muslim
Muslim
communities. Celebrations marking the event are typically accompanied by elaborate banquets, where special dishes such as xalwo (halwo) and buskut (buskuit) are served.[42] South Africa[edit]

Muslims
Muslims
in Durban
Durban
celebrating Eid al-Fitr

In Cape Town, hundreds of Muslims
Muslims
will gather at Green Point in the evening of the last day of Ramadan
Ramadan
each year for the sighting of the moon. The gathering brings together people from all walks of life, and everyone comes with something to share with others at the time of breaking the fast. The Maghrib
Maghrib
(sunset) prayer is then performed in congregation and the formal moon-sighting results are announced thereafter.[43] The festival of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated by first attending the mosque in the morning for Eid prayer. This is followed by visiting relatives and neighbours. Children receive presents and money from elder members of the family, relatives and neighbours. Most people wear new clothes with bright colours, while biscuits, cakes, samosas, pies and tarts are presented to visitors as treats. Lunch is usually served in family groups. It is also customary to exchange gifts. Sudan[edit] In Sudan, where 97% of the population is Muslim,[44] preparations for Eid begin the last couple of days in Ramadan. For days, ka'ak (sugar powdered cookies), bettifour (dry baked goods including dainty biscuits, baked meringues and macaroons – whose name are derived from the French petit four) and popcorn are baked in large batches to serve to guests and to give to family and friends; dressy Eid clothes are either shopped for or sewn; girls and women decorate their hands and feet with henna; and parts of the house may even be painted. The night before Eid, the whole household partakes in cleaning the house and yard and setting out the finest bedsheets, table cloths, and decorations. On the day of Eid, men and boys (and occasionally women and girls) will attend the Eid prayer. For the next 3 days, families will then partake in visiting each other, extended family, neighbours, and close friends. In these short visits, the baked goods, chocolates and sweets are served, and often large lunches are prepared for the visiting well-wishers. Children are given gifts, either in the form of toys or money. Nigeria[edit] Nigeria
Nigeria
is officially a secular country populated by large numbers of Muslims
Muslims
and Christians. Eid is popularly known as "Small Sallah" in Nigeria
Nigeria
and people generally greet each other with the traditional greeting: "Barka Da Sallah", which means "Greetings on Sallah" in the Hausa language. Muslims
Muslims
observe their Eid prayers
Eid prayers
at designated praying grounds before heading home to partake in festive meals, generally prepared by the women of the household. The Federal holiday typically lasts for three days in Nigeria. Central and South Asia[edit] Afghanistan[edit] In the predominantly Sunni
Sunni
Muslim
Muslim
culture of Afghanistan, Eid al-Fitr holds significant importance and is celebrated widely for three days. The most common greeting is Eid Mubarak (Blessed Eid). This Eid among the Pashto-speaking community is called Kochnai Akhtar. Afghans start preparing for the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
festival up to ten days prior by cleaning up their homes. The practice is called Khana Takani in Dari. Afghans visit their local bazaars to buy new clothes, sweets and snacks. Special
Special
treats served to guests during the festivities during Eid are: Jelabi (Jalebi), Shor-Nakhod (made with chickpeas), and Cake wa Kolcha (a simple cake, similar to pound cake). On the day of Eid al-Fitr, Afghans will first offer their Eid prayers and then gather in their homes with their families, greeting one another by saying "Eid Mubarak" and usually adding "Eidet Mobarak Roza wa Namazet Qabool Dakhel Hajiha wa Ghaziha," which means "Happy Eid to you; may your fasting and prayers be accepted by Allah, and may you be counted among those who will go to the Hajj-pilgrimage." Family elders will give money and gifts to children. It is also common practice to visit families and friends, which may be difficult to do at other times of the year. Children walk from home to home saying "Khala Eidet Mubarak" ("aunt happy Eid"), and they receive cookies or Pala. At night multiple campfires will be set around houses, some to the point that entire valleys may initially appear to be engulfed in flame. Celebratory fire with automatic rifles, particularly tracer rounds, can also be expected in high density. Pakistan[edit]

A panorama in 12 folds showing an imperial Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
procession by Bahadur Shah II

The first Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Babur
Babur
greets courtiers during the Eid al-Fitr festival

In Pakistan
Pakistan
on the day of Eid al-Fitr, people wear new clothes to get ready for Eid prayer. People are supposed to give obligatory charity on behalf of each of their family member to the needy or poor before Eid day or at least before Eid prayer. This will allow everybody to share the joy of Eid and not feel depressed. There is three days' national holiday for Eid celebration, while festivities and greetings tradition usually continues for the whole month. There is also a tradition that has developed in the recent past of people sending Eid greeting cards to distant family members, relatives and friends. For Eid prayer, people gather at large open areas like sports grounds, parks or large open area. After Eid Salat
Salat
people meet and greet each other with traditional hug of friendship and the greeting "Eid Mubarak". Before going home people give charity to needy and the poor, to further make it possible to have everybody be able to enjoy the day. On their way home, people buy sweets, gas balloons for kids, and gifts for the family. At home family members enjoy special Eid breakfast with various types of sweets and desserts, including traditional dessert sheer khurma, which is made of vermicelli, milk, butter, dry fruits and dates, etc.

Mehndi
Mehndi
is the application of henna as a temporary form of skin decoration, commonly applied during Eid al-Fitr.

Eid is mainly enjoyed by the kids, as they mostly receive money in cash called "Eidi" as gift by every elder in the family and relatives when they visit their places. On Eid day kids are allowed to spend their gift money (Eidi) as they want. Media also cover Eid festivities all day and air various special programmes on TV for all age groups. Games and outdoor amusements such as fairground rides are enjoyed all day. People visit their elders relatives first then others and friends all day and share the joy of the day. Some go to parks, seaside, rivers or lake fronts to enjoy and relax. Family get together in the evening to enjoy Eid dinner, and plan how to celebrate second and third day of Eid. India[edit] Celebrations in India and the rest of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
share many similarities with regional variations, because a large part of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
was ruled as one nation during the days of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
and British Raj. The night before Eid is called Chaand Raat, which means, "Night of the Moon". Muslims
Muslims
in these countries will often visit bazaars and shopping malls with their families for Eid shopping. Women, especially younger girls, often apply the traditional Mehndi, or henna, on their hands and feet and wear colourful bangles. The traditional Eid greeting is Eid Mubarak, and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace. Gifts are frequently given—new clothes are part of the tradition—and it is also common for children to be given small sums of money (Eidi) by their elders. It is common for children to offer salam to parents and adult relatives. After the Eid prayers, it is common for some families to visit graveyards and pray for the salvation of departed family members. It is also common to visit neighbours, family members, friends and to get together to share sweets, snacks and special meals including some special dishes that are prepared specifically on Eid. Special celebratory dishes in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh include Lachcha/লাচ্চা or sivayyan/শিমাই, a dish of fine, toasted sweet vermicelli noodles with milk and dried fruit (see Sheer khurma).[45]

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
mass prayer at Delhi's Jama Masjid

On Eid day before prayers, people distribute a charity locally known as fitra. Many people also avail themselves of this opportunity to distribute zakat, an Islamic obligatory alms tax of 2.5% of one's annual savings, to the needy. Zakat
Zakat
is often distributed in the form of food and new clothes. In India, there are many popular places for Muslims
Muslims
to congregate to perform Eid prayers
Eid prayers
at this time include the Jama Masjid in Delhi, Mecca Masjid
Mecca Masjid
in Hyderabad, Aishbagh Idgah in Lucknow, Red Road and Nakhoda Masjid in Kolkata, Taj-ul Masjid in Bhopal, Jama Mosque
Mosque
in Mumbai, Hajratbal Mosque
Mosque
in Kashmir. Muslims
Muslims
turn out in the thousands, as there is a lot of excitement surrounding the celebration of this festival. It is common for some Hindus to visit their Muslim friends and neighbours on Eid to convey their greetings. Bangladesh[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is commonly known in Bangladesh as 'Romjaner Eid' and is observed over a three-day public holiday in Bangladesh. Educational institutions, banks and corporate offices usually remain closed for almost a week during this time. Bangladeshis observe the holiday by performing the obligatory Eid prayers
Eid prayers
on the morning of Eid, hugging each other and exchanging greetings, giving alms and gifts, and visiting friends, neighbours and relatives. Popular customs also include ladies decorating one's hands with henna, people dressing up in new clothes and having a good meal with family members, relatives and friends. The morning of Eid begins with men and woman taking a bath, wear the newest clothes and head for Eid Prayer
Eid Prayer
then people exchange hugs and head home where a large banquet of food would be prepared. The most common foods during Eid is Pilau rice, Chicken Korma, Rost, Rezala, Kebabs, Prawn Malai curry and Chili chicken, although many other dishes are also prepared. However the most extravagant arrays of dishes are dessert which consist of Rasmalai, Rasgulla, Sandesh, Firni, a popular Bengali dish called Paesh, Mishti Doi (Dahi) and Faluda
Faluda
amongst many others. In Bangladesh family and friends visit each other's houses over the course of the 3 days and 3 or 4 houses are visited a day. During the days of Eid children receive lots of money by relatives and family friends. For Bangladeshis Eid Al Fitr is the most awaited public holiday. Southeast Asia[edit] Idul Fitri or Hari Raya Aidilfitri or Lebaran
Lebaran
is a public holiday in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
Singapore
and Brunei. The customs and rituals of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
are quite similar across Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, Southern Thailand
Southern Thailand
and Cambodia. Indonesia[edit] Main article: Lebaran

Indonesian family get together to have lebaran feast; ketupat, opor ayam, sayur lodeh and rendang are usually served next to kue, peanuts and candies.

Eid is known in Indonesia
Indonesia
as Hari Raya Idul Fitri (or more popularly as Lebaran) and is a national holiday.[46] Shopping malls and bazaars are usually filled with people to get things for Lebaran
Lebaran
such as; new clothes, shoes, sandals, and even food to serve days ahead of Idul Fitri, which creates a distinctively festive atmosphere throughout the country, along with traffic mayhem. Many banks, government and private offices are closed for the duration of the Lebaran
Lebaran
festivities. Lebaran
Lebaran
represents one of the largest temporary human migrations globally, as workers particularly return to their home town or city to celebrate with their families and to ask forgiveness from parents, in-laws, and other elders. In 2013 about 30 million Indonesians travelled to their hometowns during the Lebaran
Lebaran
holiday.[47] This is known in Indonesia
Indonesia
as mudik (go to udik, literally means: source area) or pulang kampung (homecoming). It is an annual tradition that people observe in big cities such as Greater Jakarta, Surabaya, or elsewhere in Indonesia. The government of Indonesia
Indonesia
provides additional transportation to handle the huge amount of travelers. However, the impact is still tremendous as millions of cars and motorcycles jam the roads and highways, causing extensive traffic jams each year.[48] The night before Idul Fitri is called takbiran, it is filled with the sounds of many muezzin chanting the takbir in the mosques or musallahs, while often people fill the street also chanting takbir. In many parts of Indonesia, especially in the rural areas, obor (torches) and damar/pelita (oil lamps) are lit up and placed outside and around homes. Also, during takbiran, people usually light various firecrackers or fireworks. On the Lebaran
Lebaran
day, after performing Eid prayer
Eid prayer
in the morning, people dressed in their new or best clothes will gather to greet their family and neighbours. It is common to greet people with "Selamat Idul Fitri" which means "Happy Eid". Muslims
Muslims
also greet one another with "mohon maaf lahir dan batin", which literally means "Please forgive (me) outwardly and internally", because Idul Fitri is not only for celebrations but also a time for atonement to ask for forgiveness for sins which they may have committed but were cleansed as a result of the fasting in the Muslim
Muslim
month of Ramadan. During this Eid morning to afternoon, the zakat alms for the poor are usually distributed in the mosques. Families usually will have special Lebaran
Lebaran
meal; special dishes will be served such as ketupat, opor ayam, rendang, sambal goreng ati, sayur lodeh and lemang (a type of glutinous rice cake cooked in bamboo). Various types of kue, cookies and dodol sweet delicacies are also served during this day. Younger families usually visit their older neighbours or relatives to wish and greet them a Happy Eid also to ask for forgiveness. Idul Fitri is a very joyous day for children as adults give them money in colourful envelopes.

Ketupat
Ketupat
is a popular traditional celebratory dish for Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
meal in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
Singapore
and Southern Thailand.

It is customary for Muslim-Indonesians to wear traditional cultural clothing on Eid al-Fitr. The Indonesian male outfit is known as baju koko: a collarless long or short-sleeve shirt with traditional embroidered designs with a "kilt" sarung of songket, ikat or similar woven, plaid-cloth, and a headwear known as songkok. Alternatively, men may wear either Western-style business suits or more traditional loose-fitting trousers with colour-matched shirts, and either a peci hat. Traditional female dress is known as kebaya kurung. It consists of, normally, a loose-fitting kebaya blouse (which may be enhanced with brocade and embroidery), a long skirt both of which may be batik, or the sarung skirt made of batik, ikat or songket and either the jilbab (hijab) or its variant the stiffened kerudung. Later, it is common for Muslims
Muslims
in Indonesia
Indonesia
to visit the graves of loved ones. During this visit, they will clean the grave, recite Ya-Seen, a chapter (sura) from the Quran
Quran
and also perform the tahlil ceremony. Muslims
Muslims
also visit the living in a special ritual called halal bi-halal. This could be done during or several days after Idul Fitri. Individuals and families go to visit elder relatives, close family and neighbours during the first day of Idul Fitri, to honor them and ask forgiveness. They continue to pay respects to further relatives in the next day, and colleagues in days to weeks later after they get back to work. They will also seek reconciliation (if needed), and preserve or restore harmonious relations.[49] The rest of the day is spent visiting relatives or serving visitors in a festive, joyful atmosphere. Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Brunei
and Southern Thailand[edit]

Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
meal in Malaysia

In Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei, Eid is more commonly known as Hari Raya Aidilfitri (Jawi: هاري راي عيدالفطري), Hari Raya Idul Fitri, Hari Raya Puasa, Hari Raya Fitrah or Hari Lebaran. Hari Raya means 'Celebration Day'. It is customary for workers in the city to return to their home town to celebrate with their families and to ask forgiveness from parents, in-laws, and other elders. This is known in Malaysia
Malaysia
as balik kampung (homecoming). The night before Idul Fitri is filled with the sounds of many muezzin chanting the takbir in the mosques or musallahs. In many parts of Malaysia, especially in the rural areas, pelita or panjut or lampu colok (as known by Malay-Singaporeans) (oil lamps, similar to tiki torches) are lit up and placed outside and around homes, while tiki torches themselves are also a popular decoration for that holiday. Special
Special
dishes like ketupat, rendang, lemang (a type of glutinous rice cake cooked in bamboo) and other Malay also Nyonya delicacies such as various kuih-muih are served during this day. It is common to greet people with "Salam Aidilfitri" or "Selamat Hari Raya" which means "Happy Eid". Muslims
Muslims
also greet one another with "maaf zahir dan batin", which means "Forgive my physical and emotional (wrongdoings)". It is customary for Muslim-Malaysians to wear a traditional cultural clothing on Eid al-Fitr. The Malay variant (worn in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Brunei
and Southern Thailand) is known as the Baju Melayu, shirt worn with a sarong known as kain samping or songket and a headwear known as songkok. Malaysian women's clothing is referred to as Baju Kurung
Baju Kurung
and baju kebaya. It is a common practice however for the Malays in Singapore
Singapore
and Johor, Malaysia
Malaysia
to refer to the baju kurung in reference to the type of outfit, worn by both men and women.

Rows of Pelita (oil lamps) which is used to illuminate homes and the streets during the season. Seen here in Muar, Johor, Malaysia

In Malaysia, especially in the major cities, people take turns to set aside a time for open house when they stay at home to receive and entertain neighbours, family and other visitors. It is common to see non- Muslims
Muslims
made welcome during Eid at these open houses. They also celebrate by lighting traditional bamboo cannon firecrackers known as meriam buluh, using kerosene in large hollow bamboo tubes or Chinese imported crackers. The traditional bamboo cannon, meriam bambu, and fireworks are notoriously loud and can be very dangerous to operator, bystander and even nearby buildings. These are usually bamboo tubes 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter and 4–7 m (13–23 ft) long, filled with either: water and several hundred grams of calcium carbide, or heated kerosene, then ignited by match. Celebrating with crackers in the early morning during Ramadan
Ramadan
is now banned in many areas. In Malaysia, children are given token sums of money, also known as "duit raya", from their parents or elders.[50][51]

Muslims
Muslims
in Singapore
Singapore
celebrating Eid al-Fitr

Philippines[edit] In the Philippines, Eid al-Fitr, known to Muslims
Muslims
as "Araw ng Lebaran" / "Araw ng Raya" or familiar to the Christian majority and other non- Muslims
Muslims
as "Wakás ng Ramadán" ("End of Ramadan") or incorrectly as "Ramadan", has been recognised by the Philippine Government as a regular holiday by virtue of Republic Act No. 9177 and it is also according to Presidential Proclamation No. 1083, signed into law on 13 November 2002 – the only majority Christian country worldwide to have done so. The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim
Muslim
community and to promote peace and harmony among major religions in the country. The first national commemoration of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
was on 6 December 2002, marked by prayers and feasting. Some Filipino Muslims
Muslims
attend grand congregations at the Manila Golden Mosque
Mosque
and the Quirino Grandstand every Eid, while Muslim-majority communities in Mindanao
Mindanao
stage large public celebrations. Myanmar[edit] Eid al-Fitar lasts for only one day among Burmese Muslims, who call the day Eid Nei’ (Nei’=day) or Eid Ka Lay (Ka Lay=small) or Shai Mai Eid (Shai Mai=a meal of sweet vermicelli served with fried cashews, coconut shreds, raisins, and milk that is traditionally eaten by Burmese Muslims
Muslims
during Eid). Burmese Muslims
Muslims
predominantly follow the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of jurisprudence in Sunni
Sunni
Islam. During Ramadan, in the small towns and big villages with significant Muslim
Muslim
populations, Burmese Muslim
Muslim
youth organise singing teams called Jago (in Urdu
Urdu
and Hindi), which means "wake up". Jago teams usually do not use musical instruments apart from the occasional use of harmonica mouth organs.[52] These youths will walk throughout the neighbourhoods before sunrise to wake up the fellow Muslims
Muslims
for Suhoor (pre-dawn meal), which precedes the day of fasting. The roving groups of singers will take the tunes of popular Hindi movie songs, replaced with Burmese lyrics and invocations about fasting, the do's and don'ts of Islam
Islam
and about the benefits of Salaat.[53] These songs could also be called Qawwali, which are popular in India and Pakistan. Sometimes these Jago groups will also visit Muslim
Muslim
homes on the Eid day, where they are welcomed with food and monetary donations for the team with Eidi or Duit Raya. Although Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is not a public holiday in Burma, most employers have an understanding of the festival and are usually willing to accommodate days off for Muslim
Muslim
staff. Some may even take time off during office hours to visit with Muslim
Muslim
staff at their homes, usually accompanied by other non- Muslim
Muslim
co – workers. As there is no single Islamic authority in Burma to make official decisions on moon-sighting, it is sometimes difficult to reach consensus on the start and end of Ramadan. This often results in Eid being celebrated on different days in small towns and villages. The Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
"Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Eid" is a public holiday in Burma as this event falls annually on the 10th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah
Dhu al-Hijjah
(ذو الحجة) in the lunar Islamic calendar. Unlike Muslim
Muslim
countries that observe a three-day festival, Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
is only observed on one day in Burma. During both Eids, the traditional greeting is merely the common Islamic greeting of Assalamualaikum, and Eid Mubarak is only seldom heard. The greeting is followed by placing the right hand on the forehead (as if giving a salute); there is no shaking of hands and rarely only includes a formal embrace. Gifts and food are frequently given to the elder relatives and even to non- Muslim
Muslim
employers and government authorities. New clothes are traditionally given to family members and co – workers, but Burmese Muslims
Muslims
elders will give Eidi gifts to children. Children will receive at least token amounts of money, even from strangers, especially if they went around the neighbourhoods in groups just to collect Eidi. It is common for children and young people to go around giving greetings of "salaam" to parents, elder relatives and other elders in the community. During Eid, Burmese Muslims
Muslims
ask forgiveness from parents and elders and themselves try to forgive and forget any misunderstandings that may have occurred amongst one another. Sometimes Burmese Muslims
Muslims
pray or perform Eid salah (called Eid Namaz) at an Eidgah
Eidgah
in open spaces outdoors. Burmese Muslim
Muslim
women typically do not attend the mosque or join with the men at an Eidgah. As Burmese Muslims
Muslims
are discouraged by the religious authorities from decorating their homes with lights, lamps or colourful bulbs, sending Eid cards, and more recently, sending e-cards through the internet, is fairly common. Children and adults are also urged not to celebrate any religious festival with fireworks or firecrackers. Other[edit] China[edit] See also: Islam
Islam
in China

An ethnic Hui family celebrating Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
in Ningxia

In the People's Republic of China, out of 56 officially recognised ethnic groups, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated by at least 10 ethnic groups that are predominantly Muslim. These groups are said to total 18 million according to official statistics, but some observers say the actual number may be much higher. It is also a public holiday in China in certain regions, including two Province Prefecture Level regions, Ningxia
Ningxia
and Xinjiang. All residents in these areas, regardless of religion, are entitled to either a one-day or three-day official holiday. Outside the Muslim-majority regions, only Muslims
Muslims
are entitled to a one-day holiday. In Xinjiang
Xinjiang
province, Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is even celebrated by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
population during which holiday supplies of mutton, lamb and beef are distributed to households as part of welfare programme funded by government agencies, public and private institutions, and businesses. In Yunnan, Muslim
Muslim
populations are spread throughout the region. On Eid al-Fitr, however, some devotees may travel to Sayyid 'Ajjal's grave after their communal prayers. There, they will conduct readings from the Quran
Quran
and clean the tomb, reminiscent of the historic annual Chinese Qingming festival, in which people go to their ancestors' graves, sweep and clean the area and make food offerings. Finally the accomplishments of the Sayyid 'Ajall will be related in story form, concluded by a special prayer service to honour the hundreds of thousands of Muslims
Muslims
killed during the Panthay Rebellion, and the hundreds killed during the Cultural Revolution.[54] Greece[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(i.e. Seker Bayram, Sugar Feast) is celebrated in Greece mainly in the Western Thrace
Western Thrace
region from the local Muslim
Muslim
minority (Turks, Pomaks
Pomaks
and Roma), along with the other two major celebrations, Kurban Bayram (Sacrifice Feast) and Hıdırellez. On the day of the Bayram, family gathers together, wears its best clothes, and celebrate with a common meal, after having attend the morning prayer. The women prepare and offer sweets to family and visitors, while small children go around and pay their respects to the elderly, by kissing their hands, and they in turn reward them with caddies, sweets, and small amount of money.[55][56] Local Muslim
Muslim
shopkeepers close their shops this day, while Muslim
Muslim
minority schools have a 5-day holiday for the feast.[56] Some entertainment venues and clubs hold special events for the night of the Bayram.[57] Australia[edit] In Australia, a predominantly secular country, Muslims
Muslims
are able to practise their religion with great freedom. Most large companies[citation needed] allow for special religious holidays allowing Muslims
Muslims
to take a day off for Eid al-Fitr. Areas where there are large (but not necessarily majority) Muslim
Muslim
populations have overflowing attendances at the mosque for the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer. Police frequently block off roads and divert traffic to cater for the prayer and subsequent festivities. Eid prayers
Eid prayers
are also held in open areas (playground, stadium) in some places. In 1987, The Australian MEFF Consortium commenced the Multicultural Eid Festival and Fair[58] to celebrate Eid in Sydney, held shortly after Eid al-Fitr. The festival has grown to now cater for tens of thousands of Muslims
Muslims
and non- Muslims
Muslims
and has included as guests Yusuf Islam, famous Australian rugby player, Hazem El Masri, the then governor-general of Australia, Michael Jeffery
Michael Jeffery
and the previous premier of New South Wales, Kristina Keneally. This festival has now been replicated in cities all around Australia. The biggest Eid fair in Melbourne is held in Broadmeadows usually on the weekend following the Eid day. In Canberra, the capital of Australia, Eid Festival sponsored by Australian Federal Police (AFP) is held on the Sunday after the Eid day. The festival includes stalls from different nations, cultural programme, and rides for kids and adults. United States[edit] Most Muslims
Muslims
in the United States
United States
offer the Eid prayer
Eid prayer
in big-city Islamic centers, convention halls or open parks. Muslims
Muslims
from different cultures with multi-national customs get together for prayers and celebrations. In some cities, prayers are done at multiple times to accommodate the large number of attendees. Generally, Muslims visit each other's homes on Eid or hold large feasts in mosques or community halls. Sometimes, mosques rent parks for Muslims
Muslims
to pray in. Women and children may adorn their hands with henna to mark the celebration. Typically, new clothing and attire are worn. Gifts are often exchanged amongst children. Another ritual or practice is the giving of 'Eidee', usually a nominal amount of a cash gift to children or youth to mark the occasion. During the 3 days of Eid, many Muslims
Muslims
join big parties sponsored either by a community mosque or Islamic center or by a wealthy Muslim in the community. Children receive gifts, and all participants enjoy sweet, spicy and other flavourful delicacies. Many Muslims
Muslims
also donate money to those less fortunate. Sometimes, Muslims
Muslims
reserve amusement parks, skating rinks or other activity centers for an entire day of fun. In New York City alternate side parking (street cleaning) regulations are suspended. Beginning in 2016, New York City Public Schools will also remain closed on Eid.[59] In Houston, Texas, the annual prayers are offered at the George R. Brown Convention Center
George R. Brown Convention Center
in downtown Houston, organised by the Islamic Society of Greater Houston (ISGH). The United States Postal Service
United States Postal Service
(USPS) has issued several Eid postage stamps, across several years – starting in 2001 – honoring "two of the most important festivals in the Islamic calendar: Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha." Eid stamps were released in 2001–2002, 2006–2009, and a Forever® stamp in 2011.[60][61][62][63]

Muslims
Muslims
after Eid Prayer
Eid Prayer
at Valley Stream Park, Long Island, New York, United States
United States
of America

Canada[edit] For Eid al-Fitr, just as in the United States, most Canadian Muslims will take a day off from work and go to prayers held in big-city mosques or Islamic centres, convention halls or sports arenas. Muslims from different cultures with multi-national customs get together for prayers and celebrations. In the larger cities of Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary
Calgary
and Ottawa, congregational prayers may be done at multiple times to accommodate the large number of attendees. Many Muslims
Muslims
will visit each other's homes on the Eid day or the days following to attend designated "open houses" in which everyone is welcome to visit. Children receive gifts or money, and sweets and tasty dishes are served throughout the day. Smaller Muslim communities, particularly in the rural areas, hold other communal gatherings in mosques or rented community halls. Muslims
Muslims
also donate money or contribute to their local food banks on this day for those who are less fortunate. In many Canadian communities, Muslim
Muslim
organisations and mosques also hold large Eid parties that are open to the entire Muslim
Muslim
community. Some groups may reserve amusement parks or other activity centres for an entire day of fun and celebration, while others may hold public Eid parties in mosques as a means of outreach to the larger non-Muslim society. Students from Canadian schools may take 2–3 days off, because Eid is a major holiday in the Islamic culture. Trinidad and Tobago[edit] Eid-al-Fitr is a public Holiday in Trinidad and Tobago. United Kingdom[edit]

Muslims
Muslims
in Britain performing the Eid prayers
Eid prayers
during the celebration, 1941

Although Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is not a recognised public holiday in the United Kingdom, many schools, businesses and organisations allow for at least a day's leave to be taken for religious celebrations. During the morning, observant men usually wear a thawb, jubba or sherwani, and women usually wear a salwar kameez, abaya or any other traditional clothing. Generally speaking, men, women and children will wear their best clothes. They will then proceed to a local mosque, community centre or park (in the summer months) for the Eid prayer. During the journey to the mosque, and up until the start of the prayer, it is Islamic tradition to recite takbeer – a reminder that God is Greater. Immediately after the Eid prayer
Eid prayer
and sermon have finished, people greet each other with "Eid Mubarak," or the equivalent in their mother-tongue. Some men may go to a local cemetery after Eid prayers
Eid prayers
to remember the deceased and pray for them. When they return home they will congratulate family and friends and other Muslims, before having breakfast together of traditional sweet and savoury treats. Gifts and money are usually given to children. Throughout the day, everyone will either visit or host friends and relatives, sharing some of the traditional foods with them. Bangladeshi dishes and Pakistani dishes such as samosas, Siweya, Rice and Handesh, Noonor Bora, and Fulab are particularly popular within those communities. Other communities enjoy a range of traditional foods too. As in Egypt, there have been a small number of reports of sexual assaults associated with the Eid in the UK.[64][65][66] Fiji[edit] Muslims
Muslims
comprise around 7% (63,000 people) of the total population of Fiji, a small tropical island-nation northeast of Australia. The Muslim
Muslim
community mostly consists of people of Indian origin, descendants of indentured labourers who were brought to the islands in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by the British colonists. Although no accurate statistical evidence exists, there are also thought to be a few hundred indigenous Fijian Muslims
Muslims
(Melanesians) in the island nation. The vast majority of Muslims
Muslims
in Fiji
Fiji
are of the Sunni
Sunni
branch of Islam
Islam
who follow the Hanafi
Hanafi
school of jurisprudence. The day of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is celebrated in Fiji
Fiji
with Muslim
Muslim
men wearing their best clothes and attending the mosque for the early morning congregational prayer (women do not go to the mosques for prayers in most parts of Fiji). This is followed by visiting relatives and neighbours. Children receive presents and money from elder members of the family, relatives and neighbours. Most Muslims
Muslims
will wear new clothes on this day, and serve samai, a dish of fine, sweet vermicelli noodles mixed in warm milk. This is usually accompanied by samosas, curried chicken and beef as well as sweets and Indian snacks for guests visiting throughout the day. The traditional Eid greeting is Eid Mubarak, and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace. Mauritius[edit] Mauritius is a diverse island nation where several religions live together in relative harmony. Muslims
Muslims
make up about 16.6% of the total population and Eid is one of the island's national holidays. Eid itself is celebrated across the island, with the preparation of a feast, which typically includes the "biryani". Men accomplish their Eid prayer
Eid prayer
at the local mosques or at the Eid Gah. Cultural shows are usually performed in the days that follow Eid. In the Gregorian calendar[edit] See also: Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
and Gregorian calendar Although the date of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is always the same in the Islamic calendar, the date in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
falls approximately 11 days earlier each successive year, since the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
is lunar and the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
is solar. Hence if the Eid falls in the first ten days of a Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
year, there will be a second Eid in the last ten days of the same Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
year. The Gregorian date may vary between countries depending on the local sightability of the new moon. Some expatriate Muslim
Muslim
communities follow the dates as determined for their home country, while others follow the local dates of their country of residence. The following table shows predicted dates and announced dates based on new moon sightings for Saudi Arabia.[1][67]

Dates of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
in Saudi Arabia

Islamic year Umm al-Qura predicted High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced

1415 3 March 1995 3 March 1995

1416 20 February 1996 20 February 1996

1417 9 February 1997 9 February 1997

1418 30 January 1998 30 January 1998

1419 19 January 1999 19 January 1999

1420 8 January 2000 8 January 2000

1421 27 December 2000 27 December 2000

1422 16 December 2001 16 December 2001

1423 5 December 2002 5 December 2002

1424 25 November 2003 25 November 2003

1425 14 November 2004 13 November 2004

1426 3 November 2005 3 November 2005

1427 23 October 2006 23 October 2006

1428 13 October 2007 12 October 2007

1429 1 October 2008 30 September 2008

1430 20 September 2009 20 September 2009

1431 10 September 2010 10 September 2010

1432 30 August 2011 30 August 2011

1433 19 August 2012 19 August 2012

1434 8 August 2013 8 August 2013

1435 28 July 2014 28 July 2014

1436 17 July 2015 17 July 2015

1437 6 July 2016 6 July 2016

1438 25 June 2017 25 June 2017

1439 15 June 2018

1440 4 June 2019

1441 24 May 2020

1442 13 May 2021

1443 2 May 2022

1444 21 April 2023

1445 10 April 2024

1446 30 March 2025

1447 20 March 2026

1448 9 March 2027

1449 26 February 2028

1450 14 February 2029

Performing Eid-ul-fitr prayer[edit] Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer ( Salat
Salat
al-Eid) or Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
Namaz is performed on the occasion of Eid. The Prayer of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
is performed in two different ways by Sunni
Sunni
and Shia Islam. Sunni
Sunni
procedure[edit] There are two Rak'ah (Rakaat) performed in the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer.[68] The prayer of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
starts by doing "Niyyat" for the prayer and then Takbeer
Takbeer
(Allahu Akbar) is said by the Imam and all the followers. The next is to recite "Takbeer-e-Tehreema" in first Rakaat. Then the congregation says Allahu Akbar seven times, every time raising hands to the ears and dropping them except the last time when hands are folded. Then the Imam reads the Surah-e-Fatiha and other Surah. Then the congregation performs Ruku and Sujud
Sujud
as in other prayers. This completes the first Rak’ah. Then the congregation rises up from the first Rak'ah and folds hands for the second Rak’ah. In the next step the Imam says five takbirat, followed by the congregation, every time raising the hands to the ears and dropping them except the last time when the hands are folded. Again the Imam reads the Surah-e-Fatiha and another Surah followed by the Ruku and Sujud. This completes the Eid prayer. After the prayer there is a khutbah. Shia procedure[edit] Shia also perform two Rak’ah in the Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayer. Prayer starts with the Niyyat followed by the five "Takbeers". During every "Takbeer" of the first Rak’ah, a special Dua
Dua
is recited. Then the Imam recites Sūrat al-Fātiḥah and Surat Al-'A`lá and the congregation performs Ruku and Sujud
Sujud
as in other prayers. In the second Rak’ah again the same above steps (five Takbeers, Sūrat al-Fātiḥah and Surat Al-'A`lá, Ruku and Sujud) are repeated. After the prayer, Khutbah
Khutbah
starts. Notes[edit]

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Eid al-Fitr
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Ramadan
– Eid ul Fitr". Islamicity.com. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ Gaffney, Patrick D. "Khutba." Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim World. p. 394. ^ Wiegers, Gerard. "Ritual". Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim world, p. 600 ^ "Riyadh welcomes Eid Al-Fitr with fireworks display". Arab News. 18 August 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2015.  ^ "Wednesday announced as Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
in Iran". Mehr News Agency. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ "Iranians Celebrate Eid al-Fitr". Tasnim News Agency. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ "World Muslims
Muslims
mark Eid al-Fitr". Press TV. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ " Tehran
Tehran
Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
prayers to be led by Supreme Leader". IRNA. Archived from the original on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ Mamouri, Ali. "Eid al-Fitr: religious celebration and cultural marker". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ "Kutlu". TDK Sözlük. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "Egypt's Eid: Celebration for the Young and Old". Tour Egypt.  ^ "Cairo street crowds target women". BBC News. 1 November 2006. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ "The Widespread Plague of Sexual Harassment in Egypt". Al Akhbar English. 20 September 2012. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ Ali, Mohammed (21 October 2008). "Taking on Sexual Harassment, a Social Phenomenon in Egypt". Al Jadid Magazine. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "Sexual Harassment Takes Center Stage Again in Egypt". Ikhwanweb. Muslim
Muslim
Brotherhood. 5 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "Unsafe streets". Al-Ahram Weekly Online. 15 October 2008. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "The latest developments of the case of sexual harassment in Cairo". World Pulse. 29 October 2012. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ a b "Sexual assaults in Egypt
Egypt
mar Eid holiday". Al Arabiya. 5 October 2008. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2013.  ^ "Movement plans patrols to counter sexual harassment during Eid". Egypt
Egypt
Independent. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ " Egypt
Egypt
is starting to take sexual harassment seriously". The Guardian. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ "Several arrested as sexual harassment surges in Cairo". Egypt Independent. 21 August 2012. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ "'I witnessed harassment' volunteers catch 8–10 yr olds in the act". Ahram Online. 9 August 2013. Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ " Egypt
Egypt
activists try to stop holiday sex harassment". USA Today. 26 October 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2014.  ^ "Victim of harassment killed in Tanta: Shoft Taharosh group continues monitoring sexual harassment during Eid". Daily News Egypt. 10 August 2013. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ "Sex Harassment Is Off-Topic for Egyptian Ramadan". Women's eNews. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.  ^ "Anti-sexual harassment initiative intervenes in 35 incidents during Eid". Daily News Egypt. 31 July 2014. Archived from the original on 12 December 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.  ^ "141 sexual harassment incidents reported in 3 days during Eid al-Fitr: NCW". The Cairo Post. 20 July 2015. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.  ^ " Egypt
Egypt
reports drop in sexual harassment during Eid". Gulf News. 8 July 2016. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  ^ "Risk of sex attack fills women with dread during Eid al-Fitr vacation". Egypt
Egypt
Independent. 5 July 2016. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  ^ Lane, Edward (1836). Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians. New York: Cosimo Classics. ISBN 1-59605-161-2.  ^ Barlin Ali, Somali Cuisine, (AuthorHouse: 2007), p.79 ^ "Moonsighting on Monday". 91.3FM Voice of the Cape. 27 August 2011. Archived from the original on 27 May 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "About Sudan". United Nations Development Programme. 9 January 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "Food Events – Eid Celebrations". BBC Food Online. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010.  ^ Watson, Todd (4 August 2013). " Indonesia
Indonesia
prepares for Idul Fitri". Inside Investor. Retrieved 7 August 2013.  ^ Didik Purwanto (5 August 2013). "EkonomiMakroPemudik Lebaran
Lebaran
Alirkan Dana Rp 90 Triliun ke Daerah". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 August 2013.  ^ "Govt says roads ready for Lebaran
Lebaran
exodus". The Jakarta Post. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ van Doorn-Harder, Nelly. "Southeast Asian culture and Islam". Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim
Muslim
world. p. 649 ^ "Hari Raya Puasa". All Malaysia.info. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008.  ^ Yusof, Mimi Syed; Hafeez, Shahrul (30 October 2005). "When Raya was a bewildering experience". New Straits Times. p. 8 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Neikbanzaw magazine, No. 1 & 2, December 1952 & 1953 ^ Interview by Khin Khin Yie with Haji U Bar Bar @ U Win Maung, composer of Jago songs, 28x81 street Mandalay. Published in Prophet Muhammad's Day Golden Jubilee magazine page 88, column 2 paragraph 2 ^ Armijo, Jacqueline M. "East Asian culture and Islam." Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim
Muslim
world, p. 191 ^ Relytech, North Cyprus Online. "North Cyprus Tourist Guide".  ^ a b "Μουσουλμάνοι & ΚΛΙΜΑΚΑ: ΗΘΗ ΚΑΙ ΕΘΙΜΑ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ ΜΟΥΣΟΥΛΜΑΝΩΝ – ΜΕΡΟΣ Α'" (in Greek). mousoulman-klimaka.blogspot.gr.  ^ "5 Temmuz 2016–Şeker Gibi Eğlence-My Club*Rzv:6946282655*6973602046*6978124937". facebook.com.  ^ "Multicultural Eid Festival and Fair". Australian MEFF Consortium.  ^ McCarthy, Tom. "New York City adds two Muslim holidays
Muslim holidays
to public school calendar". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ "2011 USPS Eid Forever® stamp, with the quotation about the festivals". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "2009 USPS Eid stamp, with mention of other dates". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "2008 USPS Eid stamp". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ "2007 USPS Eid stamp". US Postal Service. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.  ^ " Muslim
Muslim
gang jailed for kidnapping and raping two girls as part of their Eid celebrations". Daily Mail. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  ^ "Men who gang raped schoolgirl after luring her to hotel room during sinister game of 'hide and seek'". Manchester Evening News. 30 January 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  ^ "Pakistani doctor who got drunk because he was away from his family during Eid sexually assaulted woman on bus a month after arriving in Britain". Daily Mail. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  ^ Gent, R.H. van. "The Umm al-Qura Calendar of Saudi Arabia – adjustment".  ^ "Procedure for the Eid-ul-Fitr
Eid-ul-Fitr
Prayer". Islamic Research Foundation International. 

References[edit]

Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
and the Muslim
Muslim
World. Edited by Martin, Richard C. Macmillan Reference, 2004. Vol. 1. The Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia (with computed and announced dates for Eid al-Fitr)

External links[edit]

Media related to Eid ul-fitr at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
at Wiktionary

Religious portal Islam
Islam
portal Middle East portal Malaysia
Malaysia
portal

v t e

Eid

Festivals

Eid al-Adha Eid al-Fitr

Topics

Eid cuisine Eid Mubarak Eid prayers

Eidgah

Eidi (gift)

v t e

Ramadan

Background

Ramadan
Ramadan
(calendar month) Fasting
Fasting
during Ramadan Zakat
Zakat
al-Fitr

Fidyah and Kaffara

Meals

Suhur
Suhur
(before sunrise) Iftar
Iftar
(after sunset)

Prayers and observances

Tarawih Iʿtikāf Laylat al-Qadr Jumu'atul-Wida Eid al-Fitr

Ramadan
Ramadan
culture

Date (fruit) Chaand Raat Fanous Fast-a-Thon Gargee'an Mheibes Ramadan
Ramadan
tent

v t e

Islamic holidays
Islamic holidays
and observances

The two Eids

Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha

Other holidays and observances

Day of Arafah Day of Ashura Islamic New Year Arba'een1 Mawlid Lailat al Miraj Mid-Sha'ban Ramadan Laylat al-Qadr Eid al-Ghadir1 Mubahala1 Promised Messiah Day2 Promised Reformer Day2 Caliphate Day2

1 Shia Muslim
Muslim
only 2 Ahmadi Muslim
Muslim
only

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in Algeria

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(1) Yennayer
Yennayer
(12)

February

Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day
(14) Tafsut (28)

March

International Women's Day
International Women's Day
(8) Victory Day (19) World Water Day
World Water Day
(22) Maghrebi Blood Donation Day (30) Spring vacation (2 last weeks)

April

April Fools' Day
April Fools' Day
(1) Knowledge Day (16) Berber Spring (20) Earth Day
Earth Day
(22) Election Day (Thursday)

May

International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
(1) World Press Freedom Day (3) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(last Sunday)

June–July–August

Summer vacation (varies)

June

Children's Day
Children's Day
(1) Father's Day
Father's Day
(21)

July

Independence Day (5)

September

International Day of Peace
International Day of Peace
(21)

October

International Day of Non-Violence
International Day of Non-Violence
(2) Halloween
Halloween
(31)

November

Revolution Day (1)

December

Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(24) Christmas
Christmas
(25) New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(31) Winter vacation (2 last weeks)

Varies (year round)

Hijri New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(Muharram 1) Ashura
Ashura
(Muharram 10) Mawlid
Mawlid
(Rabi' al-Awwal 12) Ramadan
Ramadan
( Ramadan
Ramadan
1) Laylat al-Qadr
Laylat al-Qadr
( Ramadan
Ramadan
27) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
( Shawwal 1) Day of Arafah
Day of Arafah
( Dhu al-Hijjah
Dhu al-Hijjah
9) Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
( Dhu al-Hijjah
Dhu al-Hijjah
10) Holi
Holi
(varies)

Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in Algeria, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays.

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day
Maryland Day
(MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter
Easter
(religious)

Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day
Father's Day
(36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Odunde Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day
(IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California Admission Day
California Admission Day
(CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Gold Star Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)

October–November

Diwali
Diwali
(religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day
Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana Day
Indiana Day
(IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.

v t e

Public holidays in Pakistan

Kashmir
Kashmir
Solidarity Day Pakistan
Pakistan
Day Labour Day Independence Day Iqbal Day Quaid-e-Azam Day Eid ul-Adha Eid-ul-Fitr Milad al-Nabi Day of Ashura Isra and

.