HOME
The Info List - Eichsfeld District


--- Advertisement ---



Eichsfeld
Eichsfeld
is a district in Thuringia, Germany, and part of the historical region of Eichsfeld. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Nordhausen, Kyffhäuserkreis
Kyffhäuserkreis
and Unstrut-Hainich, and by the states of Hesse
Hesse
(district Werra-Meißner) and Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
(district Göttingen).

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Coat of arms 4 Towns and municipalities 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] In medieval times the Eichsfeld
Eichsfeld
region, which is larger than the current district Eichsfeld, was property of the Archbishops of Mainz. Eichsfeld
Eichsfeld
was the only region of Thuringia
Thuringia
not to accept the Protestant Reformation, largely due to the efforts of the Archbishops of Mainz. In 1801, the clerical states were dissolved, and the Kingdom of Prussia gained the region, only to lose it again in the Napoleonic Wars. In the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
(1815) Prussia as well as the Kingdom of Hanover raised claims for the Eichsfeld. The region was divided between both states. Although Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866, this border remained the boundary between two Prussian provinces, later between East and West Germany, and today between Thuringia
Thuringia
and Lower Saxony. The present district was established in 1994 by merging the former districts of Worbis
Worbis
and Heiligenstadt. Geography[edit] See also: Wanfried agreement The district is named after the historical region of Eichsfeld, which covers the northern portions of the present district and parts of Lower Saxony, the area around Duderstadt, called "Untereichsfeld" (lower Eichsfeld). It is a hilly countryside, that is attached to the Harz
Harz
hills in the north. Incidentally it is the geographical centre of Germany. The Leine
Leine
and Unstrut
Unstrut
rivers both rise in the Eichsfeld. The name is believed to be derived from Eichenfeld, which means "field of oaks". A less popular theory is the origin in the word Eisfeld ("field of ice"). Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms displays the heraldic eagle of Brandenburg together with the Wheel of Mainz, which was a symbol of the bishops of Mainz. These arms were granted shortly after Prussia gained the Eichsfeld (1801). In 1816 the Eichsfeld
Eichsfeld
was not a geographical unit anymore, and the arms became irrelevant. They were reintroduced in 1945 (used until 1952) and again in 1994.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verwaltungsgemeinschaft-free towns and municipalities

Heilbad Heiligenstadt Leinefelde-Worbis

Am Ohmberg Sonnenstein

Verwaltungsgemeinschaften

1. Dingelstädt

Dingelstädt1, 2 Helmsdorf Kallmerode Kefferhausen Kreuzebra Silberhausen

2. Eichsfelder Kessel

Deuna Gerterode Hausen Kleinbartloff Niederorschel1

3. Eichsfeld-Wipperaue

Breitenworbis1 Buhla Gernrode Haynrode Kirchworbis

4. Ershausen/Geismar

Bernterode (bei Heilbad Heiligenstadt) Dieterode Geismar Kella Krombach Pfaffschwende Schimberg1 Schwobfeld Sickerode Volkerode Wiesenfeld

5. Hanstein-Rusteberg

Arenshausen Bornhagen Burgwalde Freienhagen Fretterode Gerbershausen Hohengandern1 Kirchgandern Lindewerra Marth Rohrberg Rustenfelde Schachtebich Wahlhausen

6. Leinetal

Bodenrode-Westhausen1 Geisleden Glasehausen Heuthen Hohes Kreuz Reinholterode Steinbach Wingerode

7. Lindenberg/Eichsfeld

Berlingerode Brehme Ecklingerode Ferna Hundeshagen Tastungen Teistungen1 Wehnde

8. Uder

Asbach-Sickenberg Birkenfelde Dietzenrode-Vatterode Eichstruth Lenterode Lutter Mackenrode Röhrig Schönhagen Steinheuterode Thalwenden Uder1 Wüstheuterode

9. Westerwald-Obereichsfeld

Büttstedt Effelder Großbartloff Küllstedt1 Wachstedt

1seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft; 2town

References[edit]

^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). January 2018. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Landkreis Eichsfeld.

External links[edit]

Official website (German)

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Thuringia
Thuringia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Eisenach Erfurt Gera Jena Suhl Weimar

Rural districts

Altenburger Land Eichsfeld Gotha Greiz Hildburghausen Ilm-Kreis Kyffhäuserkreis Nordhausen Saale-Holzland-Kreis Saale-Orla-Kreis Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Schmalkalden-Meiningen Sömmerda Sonneberg Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis Wartburgkreis Weimarer Land

Coordinates: 51°20′N 10°15′E / 51.33°N 10.25°E / 51.33; 10.25

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 167784901 LCCN: n2002103036 GND: 4413119-7 BNF:

.