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EHIME PREFECTURE (愛媛県, Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku
Shikoku
, Japan
Japan
. The capital is Matsuyama
Matsuyama
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Cities * 2.2 Towns and villages * 2.3 Mergers

* 3 Economy

* 4 Education

* 4.1 University

* 4.1.1 National * 4.1.2 Prefectural * 4.1.3 Private

* 5 Sports

* 6 Culture

* 6.1 Museums

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Rail * 7.2 Tramway

* 7.3 Road

* 7.3.1 Expressway * 7.3.2 National highways

* 7.4 Ports * 7.5 Airport

* 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

See also: Historic Sites of Ehime Prefecture

Until the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration
, Ehime Prefecture
Ehime Prefecture
was known as Iyo Province . Since before the Heian period , the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara , the Tokugawa shogun gave the area to his allies, including Kato Yoshiaki
Kato Yoshiaki
who built Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Castle , forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama
Matsuyama
.

The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime "lovely princess."

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo
Tokyo
and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama.

GEOGRAPHY

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima
Tokushima
in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea
Seto Inland Sea
. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula
Sadamisaki Peninsula
, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks , namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.

CITIES

Map of Ehime Prefecture. Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

* Imabari * Iyo * Matsuyama
Matsuyama
(capital) * Niihama

* Ōzu * Saijō * Seiyo * Shikokuchūō

* Tōon * Uwajima * Yawatahama

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

These are the towns in each district :

* Iyo District

* Masaki * Tobe

* Kamiukena District

* Kumakōgen

* Kita District

* Uchiko

* Kitauwa District

* Kihoku * Matsuno

* Minamiuwa District

* Ainan

* Nishiuwa District

* Ikata

* Ochi District

* Kamijima

Ehime agency Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Castle

MERGERS

Main article: List of mergers in Ehime Prefecture

Former districts:

* Uwa District (historical) * Uma District * Shūsō District * Onsen District

ECONOMY

The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding . Chemical industries, oil refining , paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan (tangerine) and iyokan and cultured pearls .

Ikata 's nuclear power plant produces a large portion of Shikoku's electricity.

EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY

National

* Ehime University
Ehime University

Prefectural

* Ehime Prefectural University of Health Science

Private

* St. Catherine University * Matsuyama
Matsuyama
University * Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Shinonome College (women\'s college )

SPORTS

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

* Ehime F.C.
Ehime F.C.

Baseball

* Ehime Mandarin Pirates

CULTURE

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen
Dōgo Onsen
, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

Iyo dialect , one of the Shikoku
Shikoku
dialects , is the dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture.

MUSEUMS

* Museum of Ehime History and Culture
Museum of Ehime History and Culture
* Kaimei School

TRANSPORT

RAIL

* JR Shikoku
Shikoku

* Yosan Line * Yodo Line
Yodo Line
* Uchiko Line

* Iyotetsu

* Gunchu Line * Takahama Line * Yokogawara Line

TRAMWAY

* Iyotetsu

* Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Inner Line

ROAD

Expressway

Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō

* Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Expressway * Tokushima
Tokushima
Expressway * Takamatsu Expressway * Kochi Expressway * Nishiseto Expressway (also referred to as the Shimanami Kaidō) * Imabari Komatsu Road

National Highways

* Route 11 * Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kōchi ) * Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima- Sukumo
Sukumo
-Susaki -Kōchi) * Route 192 (Saijyo- Shikoku
Shikoku
Chuo- Yoshinogawa
Yoshinogawa
- Tokushima
Tokushima
) * Route 194 * Route 196 * Route 197 * Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari- Onomichi ) * Route 319 * Route 320 * Route 378 * Route 380 * Route 437 * Route 440 * Route 441 * Route 494 (Matsuyama- Niyodogawa -Susaki)

PORTS

* Kawanoe Port * Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
Osaka
* Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka * Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima , Hakata Island, and international container hub port * Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
, Yanai , Hiroshima
Hiroshima
, Kure
Kure
, and international container hub port * Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu
Beppu
, Usuki
Usuki
* Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita * Uwajima Port

AIRPORT

* Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Airport

NOTES

* ^ A B C D 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. EHIME PREFECTURAL WEBSITE (IN JAPANESE). EHIME PREFECTURE. ARCHIVED FROM THE ORIGINAL ON 9 JANUARY 2008. RETRIEVED 9 SEPTEMBER 2011. * ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books
Google Books
. * ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books
Google Books
. * ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
Google Books
. * ^ Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V * ^ " Japan
Japan
Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. * ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 19 August 2012.

REFERENCES

* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Harvard University Press
. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 ; OCLC 58053128

EXTERNAL LINKS

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