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Ehime Prefecture
Ehime Prefecture
(愛媛県, Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan.[2] The capital is Matsuyama.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers

3 Economy 4 Education

4.1 University

4.1.1 National 4.1.2 Prefectural 4.1.3 Private

5 Sports 6 Culture

6.1 Museums

7 Transport

7.1 Rail 7.2 Tramway 7.3 Road

7.3.1 Expressway 7.3.2 National highways

7.4 Ports 7.5 Airport

8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] See also: Historic Sites of Ehime Prefecture Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture
Ehime Prefecture
was known as Iyo Province.[4] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions. After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shōgun gave the area to his allies, including Katō Yoshiaki
Katō Yoshiaki
who built Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama. The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki
Kojiki
where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime "lovely princess".[5] In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo
Tokyo
and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama.[6] Geography[edit] Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima
Tokushima
in the east and Kōchi in the south. The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan. As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[7] Cities[edit]

Map of Ehime Prefecture.

Matsuyama

Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Imabari Iyo Matsuyama
Matsuyama
(capital) Niihama

Ōzu Saijō Seiyo Shikokuchūō

Tōon Uwajima Yawatahama

Towns and villages[edit] These are the towns in each district:

Iyo District

Masaki Tobe

Kamiukena District

Kumakōgen

Kita District

Uchiko

Kitauwa District

Kihoku Matsuno

Minamiuwa District

Ainan

Nishiuwa District

Ikata

Ochi District

Kamijima

Ehime agency

Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Castle

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Ehime Prefecture Former districts:

Uwa District (historical) Uma District Shūsō District Onsen District

Economy[edit] The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding. Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan (mandarin orange), iyokan and cultured pearls. Ikata's nuclear power plant produces a large portion of Shikoku's electricity. Education[edit] University[edit] National[edit]

Ehime University

Prefectural[edit]

Ehime Prefectural University of Health Science

Private[edit]

St. Catherine University Matsuyama
Matsuyama
University Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Shinonome College (women's college)

Sports[edit] The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime. Football (soccer)

Ehime F.C.

Baseball

Ehime Mandarin Pirates

Basketball

Ehime Orange Vikings

Culture[edit] The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years. Iyo dialect, one of the Shikoku
Shikoku
dialects, is the dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture. Museums[edit]

Museum of Ehime History and Culture Kaimei School

Transport[edit] Rail[edit]

JR Shikoku

Yosan Line Yodo Line Uchiko Line

Iyotetsu

Gunchu Line Takahama Line Yokogawara Line

Tramway[edit]

Iyotetsu

Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Inner Line

Road[edit] Expressway[edit]

Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō

Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Expressway Tokushima
Tokushima
Expressway Takamatsu Expressway Kochi Expressway Nishiseto Expressway
Nishiseto Expressway
(also referred to as the Shimanami Kaidō) Imabari Komatsu Road

National highways[edit]

Route 11 Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kōchi) Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kōchi) Route 192 (Saijyo- Shikoku
Shikoku
Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima) Route 194 Route 196 Route 197 Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi) Route 319 Route 320 Route 378 Route 380 Route 437 Route 440 Route 441 Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports[edit]

Kawanoe Port Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita Uwajima Port

Airport[edit]

Matsuyama
Matsuyama
Airport

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books. ^ Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V ^ " Japan
Japan
Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire.  ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ehime prefecture.

Official website

v t e

Ehime Prefecture

Matsuyama
Matsuyama
(capital)

Core city

Matsuyama

Cities

Imabari Iyo Niihama Ōzu Saijō Seiyo Shikokuchūō Tōon Uwajima Yawatahama

Iyo District

Masaki Tobe

Kitauwa District

Kihoku Matsuno

Nishiuwa District

Ikata

Kamiukena District

Kumakōgen

Minamiuwa District

Ainan

Ochi District

Kamijima

Kita District

Uchiko

List of mergers in Ehime Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 33°50′N 132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E / 33.833; 132.833

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 252908957 LCCN: n80022960 ISNI: 0000 0004 0404

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