In EFIK MYTHOLOGY, Abassi is considered to be the Supreme Creator
(God). His wife, Atai , is known as the mediator . It is believed that
Atai convinced Abassi to allow two humans (one man and one woman),
also known as their children, to live on
Earth , but forbade them to
work or reproduce. The children were required to return to heaven with
Abassi whenever he rang the dinner bell. These rules were established
so that the
Efik people would not surpass Abassi in wisdom or
strength. Eventually the children disobeyed and Abassi killed them
both. Abassi and Atai were disgusted and gave the humans two gifts,
chaos and death.
* 1 Health
* 3 Local beliefs
* 4 Major influences
* 5 References
It was originally believed that Abassi and Atai live in the
Abassi is the spirit of health. The tribesmen would often chant aloud
to the sun in hopes that Abassi would hear their cries and heal them.
It was believed that Abassi gave certain tribesmen the ability to heal
the sick through necromancy . Whenever someone in the tribe was ill,
the chief would summon the witchdoctor . Within a healing ceremony,
the tribesmen would start a fire. All the people of the tribe were
required to gather around as they sang songs of worship to Abassi.
As time went on, the
Efik people started believing that Abassi was
the spirit of nature . Eventually this caused the people to begin
worshipping the sun in the belief that it was Abassi himself.
It was also believed that twins were a disgrace to Abassi. It was
thought to be evil for a woman to give birth to twins; the woman would
be burnt alive and the twins were taken and left for dead in the
The Reverend Hope Masterton Waddell came among the
Efik people on 10
April 1846. The
Efik people specifically requested for the
evangelization of their kingdom in writing and the letters are dated 1
December 1842 and 4 December 1842 from King
Eyo Honesty II and King
Eyamba V respectively.
Mary Mitchell Slessor came to Calabar in 1876.
The Atai referred to as the wife of Abassi was the third Edidem of the
Efik people. He was the king who led the
Efik people out of the
country of the Aros into Uruan country.
* ^ Benge, Geoff (28 July 1999). Mary Slessor: Forward into Calabar
(Christian Heroes: Then & Now). YWAM Publishing. p. 203.
* ^ Jackson, Dave (1 May 1994). Trial by Poison: Mary Slessor
(Trailblazer Books #12. Bethany House. p. 144.
* ^ Basil Miller (June 1985). Mary Slessor (Women Of Faith Series).
Bethany House Publishers. p. 144.
* ^ Livingstone, W.P. Mary Slessor of Calabar.
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