EDWIN WENDELL PAULEY SR. (January 7, 1903 – July 28, 1981)
* 1 Early life
* 2 Business career
* 3 Politics
* 4 1965–1972: CIA, FBI, and UC Berkeley anti-war protests
* 5 Philanthropy
* 6 References
* 7 External links
Indianapolis, Indiana to Elbert L. Pauley and the former
Ellen Van Petten, he attended
Occidental College , in northeast Los
Angeles , during 1919–1920 before transferring to the University of
California, Berkeley , where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi
fraternity, earning a
Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science in 1922 and a Master of
Science the following year.
Pauley made his fortune running oil companies from the mid-1920s
onward. He founded The Petrol Corp. in 1923. Pauley was president of
Fortuna Petroleum by 1933. In 1947 he bought
Coconut Island in Hawaii
, as a private retreat. Several of his deals involved Zapata
Corporation , run by
George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush , including a joint-venture
with Pemargo in 1960. In 1958 he founded Pauley Petroleum which, with
Howard Hughes , expanded oil production in the
Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico .
Later Pauley also became a founding part-owner of television station
KTVU in Oakland , a part-owner of the
Los Angeles Rams football team
and a director of
Western Airlines .
Pauley became involved with the Democratic Party as a fundraiser in
1930s, eventually becoming Treasurer of the Democratic National
Committee . In 1940, he served as a member of the Interstate Oil and
Compact Commission. He was a friend and confidante of U.S. Senator
Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman , and through Truman's influence, President Franklin
D. Roosevelt appointed Pauley as Petroleum Coordinator of Lend-Lease
Supplies for the
Soviet Union and the
United Kingdom in 1941. He was
director of the
1944 Democratic National Convention
1944 Democratic National Convention .
As president, Truman appointed him United States representative to
Allied Reparations Committee from 1945–1947. With the rank of
ambassador, as well as industrial and commercial advisor to the
Potsdam Conference , his chief task was to renegotiate the reparations
agreements formulated at the
Yalta Conference (many of which affected
Allen Dulles 's former clients). When Truman
tried to appoint him
Under Secretary of the Navy
Under Secretary of the Navy in 1946, Secretary of
Harold L. Ickes
Harold L. Ickes resigned in protest, claiming that while
Pauley was Treasurer of the
Democratic National Committee
Democratic National Committee , he had
suggested to Ickes that $300,000 ($4.08 million in 2017 dollars ) in
campaign funds could be raised if the Interior Department would drop
its fight against the State of
California for ownership of oil-rich
offshore lands. Ickes's resignation scuttled the appointment, and
Pauley worked behind the scenes thereafter.
By successive appointments from several
California governors, Pauley
served as a University of
California Regent from 1940 to 1972. As a
regent, he was staunchly opposed to the creation of the University of
California, San Diego . The
Pauley Pavilion at the University of
Los Angeles is named in the honor of his philanthropy and
service as a Regent. A smaller dedication to Pauley exists at his
alma mater , the
University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley : the Pauley
Ballroom, which can seat up to 1,000 people in the Martin Luther King
Jr. Student Union .
By the 1960s, Pauley came to support
Ronald Reagan . He was the Board
of Regents' harshest critic of student protests on UC campuses.
1965–1972: CIA, FBI, AND UC BERKELEY ANTI-WAR PROTESTS
In 1965, Pauley was serving as a Regent at the University of
California, when anti-Vietnam war campus protests began to grow . At
Pauley's request, CIA Director
John McCone met with FBI Director J.
Edgar Hoover on January 28 and Hoover agreed to leak to Pauley
information about UC System President
Clark Kerr . (See memo regarding
McCone's request to meet with Hoover. McCone graduated from UC
Berkeley in 1922, the year before Pauley.) At that meeting, McCone
told Hoover that Pauley was very upset about the "situation at
Berkeley", and was "anxious to get a line on any persons who are
communists or have communist associations, either on the faculty or in
the student body." As soon as McCone left his office, Hoover phoned
Los Angeles FBI chief
Wesley Grapp , and ordered him to give Pauley
anonymous memos on regents, faculty members, and students who were
"causing trouble at Berkeley." Hoover admonished Grapp, "It must be
impressed upon Mr. Pauley that this data is being furnished in strict
confidence." 1965 memo regarding
J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover meeting CIA
Director John McCone, re: UC Berkeley protests.
Five days later (February 2) Grapp met with Pauley for two hours at
his office in the Pauley Petroleum Building in Los Angeles. Grapp
provided him information from FBI files on other Regents, faculty, and
students who were considered "ultra-liberal." The CIA and FBI worked
in conjunction with
Ronald Reagan , who sought to mount a
"psychological warfare campaign" against the budding Free Speech
Movement and anti-war sit-ins, including using tax-evasion and "any
other available" charges in which the FBI agreed to assist. "This has
been done in the past, and has worked quite successfully," Hoover
(This information was not made public until 2002, after a
fifteen-year legal battle with the FBI that went all the way to the US
Supreme Court, as a result of a FOIA request for an in-depth San
Francisco Chronicle investigation. The FBI had claimed it needed to
maintain secrecy to "protect law enforcement operations." The National
Security Act of 1947 bars the CIA from engaging in domestic
Pauley began the February 2, 1965 meeting with Grapp by saying he was
upset about the
Free Speech Movement
Free Speech Movement and recalled that "obnoxious
question... concerning the FBI being a secret police" (referring to a
1959 entry exam question.) He told Grapp he had "no use for Kerr" and
had accused Kerr of being a "communist or a communist follower."
Pauley explained that the 24-member Board of Regents was divided and
that his faction wanted "strong positive action taken immediately to
clean up the mess." The problem, he said, was that so far he'd been
unable to muster the votes to fire Kerr. He blamed the impasse on
three "ultra-liberal" regents who staunchly backed Kerr. Governor Pat
Brown (D) ) had named to the board:
William Coblentz (Brown's former
William M. Roth
William M. Roth (member of the
Elinor Raas Heller (member of the Democratic National
Pauley told Grapp that in the 1950s the FBI secretly gave the
university reports on professors it was considering hiring. He said he
wanted to restore the procedure—which the FBI had code-named the
Responsibilities Program —and offered to pay someone to check FBI
files. After obtaining Pauley's promise not to reveal that the FBI was
his source, Grapp handed him Hoover's memos. Pauley quickly read one.
"This is perfect," he said. "This is just what I need." It was a
three-page report on UC Berkeley immunology professor Leon Wofsy that
summarized news stories from 1945 to 1956, noting that Wofsy had been
a self-avowed Communist Party official who tried to get young people
involved with the party. (The report failed to note that since 1957
the FBI had found no evidence that Wofsy had been involved with the
Two days later, Grapp reported to Hoover that Pauley would be "an
excellent source of information" about internal university affairs.
Pauley could also "use his influence to curtail, harass and at times
eliminate communists and ultra-liberal members on the faculty"—and
on the Board of Regents. About a week later, Grapp secretly gave
Pauley verbal reports containing confidential information about
regents Coblentz, Roth and Heller—even though they had fully
disclosed it to the bureau and held top-level security clearances.
Pauley, Grapp reported to Hoover, was "most appreciative" of the
information on his opponents. As Pauley saw it, according to Grapp's
report, UC would remain in turmoil "as long as the current officials
were in power at the university."
That fall, thousands of students joined the escalating protests. To
Pauley and the FBI, it was further proof that Kerr had lost control of
the university. Pauley confided to Grapp that two alumni were taking
things into their own hands. They had recruited athletes to "beat up
the demonstrators" and hired a barber to "forcibly 'shear' the
students who need it." Grapp continued to slip Pauley anonymous memos
about students and faculty—at least two dozen more—that he could
use in persuading the regents to fire Kerr. But in October, a
frustrated Pauley told Grapp he was still "two votes short to fire
Clark Kerr." Kerr would remain in charge of the university, it seemed,
as long as Brown remained governor.
Ronald Reagan was elected California's governor in 1966, after
campaigning against "campus malcontents and filthy speech advocates"
at Berkeley, one of his first moves was to fire Kerr. Reagan's Legal
Affairs Secretary, Herbert Ellingwood, met with FBI agent Cartha
"Deke" DeLoach at FBI Headquarters, and noted that Reagan was
"dedicated to the destruction of disruptive elements on college
After his retirement from the UC system, Pauley concentrated on his
many philanthropic interests and business concerns. He was
particularly interested in promoting the use of his
Coconut Island in
Kāne\'ohe Bay ,
Hawaii by the University of
Hawaii at Manoa
Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology . He kept about half of
the island for the use of his family—his wife Bobbi, his son,
Stephen M. Pauley and daughter, Susie Pauley and eventually their
families. After Pauley's death in 1981, his widow Bobbi Pauley
Edwin W. Pauley
Edwin W. Pauley Foundation to continue their
philanthropic work. In 1995, the Pauley family presented the
University of Hawai`i with a gift of the private portion of the ca.
24-acre (97,000 m2) island to the University, and provided funds for
the building of a new library and laboratory buildings for the
Institute. Built on a living coral reef, the Institute is now one of
the world's premier locations for the study of marine biology.
* ^ Biographical Sketch-Papers of Edwin W. Pauley, Harry S. Truman
* ^ "A Brief History of Coconut Island". Hawaiʻi Institute of
Marine Biology of the University of
Hawaii at Manoa . Retrieved
February 25, 2011.
* ^ "The Administration: Exit Honest Harold".
Time Magazine .
February 25, 1946.
Harold L. Ickes
Harold L. Ickes (February 13, 1946). "The Crucial Decade:
Voices of the Postwar Era, 1945-1954, Select Audiovisual Records:
Resignation speech of Harold L. Ickes". United States National
Archives and Records Administration .
* ^ Thomas J. Hamilton (February 14, 1946). "Ickes Resigns Post,
Berating Truman in Acid Farewell; Mr. Ickes says Good-by". The New
York Times .
* ^ "Text of Secretary Ickes\' Letter of Resignation to the
President Ending 13 Years in Office".
The New York Times
The New York Times . February
* ^ "Regents of the University of California" (PDF). Regents of the
California . Retrieved February 25, 2011.
* ^ "Features: Revelle". @UCSD . Retrieved October 26, 2014.
* ^ "
Pauley Pavilion - Home to Bruin Basketball, Volleyball, and
Gymnastics". UCLA Athletics . Archived from the original on May 20,
2011. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
* ^ Seth Rosenfeld (June 9, 2002). "Trouble on campus". San
Francisco Chronicle .
* ^ San Francisco Chronicle, "Trouble on campus" by Seth Rosenfeld,
Chronicle Staff Writer, Sunday, June 9, 2002
* ^ USA Today , "Reagan, FBI, CIA tried to quash campus unrest"
* ^ sfgate.com Archived 2006-05-13 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ sfgate.com The Ellingwood Meeting, Page 3
* ^ Klieger, P. Christiaan, 2008. Moku o Lo`e: A History of Coconut
Island, Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu
* Saxon, Wolfgang (July 29, 1981). Edwin Wendell Pauley Sr., 78. New
* Biographical sketches:
Edwin W. Pauley
Edwin W. Pauley via Truman Library
* Minor, Linda (2002). Follow The Yellow Brick Road: From Harvard to
* San Francisco Chronicle, "Reagan, Hoover, and the UC Red Scare," 9