Sir Edward Aloysius McTiernan, KBE (16 February 1892 – 9 January 1990), was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge. He served on the High Court of Australia from 1930 to 1976, the longest-serving judge in the court's history. McTiernan was born in Glen Innes, New South Wales. He graduated from the University of Sydney in 1915, and was called to the bar the following year. McTiernan was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1920, representing the Labor Party, and was soon after appointed Attorney-General of New South Wales. He served as attorney-general under John Storey, James Dooley, and Jack Lang, but left state politics in 1927. McTiernan was elected to the House of Representatives in 1929, but served for little over a year before Prime Minister James Scullin nominated him to the High Court. He was 38 at the time; only H. V. Evatt (another Scullin nominee) was appointed at a younger age. On the court, McTiernan was considered a moderate, and was known for the consistency of his decisions. He generally favoured the position of the federal government, upholding the constitutionality of contentious legislation from both sides of politics. McTiernan retired reluctantly at the age of 84, after just under 46 years on the High Court bench. He lived to the age of 97, and was the last surviving MP from the 1920s.
1 Early years 2 Political career 3 High Court 4 References 5 External links
Early years McTiernan was born into an Irish Catholic family in the small township of Glen Innes, in the north of New South Wales. Educated in Sydney at Marist Brothers High School Darlinghurst, he studied arts and law at the University of Sydney. He graduated in 1915 and was called to the bar in the following year. Political career
McTiernan as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
After five years as a barrister, McTiernan was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1920 as the Member for Western Suburbs. McTiernan served in the ministry as Attorney-General of New South Wales from April 1920 to April 1922 and again from June 1925 to May 1927, He was heavily involved in Premier Jack Lang's attempt to abolish the New South Wales Legislative Council. He retired from the Assembly in 1927 and took up a position as a law lecturer with his alma mater. Two years later, however, he was elected to federal parliament as the member for Parkes. This was to be short-lived, as in 1930, one year into McTiernan's term, Prime Minister James Scullin nominated him to the High Court of Australia, along with H. V. Evatt. Their appointment was controversial, due to their youth (McTiernan was 38 and Evatt 36), perceived inexperience, and political connections – both were members of the Labor Party up until taking office, and the Labor caucus had publicly resolved "that the government should appoint to the bench two men known to have social views sympathetic to Labor". High Court As a judge of the High Court, McTiernan oversaw several of the most significant cases in Australian legal history, including Bank of New South Wales v Commonwealth, which struck down an attempt to nationalise the banks, Australian Communist Party v The Commonwealth, which struck down an attempt to ban the Communist Party of Australia and R v Kirby; ex parte Boilermakers' Society of Australia, which reinforced the doctrine of the separation of powers. He served under five Chief Justices - Sir Isaac Isaacs, Sir Frank Gavan Duffy, Sir John Latham, Sir Owen Dixon and Sir Garfield Barwick, and was knighted himself in 1951. McTiernan was one of only eight justices of the High Court to have served in the Parliament of Australia prior to his appointment to the Court; the others were Edmund Barton, Richard O'Connor, Isaac Isaacs, H. B. Higgins, John Latham, Garfield Barwick, and Lionel Murphy. He was also one of six justices to have served in the Parliament of New South Wales, along with Barton, O'Connor, Albert Piddington, Adrian Knox and H. V. Evatt. In total, McTiernan was a member of the High Court for 46 years, making him the longest-serving judge in its history. This is a record unlikely to be broken, as a constitutional change in 1977, perhaps sparked by McTiernan's extremely long term, introduced compulsory retirement ages for federal judges; a justice of the High Court must now retire at 70. McTiernan had no intention of resigning from the bench even into the 1970s, but, after breaking a hip at the age of 84 in 1976 while chasing a cricket in his hotel with a rolled up newspaper, Chief Justice Barwick's refusal to include a wheelchair ramp in the design of the new High Court building prompted his retirement. He died in 1990, at the age of 97. He was the last surviving MP who served when James Scullin was Prime Minister. References
^ "Sir Edward Aloysius McTiernan (1892 - 1990)". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-24. ^ John M. Williams and Fiona Wheeler, 'McTiernan, Sir Edward Aloysius (Eddie) (1892–1990)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/mctiernan-sir-edward-aloysius-eddie-14854/text26039, published first in hardcopy 2012, accessed online 18 October 2017 ^ Sir Edward McTiernan (family history) ^ Evatt served in the Federal Parliament after his resignation from the High Court. ^ Constitution section 71, after Constitution Alteration (Retirement of Judges) 1977 ^ Marr, David (1980). Barwick. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. p. 290.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edward McTiernan.
Parliament of New South Wales
New district Member for Western Suburbs 1920–1927 With: Lazzarini, Hoskins, Shillington/Ness, Wilson/Jarvie District abolished
Preceded by John FitzGerald Minister for Justice 1920 Succeeded by William McKell
Preceded by John Garland Attorney General of New South Wales 1920–1921 Succeeded by Thomas Bavin
Preceded by Thomas Bavin Attorney General of New South Wales 1921–1922
Preceded by Thomas Bavin Attorney General of New South Wales 1925–1927 Succeeded by Andrew Lysaght
Preceded by Sir Timothy Coghlan Agent-General for New South Wales (acting) 1926 Succeeded by The Viscount Chelmsford
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by Charles Marr Member for Parkes 1929–1930 Succeeded by Charles Marr
Preceded by Sir Isaac Isaacs Puisne Justice of the High Court of Australia 1930–1976 Succeeded by Sir Keith Aickin
v t e
Justices of the High Court of Australia
Griffith Knox Isaacs Gavan Duffy Latham Dixon Barwick Gibbs Mason Brennan Gleeson French
Barton O'Connor Higgins Powers Piddington Rich Starke Evatt McTiernan Williams Webb Fullagar Kitto Taylor Menzies Windeyer Owen Walsh Stephen Jacobs Murphy Aickin Wilson Deane Dawson Toohey Gaudron McHugh Gummow Kirby Hayne Callinan Heydon Crennan
Bell Gageler Keane Nettle Gordon Edelman
Justices shown in order of appointment