Edoardo Amaldi


Edoardo Amaldi (5 September 1908 – 5 December 1989) was an Italian physicist. He coined the term "neutrino" in conversations with Enrico Fermi distinguishing it from the heavier "neutron". He has been described as "one of the leading nuclear physicists of the twentieth century." He was involved in the Nuclear weapon, anti-nuclear peace movement.

Life and career

Amaldi was born in Carpaneto Piacentino, the son of Ugo Amaldi (mathematician), Ugo Amaldi, professor of mathematics at the University of Padua, and Luisa Basini. Amaldi graduated under the supervision of Enrico Fermi and was his main collaborator until 1938, when Fermi left Italy for the United States. In 1939, Amaldi was drafted into the Regio Esercito, Royal Italian Army and returned to physics in 1941. After Second World War, WWII, Amaldi held the chair of "General Physics" at the Sapienza University of Rome, rebuilt the post-Fermi school of physics, and was the co-founder of the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics and of ESRO. He was the general secretary of CERN at its early stages when operations were still provisional, before September's 1954 official foundation. He pioneered in Europe the search for gravitational waves. His main scientific results were on slow neutrons in the Fermi group, and the evidence for antiproton annihilations with emulsion techniques, somewhat contemporary to its production in accelerators by Emilio G. Segrè, Emilio Segrè and collaborators. Amaldi co-authored about 200 scientific publications ranging from atomic spectroscopy and nuclear physics to elementary particle physics and experimental gravitation, as well as textbooks for secondary schools and universities. He also wrote historical-scientific books; for example, a biography of his friend Ettore Majorana who mysteriously disappeared. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1958 and American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1962. In 1963 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. On 25 April 1968, he was elected as a Foreign Member of the Royal Society. Amaldi died unexpectedly on 5 December 1989, still in full activity, while he was president of the Accademia dei Lincei, of which he had been a member since 1948. The third Automated Transfer Vehicle of the European Space Agency bore Edoardo Amaldi ATV, his name.

See also

* Via Panisperna boys * I ragazzi di via Panisperna (movie) * Nuclear power in Italy


External links

Oral History interview transcript with Edoardo Amaldi 8 April 1963, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives

* [http://www.aip.org/history/ohilist/4486.html Oral History interview transcript with Edoardo Amaldi 10 December 1982, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives]
Annotated bibliography for Edoardo Amaldi from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues

Amaldi's profile on INSPIRE-HEP
{{DEFAULTSORT:Amaldi, Edoardo 1908 births 1989 deaths People associated with CERN Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Foreign Members of the Royal Society Foreign associates of the National Academy of Sciences Foreign Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences Italian relativity theorists Members of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences People from the Province of Piacenza Sapienza University of Rome faculty Members of the Lincean Academy