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Edirne
Edirne
,Greek Αδριανούπολις / Adrianoupolis , is a city in the northwestern Turkish province of Edirne
Edirne
in the region of East Thrace, close to Turkey's borders with Greece
Greece
and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
from 1363 to 1453,[2] before Constantinople
Constantinople
(present-day Istanbul) became the empire's fourth and final capital. The city's estimated population in 2014 was 165,979.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Antiquity 2.2 Medieval period 2.3 Modern period

3 Ecclesiastical history 4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Points of interest 6 Culture 7 Economy 8 Education

8.1 Universities 8.2 High schools

9 Gallery 10 Quarters 11 Twin cities 12 Notable people 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

Etymology[edit] The city was founded as Hadrianopolis (Ἁδριανούπολις in Greek), named for the Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Hadrian. This name is still used in the Modern Greek
Modern Greek
(Αδριανούπολη). The Turkish name Edirne
Edirne
derives from the Greek name. The name Adrianople was used in English until the Turkish adoption of Latin alphabet in 1928 made Edirne
Edirne
the internationally recognized name. Bulgarian: Одрин, Albanian: Edrenë, Slovene: Odrin and Serbian: Једрене / Jedrene are adapted forms of the name Hadrianopolis or of its Turkish version; see also its other names. History[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1400s 70,000 —    

1700s 35,000 −50.0%

1800s 33,000 −5.7%

1900s 68,661 +108.1%

1927 34,528 −49.7%

1965 78,161 +126.4%

1970 84,531 +8.1%

1975 94,449 +11.7%

1980 105,503 +11.7%

1985 120,663 +14.4%

1990 124,361 +3.1%

2000 140,830 +13.2%

2010 152,993 +8.6%

2014 165,979 +8.5%

The area around Edirne
Edirne
has been the site of numerous major battles and sieges, from the days of the ancient Greeks. The vagaries of the border region between Asia and Europe gives rise to Edirne's historic claim to be the most frequently contested spot on the globe.[3] Antiquity[edit] According to Greek mythology, Orestes, son of king Agamemnon, built this city as Orestias, at the confluence of the Tonsus (Toundja) and the Ardiscus (Arda) with the Hebrus (Maritza). The city was (re)founded eponymously by the Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Hadrian
Hadrian
on the site of a previous Thracian settlement known as Uskadama, Uskudama, Uskodama or Uscudama. It was the capital of the Bessi,[4] or of the Odrysians. Hadrian
Hadrian
developed it, adorned it with monuments, changed its name to Hadrianopolis after himself (which would be corrupted into Adrianopolis, Anglicised as Adrianople), and made it the capital of the Roman province of Thrace. Licinius
Licinius
was defeated there by Constantine I
Constantine I
in 323, and Emperor Valens
Valens
was killed by the Goths
Goths
in 378 during the Battle of Adrianople
Battle of Adrianople
(378). Medieval period[edit]

Historical image of Cihannüma Kasrı (Panoramic Pavilion), part of Edirne Palace
Edirne Palace
complex

In 813, the city was temporarily seized by Khan Krum of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
who moved its inhabitants to the Bulgarian lands towards the north of the Danube.[5] During the existence of the Latin Empire
Latin Empire
of Constantinople, the Crusaders were decisively defeated by the Bulgarian Emperor Kaloyan
Kaloyan
in the Battle of Adrianople
Battle of Adrianople
(1205). In 1206 Adrianople and its territory was given to the Byzantine aristocrat Theodore Branas as a hereditary fief by the Latin regime.[6] Later Theodore Komnenos, Despot of Epirus, took possession of it in 1227, but three years later was defeated at Klokotnitsa by Asen, Emperor of the Bulgarians. In 1369, the city was conquered by the Ottoman sultan Murad I. He renamed it "Edirne".[7] The city remained the Ottoman capital for 84 years until 1453, when Mehmed II
Mehmed II
moved the capital to Constantinople
Constantinople
(present-day Istanbul). Edirne
Edirne
is famed for its many mosques, domes, minarets, and palaces from the Ottoman period. Modern period[edit]

Edirne
Edirne
in the first quarter of the 20th century. In the background is the Selimiye Mosque

Edirne
Edirne
Municipality

Under Ottoman rule, Edirne
Edirne
was the principal city of the administrative unit, the eponymous Eyalet of Edirne, and after land reforms in 1867, the Vilayet of Edirne. Sultan Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, was born in Edirne. It was here that he fell under the influence of some Hurufis dismissed by Taş Köprü Zade in the Şakaiki Numaniye as "Certain accursed ones of no significance", who were burnt as heretics by a certain Mahmud Pasha.[8] Sultan Mehmed IV
Mehmed IV
left the palace in Constantinople
Constantinople
and died in Edirne in 1693. During his exile in the Ottoman Empire, the Swedish king Charles XII stayed in the city during most of 1713.[9] Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, lived in Edirne
Edirne
from 1863 to 1868. He was exiled there by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
before being banished further to the Ottoman penal colony in Akka. He referred to Edirne
Edirne
in his writings as the "Land of Mystery".[10] Edirne
Edirne
was a sanjak centre during the Ottoman period and was bound to, successively, the Rumeli Eyalet
Rumeli Eyalet
and Silistre Eyalet
Silistre Eyalet
before becoming a provincial capital of the Eyalet of Edirne
Edirne
at the beginning of the 19th century; until 1878, the Eyalet of Edirne
Edirne
comprised the sanjaks of Edirne, Tekfurdağı, Gelibolu, Filibe, and İslimye. Edirne
Edirne
was briefly occupied by imperial Russian troops in 1829 during the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
and in 1878 during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. The city suffered a fire in 1905. In 1905 it had about 80,000 inhabitants, of whom 30,000 were Turks; 22,000 Greeks; 10,000 Bulgarians; 4,000 Armenians; 12,000 Jews; and 2,000 more citizens of unclassified ethnic/religious backgrounds.[citation needed] Edirne
Edirne
was a vital fortress defending Ottoman Constantinople
Constantinople
and Eastern Thrace
Eastern Thrace
during the Balkan Wars
Balkan Wars
of 1912–13. It was briefly occupied by the Bulgarians in 1913, following the Siege of Adrianople. The Great Powers–Britain, Italy, France, and Russia–forced the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
to cede Edirne
Edirne
to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
at the end of First Balkan War, which created a political scandal in the Ottoman government in Istanbul
Istanbul
(as Edirne
Edirne
was a former capital of the Empire), leading to the 1913 Ottoman coup d'état. Although it was victorious in the coup, the Committee of Union and Progress
Committee of Union and Progress
was unable to keep Edirne, but under Enver Pasha
Enver Pasha
(who proclaimed himself the "second conqueror of Edirne", after Murad I), it was retaken from the Bulgarians soon after the Second Balkan War
Second Balkan War
began. It was occupied by the Greeks between the Treaty of Sèvres
Treaty of Sèvres
in 1920 and their defeat at the end of the Greco-Turkish War, also known as the Western Front of the larger Turkish War of Independence, in 1922. According to the 2007 census, Edirne Province
Edirne Province
had a population of 382,222 inhabitants. The city is a thriving center of commerce for woven textiles, silks, carpets and agricultural products.

Panoramic view of the city from Selimiye Mosque.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

Ottoman külliye and hospital built by Bayezid II

Adrianople was made the seat of a Greek metropolitan and of a Gregorian Armenian bishop. Adrianople is also the centre of a Bulgarian diocese, but not recognized and deprived of a bishop. The city also had some Protestants. The Latin Catholics, foreigners for the most part, and not numerous, were dependent on the vicariate-apostolic of Constantinople. At Adrianople itself were the parish of St. Anthony of Padua (Minors Conventual) and a school for girls conducted by the Sisters of Charity
Sisters of Charity
of Agram. In the suburb of Karaağaç were a church (Minor Conventuals), a school for boys (Assumptionists) and a school for girls (Oblates of the Assumption). Each of its mission stations, at Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
and Alexandroupoli, had a school (Minor Conventuals), and there was one at Gallipoli
Gallipoli
(the Assumptionists). Around 1850, from the standpoint of the Eastern Catholic Churches, Adrianople was the residence of a Bulgarian vicar-apostolic for the 4,600 Eastern Catholics of the Ottoman vilayet (province) of Thrace and after 1878 - of the principality of Bulgaria. They had 18 parishes or missions, 6 of which were in the principality, with 20 churches or chapels, 31 priests, of whom 6 were Assumptionists and 6 were Resurrectionists; 11 schools with 670 pupils. In Adrianople itself were only a very few United Bulgarians, with an Episcopal church of St. Elias, and the churches of St. Demetrius and Sts. Cyril and Methodius. The last is served by the Resurrectionists, who have also a college of 90 pupils. In the suburb of Karaağaç, the Assumptionists have a parish and a seminary with 50 pupils. Besides the Eastern Catholic Bulgarians, the above statistics included the Greek Catholic missions of Malgara (now Malkara) and Daoudili (now Davuteli village in Malkara), with 4 priests and 200 faithful, because from the civil point of view belonged to the Bulgarian Vicariate. Later however, the Roman Catholic diocese was discontinued, and exists only in name as a titular metropolitan archbishopric, under the full name Hadrianopolis in Haemimonto to distinguish it from several other titular sees named Hadrianopolis. Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Edirne
Edirne
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) with long, hot summers and cold and occasionally snowy winters.

Climate data for Edirne

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 19.3 (66.7) 23.2 (73.8) 28.0 (82.4) 32.4 (90.3) 37.1 (98.8) 42.6 (108.7) 44.1 (111.4) 41.9 (107.4) 39.9 (103.8) 35.8 (96.4) 28.0 (82.4) 22.8 (73) 44.1 (111.4)

Average high °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 9.2 (48.6) 13.1 (55.6) 19.1 (66.4) 24.7 (76.5) 29.1 (84.4) 31.7 (89.1) 31.7 (89.1) 27.2 (81) 20.4 (68.7) 13.9 (57) 8.4 (47.1) 19.59 (67.28)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.7 (36.9) 4.4 (39.9) 7.6 (45.7) 12.8 (55) 18.1 (64.6) 22.4 (72.3) 24.7 (76.5) 24.4 (75.9) 19.9 (67.8) 14.2 (57.6) 9.1 (48.4) 4.6 (40.3) 13.74 (56.74)

Average low °C (°F) −0.6 (30.9) 0.4 (32.7) 2.8 (37) 7.1 (44.8) 11.6 (52.9) 15.4 (59.7) 17.3 (63.1) 17.1 (62.8) 13.3 (55.9) 9.1 (48.4) 5.0 (41) 1.3 (34.3) 8.32 (46.96)

Record low °C (°F) −19.5 (−3.1) −19.0 (−2.2) −12.0 (10.4) −4.1 (24.6) 0.7 (33.3) 6.0 (42.8) 9.3 (48.7) 9.1 (48.4) 1.3 (34.3) −3.7 (25.3) −9.4 (15.1) −14.9 (5.2) −19.5 (−3.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.1 (2.524) 51.7 (2.035) 51.9 (2.043) 47.0 (1.85) 52.9 (2.083) 46.2 (1.819) 31.7 (1.248) 23.0 (0.906) 38.0 (1.496) 56.9 (2.24) 68.6 (2.701) 70.4 (2.772) 602.4 (23.717)

Average rainy days 12.9 9.9 10.0 10.5 10.3 8.6 5.5 4.2 4.8 7.9 11.0 13.6 109.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 74.4 103.6 142.6 192.0 263.5 294.0 328.6 310.0 234.0 161.2 99.0 68.2 2,271.1

Mean daily sunshine hours 2.2 3.4 4.3 6.1 7.6 9.2 10.2 9.4 7.3 5.1 3.2 2.2 5.85

Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service [11]

Points of interest[edit]

Grand Synagogue of Edirne

Situated 7 km (4.3 mi) near to the Greek and 20 km (12 mi) to the Bulgarian border, Edirne
Edirne
is famed for its many mosques, domes and minarets. The Selimiye Mosque, built in 1575 and designed by Turkey's greatest master architect, Mimar Sinan
Mimar Sinan
(c. 1489/1490–1588), is one of the most important monuments in the city. It has the highest minarets in Turkey, at 70.90 m (232.6 ft) and a cupola 3 or 4 ft (0.91 or 1.22 m) higher than that of Hagia Sophia, the Byzantine Orthodox Cathedral (now museum) in Istanbul. Carrying the name of the then reigning Ottoman Sultan Selim II (r. 1566–1574), this mosque futures Turkish marble handicrafts, and it is covered with valuable tiles and fine paintings. Another notable mosques are Eski Cami (Old Mosque),[12] and Burmalı Cami (Serpent Mosque), aka Üç Şerefeli Mosque.[13] Edirne
Edirne
has three historic covered bazaars: Arasta, next to Selimiye Mosque, Bedesten next to Eski Cami and Ali Paşa Çarşısı (Ali Pasha Bazaar). Besides the mosques, there are visitor attractions in Edirne, all reflecting its rich past. The most prominent place being the Edirne Palace (Ottoman Turkish: Saray-ı Cedid-i Amire‎ for "New Imperial Palace") in Sarayiçi quarter, built during the reign of Murad II
Murad II
(r. 1421–1444). Although the buildings of the palace and its bath (Kum Kasrı Hamamı) are in ruined form, the palace gate and the palace kitchen facility are restored. The Kasr-ı Adalet ("Justice Castle"), built as part of the palace complex, stands intact next to the small Fatih Bridge
Fatih Bridge
over the Tunca river.[14] Another notable building in the area is the Trakya University's Bayezid II
Bayezid II
Külliye
Külliye
Health Museum, an important monument with its complex construction comprising many facilities used in those times. The Balkan Wars
Balkan Wars
Memorial Cemetery is located close to the Edirne Palace, with an unknown soldier monument featuring an Ottoman soldier in front of its entrance.[15] The historic Grand Synagogue of Edirne, abandoned and ruined, was restored and re-opened in March 2015.[16][17][18] A Roman Catholic and two Bulgarian Orthodox churches are found in the city. Edirne
Edirne
has several historic arch bridges crossing over the rivers Meriç and Tundzha, which flow around west and south of the city. There are caravansaries, like the Rustem Pasha and Ekmekcioglu Ahmet Pasha caravansaries, which were designed to host travelers, in the 16th century. The historic Karaağaç railway station
Karaağaç railway station
hosts today, after redevelopment, the Trakya University's Faculty of Fine Arts in Karaağaç suburb of Edirne.[15] Next to it, the Treaty of Lausanne Monument and Museum are situated.[19] Culture[edit]

Oil-wrestling
Oil-wrestling
at Kırkpınar

The traditional oil-wrestling tournament called Kırkpınar, is held every year in June.[citation needed]. Kakava, an internation festival celebrating the Roma people
Roma people
is held on 5 May each year. A cultural partnership with Lörrach
Lörrach
in Germany
Germany
has been started in 2006. The goal is to exchange pupils and students to improve their cultural skills and understanding.

Edirne
Edirne
is well known for the local dishes. "Ciğer tava" (breaded and deep-fried liver) served often with cacık, diluted yogurt with chopped cucumber. Also, locally-made Marzipan, which has a different recipe from standard Marzipan, is one of traditional desserts of Edirne.

Handmade brooms with a mirror in them are one of the cultural images of the city and a central marriage tradition. Miniature versions can still be bought in gift shops. Economy[edit]

Ali Paşa Çarşısı (Ali Pasha Bazaar).

Edirne's economy largely depends on agriculture. 73% of the working population work in agriculture, fishing, forests, hunting. There are lots of things that are cultivated here. Its lowlands are productive. The field crop cultivation has developed so much here. Corn, sugarbeet and sunflower are the first. Melon, watermelon and viniculture are advanced. For the last decade, the agricultural products have doubled. Corn, rice, sunflower, sugarbeet, tomato, eggplant, melon, watermelon, grape are cultivated so much. The through highway with an important role in global transport that connects Europe to Middle East and Anatolian to Istanbul
Istanbul
passes through Edirne. Also, the existence of many historical and natural touristic places and events lead the fact that tourism has become a leading component of the economic growth of the city in recent years. Industry has also been developing. Agriculture-based industries (agro-industries) are especially important for the city's economy.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2007)

Education[edit]

Main building of Trakya University

Faculty of Fine Arts building of Trakya University, originally built as Karaağaç railway station.

Universities[edit]

Trakya University, which is linked with Loerrach University through the Erasmus programme
Erasmus programme
of the EU.

High schools[edit]

Beykent Educational Institutions 80th Year of Republic Anatolian High School (80. Yıl Cumhuriyet Anadolu Lisesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Anatolian Teacher Training High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Anadolu Öğretmen Lisesi in Turkish: It has been transformed into Edirne Social Sciences High School) Edirne
Edirne
Anatolian Technical High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Anadolu Teknik Lisesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Beykent High School of Science (Özel Edirne
Edirne
Beykent Fen Lisesi) Edirne
Edirne
Beykent High School of Anatolian (Özel Edirne
Edirne
Beykent Anadolu Lisesi) Edirne
Edirne
High School (Anatolian High School) ( Edirne
Edirne
Lisesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Ilhami Ertem High School ( Edirne
Edirne
İlhami Ertem Lİsesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Industrial Vocational High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Endüstri Meslek Lisesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Milli Piyango Trade Profession High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Milli Piyango Ticaret Meslek Lisesi) Edirne
Edirne
Suleyman Demirel Science & Maths High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Fen Lisesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Yildirim Anatolian High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Anadolu Lisesi - Yıldırım Anadolu Lisesi in Turkish) Edirne
Edirne
Fine Arts High School ( Edirne
Edirne
Guzel Sanatlar Lisesi in Turkish)

Gallery[edit]

Calligraphic inscription at the Eski Cami (Old Mosque) in Edirne[12]

Interior of Eski Cami

Meriç Bridge

Ottoman graveyard

Sts. Constantine and Helena Bulgarian Church

Fatih Bridge
Fatih Bridge
over the Tunca River, with the Kasr-ı Adalet (Justice Pavilion) tower seen in the background

A house in Edirne
Edirne
from the Ottoman period

Quarters[edit]

Avrupa Kent Ayşekadın Binevler Esentepe Kaleiçi Karaağaç Kavgaz Kıyık Kirişhane Kooperatifevleri Kutlutaş Küçükpazar Muradiye Saraçhane Umur Bey Yıldırım

Twin cities[edit]

Alexandroupolis, Greece Ardahan, Turkey Haskovo, Bulgaria İzmit, Turkey Kars, Turkey Lörrach, Loerrach International Germany

Yambol, Bulgaria

Notable people[edit]

Sultans

Bayezid I
Bayezid I
(1360–1403), Ottoman sultan from 1389 to 1402 Mahmud I
Mahmud I
(1696–1754), Ottoman sultan from 1730 to 1754 Mehmed the Conqueror
Mehmed the Conqueror
(1432–1481), Ottoman sultan who conquered Costantinople (today Istanbul) Mustafa II
Mustafa II
(1664–1703), Ottoman sultan from 1695 to 1703 Osman III
Osman III
(1699–1757), Ottoman sultan from 1754 to 1757 Şahin Giray (1745-1787), Last khan of Crimea

Historical

Caleb Afendopolo (before 1430-1499), Jewish polyhistor Athanasius I of Constantinople
Constantinople
(1230–1310), Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Hagop Baronian
Hagop Baronian
(1843–1891), Ottoman Armenian writer, satirist, educator Elijah Bashyazi (c. 1420–1490), Karaite Jewish hakham Theodore Branas, Byzantine general Nikephoros Bryennios (ethnarch), Byzantine general Abraham ben Raphael Caro, 18th century Ottoman rabbis Dionysius V of Constantinople
Constantinople
(1820-1891), Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Joseph Halévy
Joseph Halévy
(1827–1917),Ottoman born Jewish-French Orientalist and traveller Abdulcelil Levni
Abdulcelil Levni
(died 1732), Ottoman court painter and miniaturist Neşâtî (?–1674), pen name of an Ottoman poet Georgi Valkovich
Georgi Valkovich
(1833–1892), Bulgarian physician, diplomat and politician Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi
Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi
(died 1732), Ottoman statesman and ambassador

Contemporary

Cem Adrian
Cem Adrian
(born 1980), Turkish singer-songwriter, author, producer and film director Şevket Süreyya Aydemir (1897–1976), Turkish writer, intellectual, economist, historian Namik Haluk Baskinci (1957–1995), Turkish architect, engineer and musician Atılay Canel (born 1955), Turkish football coach Cavit Erdel (1884–1933), Ottoman Army officer and Turkish Army general Hüsrev Gerede (1884-1962), Ottoman and Turkish Army officer, politician and diplomat Ragıp Gümüşpala (1897-1964), 11th Chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces Acun Ilıcalı (born 1969), Turkish television personality and producer Haşim İşcan
Haşim İşcan
(1898-1968), Turkish high school teacher, province governor and the first elected mayor of Istanbul Kemal Kerinçsiz (born 1960), Turkish ultra-nationalist lawyer Özlem Kolat (born 1984), Turkish classical clarinet player Michael Petkov (1850-1921), Bulgarian Eastern Catholic priest Muharrem Korhan Yamaç (born 1972), Paralympics, world and European champion disabled sport shooter Nikos Zachariadis
Nikos Zachariadis
(1903 – 1973), General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece Gökberk Ergeneman (born 1995) National Tennis Player

See also[edit]

List of battles of Adrianople List of treaties of Adrianople Trakya University

References[edit]

^ "HGK" (PDF). General Command of Mapping.  ^ "In 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance." Ottoman Capital Bursa. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 December 2014. ^ Keegan, John (1993). A History of Warfare. Random House. pp. 70–71. ISBN 0-7126-9850-7.  ^ The History of Rome, Volume 4 by Theodor Mommsen, 2009, page 53: "... defeated the Bessi
Bessi
in their mountains, took their capital Uscudama (Adrianople), and compelled them to submit to the Roman supremacy ^ Hupchick, Dennis (2017). The Bulgarian-Byzantine Wars for Early Medieval Balkan Hegemony : silver-lined skulls and blinded armies. US: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 107. ISBN 9783319562056.  ^ Saint-Guillain, G. (1216) Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204, Routledge, p. 66 ^ "It served as the capital of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
from 1413 until 1458 and flourished as an administrative, commercial, and cultural centre." "Edirne" Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 December 2014 ^ John Kingsley Birge, The Bektashi Order of Dervishes, 1982 (p 60 - 62) ^ "Adrianopel" in Nordisk familjebok (2nd edition, 1904) ^ "Bahá'í Reference Library - The Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Page 196". Reference.bahai.org. 31 December 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2011.  ^ "Edirne". Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 2 September 2016. [permanent dead link] ^ a b Edirne: Eski Cami - Ulu Cami ^ "Üç Şerefeli Cami" (in Turkish). Edirne
Edirne
Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı. Retrieved 9 May 2015.  ^ "Saraylar" (in Turkish). Edirne
Edirne
Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı. Retrieved 9 May 2015.  ^ a b "Anıtlar" (in Turkish). Edirne
Edirne
Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı. Retrieved 9 May 2015.  ^ " Edirne
Edirne
Sinagogu 46 yıl sonra yeniden ibadete açıldı". Sabah (in Turkish). 26 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.  ^ "Büyük Sinagog'da 46 yıl sonra ilk ibadet". CNN Türk
CNN Türk
(in Turkish). 26 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.  ^ Özmen, Engin (25 March 2015). "Edirne'de Büyük Sinagog açılışa hazır". Hürriyet
Hürriyet
(in Turkish). Retrieved 27 March 2015.  ^ " Edirne
Edirne
Anıtları-Lozan Anıtı" (in Turkish). Edirne
Edirne
Vergi Dairesi Başkanlığı. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Gökbilgin, M. Tayyib (1991). "Edirne". Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume 2 (2nd ed.). Leiden: Brill. pp. 683–686. ISBN 90-04-07026-5. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
article about Edirne.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edirne.

Edirne
Edirne
travel guide from Wikivoyage About Edirne Photographs and information about Edirne, Turkey
Turkey
guide Edirne
Edirne
Web Portal Edirne
Edirne
Directory GCatholic.org Edirne
Edirne
Weather Forecast Information Photographs of the town and monuments taken by Disk Osseman Awarded "EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence" non traditional tourist destination 2008

v t e

Edirne
Edirne
in Edirne Province
Edirne Province
of Turkey

Districts

Edirne Enez Havsa İpsala Keşan Lalapaşa Meriç Süloğlu Uzunköprü

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.

Coordinates: 41°40′N 26°34′E / 41.667°N 26.567°E / 41.667; 26.567

Authority control

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