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The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show was an American television variety show that ran on CBS
CBS
from June 20, 1948, to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by New York entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan.[1] It was replaced in September 1971 by the CBS
CBS
Sunday Night Movie.[2] In 2002, The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show was ranked #15 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time.[3] In 2013, the series finished No. 31 in TV Guide
TV Guide
Magazine's 60 Best Series of All Time.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Background

2.1 The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show Orchestra

3 Famous performances/notable guest stars

3.1 Itzhak Perlman 3.2 Elvis Presley

3.2.1 Initial appearance 3.2.2 Second and third appearances

3.3 The Beatles 3.4 African-American
African-American
artists

3.4.1 The Supremes 3.4.2 Opportunity

3.5 The Muppets 3.6 Broadway

4 Mental illness
Mental illness
program 5 Film clips 6 Controversies

6.1 Bo Diddley 6.2 A Short Vision 6.3 Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly
and the Crickets 6.4 Jackie Mason 6.5 Bob Dylan 6.6 The Doors 6.7 The Rolling Stones

7 Ratings history 8 Primetime specials 9 Parodies 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

History[edit]

Carmen Miranda
Carmen Miranda
and Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
on Toast of the Town, 1953.

From 1948 until its cancellation in 1971, the show ran on CBS
CBS
every Sunday night from 8–9 p.m. E.T., and is one of the few entertainment shows to have run in the same weekly time slot on the same network for more than two decades (during its first season, it ran from 9 to 10 p.m. E.T.). Virtually every type of entertainment appeared on the show; classical musicians, opera singers, popular recording artists, songwriters, comedians, ballet dancers, dramatic actors performing monologues from plays, and circus acts were regularly featured. The format was essentially the same as vaudeville and, although vaudeville had undergone a slow demise for a generation, Sullivan presented many ex-vaudevillians on his show.[5] Originally co-created and produced by Marlo Lewis, the show was first titled Toast of the Town, but was widely referred to as The Ed Sullivan Show for years before September 25, 1955, when that became its official name. In the show's June 20, 1948 debut, Dean Martin
Dean Martin
and Jerry Lewis
Jerry Lewis
performed along with singer Monica Lewis
Monica Lewis
and Broadway composers Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
and Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
previewing the score to their then-new show South Pacific, which opened on Broadway in 1949. From 1948 through 1962, the program's primary sponsor was the Lincoln-Mercury Division of the Ford Motor Company; Sullivan read many commercials for Mercury vehicles live on the air during this period. The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show was originally broadcast via live television from CBS-TV studio 51, the Maxine Elliott Theatre, at Broadway and 39th St. before moving to its permanent home at CBS-TV Studio 50 in New York City (1697 Broadway, at 53rd Street), which was renamed the Ed Sullivan Theater[6] on the occasion of the program's 20th anniversary in June 1968. The last original Sullivan show telecast (#1068) was on March 28, 1971, with guests Melanie, Joanna Simon, Danny Davis and the Nashville Brass and Sandler and Young. Repeats were scheduled through June 6, 1971. Background[edit] Along with the new talent Sullivan booked each week, he also had recurring characters appear many times a season, such as his "Little Italian Mouse" puppet sidekick Topo Gigio, who debuted December 9, 1962,[7] and ventriloquist Señor Wences
Señor Wences
debuted December 31, 1950.[8] While most of the episodes aired live from New York City, the show also aired live on occasion from other nations, such as the United Kingdom, Australia, and Japan. For many years, Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
was a national event each Sunday evening, and was the first exposure for foreign performers to the American public. On the occasion of the show's tenth anniversary telecast, Sullivan commented on how the show had changed during a June 1958 interview syndicated by the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA):

The chief difference is mostly one of pace. In those days, we had maybe six acts. Now we have 11 or 12. Then, each of our acts would do a leisurely ten minutes or so. Now they do two or three minutes. And in those early days I talked too much. Watching these kines I cringe. I look up at me talking away and I say "You fool! Keep quiet!" But I just keep on talking. I've learned how to keep my mouth shut.

The show enjoyed phenomenal popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s. As had occurred with the annual telecasts of The Wizard of Oz in the 1960s and '70s, the family ritual of gathering around the television set to watch Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
became almost a U.S. cultural universal. He was regarded as a kingmaker, and performers considered an appearance on his program as a guarantee of stardom, although this sometimes did not turn out to be the case. The show's iconic status is illustrated by the song "Hymn for a Sunday Evening" from the 1960 musical Bye Bye Birdie. In the song, a family of viewers expresses their regard for the program in worshipful tones. In September 1965, CBS
CBS
started televising the program in compatible color, as all three major networks began to switch to 100 percent color prime time schedules. CBS
CBS
had once backed its own color system, developed by Peter Goldmark, and resisted using RCA's compatible process until 1954. At that time, it built its first New York City color TV studio, Studio 72, in a former RKO movie theater at 2248 Broadway (81st Street). One Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show was broadcast on August 22, 1954, from the new studio, but it was mostly used for one-time-only specials such as Rodgers and Hammerstein's March 31, 1957 Cinderella. (The facility was later acquired by TeleTape Productions and notably became the first studio where the PBS children's program Sesame Street
Sesame Street
was produced.) CBS
CBS
Studio 72 was demolished in 1986 and replaced by an apartment house. CBS
CBS
Studio 50 was finally "colorized" in 1965. The 1965–66 season premiere starred the Beatles in an episode airing on September 12, which was the last episode to air in black and white. This occurred because the episode was taped at the Beatles' convenience on August 14, the eve of their Shea Stadium performance and a two-week tour of North America, slightly before the program was ready for color transmission. In the late 1960s, Sullivan remarked that his program was waning as the decade went on. He realized that to keep viewers, the best and brightest in entertainment had to be seen, or else the viewers were going to keep on changing the channel. Along with declining viewership, Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
attracted a higher median age for the average viewer (which most sponsors found undesirable) as the seasons went on. These two factors were the reason the show was canceled by CBS
CBS
as part of a mass cancellation of advertiser-averse programming after the end of the 1970–1971 season. Because there was no notice of cancellation, Sullivan's landmark program ended without a proper finale. Sullivan would produce one-off specials for CBS
CBS
until his death in 1974. In 1990, television documentary producer Andrew Solt formed SOFA Entertainment, Inc. and purchased the exclusive rights to the complete library of The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show from Ed Sullivan's daughter Elizabeth and her husband Bob Precht.[9][10] The collection consists of 1,087 hours of kinescopes and videotapes broadcast by CBS
CBS
on Sunday nights from 1948 to 1971. Since acquiring the rights to The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show library, SOFA Entertainment has catalogued, organized and cleared performance rights for the original shows. Starting in 1991, SOFA Entertainment has re-introduced The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show to the American public by producing numerous network specials, half-hour series (airing on TV Land, PBS, VH1
VH1
and Decades) and home video compilations.[11] Some of these compilations include The 4 Complete Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows Starring The Beatles, All 6 Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows Starring The Rolling Stones, Elvis: The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows, Motown Gold from the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show, Ed Sullivan's Rock 'n Roll Classics, and 115 half-hour The Best of The Ed Sullivan Show specials, among others.[12][13][14][15] The legendary performances of this show are also available as video and audio downloads and as an app on iTunes."[16] The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show Orchestra[edit] In the early years of television, both CBS
CBS
and NBC
NBC
networks had their own symphony orchestras. NBC's was conducted by Arturo Toscanini
Arturo Toscanini
and CBS's by Alfredo Antonini. The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show was basically a musical variety show, and thus members of the CBS
CBS
orchestra were folded into the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show Orchestra, conducted by Ray Bloch. During the early days of television, the demands on studio musicians were many-tiered. They needed to be proficient in all genres of music, from classical, to jazz and to rock and roll. The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show would regularly feature singers from the Metropolitan Opera
Opera
and the staff orchestra would accompany divas such as Eileen Farrell, Maria Callas or Joan Sutherland. The musicians needed to be prepared to switch gears for Ella Fitzgerald, Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
or Sammy Davis, Jr. and then onto The Jackson Five, Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
or Tom Jones or Itzhak Perlman. They also needed to perform with some of the greatest dancers and ballerinas of the time, from Gregory Hines, Juliet Prowse, Maria Tallchief [17] or Margo Fonteyn to the Peter Genarro dancers. In the process, the musicians collaborated with several internationally recognized ballet troupes including: Ruth Page's Chicago Opera
Opera
Ballet, the London Festival Ballet, Roland Petit's Ballets de Paris and Russia's Igor Moiseyev
Igor Moiseyev
Ballet.[18] Few musicians are capable of crossing over from one genre to another. However, each member of the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show Orchestra was a specialist and more than capable of covering the complete spectrum of music. Music Hall Of Fame inductee Gordon Chris Griffin (formerly with the trumpet section of Harry James, Ziggy Elman
Ziggy Elman
and Chris Griffin of The Benny Goodman
Benny Goodman
Band) was Ray Bloch's lead trumpet player for the many radio and television shows that he conducted, including the Ed Sullivan Show. "Chris" remained the lead trumpet player with The Ed Sullivan show from the first show in 1948 to the last show in 1971. Milton Schlesinger was a percussionist who similarly played from the first to last show. John Serry Sr.
John Serry Sr.
often augmented the orchestra as the lead accordionist during the 1950s. Unlike NBC's The Tonight Show, which celebrated the notoriety of their musicians in Skitch Henderson's or Doc Severinsen's "Tonight Show Band", the CBS
CBS
producers of The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show decided to hide their famed musicians behind a curtain. Occasionally, CBS
CBS
would broadcast specials and call upon the orchestra to perform. When Robert Kennedy
Robert Kennedy
was assassinated, music was hastily composed for the orchestra in a special tribute that also featured Bill Evans, who had recently composed an Elegy To His Father. In 1971, The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show came to an abrupt end. The CBS
CBS
board of directors chose this occasion to terminate any and all contracts with their musicians as they were unceremoniously shown the door. Famous performances/notable guest stars[edit]

Sullivan and The Beatles, February 1964

The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show is especially known to the World War II and baby boomer generations for introducing acts and airing breakthrough performances by popular 1950s and 1960s musicians such as Elvis Presley, The Beatles, The Supremes, The Dave Clark Five, The Animals, The Beach Boys, The Jackson 5, Janis Joplin, The Rolling Stones, The Mamas & the Papas, The Lovin' Spoonful, Herman's Hermits, The Doors and The Band. The Canadian comedy duo Wayne and Shuster
Wayne and Shuster
appeared on the program 67 times, a record for any performer.[19] Itzhak Perlman[edit] The American public's first exposure to Itzhak Perlman
Itzhak Perlman
was on the show in 1958, when he was just 13. This performance was a breakthrough not only for classical music, but also for Perlman, who rode the waves of admiration that came with performing on the show to new heights of fame and has remained one of the most famous violinists for decades. Elvis Presley[edit] Initial appearance[edit] On September 9, 1956, Presley made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show (after earlier appearances on shows hosted by the Dorsey Brothers, Milton Berle, and Steve Allen), even though Sullivan had previously vowed never to allow Presley on the show.[20] According to biographer Michael David Harris, "Sullivan signed Presley when the host was having an intense Sunday-night rivalry with Steve Allen. Allen had the singer on July 1 and trounced Sullivan in the ratings. When asked to comment, the CBS
CBS
star said that he wouldn't consider presenting Presley before a family audience. Less than two weeks later he changed his mind and signed a contract. The newspapers asked him to explain his reversal. 'What I said then was off the reports I'd heard. I hadn't even seen the guy. Seeing the kinescopes, I don't know what the fuss was all about. For instance, the business about rubbing the thighs. He rubbed one hand on his hip to dry off the perspiration from playing his guitar.' "[21] Sullivan's reaction to Presley's performance on The Milton Berle
Milton Berle
Show was, "I don't know why everybody picked on Presley, I thought the whole show was dirty and vulgar."[22] Elvis mythology states that Sullivan censored Presley by only shooting him from the waist up. Sullivan may have helped create the myth when he told TV Guide, "as for his gyrations, the whole thing can be controlled with camera shots." In truth Presley's whole body was shown in the first and second shows.[22] At the time, Presley was filming Love Me Tender, so Sullivan's producer, Marlo Lewis, flew to Los Angeles to supervise the two segments telecast that night from CBS
CBS
Television City in Hollywood. Sullivan, however, was not able to host his show in New York City because he was recovering from a near fatal automobile accident. Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
guest-hosted in Sullivan's place. Laughton appeared in front of plaques with gold records and stated, "These gold records, four of them... are a tribute to the fact that four of his recordings have sold, each sold, more than a million copies. And this, by the way, is the first time in record-making history that a singer has hit such a mark in such a short time. ... And now, away to Hollywood to meet Elvis Presley."[23] However, according to Greil Marcus, Laughton was the main act of Sullivan's show. "Presley was the headliner, and a Sullivan headliner normally opened the show, but Sullivan was burying him. Laughton had to make the moment invisible: to act as if nobody was actually waiting for anything. He did it instantly, with complete command, with the sort of television presence that some have and some—Steve Allen, or Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
himself—don't."[24] Host Laughton introduced the singer from New York. Once on camera, Elvis cleared his throat and said, "Thank you, Mr. Laughton, ladies and gentlemen. Wow", and wiped his brow. "This is probably the greatest honor I've ever had in my life. Ah. There's not much I can say except, it really makes you feel good. We want to thank you from the bottom of our heart. And now ..." "Don't Be Cruel", which was, after a short introduction by Elvis, followed by "Love Me Tender".[23] According to Elaine Dundy, Presley sang "Love Me Tender" "straight, subdued and tender ... —a very different Elvis from the one on The Steve Allen
Steve Allen
Show three months before".[25] When the camera returned to Laughton, he stated, "Well, well, well well well. Ladies and gentlemen, Elvis Presley. And Mr. Presley, if you are watching this in Hollywood, and I may address myself to you. It has been many a year since any young performer has captured such a wide, and, as we heard tonight, devoted audience."[23]

Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
performing "Ready Teddy"

Elvis's second set in the show consisted of "Ready Teddy" and a short on-air comment to Sullivan, "Ah, Mr. Sullivan. We know that somewhere out there you are looking in, and, ah, all the boys and myself, and everybody out here, are looking forward to seeing you back on television." Next, Elvis declared, "Friends, as a great philosopher once said, 'You ain't nothin' but a Hound Dog ...,' " as he launched into a short (1:07) version of the song.[23] According to Marcus, "For the first of his two appearances that night, as a performer Elvis had come on dressed in grandma's nightgown and nightcap." Concerning the singer's second set in the show, the author adds that there were "Elvis, Scotty Moore on guitar, Bill Black on stand-up bass, D. J. Fontana on drums, three Jordanaires on their feet, one at a piano. They were shown from behind; the camera pulled all the way back. They went into 'Ready Teddy.' It was Little Richard's most thrilling record", however, "there was no way Elvis was going to catch him, but he didn’t have to—the song is a wave and he rode it. Compared to moments on the Dorsey shows, on the Berle show, it was ice cream—Elvis's face unthreatening, his legs as if in casts ..."[24] When "he sang Little Richard's 'Reddy Teddy' and began to move and dance, the camera pulled in, so that the television audience saw him from the waist up only."[26] Although Laughton was the main star and there were seven other acts on the show, Elvis was on camera for more than a quarter of the time allotted to all acts.[27] The show was viewed by a record 60 million people which at the time was 82.6 percent of the television audience, and the largest single audience in television history. "In the New York Times", however, "Jack Gould began his review indignantly: Elvis Presley had 'injected movements of his tongue and indulged in wordless singing that were singularly distasteful.' Overstimulating the physical impulses of the teenagers was 'a gross national disservice.'"[28] Second and third appearances[edit]

"Hound Dog", October 28, 1956

Sullivan hosted a second appearance by Presley on October 28, 1956. Elvis performed "Don't Be Cruel", then "Love Me Tender". Sullivan then addressed the audience as he stood beside Elvis, who began shaking his legs, eliciting screams from the audience. By the time Sullivan turned his head, Elvis was standing motionless. After Presley left the stage, Sullivan stated, "I can’t figure this darn thing out. You know. He just does this [Ed shakes his legs] and everybody yells." Elvis appeared a second time in the show and sang "Love Me". Later on, he sang a nearly four-minute-long version of "Hound Dog" and was shown in full the entire song. For the third and final appearance on January 6, 1957, Presley performed a medley of "Hound Dog", "Love Me Tender", and "Heartbreak Hotel", followed by a full version of "Don't Be Cruel". For a second set later in the show he did "Too Much" and "When My Blue Moon Turns to Gold Again". For his last set he sang "Peace in the Valley". According to Sullivan's co-producer Marlo Lewis, the rumor had it that "Elvis has been hanging a small soft-drink bottle from his groin underneath his pants, and when he wiggles his leg it looks as though his pecker reaches down to his knee!"[29] It was decided to shoot the singer only from the waist while he performed. Although much has been made of the fact that Elvis was shown only from the waist up, except for the short section of "Hound Dog", all of the songs on this show were ballads. "Leaving behind the bland clothes he had worn on the first two shows", Greil Marcus
Greil Marcus
says, Elvis "stepped out in the outlandish costume of a pasha, if not a harem girl. From the make-up over his eyes, the hair falling in his face, the overwhelmingly sexual cast of his mouth, he was playing Rudolph Valentino
Rudolph Valentino
in The Sheik, with all stops out. That he did so in front of the Jordanaires, who this night appeared as the four squarest-looking men on the planet, made the performance even more potent."[30] Sullivan praised Elvis at the end of the show, saying "This is a real decent, fine boy. We've never had a pleasanter experience on our show with a big name than we've had with you.... You're thoroughly all right"[31]—a remark that could either be interpreted as a "ringing endorsement" that "legitimized the singer with an adult audience"[32] or as "a somewhat hypocritical statement considering what the CBS censors had just done to his performance on that show."[33] Eyewitness Jerry Schilling writes, "The way Elvis looked out at us at that moment, I thought I could see a mix of hurt over the attacks he’d been subjected to in the press, and a deep pride in who he was and what he was doing."[34] (According to historian Tim Parrish, Presley's manager, Colonel Parker, "had threatened to remove Elvis from the show if Sullivan did not apologize for telling the press that Elvis's 'gyrations' were immoral."[35]) Reflecting on the event in 1969, Presley claimed that Sullivan had expressed a very different opinion off-camera: "So they arranged to put me on television. At that particular time there was a lot of controversy—you didn't see people moving—out in public. They were gettin' it on in the back rooms, but you didn't see it out in public too much. So there was a lot of controversy ... and I went to the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show. They photographed me from the waist up. And Sullivan's standing over there saying, 'Sumbitch.' I said, 'Thank you, Ed, thank you.' I didn't know what he was calling me, at the time."[36] Years later, Sullivan "tried to sign the singer up again... He phoned Presley's manager, Col. Tom Parker, and asked about a price. Parker came up with a list of instructions and conditions and after hearing the demands Sullivan said, 'Give Elvis my best—and my sympathy,' and he hung up."[21] The singer never again appeared in Sullivan's show, although in February 1964 at the start of the first of three broadcasts featuring the Beatles (see below), Sullivan announced that a telegram had been received from Presley and Parker wishing the British group luck. The Beatles[edit]

The Beatles
The Beatles
performing "Help!" in August 1965.

In late 1963, Sullivan and his entourage happened also to be passing through Heathrow and witnessed how The Beatles' fans greeted the group on their return from Stockholm, where they had performed a television show as warmup band to local stars Suzie and Lill Babs. Sullivan was intrigued, telling his entourage it was the same thing as Elvis all over again. He initially offered Beatles manager Brian Epstein
Brian Epstein
top dollar for a single show but the Beatles manager had a better idea — he wanted exposure for his clients: the Beatles would instead appear three times on the show, at bottom dollar, but receive top billing and two spots (opening and closing) on each show.[37] The Beatles
The Beatles
appeared on three consecutive Sundays in February 1964 to great anticipation and fanfare as "I Want to Hold Your Hand" had swiftly risen to No. 1 in the charts. Their first appearance on February 9 is considered a milestone in American pop culture and the beginning of the British Invasion
British Invasion
in music. The broadcast drew an estimated 73 million viewers, at the time a record for US television which would be broken three years later by the series finale of The Fugitive. The Beatles
The Beatles
followed Ed's show opening intro, performing "All My Loving"; "Till There Was You", which featured the names of the group members superimposed on closeup shots, including the famous "SORRY GIRLS, HE'S MARRIED" caption on John Lennon; and "She Loves You". The act that followed Beatles in the broadcast, magician Fred Kaps, was pre-recorded in order to allow time for an elaborate set change.[38] The group returned later in the program to perform "I Saw Her Standing There" and "I Want to Hold Your Hand". The following week's show was broadcast from Miami Beach
Miami Beach
where Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali
(then Cassius Clay) was in training for his first title bout with Sonny Liston. The occasion was used by both camps for publicity. On the evening of the television show (February 16) a crush of people nearly prevented the band from making it onstage. A wedge of policemen were needed and the band began playing "She Loves You" only seconds after reaching their instruments. They continued with "This Boy", and "All My Loving" and returned later to close the show with "I Saw Her Standing There", "From Me to You" and "I Want to Hold Your Hand". They were shown on tape February 23 (this appearance had been taped earlier in the day on February 9 before their first live appearance). They followed Ed's intro with "Twist and Shout" and "Please Please Me" and closed the show once again with "I Want to Hold Your Hand". The Beatles
The Beatles
appeared live for the final time on August 14, 1965. The show was broadcast September 12, 1965, and earned Sullivan a 60-percent share of the nighttime audience for one of the appearances. This time they followed three acts before coming out to perform "I Feel Fine", "I'm Down", and "Act Naturally" and then closed the show with "Ticket to Ride", "Yesterday", and "Help!" Although this was their final live appearance on the show, the group would, for several years, provide filmed promotional clips of songs to air exclusively on Sullivan's program such as the 1966 and 1967 clips of "Paperback Writer", "Rain", "Penny Lane", and "Strawberry Fields Forever". Although the appearances by The Beatles, Elvis and The Supremes
The Supremes
are considered the most famous rock and roll performances on Ed Sullivan, several months before Elvis debuted, Sullivan invited Bill Haley & His Comets to perform their then-current hit "Rock Around the Clock" in early August 1955. This was later recognized by CBS
CBS
and others (including music historian Jim Dawson in his book on "Rock Around the Clock") as the first performance of a rock and roll song on a national television program. African-American
African-American
artists[edit] The Supremes[edit]

The Supremes
The Supremes
singing "My World Is Empty Without You". L-R Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson and Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(Feb. 20, 1966)

The Supremes
The Supremes
were a special act for The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show. In addition to 14 appearances,[39] they were a personal favorite of Sullivan, whom he affectionately called "The Girls".[40] Over the five years they performed on the program, the Supremes
Supremes
performed 15 of their hit singles, and numerous Broadway showtunes and other non-Motown songs. The group featuring the most popular lineup of Diana Ross, Mary Wilson, and Florence Ballard
Florence Ballard
appeared 15 times from December 1964 through May 1967. The group reappeared on the series in October 1967 as the newly rebilled " Diana Ross
Diana Ross
& the Supremes", with Ballard replacement Cindy Birdsong
Cindy Birdsong
and Ross more prominently featured. The Supremes' final appearance on the show, shortly before it ended, served as the platform to introduce America to Ross's replacement, Jean Terrell, in March 1970. Opportunity[edit] In an era when few opportunities existed for African American performers on national television, Sullivan was a champion of black talent. He launched the careers of many performers by presenting them to a nationwide TV audience and ignored the criticism. In an NEA interview, Sullivan commented:

“ The most important thing [during the first ten years of the program] is that we've put on everything but bigotry. When the show first started in '48, I had a meeting with the sponsors. There were some Southern dealers present and they asked if I intended to put on Negroes.[41] I said yes. They said I shouldn't, but I convinced them I wasn't going to change my mind. And you know something? We've gone over very well in the South. Never had a bit of trouble. ”

The show included entertainers such as Frankie Lymon, The Supremes, Marian Anderson, Louis Armstrong, Pearl Bailey, LaVern Baker, Harry Belafonte, James Brown
James Brown
(and The Famous Flames),[42] Cab Calloway, Godfrey Cambridge, Diahann Carroll, Ray Charles, Nat King Cole, Bill Cosby, Count Basie, Dorothy Dandridge, Sammy Davis, Jr., Bo Diddley, Duke Ellington, Lola Falana, The 5th Dimension, Ella Fitzgerald, The Four Tops, Dick Gregory, W. C. Handy, Lena Horne, The Jackson 5, Mahalia Jackson, Bill Kenny, George Kirby, Eartha Kitt, Gladys Knight & the Pips, Little Anthony and the Imperials, Moms Mabley, Johnny Mathis, The Miracles, Melba Moore, The Platters, Leontyne Price, Richard Pryor, Lou Rawls, Della Reese, Nipsey Russell, Nina Simone, Sly and the Family Stone, The Temptations, Martha and the Vandellas, Ike & Tina Turner, Leslie Uggams, Sarah Vaughan, William Warfield, Dionne Warwick, Dinah Washington, Ethel Waters, Flip Wilson, Jackie Wilson, Nancy Wilson, and Stevie Wonder. Before his death in a plane crash in December 1967, soul singer Otis Redding had been booked to appear on the show the following year. One telecast included African-American
African-American
bass-baritone Andrew Frierson singing "Ol' Man River" from Kern and Hammerstein's Show Boat, a song that, at that time, was usually sung on television by white singers, although it was written for a black character in the musical. However, Sullivan featured "rockers", and gave prominence to black musicians "not without censorship". For instance, he scheduled Fats Domino "at the show's end in case he had to cancel a guest". He presented Domino alone at his piano singing as if he were a young Nat 'King' Cole or Fats Waller, as he performed "Blueberry Hill".[43][44] On March 4, 1962, Sullivan presented Domino and his band, who did "Jambalaya", Hank Williams' "You Win Again", and "Let the Four Winds Blow". All seven of Domino's band members were visible to millions of viewers.[45] On December 1, 1957, Sam Cooke
Sam Cooke
performed a complete version of "For Sentimental Reasons".[46] Cooke had been cut off four weeks earlier during a live performance of "You Send Me" as the show's allotted time expired, causing an outrage among television audiences. Sullivan rebooked Cooke for the December 1 show to overwhelming success.[47] The Muppets[edit]

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Between 1966 and 1971, Jim Henson
Jim Henson
performed some of his Muppet characters on the show. The characters made a total of 25 appearances. Henson's Muppets
Muppets
were introduced on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show on September 18, 1966. Sullivan introduced the characters as "Jim, uh ... Newsom's puppets." The act featured a small ball of fur growing into the Rock and Roll Monster (performed by Jim Henson, Jerry Nelson, and Frank Oz) with three heads and six arms lip-syncing to the unreleased song "Rock It to Me" by The Bruthers. After the act was done, the Rock and Roll Monster shrunk back into the ball of fur which is then eaten by Sour Bird (who was previously used in a commercial for Royal Crown Cola). Over the next few years, Henson's Muppets
Muppets
would make more appearances, with performances including:

The Art of Visual Thinking (October 2, 1966) – A remake of the skit of the same name from Sam and Friends. Kermit (performed by Jim Henson) teaches Grump (performed by Frank Oz
Frank Oz
and voiced by Jerry Juhl) about the concept of visualizing thoughts through drawings shown on the TV screen. This sketch was reprised on June 4, 1967. Monster Family (October 23, 1966) – Fred (performed by Jim Henson) appears as a father monster talks to his son (performed by Jerry Juhl) about being a monster. A blue version of Splurge (performed by Frank Oz) appears as the mother. Java (November 27, 1966) – Two tube-like Muppets
Muppets
(which were designed by Frank Oz) dance to the Al Hirt
Al Hirt
song "Java." Jim Henson
Jim Henson
and Frank Oz
Frank Oz
performed the two puppets and the explosion that provides the punchline was achieved by Jerry Juhl shooting off a fire extinguisher. It should be noted that as the three of them prepared to go onstage that night right before Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
introduced them, Jerry Juhl suddenly realized that he left the fire extinguisher in their dressing room which was up on the second floor. Jerry Juhl raced to the elevator hearing the "Java" music through the speakers in the elevator so he knew exactly how much time he had left until it was too late. Jerry Juhl managed to grab the fire extinguisher, run back to the elevator, and make the trip back down to the stage just in time for the climax. This sketch was reprised on May 26, 1968. The act even was done on Stuffed and Unstrung (an evolved counterpart of Puppet Up!). Inchworm (November 27, 1966) – Kermit sits on a wall and hums "Glow Worm". Kermit also eats some worms that interrupt him. When it comes to the last one, Kermit grabs it and pulls it, showing how long it is, until it turns out that it happens to be the nose of Big V who ends up eating Kermit. Music Hath Charms (January 15, 1967) – Kermit plays the piano with some Muppet
Muppet
Monsters dancing to the music. After the song, the piano comes to life and eats Kermit. I've Grown Accustomed to Your Face (February 5, 1967) – Kermit and Yorick from Sam and Friends are featured in this act. Kermit (dressed as a girl) lip-synchs to Rosemary Clooney's cover version as Yorick eats his way out of the handkerchief he is under and then tries to eat Kermit. This was previously done on The Jack Paar Show
The Jack Paar Show
and later reprised on this show April 21, 1968, and reprised on August 29, 2011, at the D23 Expo by Leslie Carrara-Rudolph
Leslie Carrara-Rudolph
(who was operating a rebuilt version of Kermit's pre-frog form) and Brian Henson
Brian Henson
(who was operating a rebuilt and redesigned version of Yorick). The act was even done on Stuffed and Unstrung (an evolved counterpart of Puppet Up!). Clooney's cover was used for that event. I Feel Pretty (April 30, 1967) – The story of an ugly girl named Amanda (performed by Jim Henson) who tries to become beautiful and tries to change her looks using a self-help book in order to gain the affection of Conrad Love (also performed by Jim Henson). Mert from the La Choy commercials and Fred from the Kern's Bakery commercials appear as Amanda's friends where they were performed by Jim Henson
Jim Henson
and Jerry Juhl (who also voices the narrator) while Frank Oz
Frank Oz
does the puppeteering. Monster Eats Machine (October 8, 1967) – A prototype version of Cookie Monster (performed by Jim Henson) finds a talking machine (voiced by Jim Henson) and eats it while it explains its various parts. After the monster is done eating the machine, its voice is heard from within the monster as it states that nothing can stop it from performing its function, which is to be the most powerful exploding device known to man. On a related note with this sketch, the prototype version of Cookie Monster was previously used as the Wheel-Stealer from the commercial for Wheels, Crowns, and Flutes. The sketch later appeared on The Muppet
Muppet
Show where the Luncheon Counter Monster also ate a machine explaining its functions. Rowlf and Jimmy Dean
Jimmy Dean
(October 8, 1967) – Jimmy Dean
Jimmy Dean
and Rowlf the Dog appear together for the last time and perform "Friendship" while doing the "herd of cows" gag. Santa Claus
Santa Claus
Routine with Arthur Godfrey
Arthur Godfrey
(December 24, 1967) – Arthur Godfrey plays Santa Claus
Santa Claus
and gets a visit from a group of monsters consisting of Thudge (performed by Jim Henson), Gleep (a prototype of Grover performed by Frank Oz), Scudge (performed by Jerry Juhl), Snerk and Snork (performed by Frank Oz). They attempt to steal the toys only to learn that Santa Claus
Santa Claus
has given them the toys. They then sing "It's Christmas Tomorrow". Business, Business (February 18, 1968) – Two mean-looking creatures with tube-like necks scat about business while two friendlier creatures scat about values. The Blue Monster and the Orange Creature were performed by Jim Henson
Jim Henson
while the Green Monster and the Purple Creature were performed by Jerry Juhl. A goof is seen where some hands are shown holding the neck of the creatures. The Monster Trash Can Dance (October 13, 1968) – Parts of a monster hide in a trash can as an increasingly suspicious Little Girl Sue wanders by. Sclrap Flyapp (November 24, 1968) – A weird-looking creature seen from the neck up randomly blurts out Sclrap Flyapp and uses its nose blast on any creature that does not say "Sclarp Flyapp". A goof is seen when the Sclrap Flyapp creature is blasted at the end, an opening between its head and neck revealed the puppeteer's hand. This sketch was reworked into the Hugga Wugga sketch on The Muppet
Muppet
Show. Christmas Reindeer
Reindeer
(December 22, 1968) – A bunch of reindeer want snow to fall on Christmas. Dasher and Donner were performed by Jim Henson, Prancer was performed by Frank Oz, Blitzen was performed by Jerry Juhl, and Dancer was performed by Bob Payne. All the reindeer were built by Don Sahlin. A Change of Face (March 30, 1969) – Rex Robbins changes the face and personality of the Southern Colonel from the Southern Bread commercials. A similar routine was used with the same puppet on The Muppets
Muppets
on Puppets. Happy Girl Meets a Monster (May 11, 1969) – The Beautiful Day Monster (performed by Jim Henson) does all he can to ruin a beautiful day for Little Girl Sue (performed by Jim Henson). Beautiful Day Monster was first seen here before his appearances on Sesame Street and The Muppet
Muppet
Show.

Later performances by the Muppets
Muppets
include:

Mah Nà Mah Nà
Mah Nà Mah Nà
(November 30, 1969) – Mahna Mahna (performed by Jim Henson) and the Snowths were featured in this song before it was repeated on The Muppet
Muppet
Show. A goof is seen when Jim Henson's head and arm are seen when Mahna Mahna backs away from the camera. Big Bird's Dance (December 14, 1969) – Big Bird
Big Bird
dances to "Minuet of the Robots" by Jean-Jacques Perrey
Jean-Jacques Perrey
while bird watchers watch him. Danny Seagren performed Big Bird
Big Bird
here, but had no dialogue, even when Sullivan talked to him. Octopus's Garden (March 1, 1970) – An octopus (performed by Frank Oz) constantly interrupts the singing of "Octopus's Garden" by a diver (performed by Jim Henson) by giving out a bunch of bad puns until he receives comeuppance from a hungry giant clam (performed by Frank Oz). Come Together
Come Together
(April 12, 1970) – A strange Muppet
Muppet
band sings the classic song by the Beatles while a giant blue and green dancing cowboy slowly falls apart. What Kind of Fool Am I? (May 31, 1970) – Kermit tries to sing the song on the piano while Grover continues to interrupt him. Several older Muppets
Muppets
make cameo appearances in the finale of the sketch. The Wild String Quartet (January 17, 1971) – Mahna Mahna (performed by Jim Henson) fills in for a violinist named Beagleman, but ends up playing the drums instead, much to the dismay of Harrison (performed by Richard Hunt), Twill (performed by Jerry Nelson) and Grump (performed by Frank Oz). Twill's puppet was recycled from Fred from the Munchos commercials and later used for Zelda Rose in The Muppet Show. The Glutton (February 21, 1971) – An incredibly fat man called the Glutton (performed by Jim Henson
Jim Henson
and assisted by Frank Oz) kept eating things, before being shrunken by a small purple creature and then eaten by a duplicate of himself. After the sketch was over, the Glutton attempted to swallow Ed Sullivan's hand after giving him a handshake.

Broadway[edit] The show is also noteworthy for showcasing performances from numerous classic Broadway musicals of the era, often featuring members of the original Broadway casts. These include:

West Side Story – Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
and Larry Kert
Larry Kert
singing "Tonight"; the members of the Jets gang performing "Cool". My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady
Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
singing "I Could Have Danced All Night" and "Wouldn't It Be Loverly?"; Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
performing "Why Can't the English?"; Stanley Holloway
Stanley Holloway
performing "With a Little Bit of Luck; John Michael King singing "On the Street Where You Live" Camelot – Richard Burton
Richard Burton
and Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
performing an extended scene including the title song and "What Do the Simple Folk Do?"; Robert Goulet
Robert Goulet
singing "If Ever I Would Leave You" and "C'est Moi".[48] Show Boat
Show Boat
(1961 New York City
New York City
Center revival) – Andrew Frierson singing "Ol' Man River", and Carol Bruce, from the 1946 Broadway revival, singing "Bill". Carnival!
Carnival!
Anna Maria Alberghetti
Anna Maria Alberghetti
singing "Love Makes the World Go 'Round". Bye Bye Birdie – Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
singing "Put On A Happy Face", Chita Rivera singing "Spanish Rose", Paul Lynde
Paul Lynde
singing "Kids" and "Hymn for a Sunday Evening (Ed Sullivan)". Oliver!
Oliver!
– Georgia Brown singing "As Long as He Needs Me"; Davy Jones singing "Consider Yourself"; Georgia Brown, Davy Jones, Alice Playten, Bruce Prochnik, Clive Revill
Clive Revill
and the boys singing "I'd Do Anything". The performance was on February 9, 1964 – on the same telecast as The Beatles' first live performance.[49] Oklahoma! – John Raitt, Celeste Holm, Florence Henderson
Florence Henderson
and Barbara Cook performing the title song; Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(from the original Broadway cast) performing "I Can't Say No". Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
performing "I'm A Brass Band" and "If My Friends Could See Me Now". The Roar of the Greasepaint – The Smell of the Crowd
The Roar of the Greasepaint – The Smell of the Crowd
– Anthony Newley singing "Who Can I Turn To?". Flora the Red Menace
Flora the Red Menace
Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
singing "All I Need Is One Good Break" and "Sing Happy" Flower Drum Song
Flower Drum Song
Pat Suzuki
Pat Suzuki
performing "I Enjoy Being a Girl". Gentlemen Prefer Blondes – Carol Channing
Carol Channing
singing "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend". Hair – the cast (including Diane Keaton, Melba Moore, Paul Jabara and co-authors Gerome Ragni and James Rado) performing "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Hello, Dolly! – Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey
(from the all-black 1967 revamping of the show) performing "Before the Parade Passes By" with the ensemble. A performance by Broadway dancer Wayne Lamb I Do! I Do!
I Do! I Do!
Gordon MacRae
Gordon MacRae
and Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(Broadway replacements for Mary Martin
Mary Martin
and Robert Preston) singing the title song from the show, and MacRae singing "I Love My Wife" and "My Cup Runneth Over". Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
– Alfred Drake, Patricia Morison, Lisa Kirk, and Harold Lang singing "Another Op'nin' Another Show", "We Open In Venice", and "Wunderbar" Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
Richard Kiley
Richard Kiley
singing the title song and "The Impossible Dream"; Joan Diener
Joan Diener
in a rare television appearance in her stage role as Aldonza/Dulcinea singing "What Does He Want of Me?", most of the cast singing the show's final reprise of "The Impossible Dream" Cabaret – Joel Grey
Joel Grey
singing part of "Wilkommen" (a song probably considered too suggestive for family viewing) and Jill Haworth
Jill Haworth
in her stage role as Sally Bowles singing the title song Purlie
Purlie
Melba Moore
Melba Moore
singing "I Got Love" and "Purlie". Wildcat – Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
and Paula Stewart
Paula Stewart
singing "Hey, Look Me Over" You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown
You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown
– Gary Burghoff, Reva Rose, Bob Balaban, Skip Hinnant, Karen Johnson, and Bill Hinnant singing the title song and "Happiness". Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
would also occasionally appear singing hit songs from the shows that she starred in, including Annie Get Your Gun, Gypsy, Happy Hunting, Panama Hattie, and Anything Goes. Hermione Gingold
Hermione Gingold
and Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
performed their duet, I Remember It Well, from the 1958 film Gigi, on the show.

Most of these artists performed in the same makeup and costumes that they wore in the shows, often providing the only visual recordings of these legendary performances by the original cast members, since there were no network telecasts of the Tony Awards
Tony Awards
until 1967. (There are traditionally no Broadway performances on Sunday nights, allowing the actors to perform without impacting the Broadway show.) Many performances have been compiled and released on DVD
DVD
as The Best of Broadway Musicals—Original Cast Performances from The Ed Sullivan Show. Mental illness
Mental illness
program[edit] In that same 1958 NEA interview, Sullivan noted his pride about the role that the show had had in improving the public's understanding of mental illness. Sullivan considered his May 17, 1953, telecast to be the single most important episode in the show's first decade. During that show, a salute to the popular Broadway director Joshua Logan, the two men were watching in the wings, and Sullivan asked Logan how he thought the show was doing. According to Sullivan, Logan told him that the show was dreadfully becoming "another one of those and-then-I-wrote shows"; Sullivan asked him what he should do about it, and Logan volunteered to talk about his experiences in a mental institution.[50] Sullivan took him up on the offer, and in retrospect believed that several advances in the treatment of mental illness could be attributed to the resulting publicity, including the repeal of a Pennsylvania law about the treatment of the mentally ill and the granting of funds for the construction of new psychiatric hospitals. Film clips[edit] Occasionally Sullivan would feature a Hollywood actor introducing a clip from a film in which he or she currently starred. Burt Lancaster made an appearance in 1962, speaking about Robert Stroud, the character he portrayed in Birdman of Alcatraz, and introducing a clip from the film. And although Olivier personally did not appear on the show, in 1966 Sullivan showed a clip from the Laurence Olivier Othello, the film version of which was then currently showing in New York.[51] Controversies[edit] Bo Diddley[edit] On November 20, 1955, African-American
African-American
rock 'n' roll singer and guitarist Bo Diddley
Bo Diddley
appeared on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show, only to infuriate Sullivan ("I did two songs and he got mad"). Diddley had been asked to sing Tennessee Ernie Ford's hit "Sixteen Tons", which he agreed. But when he appeared on stage, he forgot his cue and instead sang his #1 R&B hit song that bears his name. Diddley later recalls, " Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
says to me in plain words: 'You are the first black boy—quote—that ever double crossed me!' I was ready to fight, because I was a little young dude off the streets of Chicago, an' him callin' me 'black' in them days was as bad as sayin' 'nigger'. My manager says to me 'That's Mr. Sullivan!' I said: 'I don’t give a shit about Mr. Sullivan, [h]e don't talk to me like that!' An' so he told me, he says, 'I'll see that you never work no more in show business. You'll never get another TV show in your life!'"[52] Indeed, Diddley seems to have been banned from further appearances, as "the guitarist never did appear on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show again."[53] A Short Vision[edit] On May 27 1956,[54] The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show showed an animated short film entitled A Short Vision. The short film showcased a unidentified object which is only known as it by the narrator. The object flies over Earth. When it passes, the people are asleep except the leaders and the wise men who look up at the object. As the leaders and wise men look up and predators and prey hide in fear, it produces a mushroom cloud in the sky, killing everyone and everything; vaporizing the people, the animals and Earth. After the cloud there is only a moth and a flame left, the moth flies in to the flame, gets vaporized and the flame dies; thus marking the end of humanity. The short is narrated in the style of the Bible and the animation is derived from still images which produces a terrifying and horrifying outlast of man's last moments. Just before the short, Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
instructed children to leave the room.[54] The film gained notoriety from the show; but it also gained controversy because of it, due in nature for the graphic way it depicted the horrors of a nuclear confrontation. It also got into controversy for its graphic visuals. One of the visuals in the short including a terrifying and graphic of an animated person eyes imploding and the remains running down their cheeks and then they get destroyed by the object. According to some sources it produced a reaction as big as Welles' "War of the Worlds" radio broadcast 20 years prior.[55]Because of the popularity of the short, it was screened again on June 10 of the same year.[54] However, Ed became significantly stricter for his warning to children not to watch the short.[54] Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly
and the Crickets[edit] On January 26, 1958, for their second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly
and The Crickets
The Crickets
were scheduled to perform two songs. Sullivan wanted the band to substitute a different song for their record hit "Oh, Boy!", which he felt was too raucous. Holly had already told his hometown friends in Texas that he would be singing "Oh, Boy!" for them, and told Sullivan as much. During the afternoon the Crickets were summoned to rehearsal at short notice, but only Holly was in their dressing room. When asked where the others were, Holly replied, "I don't know. No telling." Sullivan then turned to Holly and said "I guess The Crickets
The Crickets
are not too excited to be on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show" to which Holly caustically replied, "I hope they're damn more excited than I am." Sullivan, already bothered by the choice of songs, was now even angrier. He cut the Crickets' act from two songs to one, and when introducing them mispronounced Holly's name, so it came out vaguely as "Hollered" or "Holland." In addition, Sullivan saw to it that the microphone for Holly's electric guitar was turned off. Holly tried to compensate by singing as loudly as he could, and repeatedly trying to turn up the volume on his guitar. For the instrumental break he cut loose with a dramatic solo, making clear to the audience that the technical fault was not his. The band was received so well that Sullivan was forced to invite them back for a third appearance. Holly's response was that Sullivan did not have enough money. Film of the performance survives; photographs taken that day show Sullivan looking angry and Holly smirking and perhaps ignoring Sullivan. Jackie Mason[edit] On October 18, 1964, Jackie Mason
Jackie Mason
allegedly gave Sullivan the finger on air. A tape of the incident shows Mason doing his stand-up comedy act and then looking toward Sullivan, commenting that Sullivan was signaling him. Sullivan was reportedly letting Mason know (by pointing two fingers) that he had only two minutes left, as CBS
CBS
was about to cut away to show a speech by President Lyndon Johnson. Mason began working his own fingers into his act and pointed toward Sullivan with his middle finger slightly separated. After Mason left the stage, the camera then cut to a visibly angry Sullivan. Sullivan argued with Mason backstage, then terminated his contract. Mason denied knowingly giving Sullivan the middle finger, and Mason later claimed that he had never even heard of the gesture at that time. In retaliation, to protect the perceived threat to his career, Mason filed a libel suit at the New York Supreme Court, which he won.[56] Sullivan publicly apologized to Mason when he appeared on the show two years later, in 1966. At that time, Mason opened his monologue by saying, "It's a great thrill and a fantastic opportunity to see me in person again," and impersonated Sullivan during his act.[57] Mason later appeared on the show five times: April 23, 1967; Feb. 25, 1968; Nov. 24, 1968; Jul. 22, 1969; and Aug. 31, 1969. Bob Dylan[edit] Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
was slated to make his first nationwide television appearance on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show on May 12, 1963, and intended to perform "Talkin' John Birch Paranoid Blues", a song he wrote lampooning the John Birch Society
John Birch Society
and the red-hunting paranoia associated with it. During the afternoon rehearsal that day, CBS officials told Dylan they had deemed the song unacceptable for broadcast and wanted him to substitute another. "No; this is what I want to do," Dylan responded. "If I can't play my song, I'd rather not appear on the show." He then left the studio, rather than altering the act. The Doors[edit]

The Doors
The Doors
performing "Light My Fire", September 17, 1967.

The Doors
The Doors
were notorious for their appearance on the show. CBS
CBS
network censors demanded that lead singer Jim Morrison
Jim Morrison
change the lyrics to their hit single "Light My Fire" by altering the line, "Girl, we couldn't get much higher", before the band performed the song live on September 17, 1967. However, Morrison sang the original line, and on live television with no delay, CBS
CBS
was powerless to stop it.[58] They were never invited back to the show. According to Ray Manzarek, the band was told, "Mr. Sullivan liked you boys. He wanted you on six more times. ... You'll never do the Sullivan show again." Morrison replied with glee, "Hey man, we just did the Sullivan show."[59]—at the time, an appearance was a hallmark of success. Manzarek has given differing accounts of what happened. He has said that the band only pretended to agree to change the line but also that Morrison was nervous and simply forgot to change the line. The performance and incident was re-enacted in the 1991 biographical film, The Doors, albeit in a more dramatic fashion, with Morrison portrayed as emphasizing the word "higher". Sullivan apparently felt the damage had been done and relented on bands using the word "higher". The following year, Sly & the Family Stone sang a medley where Sly repeated the lyric "Wanna take you higher!"[60] The Rolling Stones[edit] In contrast, the Rolling Stones were instructed to change the title of their "Let's Spend the Night Together" single for the band's January 15, 1967, appearance. The band complied, with Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
and Bill Wyman ostentatiously rolling their eyes heavenward whenever they reached the song's one-night-only, clean refrain, "Let's spend some time together". Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
did not wear a jacket on their first appearance on the show (October 25, 1964) and this annoyed Sullivan. They were asked to appear again, but they were asked to wear jackets for their 1965 appearance. The Stones would ultimately play on the Ed Sullivan Show six times.[61] In contrast, Diana Ross
Diana Ross
& the Supremes, frequent guests on Sullivan's show, debuted their then-release and eventually controversial #1 hit song "Love Child" on Sullivan's show, but nothing about its title or its content about a woman in poverty having a child out of wedlock (which was exceptionally taboo to mention on television at the time) seemed to faze Sullivan, the show's producers, or the network.[62] Ratings history[edit]

1948–1949: N/A 1949–1950: N/A 1950–1951: #15, 3,723,000 viewers[63] 1951–1952: N/A 1952–1953: N/A 1953–1954: #17, 8,580,000 viewers[64] 1954–1955: #5, 12,157,200 viewers[65] 1955–1956: #3, 13,785,500 viewers[66] 1956–1957: #2, 14,937,600 viewers[67] 1957–1958: #27, 11,444,160 viewers[68] 1958–1959: N/A 1959–1960: #12, 12,810,000 viewers[69] 1960–1961: #15, 11,800,000 viewers[70] 1961–1962: #19, 11,381,525 viewers[71] 1962–1963: #14, 12,725,900 viewers[72] 1963–1964: #8, 14,190,000 viewers[73] 1964–1965: #16, 13,280,400 viewers[74] 1965–1966: #18, 12,493,200 viewers[75] 1966–1967: #13, 12,569,640 viewers[76] 1967–1968: #13, 13,147,440 viewers[77] 1968–1969: #23, 12,349,000 viewers[78] 1969–1970: #27, 11,875,500 viewers[79] 1970–1971: N/A

Highlights: 9/09/1956:[clarification needed] Elvis Presley's first appearance yielding an 82.6 percentage share, the highest in television history for any program up to 2015. Viewers: 60.2 million Source: Trendex, the precursor of Nielsen. 2/09/1964: The Beatles's first appearance yielding a 45.3 rating. Viewers: 73.7 million Source: Nielsen. Other noteworthy ratings 02/16/1964: 43.8 rating The Beatles's second appearance. Source: Nielsen. 09/09/1956: 43.2 rating Elvis Presley's first appearance. Source: Trendex. Primetime specials[edit]

Date Title Network Rating Length

2/02/1975 The Sullivan Years: A Tribute To Ed CBS

2/17/1991 The Very Best of Ed Sullivan CBS 21.3 9–11pm (Competition: Love, Lies and Murder: Part 1 got a 15.5 rating)

11/24/1991 The Very Best of Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
2 CBS 17.1 9–11pm

8/07/1992 The Very Best of the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show CBS 9.4 9–11pm (The Mary Tyler Moore Show: The 20th Anniversary Show got a 6.1 rating at 8pm)

12/20/1992 Holiday Greetings from the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show CBS 14.3 9–11pm

5/19/1995 The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
All-Star Comedy Special CBS 8.2 9–11pm

7/14/1995 The Very Best of Ed Sullivan CBS 7.5 9–11pm

5/18/1998 Ed Sullivan's 50th Anniversary CBS 9.3 10–11pm

Parodies[edit] The show's immense popularity has been the target of numerous parodies. These include:

Numerous music videos, such as Billy Joel's "Tell Her About It" (featuring Will Jordan as Sullivan), Nirvana's "In Bloom", Grinspoon's "Hold On Me", Outkast's "Hey Ya!", the Red Hot Chili Peppers's "Dani California" and Bring Me The Horizon's "Drown" have all parodied the show's visual style. Rain: A Tribute to the Beatles open their concerts with prerecorded footage of a man doing an intentionally poor Sullivan impression in black and white and then introducing the band, which plays the first part of the show with an exact recreation of the set the Beatles used. All You Need Is Cash
All You Need Is Cash
(1978), a mockumentary about a fictional group, The Rutles. The film contains original footage of Sullivan introducing The Beatles
The Beatles
with some audio redubbed for comedic effect. The Fab Four, a Beatles tribute act hosted by an Ed Sullivan impressionist. One of the characters in Lancelot Link, Secret Chimp, a children's live action TV series with a cast of chimpanzees dubbed by actors' speaking voices, is "Ed Simian", a parody of Sullivan. Will Jordan, best known for his uncanny impersonation of Sullivan as the show's host. Comedian
Comedian
George Carlin
George Carlin
included a routine titled Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Self Taught on his 1972 album FM & AM. On an episode of The Colgate Comedy Hour, Dean Martin
Dean Martin
and Jerry Lewis did a parody called The Toast of the Colgate Town, with Lewis wearing fake teeth and slicked-back hair as "Ed Solomon".[80] In the episode "Harry Canary" in the animated series Dumb and Dumber, it was named "The Earvin Mulligan Show" as Lloyd's family were performing in the late 60s as "The Happy Dunne Family". The first episode of the Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
on August 30, 1993, featured clips of Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
spliced together to make it look as though he was introducing host David Letterman, while a segment later in the episode featured David channeling the "ghost" of Ed Sullivan, this time an archive clip of Sullivan introducing actor Paul Newman, who was live in the Letterman audience that night. Since moving to CBS
CBS
from NBC, Letterman taped his show in the Ed Sullivan Theater, the studio where Sullivan also staged his program, until his 2015 retirement.[81] The Tom Hanks–directed film That Thing You Do!
That Thing You Do!
has the Beatles-esque band The Wonders performing in The Hollywood Television Showcase, complete with a caption over the band's lead singer similar to Lennon's "Sorry Girls! He's Married!" The scene was shot at CBS Television City in Los Angeles, which Sullivan used for his West Coast shows. The 1954 film White Christmas features a pivotal scene that occurs on "The Ed Harrison Show", which was intentionally similar to Sullivan's show. The 1960s animated television series The Flintstones
The Flintstones
featured a parody of Sullivan as "Ed Sulleystone" on the episode "Itsy Fred." On the episode called "Lola Brickada," Sullivan was referred to as "Ed Stonevan." Sullivan is also seen introducing "Roc Roll" in another episode, but his name is not mentioned. And in the episode where Fred brings home a lion cub, Barney performs a trick with the now grown up lion and mentioned that he saw a similar stunt on the "Ed Shalevan" show. Gabe Kaplan did a comedy skit in the 1970s (also featured on his 1974 album Holes and Mellow Rolls), that had him impersonate a drunken Ed Sullivan on his final show, being nasty in general, and finally saying good night to the audience. The 1994 film Pulp Fiction
Pulp Fiction
features a scene in a 50s–60s-themed restaurant where Jerome Patrick Hoban does an imitation of Ed Sullivan introducing acts. The direct-to-video children's film The Wiggles: You Make Me Feel Like Dancing! includes a video for the song "Shimmy Shake" which depicts the group appearing on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show. Paul Paddick
Paul Paddick
portrayed Sullivan for the video. In the manga series One Piece, an omake was drawn in which the Straw Hat Pirates, along with other prominent characters, are all tied into one large fiasco that ends with a party. It is called The Ed Sullivan Show only in name. The hit Broadway musical Jersey Boys features a scene where Four Seasons band member Tommy DeVito imitates Sullivan introducing "Topo Gigio and the Vienna Boys Choir" before bringing Franki Valli on stage for the first time. The Ramones
Ramones
used a segment of the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
shaking Buddy Holly's hand on the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show for their music video for "Do You Remember Rock 'n' Roll Radio?" On South Park, in the episode "Terrance and Phillip: Behind the Blow", black and white footage is shown of Terrance and Philip appearing on the show as children.

References[edit]

^ " Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Biography Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "Prime Time TV Schedule : 1967 Season". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original (TXT) on 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ " TV Guide
TV Guide
Names Top 50 Shows". Cbsnews.com. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ Fretts, Bruce (2013-12-23). " TV Guide
TV Guide
Magazine's 60 Best Series of All Time - Today's News: Our Take". TVGuide.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "History of the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. 1964-02-09. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ " Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Theater Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. 1950-12-31. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "Comic Icons Pay Tribute to The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". United Press International. Retrieved 2011-07-20.  ^ "Who Owns the Live Music of Days Gone By?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-03-12.  ^ "SOFA Entertainment". edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2008-01-12.  ^ "Rolling Stones Really Big Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows". billboard.com. Retrieved 2011-09-07.  ^ "Motown Gold From The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.  ^ "Six Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows Starring The Rolling Stones". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01.  ^ "Elvis: The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2006-11-21.  ^ "iTunes The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 2009-07-06.  ^ Halzack, Sarah (12 April 2013). "Maria Tallchief, ballet star who was inspiration for Balanchine, dies at 88" – via www.washingtonpost.com.  ^ Television and the Performing Arts - A Handbook and Reference Guide to American Cultural Programming Greenwood Press, New York, 1986, p. 35 Rose, Brian Jeffrey. The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show, Ruth Page Chicago opera Baller, Roland Petit's Ballet
Ballet
and Igor Moiseyev
Igor Moiseyev
Ballet
Ballet
on books.google.com ISBN 0-313-24159-7 ^ "Wayne and Shuster" The Canadian Encyclopedia. Charles Dougall, 02/07/2006 ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ a b Harris, Michael David (1968). Always on Sunday: Ed Sullivan, An Inside View. New York: Meredith Press. p. 116.  ^ a b TV A-Go-Go: Rock on TV from American Bandstand to American Idol. Jake Austen. 2005. Chicago Review Press, Inc. ISBN 1-55652-572-9. page 16 ^ a b c d Paul Mavis (Director) (2006). Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
– Ed Sullivan Shows (DVD). Image Entertainment.  ^ a b "Official Press Release – Elvis Presley: The Ed Sullivan Shows". Elvis Australia. October 6, 2006.  References DVD
DVD
liner notes by Greil Marcus. ^ Dundy, Elaine, Elvis and Gladys (University Press of Mississippi, 2004), p. 259. ^ Altschuler, Glenn C. (2003). All Shook Up: How Rock 'n' Roll Changed America. Oxford University Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-19-517749-7.  ^ Content Elvis Episodes Of 'The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show' DVD
DVD
Box By: Elvis Australia – Aug 9, 2006 Source: EPE. Retrieved October 18, 2007 ^ Altschuler, p.91. ^ See Marlo Lewis and Mina Beth Lewis, Prime Time (1979), p.146. ^ Marcus, "Elvis Presley: The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Shows". ^ "Content Elvis Episodes Of 'The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show' DVD
DVD
Box". Elvis.com.au. 2006-08-09. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ See Altschuler, Glenn C., All Shook Up: How Rock 'n' Roll Changed America (2003), p.91. ^ See Susan Doll, Understanding Elvis: Southern Roots vs. Star Image (1998), p.82. ^ Jerry Schilling, Me and a Guy Named Elvis: My Lifelong Friendship with Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
(2006), p.45. ^ Tim Parrish, Walking Blues: Making Americans from Emerson to Elvis (2001), p.214. ^ "Elvis Talks About His Career", on "Live in Las Vegas" (RCA), cited by Greil Marcus, "Real Life Rock Top 10", Salon.com, August 26, 2002 Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ Spizer, Bruce. The Beatles
The Beatles
Are Coming: The Birth Of Beatlemania In America. New Orleans, Louisiana: 498 Productions, 2003. ISBN 0-9662649-8-3 (paperback). ^ Kooijman, Jaap (2002). "From Elegance to Extravaganza: The Supremes on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show as a Presentation of Beauty". The Velvet Light Trap.  ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "Negroes" was the commonly accepted reference to African Americans at the time. ^ "JAMES BROWN "Please Please Please" on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". YouTube.com. October 30, 1966.  ^ "1956 Fats Domino
Fats Domino
- Blueberry Hill - Sullivan Show". YouTube.com.  ^ Rick Coleman, Blue Monday: Fats Domino
Fats Domino
and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll (2007), p. 138. ^ Rick Coleman, Blue Monday: Fats Domino
Fats Domino
and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll (2007), p. 217, 218. ^ "Sam Cooke-For Sentimental Reasons' The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show 12 01 1957". YouTube.com. Retrieved January 12, 2016.  ^ "Top 5 Most Controversial Performances From The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". EdSullivan.com. Retrieved January 13, 2016.  ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. 1961-03-19. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ Smith, Nathan (February 7, 2014). "10 Fun Facts About the Beatles' Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Debut". Houston Press. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "Big As All Outdoors" Time, 17 October 1955. ^ "The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show (1948–1971) : Episode #19.20". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ See Jake Austen, TV A-Go-Go: Rock on TV from American Bandstand to American Idol (2005), p.15. ^ Austen, p.15. ^ a b c d Geerhart, Bill (2011-06-26). "CONELRAD Adjacent: A SHORT VISION: Ed Sullivan's Atomic Show Stopper". CONELRAD Adjacent. Retrieved 2018-01-20.  ^ "Peter Foldes".. 2017-10-03.  ^ " Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Biography". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "When the Doors Went on Sullivan". CNN. October 3, 2002. Retrieved 2009-05-22.  ^ "video Sly The Family Stone – Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show (1968)". Kewego.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ Uslan, Michael and Bruce Solomon. Dick Clark's The First 25 Years of Rock and Roll. New York: Dell, 1981. p. 181 ^ "Products Page Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show". Edsullivan.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1950–1951". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1953–1954". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1954–1955". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1955–1956". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1956–1957". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1957–1958". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1959–1960". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1960–1961". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1961–1962". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1962–1963". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1963–1964". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1964–1965". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1965–1966". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1966–1967". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1967–1968". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1968–1969". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ "TV Ratings: 1969–1970". ClassicTVHits.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.  ^ [1] ^ [2] YouTube
YouTube
– First (Late) Show – Part 1 of 9

Bibliography[edit]

Garner, Joe (2002). Stay Tuned: Television's Unforgettable Moments. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing, ISBN 0-7407-2693-5. Kaplan, Fred (February 6, 2004). "Teen Spirit: What Was So Important About the Beatles' Appearances on The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show?". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on April 10, 2005.  Nachman, Gerald. Right Here on Our Stage Tonight!: Ed Sullivan's America. Berkeley, California: University of California Press; 2009. ISBN 978-0-520-25867-9 p. 331. Ilson, Bernie. Sundays with Sullivan: How the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show brought Elvis, the Beatles and Culture to America. Lanham, Maryland: Taylor Trade Publishing, (2009). ISBN 978-1-58979-390-3 pp. 115–118 (entire chapter devoted to Marlo Lewis). John Leonard; Claudia Falkenburg & Andrew Solt, eds.. A Really Big Show: A Visual History of the Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show. New York: Sarah Lazin/Viking Studio Books; 1992. ISBN 978-0-670-84246-9. James Maguire. Impresario: the life and times of Ed Sullivan. New York: Billboard Books; 2006. ISBN 978-0-8230-7962-9.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show.

The Official Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show Website The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show's channel on YouTube The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show at the Museum of Broadcast Communications The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show on IMDb The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show at AllMovie Monica Lewis
Monica Lewis
on the very first 1948 telecast The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show at TV Guide The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show at TV.com Sofa Entertainment Ed Sullivan: 40 Incredible Guests—a slideshow by Life magazine

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety Series

1951–1975

The Alan Young Show
The Alan Young Show
(1951) Your Show of Shows
Your Show of Shows
(1952) Your Show of Shows
Your Show of Shows
(1953) Omnibus (1954) Disneyland (1955) The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show / Your Hit Parade
Your Hit Parade
(1956) Caesar's Hour
Caesar's Hour
(1957) The Dinah Shore Chevy Show
The Dinah Shore Chevy Show
(1958) The Dinah Shore Chevy Show
The Dinah Shore Chevy Show
(1959) The Fabulous Fifties (1960) Astaire Time (1961) The Garry Moore Show
The Garry Moore Show
(1962) The Andy Williams Show
The Andy Williams Show
(1963) The Danny Kaye Show
The Danny Kaye Show
(1964) The Andy Williams Show
The Andy Williams Show
(1966) The Andy Williams Show
The Andy Williams Show
(1967) Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In (1968) Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In (1969) The David Frost
David Frost
Show (1970) The Flip Wilson
Flip Wilson
Show / The David Frost
David Frost
Show (1971) The Carol Burnett Show
The Carol Burnett Show
/ The Dick Cavett Show
The Dick Cavett Show
(1972) The Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
Hour (1973) The Carol Burnett Show
The Carol Burnett Show
(1974) The Carol Burnett Show
The Carol Burnett Show
(1975)

1976–2000

Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(1976) Van Dyke and Company (1977) The Muppet
Muppet
Show (1978) Steve & Eydie Celebrate Irving Berlin (1979) Baryshnikov on Broadway (1980) Lily: Sold Out (1981) Night of 100 Stars (1982) Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever (1983) A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1984) Motown Returns to the Apollo (1985) A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1986) 41st Tony Awards
Tony Awards
(1987) Irving Berlin's 100th Birthday Celebration (1988) The Tracey Ullman Show
The Tracey Ullman Show
(1989) In Living Color
In Living Color
(1990) 63rd Academy Awards
63rd Academy Awards
(1991) The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Johnny Carson (1992) Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(1993) Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
(1994) The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
with Jay Leno (1995) Dennis Miller Live
Dennis Miller Live
(1996) Tracey Takes On...
Tracey Takes On...
(1997) Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
(1998) Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
(1999) Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
(2000)

2001–2014

Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
(2001) Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
(2002) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2003) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2004) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2005) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2006) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2007) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2008) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2009) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2010) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2011) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2012) The Colbert Report
The Colbert Report
(2013) The Colbert Report
The Colbert Report
(2014)

v t e

The Muppets

The Muppets
The Muppets
Studio

Characters

Kermit the Frog Miss Piggy Fozzie Bear Gonzo Rowlf the Dog Scooter Pepe the King Prawn Rizzo the Rat Animal Walter Sam Eagle Dr. Bunsen Honeydew Beaker Swedish Chef Statler and Waldorf Dr. Teeth and The Electric Mayhem

Cast performers

Current

Bill Barretta Dave Goelz Eric Jacobson Peter Linz David Rudman Matt Vogel

Former

Kevin Clash Brian Henson Jane Henson Jim Henson John Henson Richard Hunt Jerry Juhl Kathryn Mullen Jerry Nelson Frank Oz Steve Whitmire

Television

Series

Sam and Friends (1955–1961) The Muppet
Muppet
Show (1976–1981) Muppet
Muppet
Babies (1984–1991) Little Muppet
Muppet
Monsters (1985) The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Hour (1989) Muppets Tonight (1996–1998) The Muppets
The Muppets
(2015–2016) Muppet
Muppet
Babies (2018)

Segments

The Jimmy Dean
Jimmy Dean
Show ("Rowlf the Dog", 1963–65) The Mike Douglas Show
The Mike Douglas Show
(1966–79) The Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
Show (including The Great Santa Claus
Santa Claus
Switch, 1966–71) NBC's Saturday Night (The Land of Gorch, 1975–76)

Specials

Hey, Cinderella! (1969) The Muppets on Puppets (1970) The Great Santa Claus
Santa Claus
Switch (1970) The Frog Prince (1971) The Muppet
Muppet
Musicians of Bremen (1972) The Muppets
The Muppets
Valentine Show (1974) The Muppet
Muppet
Show: Sex and Violence (1975) John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together (1979) The Muppets
The Muppets
Go Hollywood (1979) The Muppets
The Muppets
Go to the Movies (1981) The Fantastic Miss Piggy
Miss Piggy
Show (1982) Rocky Mountain Holiday
Rocky Mountain Holiday
(1983) The Muppets: A Celebration of 30 Years (1986) A Muppet
Muppet
Family Christmas (1987) Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue
Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue
(1990) The Earth Day Special
Special
(1990) The Muppets
The Muppets
at Walt Disney World (1990) The Muppets
The Muppets
Celebrate Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) Mr. Willowby's Christmas Tree (1995) Studio DC: Almost Live (2008) A Muppets
Muppets
Christmas: Letters to Santa (2008) Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular
Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular
(2013)

Films

Feature

The Muppet
Muppet
Movie (1979) The Great Muppet
Muppet
Caper (1981) The Muppets
The Muppets
Take Manhattan (1984) The Muppet
Muppet
Christmas Carol (1992) Muppet
Muppet
Treasure Island (1996) Muppets from Space
Muppets from Space
(1999) The Muppets
The Muppets
(2011) Muppets Most Wanted
Muppets Most Wanted
(2014)

Television

The Christmas Toy
The Christmas Toy
(1986) It's a Very Merry Muppet
Muppet
Christmas Movie (2002) The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
(2005)

Direct-to- video

Muppet
Muppet
Classic Theater (1994) Kermit's Swamp Years
Kermit's Swamp Years
(2002)

Music

Albums

The Muppet
Muppet
Show (1977) The Muppet
Muppet
Show 2 (1978) The Muppet
Muppet
Movie: Original Soundtrack Recording (1979) John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together (1979) The Great Muppet
Muppet
Caper: The Original Soundtrack (1981) The Muppets
The Muppets
Take Manhattan: The Original Soundtrack (1984) The Muppet
Muppet
Christmas Carol: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1992) Ol' Brown Ears is Back (1993) Muppet
Muppet
Beach Party (1993) Kermit Unpigged
Kermit Unpigged
(1994) The Muppet
Muppet
Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1996) The Muppet
Muppet
Show: Music, Mayhem, and More (2002) Best of the Muppets
Muppets
featuring The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
(2005) The Muppets: A Green and Red Christmas (2006) A Muppets
Muppets
Christmas: Letters to Santa (2008) Muppets: The Green Album (2011) The Muppets
The Muppets
(2011) Muppets Most Wanted
Muppets Most Wanted
(2014)

Songs

"Rainbow Connection" "Bein' Green" "Mahna Mahna" "When the River Meets the Sea" "Bohemian Rhapsody" "Man or Muppet"

Web series

Statler and Waldorf: From the Balcony (2005–06) The Muppets
The Muppets
Kitchen with Cat Cora (2010)

Video games

Muppet
Muppet
Adventure: Chaos at the Carnival (1989) Muppets
Muppets
Inside (1996) Muppet
Muppet
RaceMania (2000) Muppet
Muppet
Monster Adventure (2000) Spy Muppets: License to Croak (2003) Muppets
Muppets
Party Cruise (2003) Disney Universe
Disney Universe
(2011) The Muppets
The Muppets
Movie Adventures (2014)

Other media

Muppet*Vision 3D
Muppet*Vision 3D
(1991–present) Muppet
Muppet
Mobile Lab (2007–present) The Muppets
The Muppets
Present...Great Moments in American History (2016–present) Comics series Before You Leap

Puppet Heap The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company

Creature Shop Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
characters

Sesame Workshop

Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Muppets

Mu

.