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Synonyms

Brittonrosea Speg. Echinofossulocactus Lawr. Homalocephala Britton & Rose[1]

Echinocactus
Echinocactus
is a genus of cacti in the subfamily Cactoideae.[1] The generic name derives from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
εχινος (echinos), meaning "spiny," and cactus. It and Ferocactus
Ferocactus
are the two genera of barrel cactus. Members of the genus usually have heavy spination and relatively small flowers. The fruits are copiously woolly, and this is one major distinction between Echinocactus
Echinocactus
and Ferocactus. Propagation is by seed. Perhaps the best known species is the golden barrel (Echinocactus grusonii) from Mexico, an easy-to-grow and widely cultivated plant. Though common in the houseplant and landscape industry, the golden barrel has become very rare in habitat.

Contents

1 Selected species

1.1 Formerly placed here

2 References 3 External links

Selected species[edit]

Echinocactus grusonii
Echinocactus grusonii
Hildm. – Golden Barrel Cactus Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Lem. – Devil's Head, Silverbell Cactus, Turk's Head Cactus

Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Echinocactus horizonthalonius
var. horizonthalonius Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Echinocactus horizonthalonius
var. nicholii L.D.Benson

Echinocactus
Echinocactus
parryi Echinocactus platyacanthus
Echinocactus platyacanthus
Link & Otto – Giant Barrel Cactus Echinocactus polycephalus
Echinocactus polycephalus
Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow – Cottontop Cactus

Echinocactus polycephalus
Echinocactus polycephalus
var. polycephalus Echinocactus polycephalus
Echinocactus polycephalus
var. xeranthemoides J.M.Coult.

Echinocactus texensis
Echinocactus texensis
Hopffer – Horse Crippler, Devil's Pincushion[2][3]

Formerly placed here[edit]

Astrophytum asterias
Astrophytum asterias
(Zucc.) Lem. (as E. asterias Zucc.) Aztekium ritteri
Aztekium ritteri
(Boed.) Boed. (as E. ritteri Boed.) Ferocactus
Ferocactus
wislizeni (Engelm.) Britton & Rose (as E. wislizeni Engelm.) Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J.M.Coult. (as E. williamsii Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) Turbinicarpus subterraneus
Turbinicarpus subterraneus
(Backeb.) A.D.Zimm. (as E. subterraneus Backeb.)[2]

References[edit]

^ a b c "Genus: Echinocactus
Echinocactus
Link & Otto". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-02-13. Retrieved 2010-11-13.  ^ a b "GRIN Species
Species
Records of Echinocactus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-13.  ^ "Echinocactus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 

Innes C, Wall B (1995). Cacti, Succulents and Bromeliads. Cassell & The Royal Horticultural Society.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Echinocactus.

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Echinocactus

Jepson Manual Treatment: Echinocactus USDA Plants Profile — Echinocactus Flora of North America; Echinocactus Cactus-mall.com: "Lost Peyotls"

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q133014 BioLib: 61913 EoL: 52849 EPPO: 1EHNG FNA: 111209 FoC: 111209 GBIF: 3084089 GRIN: 4096 IPNI: 30000246-2 ITIS: 19817 NCBI: 130110 PLANTS: ECHIN2

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