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Stroud
Stroud
is a market town and civil parish in the centre of Gloucestershire, England. It is the main town in Stroud
Stroud
District. Situated below the western escarpment of the Cotswold Hills
Cotswold Hills
at the meeting point of the Five Valleys, the town is noted for its steep streets, independent spirit and cafe culture.[2] The Cotswold Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty surrounds the town, and the Cotswold Way path passes by it to the west. It lies 10 miles (16 km) south of the city of Gloucester, 14 miles (23 km) south-southwest of Cheltenham, 13 miles (21 km) west-northwest of Cirencester
Cirencester
and 26 miles (42 km) northeast of the city of Bristol. London
London
is 91 miles (146 km) east-southeast of Stroud
Stroud
and the Welsh border at Whitebrook, Monmouthshire, lies 19 miles (31 km) to the west as the crow flies. Although not formally part of the town, the parishes of Rodborough, Cainscross
Cainscross
and Ebley are contiguous with Stroud
Stroud
and are generally considered as official suburbs. Stroud
Stroud
acts as a centre for surrounding villages and small market towns including Amberley, Bisley, Bussage, Chalford, Dursley, Eastcombe, Eastington, King's Stanley, Leonard Stanley, Minchinhampton, Nailsworth, Oakridge, Painswick, Randwick, Selsley, Sheepscombe, Slad, Stonehouse, Thrupp and Woodchester.

Contents

1 History 2 Demography 3 Character and amenities

3.1 Campaigns

4 Business 5 Farmers' market 6 Education

6.1 History 6.2 Primary schools 6.3 Secondary schools 6.4 Tertiary education

7 Transport 8 Literature 9 Culture 10 Sport 11 Politics and media 12 Crime 13 Notable people

13.1 Actors 13.2 Artists 13.3 Authors 13.4 Engineering and manufacturing 13.5 Historians 13.6 Musicians 13.7 Scientists 13.8 Sportsmen and women

14 Twin towns 15 Songs about Stroud 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Stroud
Stroud
is known for its involvement in the Industrial Revolution.[3] It was a cloth town: woollen mills were powered by the small rivers which flow through the five valleys, and supplied from Cotswold sheep which grazed on the hills above. Particularly noteworthy was the production of military uniforms in the colour Stroudwater Scarlet.[4][5] The area became home to a sizable Huguenot
Huguenot
community in the 17th century, fleeing persecution in Catholic France,[6] followed by a significant Jewish
Jewish
presence in the 19th century, linked to the tailoring and cloth industries.[7] Stroud
Stroud
was an industrial and trading location in the 19th century, and so needed transport links. It first had a canal network in the form of the Stroudwater Navigation
Stroudwater Navigation
and the Thames & Severn Canal, both of which survived until the early 20th century. Restoration of these canals as a leisure facility by a partnership of Stroud
Stroud
District Council and the Cotswold Canals Trust
Cotswold Canals Trust
is well under way[8] with a multimillion-pound Lottery grant. Stroud railway station
Stroud railway station
(on the Gloucester– Swindon
Swindon
Golden Valley Line) was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

High Street, the main shopping street

Though there is much evidence of early historic settlement and transport, Stroud
Stroud
parish was originally part of Bisley, and only began to emerge as a distinct unit in the 13th century, taking its name from the marshy ground at the confluence of the Slad
Slad
Brook and the River Frome called "La Strode", and was first recorded in 1221. The church was built by 1279, and it was assigned parochial rights by the rectors of Bisley in 1304, often cited as the date of Stroud's foundation. Historic buildings and places of interest in the area include the neolithic long barrows ( Uley
Uley
Long Barrow) at Uley, Selsley
Selsley
Common and Nympsfield
Nympsfield
to the west; Roman era
Roman era
remains at Frocester, West Hill near Uley, and Woodchester; the medieval buildings at Beverston Castle; and the outstanding Tudor houses at Newark Park
Newark Park
and Owlpen Manor. Woodchester
Woodchester
Mansion is a masterpiece of the Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
by local architect Benjamin Bucknall. From 1837 to 1841, Stroud's MP was Lord John Russell of the Whig party, who later became Prime Minister. Russell was an important politician: he was responsible for passing Acts of Parliament such as the Public Health Act 1848, but he is mainly remembered as one of the chief architects of the Reform Act 1867. This Act, also known as the Second Reform Act, gave the vote to every urban male householder, not just those of considerable means. This increased the electorate by 1.5 million voters. Lord John Russell is remembered in the town in the names of two streets, John Street and Russell Street, as well as the Lord John public house. Demography[edit] At the 2001 UK census, Stroud
Stroud
civil parish had a total population of 12,690.[9] For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. Ethnically, the population is predominantly white (98.2%).[10] 20.6% of the population were under the age of 16 and 8.3% were aged 75 and over; the mean age of the people of the urban area was 39.5. 92.6% of residents described their health as "fair" or better, similar to the average of 92.8% for the wider district.[11][12] The average household size was 2.4.[13] Of those aged 16–74, 24.5% had no academic qualifications,[14] lower than the national average of 28.9%.[12] Of those aged 16–74, 2.6% were unemployed and 28.4% were economically inactive.[15] At the 2011 census, 107,026 people were described as white British, plus 591 being from the Irish Republic. 2,752 were white other, 364 Caribbean, 129 African, 429 Asian and 300 other Asian, all from mixed multiple ethnic groups. Of these, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounted for 258 people. Chinese ad Arab people accounted for 226 people. The are two definitions for the town of Stroud.[16] The narrowest definition is the parish, which had a population of 13,259 in 2011 and only includes the town centre and inner suburban areas.[17] The urban subdivision had a population of 32,670 and includes many suburbs often considered part of the town.[1] The urban area, which includes Stonehouse
Stonehouse
that has a largely separate identity, and other surrounding villages had a population of 60,155.[18] Despite its extensive urban area, Stroud
Stroud
is surrounded by the greenbelt of the Cotswolds to the north, south and east. Character and amenities[edit] Stroud
Stroud
has a significant artistic community that dates back to the early 20th century. Jasper Conran
Jasper Conran
called Stroud
Stroud
"the Covent Garden of the Cotswolds";[19] the Daily Telegraph
Daily Telegraph
has referred to it as "the artistic equivalent of bookish Hay-on-Wye";[20] while the London Evening Standard likened the town to "Notting Hill with wellies".[21] The town has the largest and most diverse number of creative artists, musicians and authors outside London.[citation needed]

Kite aerial photo of Stroud
Stroud
Leisure Centre

Kite aerial photograph of the restoration of the walled garden at the Museum in the Park.

The town was one of the birthplaces of the organic food movement and was home to Britain's first fully organic café, Woodruffs.[22] The Biodynamic Agricultural Association is based in the town.[23] For many years Stroud
Stroud
has hosted a fringe festival on the second weekend in September. A new committee took over in early 2015 and now holds the festival on August Bank Holiday each year. The festival has been expanded to cover art and literature, as well as a diverse range of unsigned[clarification needed] bands. With a number of outdoor stages, and the majority of the venues in town taking part, over 400 performers can be seen free of charge over the course of the weekend. The town also hosts an annual series of lectures and exhibitions on contemporary textiles and textile culture called SELECT, run by Stroud International Textiles,[24] the UK's only festival to celebrate the diverse culture of textiles.[25] The Stroudwater Textile Trust was founded in 1999 to link the past and present of textiles in the Five Valleys[26] and to manage the opening of several mills in which historic textile machinery, including a working waterwheel, has been restored and is demonstrated. The Trust has produced a DVD, Rivers of Cloth, using archive film and interviews which was due to be released in early 2011 and a photographic survey of surviving woollen mills was undertaken for a book, Wool
Wool
and Water, and was due to be published in 2012.

Subscription Rooms

Stroud
Stroud
has a strong community of independent shops and cafés. The town centre has seen two controversial developments: a new cinema (which replaced the bus station) and a branch of McDonald's
McDonald's
which, when plans were unveiled in 2004, came against opposition from locals.[did it attract enough support to remain open until 2016?] The Subscription Rooms
Subscription Rooms
in the heart of the town centre provide a venue for a wide variety of entertainment[27] and also house the Tourist Information Centre. There is also a small theatre, the Cotswold Playhouse, which is home to the amateur Cotswold Players; it occasionally hosts visiting professional companies.[28] On the fringes of the town are Stratford Park, originally the park of a small local weaver, now home to a leisure centre with an indoor and an outdoor swimming pool, and the Museum in the Park, a museum of the history and culture of the Stroud
Stroud
valleys. The Redlers industrial estate is the site of the original Dudbridge Mills, located directly beside the River Frome. From the mid-18th century onwards it housed the three mills of Daniel Chance, who sold it in the mid-18th century: one corn; one gig and a dyehouse with eight drying racks. It was acquired in 1794 by John Apperley, whose family used the site for wool and cloth making for the next 140 years. In 1801 an industrial accident killed a young worker. Campaigns[edit] Stroud
Stroud
citizens have a history of protest going back to the Stroudwater Riots of 1825.[29][30] In the late 1970s Stroud
Stroud
Campaign Against The Ringroad prevented Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
County Council's attempt to introduce new traffic plans. A few years later Stroud District Council tried to demolish 18th-century buildings in the town centre. Stroud
Stroud
High Street Action Group, with some rooftop protests and a high court judgement, demonstrated against this. The restored buildings are now a feature of the High Street. After a short occupation a compromise was reached in the demolition of buildings in Cornhill with many being saved, including one identified as a medieval house. This campaign led to the formation of the Stroud
Stroud
Preservation Trust. which has been instrumental in saving many of the town's oldest buildings like Withey's house, the Brunel Goods Shed and the Hill Paul building.[31] Stroud
Stroud
Save The Trees Campaign came to national prominence in August 1989 when Stroud District
Stroud District
Council tried to implement a road-widening scheme by a midnight raid on thirteen trees it wished to fell within the perimeter of Stratford Park. However local people got wind of the 'secret' and were there first to protect the trees. After a stand-off that lasted till dawn the police called off the operation on the grounds of public safety. The following year instead of road-widening the first 'traffic calming' in the county was installed. The trees remain to this day.

The restored Hill Paul building

A few years later Stroud District
Stroud District
Council planned to fell the only mature tree in the town centre – the hornbeam on the Subscription rooms forecourt. A quickly mobilised citizenry persuaded them otherwise and the hornbeam survived. In 2000 Stroud District
Stroud District
Council gave permission for the Victorian landmark Hill Paul building to be demolished. After thwarting demolition, local activists formed a company and sold enough shares at £500 each to take an option on the building, which they passed on to a local developer. The building has now been restored and converted into apartments (see photo on the right).[32][33] The Save Stroud
Stroud
Hospitals Taskforce has been campaigning since spring 2006 against a range of cuts to health services in and around Stroud, with thousands of people taking part in street demonstrations. Stroud Maternity Hospital was saved in September 2006.[34] The Uplands Post Office branch in Stroud
Stroud
was one of 26 in the county to shut as part of a nationwide programme to cut losses. Following local opposition, the Post Office agreed to talks with civic chiefs to look at how it could reopen. The town council agreed to provide £10,000 of funding for the service in 2008 and up to £25,000 for 2009. In November 2008 it was confirmed that Stroud
Stroud
has become only the second place in Britain to save one of its Post Offices.[35] However, despite the protests, Tesco opened a store near Stratford park in 1989, McDonald's
McDonald's
built a fast food restaurant at Rowcroft in 2005 and soon after, the bus station was replaced with a cinema. In September 2010 the BNP scrapped plans to move their national media centre to Stroud
Stroud
after protests by local residents.[36] In February 2012 NHS managers agreed to halt plans for Stroud
Stroud
General Hospital to be run by a social enterprise after local residents mounted a legal challenge in the High Court.[37] Business[edit] There is still a small textile industry (the green baize cloth used to cover snooker tables and the cloth covering championship tennis balls is made here), but today, the town functions primarily as a centre for light engineering and small-scale manufacturing, and a provider of services for the surrounding villages. Stroud
Stroud
is a Fairtrade Town. The Stroud
Stroud
and Swindon
Swindon
Building Society had its headquarters here until it merged with the Coventry Building Society on 1 September 2010. The building is now the headquarters of the renewable energy provider Ecotricity. Damien Hirst
Damien Hirst
owns the 'Science' facility in Stroud
Stroud
which produces his art.[38] In September 2009, the Stroud Pound Co-operative launched the Stroud Pound[39] as an attempt to reinforce the local economy and encourage more local production. The currency's design follows that of the Chiemgauer, in being backed on a one-for-one basis by the national currency, having a charge for redemption which is donated to local charities, and including a system of demurrage to encourage rapid circulation. Farmers' market[edit]

Bread loaves in the farmers' market

A farmers' market, launched by Jasper Conran
Jasper Conran
and Isabella Blow on 3 July 1999,[40] takes place every Saturday at the Cornhill market. It was nominated for the national Farmers' Market of the Year in 2001 and won it in 2007 and 2013. It also won the Cotswold Life magazine award for the best farmers' market in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2010. The market featured in an episode of BBC TV's The Hairy Bikers' Food Tour of Britain in September 2009, and won the Best Food Market award at the BBC Food & Farming Awards 2010.[41] It is certified by FARMA. In addition to the farmers' market there is a smaller market held in The Shambles, an area adjacent to the steep High Street. John Wesley preached from a butcher's block in The Shambles on 26 June 1742.[42] opposite one of the oldest existing buildings in Stroud, the Old Town Hall. Originally called the Market-house, this was built in 1594[43] and is still in occasional use today.

Stroud
Stroud
Market

Education[edit]

School of Science and Art

History[edit] "There was a school at Stroud
Stroud
in 1576 but the schoolmaster, who did not have a licence and failed to teach the catechism, was then dismissed..."[44] Primary schools[edit] There are six primary schools in the town:

Uplands Uplands Community Primary School Callowell Callowell Primary School Gastrells Gastrells Community Primary School Rosary Rosary Catholic Primary School Severn View Severn View Academy Stroud
Stroud
Valley Stroud
Stroud
Valley Community School

Schools in surrounding areas include

Rodborough
Rodborough
Community Primary school St Matthew's St Matthew's School (Cainscross) Cashes Green Primary school (Cainscross) Foxmoor Primary School (Cainscross) Whiteshill Community Primary school Randwick CE Primary school Gastrells Community Primary school [3]

Further schools include Amberley Parochial School, Nailsworth
Nailsworth
School and Woodchester
Woodchester
School. Secondary schools[edit] There are three secondary schools in Stroud. Archway Comprehensive School[45] is a County Council maintained school which offers an 11 to 18 education for children in Stroud, Rodborough and Cainscross. There are also two state funded selective schools, Marling School
Marling School
and Stroud
Stroud
High School. These former Grant Maintained and Foundation schools became Academies in 2011. Both schools can trace their history back to the founding of Marling School
Marling School
in 1889 and Stroud
Stroud
High School which was founded in 1904 as the Girls' Endowed School. They continued to be grammar schools long after the comprehensive school became the norm in secondary education, and their future was the subject of long-running controversy.[46] The two schools now share a mixed sixth form, called the Marling School
Marling School
Sixth Form and Stroud
Stroud
High School Sixth Form, which works in a three-way consortium with Archway Sixth Form and South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Stroud
Stroud
College and attracts pupils from many surrounding schools. Other secondary schools in the locality include Maidenhill School
Maidenhill School
in Stonehouse, and Thomas Keble School in Eastcombe and the private Wycliffe College
Wycliffe College
in Stonehouse

Kite aerial photo of Thomas Keble School

Kite aerial photo of Marling School
Marling School
June 2010

Kite aerial photo of South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Stroud
Stroud
College

Tertiary education[edit] Tertiary education in the town is provided by South Gloucestershire and Stroud
Stroud
College. The University of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
has campuses a few miles to the north (in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
and Gloucester) and the Royal Agricultural University west of Cirencester
Cirencester
is 12 miles (19 km) to the east. Transport[edit] Public bus transport in Stroud
Stroud
is run by Stagecoach, operating from its depot on London
London
Road, and Cotswold Green. Some of these routes deployed from Stroud
Stroud
are Stagecoach gold, including the 63 to Gloucester
Gloucester
and the 66S/E/Q/Y. The town is also served by Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
trains from Stroud railway station, with frequent services to Gloucester, Cheltenham, Swindon, Reading and London. The railway link was established in 1845. Up to then, Stroud
Stroud
had its own time which was set by a sundial at the top of Gloucester
Gloucester
Street. There was also an observatory across the road from the hospital where now is a car park. As Stroud
Stroud
time was roughly 9 minutes behind GMT and people kept missing the train, a railway clock was put up in 1858 at the bottom of High Street. It was later moved across King Street to the top of Gloucester
Gloucester
Street. The clock fell into disrepair over the years. It was finally saved by Captain Michael Maltin, who restored the clock in 1984 and found a new home for it in the Stroud
Stroud
library. Stonehouse
Stonehouse
railway station is on the western edge of the town and in the wider urban area. The A46 road
A46 road
links Stroud
Stroud
to Gloucester
Gloucester
in the north and Bath to the south, with the A419 connecting Stroud
Stroud
to Cirencester
Cirencester
in one direction and the M5 motorway
M5 motorway
at Junction 13 in the other. National Express coaches serve the town on routes 327 (Bath Spa – Scarborough) and 445 (Hereford – London
London
Victoria). Stroud
Stroud
also lies on the traffic-free section of Sustrans
Sustrans
National Cycle Network
National Cycle Network
Route 45. Stroud
Stroud
was connected to the canal system when the Stroudwater Navigation opened in 1779. It then became part of a through canal route from Bristol
Bristol
to London
London
when the Thames and Severn Canal
Canal
added a route over the Cotswolds in 1789. The canal closed in 1954 but the Cotswold Canals Trust
Cotswold Canals Trust
is leading a project to reopen the entire length of the trans Cotswold route. A visitor centre and restored lock are located in the town. Literature[edit] Novelists Sue Limb, Jilly Cooper
Jilly Cooper
and Katie Fforde, children's authors Jamila Gavin, John Dougherty Cindy Jefferies and Clive Dale, poet Jenny Joseph, The Guardian's food critic Matthew Fort have followed in the footsteps of the Rev. W. Awdry, and W. H. Davies
W. H. Davies
and made the Stroud
Stroud
area their home. Two of its most famous sons are the authors Laurie Lee, whose most notable creation Cider with Rosie is set in the nearby Slad
Slad
valley, and Booker Prize-winning author Alan Hollinghurst. Poets Dennis Gould, Jeff Cloves, Philip Rush, Ted Milton, Michael Horovitz, Frances Horovitz and Adam Horovitz have grown up, lived and/or live in the area. Culture[edit] Stroud
Stroud
is home to the Bardic Chair of Hawkwood, an annual competition held at Hawkwood College
Hawkwood College
in May to select that year's Bard who then has the responsibility to promote the bardic arts in the Stroud
Stroud
area. Culture is otherwise reflected through the very diverse artists, musicians, authors and other creatives that comprise the largest community of artists/creative people outside London. It is also characterised by ethnic cultural diversity, with residents of Caribbean, African, Asian, Chinese and Arab identities among those of white British origin. The presence of different ethnic groups has also seen various Middle Eastern languages being spoken. Sport[edit] Stroud
Stroud
Rugby Club, founded in 1873, play in the Western Counties North league. Their home ground is Fromehall Park, near the town centre. Stroud
Stroud
Cricket Club is over 150 years old and plays its home games at Farmhill. The club has three senior teams, with the first eleven playing its cricket in the South West Premier league. Since 1982 Stroud
Stroud
Athletic Club has organised an annual half marathon which takes place in October. Nearly 2,500 runners, from all over the country, entered in 2007. Members of the club include the UK number one Olympic Marathon
Olympic Marathon
runner Dan Robinson. Stroud
Stroud
Swimming Club was officially formed in 1978, but can trace its origins back to 1905 when it was known as Stroud
Stroud
Swimming and Water Polo Club. In 2006 and 2007 club members made up two-thirds of the County team that finished in silver and bronze places respectively in the National Open Water Championships.[citation needed] Stroud
Stroud
Hockey Club was founded in 1928 and has produced some top-class hockey players including Simon Mason. The club has three men's teams, three women's teams and a boys Badgers and a girls Vixens team, and under 8s, 10s and 12s for rising club stars. The club's home ground is at Stratford Park
Stratford Park
Leisure Centre, with training on Tuesday evenings during the season. Politics and media[edit] In the 2010 General Election, Conservative Neil Carmichael became Member of Parliament for the Stroud
Stroud
constituency after defeating Labour's David Drew, who had held the seat since 1997, by 1,299 votes. Stroud
Stroud
was a marginal seat which the Conservatives had targeted in the 2010 Election, as was the neighbouring Gloucester
Gloucester
(UK Parliament constituency). Neil Carmichael retained the seat in the 2015 General Election, but lost it on 9 June 2017 to the present incumbent, Labour's David Drew. In March 2008, a community radio station, Stroud
Stroud
FM, was launched in the town, broadcasting 24 hours a day on 107.9FM. The station, staffed by volunteers and funded by donations, focussed on local news and music, as well as national and international music, but closed in February 2014 due to a lack of funds. Both BBC Radio Gloucestershire and Heart (Gloucester) have dedicated FM and DAB transmitters serving the town. There are now two local newspapers covering the town: the weekly Gloucester
Gloucester
Citizen, now called Stroud
Stroud
Citizen to replace Stroud
Stroud
Life, published by Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Media (part of the Northcliffe Group); and the Stroud
Stroud
News & Journal, published by Newsquest Media (Southern) Limited, part of the American Gannett Company. Stroud
Stroud
Life launched in 2008 and closed in October 2017. Most of its distribution was free direct to homes, but a significant share (about one-third) was sold through the news trade.[47] The Stroud
Stroud
News and Journal was formed by a merger in 1959 of the Stroud
Stroud
Journal (which started in 1854 as a Liberal-supporting newspaper) and the Stroud
Stroud
News (which started in 1867 and generally supported Conservative and Unionist interests). Crime[edit] Figures from the local police force and the local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership[citation needed] indicate that Stroud
Stroud
has a significantly lower level of crime per head of population than the national average.[clarification needed]

Crime rates in Stroud
Stroud
(per 1000 population) 2005–2006[citation needed]

Offence Locally Nationally

Robbery .31 1.85

Theft of a motor vehicle 2.39 4.04

Theft from a motor vehicle 7.11 9.59

Sexual offences .79 1.17

Violence against a person 13.36 19.97

Burglary 3.19 5.67

Notable people[edit]

Sidney Cooke, fairground worker[48]

Actors[edit]

Keith Allen, actor, comedian, writer and father of Lily Allen, has a home in Minchinhampton Arabella Holzbog, actress, born in Stroud Geoffrey Hutchings, actor, lived in Stroud[49] Tim McInnerny, actor (Blackadder), attended Marling School[50] Tamzin Malleson, actress, grew up in Chalford, attending Archway School, and now lives near Minchinhampton
Minchinhampton
with partner Keith Allen William Moseley, actor, The Chronicles of Narnia Colin Prockter, actor, Doctor Who, co-wrote Luna, lives in Stroud Emma Samms, actress, lives in Stroud Sophie Ward, actress, lived in France
France
Lynch[51]

Artists[edit]

Leo Baxendale, creator of Minnie the Minx, lived nearby[52] Lynn Chadwick, sculptor[53] Damien Hirst, artist, has a studio in Chalford
Chalford
and another in Stroud[54] Tim Noble, artist[55] Jack Russell, former Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and England
England
cricketer, now artist, attended Archway School[56] Alan Thornhill, sculptor[57] Josh Record, singer/songwriter[58]

Authors[edit]

Rev. W. Awdry, creator of Thomas the Tank Engine, moved to the area[59] and was the Reverend of the parish church of Rodborough
Rodborough
until his death in 1997. He is fondly remembered in the area and was seen daily riding his bicycle up the steep Rodborough
Rodborough
hill. Jilly Cooper, author, moved to the area Katie Fforde, author, moved to the area[60] Matthew Fort, food writer, critic, and Guardian food columnist[61] Jamila Gavin, children's author, moved to Stroud[62] Adrian Liddell Hart, author and adventurer Basil Liddell Hart, military theorist Alan Hollinghurst, author, born in Stroud[63] Frances Horovitz, poet and broadcaster, lived near Stroud, 1971–80 Michael Horovitz, political poet and publisher, used to live in the area Jenny Joseph, poet, writer of "I Shall Wear Purple", lives in nearby Minchinhampton Laurie Lee, author, born in Stroud
Stroud
and grew up in the Slad
Slad
Valley, the setting of Cider with Rosie Stuart Grant, radio presenter and author, one of the original presenters on FM107 The Falcon and author of The Loner Trilogy and Legendville

Engineering and manufacturing[edit]

Edwin Beard Budding
Edwin Beard Budding
(1795–1846), inventor of the lawnmower and adjustable spanner, born and died in Stroud[64] Arnold Redler (1875–1958), founder of the conveying company Redler Limited in Stroud
Stroud
in 1920 and inventor of the en-masse conveyor[65]

Historians[edit]

Peter Hennessy, historian of government, attended Marling School[66]

Musicians[edit]

Milk Teeth, grunge rock band formed at South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Stroud
Stroud
College Emily Barker, singer, songwriter, lives in Stroud.[67] Geoffrey Burgon, composer[68] Eamon Hamilton, frontman of Brakes and former keyboard player of British Sea Power, raised in Stroud[69] Jamie Hornsmith, bass guitarist of The Rakes[citation needed] Pendragon, progressive rock band[70] Gerry Rafferty
Gerry Rafferty
died in Stroud
Stroud
in January 2011, at the home of his daughter Martha Sade, singer, songwriter of the band Sade, moved to Slad, near Stroud in 2010[71] Tom Smith, lead singer of Editors, born in Stroud[72] Martha Tilston, folk singer and daughter of Steve Tilston, moved to the area Sarana VerLin, Detroit singer-songwriter, violinist, and organizer of Stroud
Stroud
Americana Festival, moved to Stroud
Stroud
[73]

Scientists[edit]

Plaque to John Canton
John Canton
on the Old Town Hall in the Shambles

John Canton
John Canton
(1718–1772), physicist[74] Sir Martin Evans, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Stroud[75] Henry Miles (1698–1763), dissenting minister and writer on science, born and educated in Stroud

Sportsmen and women[edit]

Dominic Dale, snooker player[76] Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards, ski jumper, lives in nearby Woodchester[77] Alastair Hignell, sportsman and commentator[78] Frank Keating, sports journalist at The Guardian.[79] Stuart Nelson, footballer, Notts County[80] Emily Pidgeon, athlete.[81] Dan Robinson, Olympic marathon runner. Laurence Shahlaei, winner of Britain's Strongest Man.

Twin towns[edit]

Saint-Ismier, Isère, France Stroud, Oklahoma, USA Duderstadt, Lower Saxony, Germany Stroud, New South Wales, Australia

Songs about Stroud[edit]

"Stroud, The Town of Make Believe", on the album Kenny Rogers' Greatest Hit, by post-punk band Blurt, founded in Stroud
Stroud
in 1979.

References[edit]

^ a b " Stroud
Stroud
(Gloucestershire, South West England, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ More for lovers of cafe culture Stroud
Stroud
News and Journal ^ [1] Hansard 17 June 1997 : Column 185. Retrieved 13 September 2009 ^ "History Of The Industrial Stroud
Stroud
Valleys" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2012.  ^ British South West wool industries and manufactured tradecloths Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Wrapping The Globe ^ The Huguenots – Their Settlements, Churches and Industries in England
England
by Samuel Smiles ^ The Jewish
Jewish
Community Of Stroud, 1877–1908 Jewish
Jewish
Community and Records UK, Harold Pollins 1996. Retrieved November 2006. ^ "Cotswold Canals Trust". Archived from the original on 9 April 2010.  ^ "KS01: Usual residential population". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  ^ "KS06: Ethnic group". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 4 August 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  At the 2011 census in the wider borough of Stroud, 107.026 people were white British, 591 Irish, 2.752 white other, 364 Caribbean, 129 African, 429 Asian and 300 other Asian, all from mixed multiple ethnic groups. Of these, 177 were Indian, 28 Pakistani, 53 Bangladeshi, and 193 Chinese, with 33 being of Arab origin. ^ "KS08: Health and provision of unpaid care". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  ^ a b "Neighbourhood statistics: Stroud
Stroud
Local Authority". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  ^ "KS16: Household spaces and accommodation type". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  ^ "KS13: Qualifications and students". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 4 August 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  ^ "KS09a: Economic activity". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2010.  ^ "City Population - Site Search". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ " Stroud
Stroud
(Parish, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ "United Kingdom: Urban Areas in England
England
- Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ " Stroud
Stroud
Town Centre".  ^ Made in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
BBC Gloucestershire ^ Notting Hill.. with wellies[dead link] Highbeam Research ^ [2] Wild in the Cotswolds Archived 13 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Biodynamic Association and Demeter in the UK Biodynamic Agricultural Association ^ "SITSelect". Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ "International textile festival gives English town a boost". BBC News. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ "About Us". Stroudwater Textile Trust. 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ Council, Matt wilkins - Stroud
Stroud
District. "What's On - Entertainment and events in Stroud". www.subscriptionrooms.org.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ "Home page". The Cotswold Playhouse. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ Stroudwater Riots of 1825 by John Loosley (Author), Ian Mackintosh (Author), Jane Ford (Illustrator) Publisher: Stroud
Stroud
Museum Association (1 Jun 1993) ISBN 0-9521149-0-9 ISBN 978-0-9521149-0-1 ^ The Cloth
Cloth
Industry in the West of England
England
from 1640 to 1880 By Julia de Lacy Mann Published by Clarendon Press, 1971 ISBN 978-0-86299-447-1 ISBN 0-86299-447-0 ^ Towns and villages of England
England
– Stroud : Peter Walmsley. Pub. Alan Sutton 1994 ISBN 0-7509-0589-1 ^ "Digital Stroud". Archived from the original on 1 April 2012.  ^ The Vernacular Architecture and Buildings of Stroud
Stroud
and Chalford
Chalford
By Nigel McCullagh Paterson Pub:Trafford Publishing, 2006 ISBN 1-4120-9951-X, ISBN 978-1-4120-9951-6.  ^ Final decision on Weavers Croft Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Save Stroud
Stroud
Hospitals ^ Post office saved in town BBC News ^ Tamash Lal. "JUST IN: BNP scraps plans for media office in Stroud following opposition". Stroud
Stroud
News and Journal.  ^ Crispin Northey. "NHS managers agree to halt plans for Stroud General Hospital to be run by a social enterprise". Stroud
Stroud
News and Journal. [dead link] ^ Andrew Rice. "Damien Hirst: Jumping the Shark". Bloomberg BusinessWeek.  ^ " Stroud Pound featuring Laurie Lee
Laurie Lee
launches in Gloucestershire-news-This is Gloucestershire". Gloucester
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Review of Books. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  ^ "Art Directory".  ^ "Times Online – Life & Style". The Times. London. 24 August 2003. Retrieved 24 May 2010.  ^ "Selected Works by Noble and Webster".  ^ "Biography Research Guide".  ^ "Thoughts on the Aesthetic Experience and On Creativity". Archived from the original on 25 July 2013.  ^ Lester, Paul (29 April 2013). " Josh Record (No 1,502)". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 August 2014.  ^ Sibley, Brian (22 March 1997). "The Independent : Obituary". London. Retrieved 24 May 2010.  ^ "In the hot seat: Katie Fforde". Archived from the original on 15 July 2014.  ^ Fort, Matthew (30 September 2006). "Around Britain with a fork". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 May 2010.  ^ "Newsquest – Iran lifts strict religious veil". Archived from the original on 25 June 2007.  ^ "British Council". Archived from the original on 20 December 2010.  ^ "Parks & Gardens UK : People at the cutting edge: lawnmower designers". Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.  ^ "En Masse Conveying". Archived from the original on 6 June 2010.  ^ "The Times Higher Education – My revolting past: pipes, tweed and velveteen jeans".  ^ "BAFTA winner Emily headlines Easter fest". Stroud Life. [permanent dead link] ^ Letter to The Guardian
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20/12/08 ^ Brakes interview[permanent dead link] Pi Magazine
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27 September 2007 ^ "BBC – Pendragon return to Stroud
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for Prog Rock gig".  ^ Sade emerges from her country retreat Sunday Times
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31 January 2010 ^ Violently happy The Guardian
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22 June 2007 ^ "International Lineup for Stroud
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Americana Festival". Gloucestershire
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Gazette.  ^ "Britannica Online".  ^ "Britannica Online". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^ "Account Suspended". Archived from the original on 19 June 2013.  ^ "Eddie the Eagle to return to the Winter Olympics". This is Gloucestershire. 27 November 2009. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2010.  ^ Hignell claims BBC award Archived 15 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Stroud
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Life ^ "The fabled Fred; News". The Spectator – The Fabled Fred. [permanent dead link] ^ " Stroud
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External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Stroud.

Stroud
Stroud
Town Council Stroud District
Stroud District
Council Stroud District
Stroud District
Tourism Site Stroud
Stroud
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Stroud
Stroud
Preservation Trust Stroud
Stroud
history website Stroud
Stroud
Local History Society Wilderspin- Stroud
Stroud
Life (musical response to BBCs Country File) at youtube.com Kites over Stroud
Stroud
– Facebook Stroud
Stroud
Americana Festival Stroud
Stroud
Fringe Festival Stroud
Stroud
Voices - oral history site graffiti.stroudvoices.co.uk - collection of images of graffiti seen in Stroud
Stroud
2009-ongoing Stroud
Stroud
Folk Weekend website (held late September yearly)

Following the Cotswold Way

Towards Bath Towards Chipping Campden

14 km (9 miles) to Dursley ~13 km (8 miles) to Painswick

v t e

Ceremonial county of Gloucestershire

Unitary authorities

South Gloucestershire

Boroughs or districts

Cheltenham Cotswold Forest of Dean Gloucester Stroud Tewkesbury

Major settlements

Berkeley Bradley Stoke Cheltenham Chipping Campden Chipping Sodbury Cinderford Cirencester Coleford Dursley Fairford Filton Gloucester Kingswood Lechlade Lydney Minchinhampton Mitcheldean Moreton-in-Marsh Nailsworth Newent Northleach Painswick Patchway Quedgeley Stonehouse Stow-on-the-Wold Stroud Tetbury Tewkesbury Thornbury Winchcombe Wotton-under-Edge Yate See also: List of civil parishes in Gloucestershire

Rivers

Bristol
Bristol
Avon Warwickshire Avon Bybrook Boyd Cam Chelt Churn Coln Evenlode Eye Bristol
Bristol
Frome Stroud
Stroud
Frome Hazel Brook Leach Little Avon Lyd Severn Swilgate Thames Trym Windrush Wye

Topics

Flag Places Population of major settlements Parliamentary constituencies Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238142

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