Eberhard Kolb (born 8 August 1933, Stuttgart) is a
historian, best known for his research of the
German history of the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
2 Historical scientific work
2.2 Weimar Republic
2.3 Memorial places
Eberhard Kolb studied at the universities of
Tübingen and Bonn, and
attained a doctorate 1960 at the
University of Goettingen
University of Goettingen on the topic
of the influence of workers' councils on German domestic politics.
He wrote his habilitation in 1969, and one year later became a
professor of modern history at the University of Würzburg. He served
as a professor at the
University of Cologne
University of Cologne from 1979 until his
retirement in 1998. In 1981 he spent a year as a visiting professor at
the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Professor Kolb has published outstanding books on Imperial Germany,
the Weimar Republic, and the Third Reich. His learned summary of
research on the
Weimar Republic is mandatory reading for all students
of modern German history. It has been frequently revised and reissued
since its publication in 1984, and was translated into English in
Historical scientific work
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp plays a key role in Kolb's work.
In 1959 he was a participant in the first study trip on behalf of the
state government of
Lower Saxony for political education to Israel. In
1960 he compiled a scientific presentation of the camp's history.
Initiated by the government of Lower Saxony, it was the first official
Kolb's monograph, "Bergen-Belsen", was published in 1962 in an
abbreviated form. It is now in its sixth edition. A "document
house" built in 1966 at Bergen-Belsen was conceived by Kolb, and in
the 1980s he was instrumental in the redesign of the memorial, which
opened in 1990.
Heinrich August Winkler
Heinrich August Winkler describes Kolb as "one of the best authorities
on the history of the Weimar Republic". Kolb wrote the book The
Weimar Republic, which highlights problems and trends of the
ongoing research, and gives an overview of the most important topics.
Kolb has sat continuously since 1998 as a member of the scientific
advisory board of the
Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck Foundation. In addition to
being an active member, he is co-editor of the Neuen Friedrichsruher
Ausgabe, a publication about Bismarck, his sons, and his employees. He
sat as advisory chairman of German Chancellor
Friedrich Ebert memorial
place from 1990 to 2001. Besides his work at the Bergen-Belsen camp,
he was involved in the development of the National Memorial at
Buchenwald and the redevelopment of the concentration camp memorial at
In 1992 he was awarded the Order of Merit of Lower Saxony, and in 2004
received the Merit First Class of the Federal Republic of Germany.
(in German) Thesis – Die Arbeiterräte in der deutschen
Innenpolitik. 1918–1919. Thesis at the University of Goettingen,
1959; Ullstein Verlag, Frankfurt am Main / Berlin / Vienna 1978
Bergen Belsen : Geschichte des "Aufenthaltslager" 1943-1945
[Bergen Belsen: History of the "Residence Camp" 1943-1945] (in
German). Hannover: Verlag für Literatur und Zeitgeschehen. 1962.
Die Weimarer Republik [The Weimar Republic] (in German). München:
Oldenbourg. 1984. ISBN 978-3-486-58870-5.
Gustav Stresemann (in German). München: CH Beck. 2003.
Der Frieden von Versailles [The Treaty of Versailles] (in German).
München: CH Beck. 2005. ISBN 3-406-50875-8.
Bismarck. München: CH Beck. 2009. ISBN 3-406-56276-0.
^ a b Press release of the district government of Cologne from 11
^ "Für Hitler die Hundepeitsche Ein roter Preuße blickt zurück auf
Weimar: Die Erinnerungen Albert Grzesinskis" [For Hitler the Dog Whip:
A Red Prussian looks back at Weimar: The memories of Albert
Grzesinskis] (in German). 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
^ Article – Kolb, Eberhard "Was Hitler's Seizure of Poweron January
30, 1933, Inevitable?" [permanent dead link]
ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 8180
BNF: cb120305353 (data)