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Eber
Eber
(עֵבֶר‬, ISO 259-3 ʕeber, Standard Hebrew
Standard Hebrew
Éver, Tiberian Hebrew ʻĒḇer, Arabic
Arabic
ʿĀbir) is an ancestor of the Israelites
Israelites
and the Ishmaelites, according to the "Table of Nations" in Genesis 10-11 and 1 Chronicles 1.

Contents

1 Lineage 2 Name 3 Hebrew language 4 In Islam 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Lineage[edit] Eber
Eber
was a great-grandson of Noah's son Shem
Shem
and the father of Peleg born when Eber
Eber
was 34[1] years old, and of Joktan. He was the son of Shelah a distant ancestor of Abraham. According to the Hebrew Bible, Eber
Eber
died at the age of 464[2] (Genesis 11:14-17) when Jacob
Jacob
was 79. In the Septuagint, Eber's (῞Εβερ) father is called Sala (Σαλά). His son is called Phaleg (Φαλέγ), born when Heber was 134 years old, and he had other sons and daughters. Heber lived to an age of 404 years.[3] ( Septuagint
Septuagint
Genesis 11:14-17; [1]) Name[edit] The Aramaic/Hebrew root עבר is connected with crossing over and the beyond.[4][5] Considering that other names for descendants of Shem also stand for places, Eber
Eber
can also be considered the name of an area, perhaps near Assyria.[6] A number of mediaeval scholars such as Michael the Syrian, Bar Hebraeus, and Agapius the Historian mentioned the prevailing view, that the Hebrews had received their name from Eber, while also pointing out that according to others, the name "Hebrew" meant "those who cross", in reference to those who crossed the Euphrates
Euphrates
river with Abram from Ur to Harran, and then to the land of Canaan. In some translations of the New Testament, he is referred to once as Heber ([Luke 3:35] ...the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Heber, the son of Salah...); however, he should not be confused with the Heber of the Old Testament (different Hebrew spelling, חבר), grandson of Asher
Asher
(Genesis 46:17). Hebrew language[edit] According to Abu Isa, Eber, the great-grandson of Shem, refused to help with the building of the Tower of Babel, so his language was not confused when it was abandoned. He and his family alone retained the original human language (a concept referred to as lingua humana in Latin), Hebrew, a language named after Eber.[7] (There are different religious positions on this issue; see also Adamic language.)

[Genesis 10:21] Also to Shem, the father of all the Children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. (NASB)

In Islam[edit] Eber
Eber
is sometimes referred to in classical Islamic writings as the "father" of the "prehistoric Arabs" (the ʿArab al-ʿĀriba), who lived in the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
after the Deluge.[8] This term is usually seen as a false application to tribes in assumption to a geographical location by many scholars, providing that the location was not referred to as "Arabia" and that it lacks a basis, especially as an ancestral lineage to a modern-day civilization. Although, this is heavily disputed as there are no links between the two. Eber
Eber
was also, at times, identified with the Quranic
Quranic
prophet Hud by some of the early Muslim authorities.[9] Other sources identify the prophet Hud as Eber's son.[9] See also[edit]

Habiru

References[edit]

^ 34 according to the Masoretic Text; 134 according to the Septuagint. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, p. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014. ^ 464 according to the Masoretic Text; 460 according to the Septuagint. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, p. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014. ^ Gerhard Larsson alludes to an alternate reading which gives Heber's age at death as 304 years. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, pp. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014. ^ Marcus Jastrow, A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature (London, W.C.: Luzac & Co. ; New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons; 1903), p. 1039 etc. ^ "5674. abar", Strong's Concordance. ^  Hirsch, Emil G.; König, Eduard (1903). "Eber". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. 5. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company. p. 30.  ^ Morris Jastrow, Ira Maurice Price, Marcus Jastrow, Louis Ginzberg, & Duncan B. MacDonald; "Babel, Tower of", Jewish Encyclopedia; Funk & Wagnalls, 1906. ^ Buhl, Fr., “Ḏj̲urhum”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. ^ a b Wensinck, A. J., “Hūd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
article Eber.

Easton's Bible
Bible
Dictionary: Eber
Eber
Heber Hebrew Smith's Bible
Bible
Dictionary: Eber
Eber
Heber Hebrew International Standard Bible
Bible
Encyclopedia: Eber
Eber
Heber Hebrew

v t e

Adam
Adam
to David
David
according to the Bible

Creation to Flood

Adam Seth Enos Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch Methuselah Lamech Noah Shem

Cain line

Adam Cain Enoch Irad Mehujael Methusael Lamech Tubal-cain

Patriarchs after Flood

Arpachshad Cainan Shelah Eber Peleg Reu Serug Nahor Terah Abraham Isaac Jacob

Tribe of Judah
Tribe of Judah
to Kingdom

Judah Perez Hezron Ram Amminadab Nahshon Salmon Boaz Obed Jesse David

Names in italics only appear in the Greek Septuagint
Septuagint
version

v t e

Extra- Quranic
Quranic
Prophets of Islam

In Stories of the Prophets

Enoch Eber Khidr Joshua Samuel Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Ezra Daniel

In Islamic tradition

Seth Shem Eli Ahijah Shemaiah Iddo Hanani Jehu Micaiah Eliezer Zechariah ben Jehoiada Urijah Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah Berechiah Samī Joel Amos Obadiah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Malachi Hanzalah Khaled bin Sinan

In Quranic
Quranic
exegesis

Abel Saduq, Masduq, and Shalum Hosea Zechariah

.