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Eastern Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
Berber is a cluster of Berber dialects spoken in the eastern and north-eastern parts of the Middle Atlas, in Morocco. These dialects are those of the tribes of Aït Seghrushen, Aït Waraïn, Marmusha, Aït Alaham, Aït Yub and Aït Morghi.[2][3][4] Despite the fact that they are mutually intelligible with neighbouring Central Atlas Tamazight
Central Atlas Tamazight
dialects and are generally classified among them, these dialects actually belong to the Zenati languages and are intermediate dialects between the Riffian and Atlas languages.[5][1][6] Among these Zenati dialects, those of Aït Seghrouchen and Aït Waraïn were subject to most studies, while only a few studies were focused on the dialects of Aït Alaham and Marmusha, and practically none focused on the dialects of Aït Yub and Aït Morghi. References[edit]

^ a b M. Kossmann, The Arabic
Arabic
Influence on Northern Berber, pp.20-22 (Brill, 2013) ^ Annales de géographie: bulletin de la Société de géographie, Volume 33, p.275 (A. Colin, 1924) ^ J. Bourrilly, Éléments d'éthnographie marocaine, p.42 (Larose, 1932) ^ G. S. Colin, Carte linguistique du Maroc (1934) ^ Revue d'ethnographie et des traditions populaires, Volume 2, p.68 (Société française d'ethnographie, 1921) ^ M. Kossmann, Berber subclassification (preliminary version, unpublished), pp.2-3

v t e

Berber languages

Languages

Historical

Proto-Berber†,R

Guanche

Guanche†

Eastern

Awjila Fezzan

Foqaha Sokna Tmessa

Ghadamès Jaghbub† Kufra Nafusi

Jadu Nalut Wazzin Yefren

Siwa

Northern

Zenati

Eastern Middle AtlasTA

Seghrouchen Warayn

Northern Saharan

Gurara Mozabite South Oranie and Figuig Tidikelt Tuwat Wad Righ Wargla

Riffian

Central Riffian Eastern Moroccan Iznasen Snouss Western Riffian

Shawiya Tunisian-ZuwaraTE

Jerba Matmata Sened† Tataouine Zuwara

Western Algerian

Gouraya Shelif Shenwa

Non-Zenati

Atlas languages

Central Atlas Gharb† Ghomara Judeo-Berber Sanhaja de Srayr Shilha

Kabyle

Central-Eastern Central-Western Eastern Western

Standardized

Moroccan Berber

Tuareg

Tamahaq Tamashek Tawellemmet Tayart

Southwestern

Tetserret Zenaga

Orthography

Tifinagh Berber Arabic
Arabic
alphabet Judeo-Berber alphabet Berber Latin alphabet

Institutions

Governmental

AAAL (Algeria) HCA (Algeria) IRCAM (Morocco) DNAFLA (Mali) CRB (France)

NGOs

Berber Academy World Amazigh Congress

TE Transitional to Eastern · TA Transitional to Atlas · † Extinct · R Reconstructed

v t e

Languages of Morocco

Official languages

Arabic1 Berber

Native vernaculars

Arabic

Pre-Hilalian

Northern Judeo-Moroccan Old Urban

Hilal-Mâqil

Western Eastern Hassaniya

Koiné

Darija

Berber

Atlas

Central Atlas Tashelhit Judeo-Berber Sanhaja de Srair Ghomara Gharbi†

Zenati

Tarifit Tabeldit Eastern Middle Atlas Eastern Morocco

Romance

Western

Sabir† Haketia Spanish†,4

Undescribed

African Latin†

Main liturgical languages

Arabic1 2 Hebrew3

Main foreign languages

French Spanish4 English

1 Modern Standard Arabic 2 Classical Arabic 3 Medieval Hebrew 4 Formerly native to Moriscos, extinct as native in Morocco † Extinct

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